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Keith Millea
07-03-2012, 06:45 PM
What Killed Arafat?



http://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/whatkilledarafat/2012/07/20127383653774794.html



Tests hint at possible Arafat poisoning






Nine-month investigation by Al Jazeera discovers rare, radioactive polonium on ex-Palestinian leader's final belongings.

Gregg Carlstrom (https://deeppoliticsforum.com/profile/gregg-carlstrom.html) Last Modified: 03 Jul 2012 16:27







It was a scene that riveted the world for weeks: The ailing Yasser Arafat, first besieged by Israeli tanks in his Ramallah compound, then shuttled to Paris, where he spent his final days undergoing a barrage of medical tests in a French military hospital.

Eight years after his death, it remains a mystery exactly what killed the longtime Palestinian leader. Tests conducted in Paris found no obvious traces of poison in Arafat’s system. Rumors abound about what might have killed him – cancer, cirrhosis of the liver, even allegations that he was infected with HIV.

A nine-month investigation by Al Jazeera has revealed that none of those rumors were true: Arafat was in good health until he suddenly fell ill on October 12, 2004.

More importantly, tests reveal that Arafat’s final personal belongings – his clothes, his toothbrush, even his iconic kaffiyeh – contained abnormal levels of polonium, a rare, highly radioactive element. Those personal effects, which were analyzed at the Institut de Radiophysique in Lausanne, Switzerland, were variously stained with Arafat’s blood, sweat, saliva and urine. The tests carried out on those samples suggested that there was a high level of polonium inside his body when he died.

“I can confirm to you that we measured an unexplained, elevated amount of unsupported polonium-210 in the belongings of Mr. Arafat that contained stains of biological fluids,” said Dr. Francois Bochud, the director of the institute.

Unsupported polonium

The institute studied Arafat’s personal effects, which his widow provided to Al Jazeera, the first time they had been examined by a laboratory. Doctors did not find any traces of common heavy metals or conventional poisons, so they turned their attention to more obscure elements, including polonium.

About the institute

The study of Arafat's medical file and belongings was carried out at the University Hospital Centre in Lausanne, Switzerland.
The university's Centre of Legal Medicine is considered one of the best forensic pathology labs in the world.

It has studied evidence for the United Nations in East Timor and the International Criminal Court in the former Yugoslavia, and it investigated the death of Princess Diana, among other well-known personalities.

It is a highly radioactive element used, among other things, to power spacecraft. Marie Curie discovered it in 1898, and her daughter Irene was among the first people it killed: She died of leukemia several years after an accidental polonium exposure in her laboratory.
At least two people connected with Israel’s nuclear program also reportedly died after exposure to the element, according to the limited literature on the subject.

But polonium’s most famous victim was Alexander Litvinenko, the Russian spy-turned-dissident who died in London in 2006 after a lingering illness. A British inquiry found that he was poisoned with polonium slipped into his tea at a sushi restaurant.

There is little scientific consensus about the symptoms of polonium poisoning, mostly because there are so few recorded cases. Litvinenko suffered severe diarrhea, weight loss, and vomiting, all of which were symptoms Arafat exhibited in the days and weeks after he initially fell ill.

Animal studies have found similar symptoms, which lingered for weeks - depending on the dosage – until the subject died. “The primary radiation target… is the gastrointestinal tract,” said an American study conducted in 1991, “activating the ‘vomiting centre’ in the brainstem.”

Scientists in Lausanne found elevated levels of the element on Arafat’s belongings - in some cases, they were ten times higher than those on control subjects, random samples which were tested for comparison.

The lab’s results were reported in millibecquerels (mBq), a scientific unit used to measure radioactivity.

Polonium is present in the atmosphere, but the natural levels that accumulate on surfaces barely register, and the element disappears quickly. Polonium-210, the isotope found on Arafat's belongings, has a half-life of 138 days, meaning that half of the substance decays roughly every four-and-a-half months. “Even in case of a poisoning similar to the Litvinenko case, only traces of the order of a few [millibecquerels] were expected to be found in [the] year 2012,” the institute noted in its report to Al Jazeera.

But Arafat’s personal effects, particularly those with bodily fluids on them, registered much higher levels of the element. His toothbrushes had polonium levels of 54mBq; the urine stain on his underwear, 180mBq. (Another man’s pair of underwear, used as a control, measured just 6.7mBq.)

Further tests, conducted over a three-month period from March until June, concluded that most of that polonium – between 60 and 80 per cent, depending on the sample – was “unsupported,” meaning that it did not come from natural sources.

Peter Lemkin
07-03-2012, 09:01 PM
Arafat was poisoned by radioactive substance
According to a report by Al-Jazeera, Swiss experts found high levels of polonium, a highly radioactive element, in Arafat's personal belongings.
By Haaretz | Jul.03, 2012 | 9:45 PM

The final days of Yasser Arafat
By Amos Harel and Avi Issacharoff
Jul.03,2012 | 9:45 PM

Eight years after the death of Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat, Al-Jazeera network published on Tuesday findings of an investigation which attempts to shed light on the circumstances of his death. According to the report, Swiss experts found high levels of polonium, a highly radioactive element, in his personal belongings.

Arafat's death on November 11, 2004 had generated no small number of conspiracy theories, including poisoning by Israel and even HIV.

Al-Jazeera's report cites experts from the Institut de Radiophysique in Lausanne, Switzerland, who examined Arafat's belonging. "Tests reveal that Arafat’s final personal belongings – his clothes, his toothbrush, even his iconic kaffiyeh – contained abnormal levels of polonium, a rare, highly radioactive element," Al-Jazeera reported.

The tests that were conducted in Paris immediately after Arafat's death found no evidence of poisoning. Al-Jazeera's research indicated that Arafat was in good health until falling suddenly ill in October.

In 2005, Haaretz reported that Israeli experts who analyzed the report drawn up by the medical team that treated Yasser Arafat in Paris say that the most likely possibility is that he was poisoned in a dinner meal on October 12, 2004.


http://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/whatkilledarafat/2012/07/201273181058734888.html

Peter Lemkin
07-03-2012, 09:09 PM
As a trained environmental toxicologist it is yet too early to say for sure, but......all the evidence leans STRONGLY toward poisoning with the exotic poison of radioactive Polonium!...stay tuned. His wife has just given permission for an exhumation and test on his remains. The clothing he wore in his last few days all point to Polonium poisoning. The obvious question now is who done it!? As to who'd want him dead is all too easy.

Magda Hassan
07-04-2012, 12:12 AM
Interesting. The British would say it is the Russians who use this, a la Litvinenko. But I find it unlikely that the Russians have any interest in doing away with Arafat whom they had supported always. On the other hand there are reason to doubt the UK line on the Litvinenko assassination being connected to Russia so may be it is the same Western source in each case. I wonder if polonium can be traced to batches like anthrax can?

Albert Doyle
07-04-2012, 03:33 AM
The US and Israel bringing rule of law and democracy to the Middle East during the War On Terror!

Peter Lemkin
07-04-2012, 05:05 AM
Interesting. The British would say it is the Russians who use this, a la Litvinenko. But I find it unlikely that the Russians have any interest in doing away with Arafat whom they had supported always. On the other hand there are reason to doubt the UK line on the Litvinenko assassination being connected to Russia so may be it is the same Western source in each case. I wonder if polonium can be traced to batches like anthrax can?

Polonium can't be traced per se, unless you can find something that it was mixed with that might be traceable. Israel seems to stand out like a sore thumb as the most likely to be behind this, with the USA a close second. A 'friendly' spy agency might have done it for either of them (as a favor), widening the circle quite a bit. Any nation that has a nuclear program can get Polonium, and it takes only a very small amount to poison someone. I did note at the time of Arafat's death that he mysteriously and quickly faded away, of no apparent illness. The autopsy should be soon. I'll bet the real perpetrators are desperately trying to do some body snatching now. Sinister world we live in. So glad we won over the Nazis and all of their bad ethical qualities only to adopt them all ourselves. :joystick: And don't forget all the 'terrorists' we fight now who 'hate us for our freedoms'. Planet Earth's human oligarchy seems at new moral lows again - and sadly never rose much above those lows. Its up to the average person to take over from these thugs running just about every major country. Of course, this will hardly make news in the USA where Al Jazeera is informally banned on all cable TV [how most Americans get their TV news]. Anyway, I think the case for Polonium poisoning of Arafat will be conclusive. To make a clean case of who done it will not be so easy unless someone or some clue comes to light. That said, if you simply ask, who benefited...it rather narrows it down quite a bit to those who most often shout 'terrorist' at OTHERS.

Well, the only good thing is that Polonium is not on the 'radar' of forensic toxicologists a bit more....
I guess Al Jazeera might just happen to be bombed again soon for funding this little research project....

Peter Lemkin
07-04-2012, 05:52 AM
No surprise, but most of the 'MSM' haven't picked up the very well documented story......ever was thus....:mexican:

Peter Lemkin
07-04-2012, 08:40 AM
I just checked and see no stories in the 'western MSM'....yet. This short piece from the Times of India:
DOHA: Yasser Arafat, who died in 2004, was poisoned by polonium, according to the findings of research carried out in Switzerland and cited in an Al-Jazeera report on Tuesday.

The analysis focused on biological samples taken from the late Palestinian leader's belongings given to his wife Suha by the military hospital in Paris where he died, according to Francois Bochud, head of the Institute of Radiation Physics at University of Lausanne.

"The conclusion was that we did find some significant polonium that was present in these samples," Bochud said.

Arafat died in 2004, following several weeks of treatment. At that time Palestinian officials said he had been poisoned by Israel , but an inconclusive probe in 2005 ruled out cancer , AIDS or poisoning.

Magda Hassan
07-04-2012, 08:44 AM
Israel will deny it of course and nothing will be done about it either. But it is good to know and adds another black mark of thousands against the Israeli state. Sooner or later the edifice will fall.

Peter Lemkin
07-04-2012, 09:08 AM
The Palestinian Authority has just officially called for an independent and international investigation.....watch Israel, the UK, USA and some others try to stop any such investigation! Saeb Erekat just spoke on Al Jazeera and was cautious in his conclusions, but could hardly contain his upset and excitement at the news!

Magda Hassan
07-04-2012, 09:54 AM
Of course they'll try and stop this one. They don't even want any investigations in their own countries, Dr Kelly, 911, Chillicot....Lot's of foot dragging and dissembling.

Magda Hassan
07-04-2012, 11:46 AM
Was just watching the coverage on our ABC tv about the poisoning of Arafat. The Swiss scientist was offering to do more tests on the body of Arafat if he was exhumed and asked Mrs Arafat to request this. She was watching this telecast and was visibly shocked but said "Yes, as a mother, as a wife married to this man, a great Palestinian for 20 years, I request that the Palestinian Authority exhume his body'. I was very interested in the demeanour of the Swiss scientist who seems to know the importance of what he is saying and is eager that this be taken up (politically) and is willing to put his laboratory in service to this end.

Certainly Israel does have plutonium processing there. http://www.wisconsinproject.org/countries/israel/plut.html
A (http://www.wisconsinproject.org/countries/israel/plut.html)nd they would have the know how to process it further in to all sorts of things. As do others.

Peter Lemkin
07-04-2012, 01:21 PM
Certainly Israel does have plutonium processing there. http://www.wisconsinproject.org/countries/israel/plut.html
A (http://www.wisconsinproject.org/countries/israel/plut.html)nd they would have the know how to process it further in to all sorts of things. As do others.

To me it is quite clear that the autopsy toxicology will find very large and lethal amounts of Plutonium, if any was [it was!] found in his hair and clothes, blood etc. Afixing the blame will be a bit more tricky...but the suspects quickly narrow down to a handful and only two or three likely had any motive and means at the time. One, Israel, must be on the top of the suspect list, and yes, they have Polonium. Actually, as it is tasteless, odorless and only requires a small amount finely powdered to be administered into the body in food, drink or into the lungs somehow, it is an 'easy kill'. No high-tech administration is needed and few who have food tasters and bodyguards also use radiation detectors...but that will certainly soon change! Arafat's rivals in the Palestinian movement would NOT have had access to Polonium. A careful study of who had access to him before he became ill may well tell a tale. As I remember, he was fairly isolated at that time.

Magda Hassan
07-04-2012, 01:25 PM
His rivals may have been given access. Hamas is an Israeli creation after all. Plus there is black mail and hostages of family etc that can be used against some. Could well have been some one in that compound with him. Again, a short list.

Albert Doyle
07-04-2012, 01:33 PM
Maybe French intel kept the truth from coming out as a favor to CIA during the War On Terror.

Magda Hassan
07-04-2012, 01:36 PM
That's where he was hospitalised. I'm surprised they didn't test for this then.

Peter Lemkin
07-04-2012, 01:52 PM
His rivals may have been given access. Hamas is an Israeli creation after all. Plus there is black mail and hostages of family etc that can be used against some. Could well have been some one in that compound with him. Again, a short list.

Yes, of course groups such as Hamas who wouldn't have first-hand access to Polonium could be given it by another entity. I think the question of WHAT killed Arafat is all but solved....and attention needs to be turned to who and how. Most assassinations are carried out by 'cut-outs' to protect the actual assassins...but not all.

Magda Hassan
07-04-2012, 03:30 PM
Who Killed Yasser Arafat?
Now we know he was poisoned – but by whom?
by Justin Raimondo (http://original.antiwar.com/author/justin/), July 04, 2012



Yasser Arafat died on November 11, 2004, of a mysterious ailment. His enemies spread the rumor he had AIDS: David Frum, with typical classiness, claimed (http://frum.nationalreview.com/post/?q=ZTQ2MWQ3M2I4ZTU1OTM3MjE3Zjc0NzkzMDQ3MmZhMzk=) he had contracted AIDS as a consequence of having sex (http://www.dailykos.com/story/2004/11/08/71752/-Arafat-has-AIDS) with his bodyguards. Now, however, it has been revealed Arafat was poisoned (http://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/whatkilledarafat/2012/07/20127383653774794.html): the cause of his death was exposure to very high levels of polonium-210 [pdf (http://hps.org/documents/po210factsheet.pdf)], a rare radioactive substance. An investigation conducted by Al Jazeera showed Arafat’s personal items, released to the media organization by his widow, contained several times the normal level of polonium that would normally be detected on such items. The Palestinian leader’s terminal symptoms were similar to those experienced by victims of polonium poisoning: the substance targets the gastrointestinal tract and the subject wastes away.
Arafat’s Ramallah compound (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mukataa) had been bombed (http://www.albawaba.com/news/sharon-says-pa-should-receive-heavy-blow-arafat-compound-bombed-least-19-palestinians-killed-mo) several times (http://articles.cnn.com/2002-06-05/world/mideast.bomb_1_israeli-forces-israeli-tanks-palestinian-security-sources?_s=PM:WORLD) by the Israelis, and they had the place surrounded – yet still he persisted. They couldn’t (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/1902566.stm) get him out. Worse, his plight was becoming a metaphor for the condition of his people, who were – and still are – prisoners in their own land. A former adviser claimed he was (http://www.aljazeerah.info/News/2009/July/21%20n/Israeli%20Mossad%20poisoned%20Arafat%20through%20h is%20medications,%20says%20Bassam%20Abu%20Sharif.h tm) poisoned by the Israelis, who detained the Palestinian ambulance used to deliver Arafat’s medications to the Ramallah compound. At the time, one tended to write this off as a purely polemical exercise: in light of the new evidence, however, the question has to be asked.
Simply by continuing to exist in the face of such a sustained assault, Arafat was defeating the Israelis every day. They had to get rid of him. Did they? We’ll never know for sure, but it is worth noting that Israeli threats (http://www.democracynow.org/2003/9/15/israel_threatens_to_kill_yasser_arafat) to kill (http://www.wsws.org/articles/2004/sep2004/isra-s18.shtml) him preceded his untimely death by less than a year. As is well-known (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Israeli_assassinations), Israeli intelligence has carried out (http://www.wired.com/threatlevel/2010/02/dubai-assassination-has-hallmarks-of-mossad/) numerous assassinations (http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/sunday-times-mossad-agents-behind-iran-scientist-assassination-1.407593): it is simply another tool in their international operations, one they have never hesitated to utilize. A passport-falsification scheme (http://original.antiwar.com/justin/2010/03/25/israels-passport-farm/)involving New Zealand (http://original.antiwar.com/justin/2004/08/06/passport-to-terror/), Britain, France, Spain, and a number of other countries was widely believed to have been meant to equip the Mossad’s crack team of assassins, who could slip into – and out of – target areas at will.
The Israelis hated Arafat with a particular passion, for two reasons:
1) His longevity – The Palestinian movement is thick [pdf (http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/RS21235.pdf)] with factions, but thin when it comes to recognizable leaders. Arafat was the principal leader, and no one since his death has achieved his stature. He was a political survivor, having lived through numerous assassination attempts, and deflected the schemes of internal enemies to displace him. Simply by sticking around for so long, he became a living symbol of the Palestinian struggle for self-determination – and that is one big reason why the Israelis got rid of him.
2) His secularism – The Israelis encouraged (http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/making-enemies/) the growth of groups such as Hamas in the beginning, in order to split away the more religious elements from the decidedly secular Palestine Liberation Organization/Fatah, which Arafat headed. It is easy to sell the Palestinians as crazed jihadists when a group like Hamas or Islamic Jihad is the most visible champion of their cause: the secular PLO presented the Israelis with a public relations problem. There’s another reason for the Israelis to have knocked him off.
One aspect of this case is extremely odd: polonium-210 is the same poison Alexander Litvinenko (http://original.antiwar.com/justin/2006/11/22/poisonous-propaganda/) was dosed with (http://www.forensicmag.com/article/polonium-210-and-assassination-alexander-litvinenko). Litvinenko, a former KGB official, converted to Islam, joined the Chechen rebels, and became an associate of Boris Berezovsky (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boris_Berezovsky_%28businessman%29), the notorious Russian oligarch wanted on charges of embezzlement (http://en.rian.ru/business/20100914/160586260.html) in his home country. Litvinenko and Berezovsky are the Russian version (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_apartment_bombings#Theory_of_Russian_gover nment_conspiracy) of 9/11 Truthers: they believe practically every terrorist attack on Russian cities has been “staged” by Vladimir Putin in order to keep him in power. When he became ill, Litvinenko charged the Russian spy agency with poisoning him – although (http://original.antiwar.com/justin/2006/12/27/did-the-russian-mafia-kill-alexander-litvinenko/) that seems (http://original.antiwar.com/justin/2006/11/27/the-nuking-of-alexander-litvinenko/) highly (http://original.antiwar.com/justin/2006/12/04/alexander-litvinenko-blackmailer-smuggler-gangster-extraordinaire/) unlikely (http://original.antiwar.com/justin/2006/11/29/the-litvinenko-mystery/).
Polonium-210 isn’t (http://guests.armscontrolwonk.com/archive/1306/assassination-by-polonium) something you can buy off the shelf at your local Walmart. It isn’t even something a mad scientist might cook up in his home lab. About 100 grams (http://www.iaea.org/Publications/Factsheets/English/polonium210.html) are produced each year for specialized technical uses. The only entities with access to this sort of thing are state actors, or, at least, a private organization with very substantial resources at its disposal.
What’s interesting is that a diplomatic cable (http://www.wikileaks.is/cable/2006/12/06PARIS7904.html), dated Dec. 26, 2006 and published by WikiLeaks, details the conversation of a US diplomat with Russian spook Anatoly Safonov (http://www.google.com/imgres?q=%22anatoly+safonov%22&hl=en&sa=X&rlz=1R2ACAW_en&biw=1024&bih=647&tbm=isch&prmd=imvnso&tbnid=WdognCBvyKuQgM:&imgrefurl=http://www.themoscowtimes.com/news/article/new-putin-envoy-to-drum-up-world-support-against-terror) in which Safonov claims the Russians told the British about the importation of “nuclear materials” into London during the Litvinenko affair – and were told that the whole thing was “under control before the poisoning took place.” In the course of the same conversation, Safonov – Putin’s chief representative on terrorism-related matters – went on to describe a number of threats and their possible sources:
“Safonov noted the daunting number of countries that posed particular terrorism threats, mentioning North Korea, Pakistan, South Africa, Libya, Iran, India, and Israel (sic?). He described a range of dangers, stressing the more immediate threats posed by nuclear and biological terrorism, but also acknowledging the risks of chemical terrorism.”
While the use of “sic” is meant to indicate our diplomat’s incredulity at the inclusion of Israel in this list, what we now know about how Arafat died should tear away the blinders from several sets of eyes – yes, even at the US State Department.
http://original.antiwar.com/justin/2012/07/03/who-killed-yasser-arafat/

Peter Lemkin
07-05-2012, 04:22 AM
By Jeffrey Heller and Dan Williams

JERUSALEM | Wed Jul 4, 2012 10:19am EDT

(Reuters) - New suspicions that Yasser Arafat was murdered, perhaps poisoned by radioactive polonium, prompted the Palestinian Authority on Wednesday to agree to exhume the body of the iconic leader.

Israel, seen by many Arabs as the prime suspect behind the mysterious illness that killed the 75-year-old Arafat in 2004, sought to distance itself anew from the death of the man who led Palestinians' bid for a state through years of war and peace.

A Swiss institute which examined clothing provided by Arafat's widow Suha for a documentary by Qatar-based Al Jazeera television said its radiation protection experts had found "surprisingly" high levels of polonium-210, the same substance found to have killed a former Russian spy in London in 2006.

But it said symptoms described in the president's medical reports were not consistent with the radioactive agent.

"I want the world to know the truth about the assassination of Yasser Arafat," Suha Arafat, 48, told Al Jazeera, without making any direct accusations, but noting that both Israel and the United States saw him as an obstacle to peace.

Allegations of foul play - and of Palestinian involvement in it - have long marked factional fighting among Palestinians. The latest revelation coincides with renewed tensions within Arafat's Fatah movement, now headed by his successor President Mahmoud Abbas, and between Fatah and Hamas, the Islamist movement which controls the Gaza Strip.

Abbas's administration said it would approve Suha Arafat's request to bring her husband's remains out for autopsy from a limestone mausoleum built next to his headquarters in the West Bank city of Ramallah, without giving a date for such a move.

"The Authority, as it always has been, is ready to completely cooperate with and clear the way for an investigation into the true causes leading to the martyrdom of the late president," said Nabil Abu Rdeineh, spokesman for Abbas.

Saeb Erekat, a senior member of the Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO), told Reuters the exhumation could take place as soon as "religious and family procedures" were complete.

"If you ask me, it's a matter of a days, not more than a few days," he said. "Then we will be in contact with the Swiss team or any other team that could come and exhume the body."

FINAL DAYS

Confined by Israel to his West Bank headquarters in Ramallah for three years after a Palestinian uprising erupted, an ailing Arafat collapsed in October 2004.

Foreign doctors flocked to his bedside from Tunisia, Egypt and Jordan amid public assurances from Arafat's aides over the next two weeks that he was suffering from no more than the flu.

But looking weak and thin - and telling aides "God willing, I will be back" - he was airlifted to a military hospital in France, where he slipped into a coma and died on November 11, 2004.

At the time, rumors flew that he had died from anything from stomach cancer to poisoning to AIDS. French doctors who treated Arafat in his final days said they could not establish the cause of death. French officials, citing privacy laws, refused to give details of the nature of his illness.

Israel denied involvement in Arafat's death and the head of its Shin Bet intelligence service at the time, Avi Dichter, said on Wednesday it was for Palestinians to investigate: "The body is in their hands. It is in Ramallah, and really, all the keys are in their hands," he told Israel's Army Radio.

Polonium, apparently ingested with food, was found to have caused the slow death of former Russian spy Alexander Litvinenko in London in 2006. At high doses, polonium-210 causes damage to organs and tissues. Britain tried and failed to extradite from Russia a suspect who was a former Kremlin security officer.

Israeli Army Radio said introducing polonium into food was the only way to kill someone with the poison and asked Dichter, whose agency had overall responsibility for monitoring the Palestinians, whether it would have been possible with Arafat.

"You're asking me as his cook?" he answered, laughing.

"MANY ENEMIES"

He continued: "No, we were focused on more serious things. Arafat's food did not interest us. I think it interested those around him, in order, really, to keep his health up, as he was indeed known to be unwell. But the Shin Bet, or the State of Israel, were not involved in Yasser Arafat's food."

Pressed on the poisoning scenario, Dichter said: "Yasser Arafat had many enemies, domestically, abroad. But let them investigate ... The Palestinians know well how to investigate what goes on in their house. Let them investigate and find out."

A Hamas official, Salah Al-Bardaweel, called for an investigation, suggesting Palestinians might have helped Israel kill him, calling them "sinful hands that cooperated or facilitated the occupier's mission to get these poisonous materials into the body of President Arafat".

Commenting on the Al Jazeera report, Paddy Regan, professor of nuclear physics at Britain's University of Surrey, said "there is not enough information in the public domain to be clear about whether polonium-210 was, or indeed could have been, the cause of death".

Regan said there could be several other explanations, such as naturally occurring radioactivity, for the high readings on Arafat's clothing. He said all such "natural sources" must be ruled out before concluding polonium-210 was "a murder weapon".

In 1997, Israeli assassins were caught trying to poison a senior member of Hamas in Jordan. Israel is also suspected in the 2010 death in a Dubai hotel room of a Hamas commander, Mahmoud al-Mabhouh, who UAE authorities said had been drugged.

Suha Arafat, who lives in Malta and France and whose lavish lifestyle abroad has made her a controversial figure among Palestinians, said determining there had been a plot to kill her husband "will glorify more his legacy" and harden Palestinian resolve in any future negotiations with Israel.

U.S.-sponsored peace talks collapsed in 2010 in a dispute over Israeli settlement building in the occupied West Bank.

"Arafat wanted to arrive with the Palestinian cause to a Palestinian state, and because of this they got rid of him," she said, without elaborating.

Israel's foreign minister in 2004, Silvan Shalom, rejected at the time as "scandalous and false" the idea that his country had a role in Arafat's death. But Israel had earlier threatened Arafat, blaming him for Palestinian violence.

After losing 15 citizens to suicide bombings in September 2003, Israel's security cabinet decided to "remove" Arafat, without elaborating publicly on the precise action it planned to take. An Israeli newspaper quoted Dichter as saying at the time that it would be better to kill Arafat than exile him.


My note: The reference above that it might have been 'natural radiation' is so remote a possibility as to make me wonder who that physicist is working for! The average Palastinian leader just would not have come in contact with any Polonium-210. End of story. This man is working for someone and that someone want to spin lies. I think I'll have a look at who he might work for.....but a quick search showed him making statements that Fukashima radiation was 'not so very dangerous'. So, he's at least in bed with the nuclear industry, if not the spook industry too. Kind of 'funny' how Reuters found him of all the nuclear physicists in the world :pirate:

Danny Jarman
07-05-2012, 05:29 AM
I'm sure the entirely noble and neutral ICC will now issue arrest warrants for Israeli leaders during the time of Arafat.


:shrug:

Magda Hassan
07-05-2012, 08:01 AM
I'm sure the entirely noble and neutral ICC will now issue arrest warrants for Israeli leaders during the time of Arafat.


:shrug:

:hitball: I hope you wont be holding your breath for that Danny.....You may be disappointed.

Magda Hassan
07-05-2012, 08:03 AM
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y_OushnJNoM&feature=player_embedded#!

Peter Lemkin
07-05-2012, 08:32 AM
I'm sure the entirely noble and neutral ICC will now issue arrest warrants for Israeli leaders during the time of Arafat.


:shrug:

:hitball: I hope you wont be holding your breath for that Danny.....You may be disappointed.

Now if Judge Garcon was still on the bench.......things might well be different...but then, that's why they 'got him', didn't they!

Peter Lemkin
07-05-2012, 02:53 PM
Toxicity
Overview

Polonium is highly dangerous and has no biological role.[14] By mass, polonium-210 is around 250,000 times more toxic than hydrogen cyanide (the actual LD50 for 210Po is less than 1 microgram for an average adult (see below) compared with about 250 milligrams for hydrogen cyanide[53]). The main hazard is its intense radioactivity (as an alpha emitter), which makes it very difficult to handle safely. Even in microgram amounts, handling 210Po is extremely dangerous, requiring specialized equipment (a negative pressure alpha glove box equipped with high performance filters), adequate monitoring, and strict handling procedures to avoid any contamination. Alpha particles emitted by polonium will damage organic tissue easily if polonium is ingested, inhaled, or absorbed, although they do not penetrate the epidermis and hence are not hazardous as long as the alpha particles remain outside of the body. Meanwhile, wearing chemically resistant and "intact" gloves is a mandatory precaution to avoid transcutaneous diffusion of polonium directly through the skin. Polonium delivered in concentrated nitric acid can easily diffuse through inadequate gloves (e.g., latex gloves) or the acid may damage the gloves.
Acute effects

The median lethal dose (LD50) for acute radiation exposure is generally about 4.5 Sv.[54] The committed effective dose equivalent 210Po is 0.51 µSv/Bq if ingested, and 2.5 µSv/Bq if inhaled.[55] Since 210Po has an activity of 166 TBq per gram (4,500 Ci/g)[55] (1 gram produces 166×1012 decays per second), a fatal 4.5 Sv (J/kg) dose can be caused by ingesting 8.8 MBq (238 microcuries, µCi), about 50 nanograms (ng), or inhaling 1.8 MBq (48 µCi), about 10 ng. One gram of 210Po could thus in theory poison 20 million people of whom 10 million would die. The actual toxicity of 210Po is lower than these estimates, because radiation exposure that is spread out over several weeks (the biological half-life of polonium in humans is 30 to 50 days[56]) is somewhat less damaging than an instantaneous dose. It has been estimated that a median lethal dose of 210Po is 0.015 GBq (0.4 mCi), or 0.089 micrograms, still an extremely small amount.[57][58]
Long term (chronic) effects

In addition to the acute effects, radiation exposure (both internal and external) carries a long-term risk of death from cancer of 5–10% per Sv.[54] The general population is exposed to small amounts of polonium as a radon daughter in indoor air; the isotopes 214Po and 218Po are thought to cause the majority[59] of the estimated 15,000–22,000 lung cancer deaths in the US every year that have been attributed to indoor radon.[60] Tobacco smoking causes additional exposure to polonium.[61]

-----------------------
While a bit technical, the take home from this [wikipedia] piece is that Polonium-210 is very deadly in very small amounts. A person given a very small amount is almost sure to die in a few weeks....and very likely without doctors even being able to figure out why.

Magda Hassan
07-05-2012, 03:01 PM
The other people who were in the compound with him should also be tested for traces or exposure. I wonder who else of them have died in the mean time?

Peter Lemkin
07-05-2012, 03:30 PM
The other people who were in the compound with him should also be tested for traces or exposure. I wonder who else of them have died in the mean time?

The usual means of 'administration' of Polonium is in food - so it can be targeted to one person. However, there are other means that could effect a larger group...but that would cast greater suspicion and I think unlikely to be used.

Magda Hassan
07-05-2012, 03:34 PM
It kind of narrows things down to. Who handled the food? How was it distributed? Where did the produce come from? Who was around at the different stages of production?

Albert Doyle
07-05-2012, 05:14 PM
Good point Magda. The stuff is so toxic that even those who introduced it into the food were probably exposed and suffered effects.

Peter Lemkin
07-05-2012, 05:50 PM
Good point Magda. The stuff is so toxic that even those who introduced it into the food were probably exposed and suffered effects.

That would happen only if the 'introducer' was not informed [unlikely]. One could take the Polonium powder either 'straight' or already mixed with something from a lined safety container [small - as only a small amount is needed and it is primarily alpha radiation] and right into the food item[s], without any danger to the person doing that - or others who might come near it. it would be the person ingesting it who would be poisoned, alone. If it was a 'regular' attendant who went rogue for money or change of allegiance it will be hard to locate them. If someone unusual came once or just a few times in the final days or weeks...they should be looked at carefully...and who they met and where they met them all traced out. It could be very complex, however, as it might have been placed in something far outside of the compound he was staying in, with the knowledge that it would be delivered and was an item that Arafat himself would eat. [a favorite food or some medicine he took - even his brand of toothpaste would work - or a gift of chocolate/cake/other food etc.]

Peter Lemkin
07-06-2012, 05:01 AM
JPost.com

'Polonium found on Arafat's clothing was planted'
By YAAKOV LAPPIN
07/05/2012 22:03
Analyst tells 'Post' high levels of radioactive poison reportedly found on Arafat's belongings likely placed there much later.

The high levels of the radioactive poison polonium reportedly found on the belongings of the late Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat indicate that the toxin was planted on them long after his death, a senior counterterrorism analyst told The Jerusalem Post Thursday.

Dr. Ely Karmon, of the Interdisciplinary Center, Herzliya’s Institute for Counterterrorism, is a specialist in chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear terrorism.
Related:

PA: Arafat's body can be exhumed over poison claim

Palestinians divided over exhuming Arafat

Responding to an Al Jazeera report published Wednesday – which said that researchers at the Institut de Radiophysique in Lausanne, Switzerland, discovered abnormally high levels of polonium on Arafat’s belongings – Karmon said that the half-life of the substance would make it impossible for polonium to have been discovered at such high levels if it had been used to kill Arafat eight years ago.

According to the Al Jazeera report, polonium has a half-life of 138 days, “meaning that half of the substance decays roughly every four-and-a-half months.”

And yet, eight years after Arafat’s death, the Swiss scientists reported finding polonium levels of 54 millibecquerels (mBq) and 180 millibecquerels on his belonging, considered to be high levels.

“If it had been used for poisoning, minimal levels should be seen now. Yet much higher levels were found. Someone planted the polonium much later,” Karmon said.

“Because of the half-life of the substance, the conclusion is that the polonium is much more fresh,” he added.

Karmon added that the Al Jazeera report raised additional unanswered questions. Referring to the fact that Arafat’s widow, Suha, provided the researchers with Arafat’s belongings, Karmon asked: “If Suha Arafat safeguarded these contaminated materials, why, after seven years, was she not poisoned too? She touched these things and Arafat in hospital.”

In 2006, ex-Russian spy turned dissident Alexander Litvinenko died after being poisoned with polonium, according to a British investigation. British authorities analyzed a restaurant, a cab and a hotel used by Litvinenko to trace the poison.

“Did Al Jazeera check the home of Suha Arafat in Paris and Malta where she kept the items for traces of polonium, as the British did in their investigation?” Karmon asked.

Karmon also cited an article published Wednesday by the French daily Le Figaro which, he said, reported that the symptoms found in Arafat’s French medical file do not fit a polonium poisoning.

After Arafat’s death, “why did neither Suha nor the PA agree to release the French hospital’s medical file?” he asked.


NB - his argument about the amount/level of radiation now is a specious one - and he knows it - it would all depend on the amounts originally present and the time from then to now. Any amount/level could be present at this time. The only valid question he raises is in the last sentence. To me, it hints that some few in the PA might have been in the 'know' on the poisoning - also the reason a controversy has now arisen on the autopsy. I wonder who they were working with and who supplied the Polononium . Clear to me is that there are now certain players in France, Israel, US and even PA who do NOT want this investigated further and are doing all they can to thwart it.

Magda Hassan
07-06-2012, 05:08 AM
Worth a try but no cigar there. :mexican:
And, well, he would say that wouldn't he?

Magda Hassan
07-06-2012, 05:25 AM
There is no reason in the world why there should not be an exhumation. His wife has asked for it. The laboratory has offered to help. The P.A. have said yes. It is technically possible. He is buried in Palestinian territory. There are no religious proscriptions against such a thing if it is to ascertain if a crime has been committed against the deceased. Let's see what road block Israel puts up here. :ballchain:

Peter Lemkin
07-06-2012, 05:33 AM
There is no reason in the world why there should not be an exhumation. His wife has asked for it. The laboratory has offered to help. The P.A. have said yes. It is technically possible. He is buried in Palestinian territory. There are no religious proscriptions against such a thing if it is to ascertain if a crime has been committed against the deceased. Let's see what road block Israel puts up here. :ballchain:

Israel can only try to thwart it by propaganda. More worring, as reported on Al Jazeera and elsewhere, some UNNAMED person[s] in the PA have now objected...they should be looked at most closely as to WHY they object, IMHO! The other real negative is the destruction by the French Military lab of blood and urine samples of Arafat. How convenient. They were kept until 2008 [they say...], then 'routinely destroyed' [remind anyone of anything in the JFK or RFK case?]....something very suspicious there and a loss, but the evidence will always remain in Arafat's remains!!! Do the tests! Even though the half-life is 138 days, or so, it will be detectable for a few more years, at least - and it is an easy calculation back to the original amounts present. The relative locations in different organs could well tell the mode of poisoning and even the timing of it. In fact, a highly detailed and competent autopsy, even at this late date, could tell a hell of a lot! Interesting that some don't want one to be done. What have they to hide?! My guess is it will eventually be found that the French Military lab destroyed the samples when Suha Arafat requested them some weeks back.

Magda Hassan
07-06-2012, 05:46 AM
I sort of expect them to come up with some obscure by law which will make it hard for the exhumation to go ahead. Just like they do for the demolitions. Make all legal and nice like.

They would be better off just letting it go ahead and dealing with the consequences. It wont stop their assassinations in any case and their not about to comply with international law any time soon either.

Yes, interesting these PA members now objecting....May be some of these mentioned here may well be in the picture: https://deeppoliticsforum.com/forums/archive/index.php/t-6146.html? and here: https://deeppoliticsforum.com/forums/archive/index.php/t-1858.html?

(https://deeppoliticsforum.com/forums/archive/index.php/t-1858.html?)

Peter Lemkin
07-06-2012, 07:28 AM
I just watched the Al Jazeera documentary What Killed Arafat again. Many of the doctors [there were many, from many teams from many countries] were AFRAID to talk. That doesn't mean they were complicit [though a few might have been], but sure does show that they sense that murder was involved and don't care to become ensnared in that! One absolutely had panic in his voice and would only say, 'This is not a medical matter, but a political matter!' :mexican::mexican: Also interesting from the excellent documentary [made by one of his bodyguards who is now an investigative journalist] is that given the half-life of Polonium-210 and the time since Arafat's death the initial dose would have been almost exactly the same as that Litveninko was given!!!!!

Albert Doyle
07-06-2012, 03:13 PM
Al Jazeera documetary well worth watching:



http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KBT7o0piZ8E&feature=youtu.be

Albert Doyle
07-06-2012, 03:23 PM
Worth a try but no cigar there. :mexican:
And, well, he would say that wouldn't he?



I just figured out in my head that the high polonium level in Arafat's toothbrush proves that the polonium could not have been planted. If the polonium had been planted the distribution level would be fairly even due to the decay rate of the planted polonium being constant. The fact there was a significant level shift in the toothbrush shows that the poison was first introduced orally and masticated, creating the higher level in the mouth and teeth. This is the exact forensic pathology you would expect to see in such a food poisoning case. And it is also one that denies any suggestion of planted polonium. This is a forensic snapshot of the freshest most concentrated levels of polonium first showing up in the mouth because the freshest most concentrated level of polonium was present in the poisoned food Arafat ate. It's a forensic bullseye and smoking gun proof.

Keith Millea
07-06-2012, 03:50 PM
This is a forensic snapshot of the freshest most concentrated levels of polonium first showing up in the mouth because the freshest most concentrated level of polonium was present in the poisoned food Arafat ate. It's a forensic bullseye and smoking gun proof.

TOOTHPASTE.......:curtain:

Albert Doyle
07-06-2012, 03:55 PM
TOOTHPASTE.......:curtain:



No, my dear Watson. The witnesses said he became ill after eating dinner.


My guess is the CIA/Mossad murderers would want him to ingest the polonium deeply with food rather than brush and spit it out. Less evidence that way too like a hot toothpaste tube.

Peter Lemkin
07-06-2012, 04:59 PM
Having taken epidemiology coursework, let me assure you, there are several features which make recent 'planting' of Polonium in his effects neigh impossible. This is going to be a hard one, once fully investigated, to not point at poisoning...but, hey, 911 or Dallas are blatant lies they keep giving life to...so they will certainly do the same here using the same worn-out propaganda techniques.....with some believing the lies because it is easier on their consciences, and some because they simply trust authority.

Never trust authority! In fact, never believe anything is true until it is officially denied. :kraka:

Albert Doyle
07-07-2012, 04:24 PM
Chicago Sun Times:




In Israel, officials dismissed the renewed speculation.

“Making up conspiracy theories based on pretend evidence is so ludicrous that it befits the comedy channel and not a news channel,” said Foreign Ministry spokesman Yigal Palmor. “If there is anything suspicious about his death, then the French doctors would have known and said something.”

Dov Weisglass, the chief of staff of Israel’s then-Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, insisted in a radio interview that Israeli officials never considered killing Arafat. In fact, he said, Sharon opposed the idea because he feared that it could spark widespread violence.

Sharon “didn’t think his (Arafat’s) physical liquidation would help. On the contrary,” Weisglass told the Army Radio station.



Well, there's your official denial. Palmor never mentions that alpha radiation poisoning is more difficult to detect and was never tested by the French. The authorities once again seek quick denials at the level of duller minds.

Keith Millea
07-07-2012, 05:05 PM
Dov Weisglass, the chief of staff of Israel’s then-Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, insisted in a radio interview that Israeli officials never considered killing Arafat. In fact, he said, Sharon opposed the idea because he feared that it could spark widespread violence.


Dov needs to talk to Uri......

Weekend Edition July 6-8, 2012

Sharon's Lethal Obsession
Poisoning Arafat

by URI AVNERY
Tel Aviv.

For me, there was no surprise. From the very first day, I was convinced that Yasser Arafat had been poisoned by Ariel Sharon. I even wrote about it several times.

It was a simple logical conclusion.

First, a thorough medical examination in the French military hospital where he died did not find any cause for his sudden collapse and death. No traces of any life-threatening disease were found.

The rumors distributed by the Israeli propaganda machine that Arafat had AIDS were blatant lies. They were a continuation of the rumors spread by the same machine that he was gay – all part of the relentless demonization of the Palestinian leader, which went on daily for decades.

When there is no obvious cause of death, there must be a less obvious one.

Second, we know by now that several secret services possess poisons that leave no routinely detectable trace. These include the CIA, the Russian FSB (successor of the KGB), and the Mossad.

Third, opportunities were plentiful. Arafat’s security arrangements were decidedly lax. He would embrace perfect strangers who presented themselves as sympathizers of the Palestinian cause and often seated them next to himself at meals.

Fourth, there were plenty of people who aimed at killing him and had the means to do so. The most obvious one was our prime minister, Ariel Sharon. He had even talked about Arafat having “no insurance policy” in 2004.

What was previously a logical probability has now become a certainty.

An examination of his belongings commissioned by Aljazeera TV and conducted by a highly respected Swiss scientific institute has confirmed that Arafat was poisoned with Polonium, a deadly radioactive substance that avoids detection unless one specifically looks for it.

Two years after Arafat’s death, the Russian dissident and former KGB/FSB officer Alexander Litvinenko was murdered in London by Russian agents using this poison. The cause was discovered by his doctors by accident. It took him three weeks to die.

Closer to home, in Amman, Hamas leader Khaled Mash’al was almost killed in 1997 by the Mossad, on orders of Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu. The means was a poison that kills within days after coming into contact with the skin. The assassination was bungled and the victim’s life was saved when the Mossad was compelled, after an ultimatum from King Hussein, to provide an antidote in time.

If Arafat’s widow, Suha, succeeds in getting his body exhumed from the mausoleum in the Mukata’a in Ramallah, where it has become a national symbol, the poison will undoubtably be found in his body.

Arafat’s lack of proper security arrangements always astonished me. Israeli Prime Ministers are tenfold better protected.

I remonstrated with him several times. He shrugged it off. In this respect, he was a fatalist. After his life was miraculously preserved when his airplane made a crash landing in the Libyan Desert and the people around him were killed, he was convinced that Allah was protecting him.

(Though the head of a secular movement with a clear secular program, he himself was an observant Sunni Muslim, praying at the proper times and abstaining from alcohol. He did not impose his piety on his assistants.)

Once he was interviewed in my presence in Ramallah. The journalists asked him if he expected to see the creation of the Palestinian state in his lifetime. His answer: “Both I and Uri Avnery will see it in our life.” He was quite sure of this.

Ariel Sharon’s determination to kill Arafat was well known. Already during the siege of Beirut in Lebanon War I, it was no secret that agents were combing West Beirut for his whereabouts. To Sharon’s great frustration, they did not find him.

Even after Oslo, when Arafat came back to Palestine, Sharon did not let up. When he became Prime Minister, my fear for Arafat’s life became acute. When our army attacked Ramallah during “Operation Defensive Shield” they broke into Arafat’s compound (Mukata’a is Arabic for compound) and came within 10 meters of his rooms. I saw them with my own eyes.

Twice during the siege of many months my friends and I went to stay at the Mukata’a for several days to serve as a human shield. When Sharon was asked why he did not kill Arafat, he answered that the presence of Israelis there made it impossible.

However, I believe that this was only a pretext. It was the US that forbade it. The Americans feared, quite rightly, that an open assassination would cause the whole Arab and Muslim world to explode in anti-American fury. I cannot prove it, but I am sure that Sharon was told by Washington: “On no condition are you allowed to kill him in a way that can be traced to you. If you can do it without leaving a trace, go ahead.”

(Just as the US Secretary of State told Sharon in 1982 that on no condition was he allowed to attack Lebanon, unless there was a clear and internationally recognized provocation. Which was promptly provided.)

In an eerie coincidence, Sharon himself was felled by a stroke soon after Arafat’s death, and has lived in a coma ever since.)

The day Aljazeera’s conclusions were published this week happened to be the 30th anniversary of my first meeting with Arafat, which for him was the first meeting with an Israeli.

It was at the height of the battle of Beirut. To get to him, I had to cross the lines of four belligerents – the Israeli army, the Christian Lebanese Phalange militia, the Lebanese army and the PLO forces.

I spoke with Arafat for two hours. There, in the middle of a war, when he could expect to find his death at any moment, we talked about Israeli-Palestinian peace, and even a federation of Israel and Palestine, perhaps to be joined by Jordan.

The meeting, which was announced by Arafat’s office, caused a worldwide sensation. My account of the conversation was published in several leading newspapers.

On my way home, I heard on the radio that four cabinet ministers were demanding that I be put on trial for treason. The government of Menachem Begin instructed the Attorney General to open a criminal investigation. However, after several weeks, the AG determined that I had not broken any law. (The law was duly changed soon afterwards.)

In the many meetings I held with Arafat since then, I became totally convinced that he was an effective and trustworthy partner for peace.

I slowly began to understand how this father of the modern Palestinian liberation movement, considered an arch-terrorist by Israel and the US, became the leader of the Palestinian peace effort. Few people in history have been privileged to lead two successive revolutions in their lifetime.

When Arafat started his work, Palestine had disappeared from the map and from world consciousness. By using the “armed struggle” (alias “terrorism”)’ he succeeded in putting Palestine back on the world’s agenda.

His change of orientation occurred right after the 1973 war. That war, it will be remembered, started with stunning Arab successes and ended with a rout of the Egyptian and Syrian armies. Arafat, an engineer by profession, drew the logical conclusion: if the Arabs could not win an armed confrontation even in such ideal circumstances, other means had to be found
His decision to start peace negotiations with Israel went totally against the grain of the Palestinian National Movement, which considered Israel as a foreign invader. It took Arafat a full 15 years to convince his own people to accept his line, using all his wiles, tactical deftness and powers of persuasion. In the 1988 meeting of the Palestinian parliament-in-exile, the National Council, his concept was adopted: a Palestinian state side-by-side with Israel in part of the country. This state, with its capital in East Jerusalem and its borders based on the Green Line has been, since then, the fixed and unchangeable goal; the legacy of Arafat to his successors.

Not by accident, my contacts with Arafat, first indirectly through his assistants and then directly, started at the same time: 1974. I helped him to establish contact with the Israeli leadership, and especially with Yitzhak Rabin. This led to the 1993 Oslo agreement – which was killed by the assassination of Rabin.

When asked if he had an Israeli friend, Arafat named me. This was based on his belief that I had risked my life when I went to see him in Beirut. On my part, I was grateful for his trust in me when he met me there, at a time when hundreds of Sharon’s agents were looking for him.

But beyond personal considerations, Arafat was the man who was able to make peace with Israel, willing to do so, and – more important – to get his people, including the Islamists, to accept it. This would have put an end to the settlement enterprise.
That’s why he was poisoned.

http://www.counterpunch.org/2012/07/06/poisoning-arafat/

URI AVNERY is an Israeli writer and peace activist with Gush Shalom. He is a contributor to CounterPunch’s book The Politics of Anti-Semitism (http://www.easycartsecure.com/CounterPunch/CounterPunch_Books.html).

Peter Lemkin
07-07-2012, 07:55 PM
Great article. Great Israeli!

Albert Doyle
07-08-2012, 03:17 PM
Israeli National News Arutz Sheva:




A source close to Yasser Arafat said over the weekend that rumors of his having been poisoned were likely to be true. The source said that the former top Fatah terrorist “understood before he died that he had been poisoned,” and that he had told this to friends and acquaintances two weeks before he died, a report on Army Radio said.

The report quoted the source as saying that Arafat realized he had been poisoned with a radioactive material when his condition started to deteriorate rapidly, in line with the effects of radiation poisoning.

Peter Lemkin
07-09-2012, 10:22 AM
It appears the exhumation will go forward and there has been a formal request from the PA to President Holland to investigate the doctors and medical files that were/are in custody of the French hospitals and authorities. I think we are lucky that Holland is there now...though a President can be thwarted by his spy agencies if they have secrets to keep of their own or as a favor to others.

Magda Hassan
07-09-2012, 11:18 AM
Who was President of France while he was in the hospital there?

Albert Doyle
07-09-2012, 01:54 PM
Google some pro-Israel websites to see the campaign of denial that's going on. If there's high levels in the toothbrush and urine then obviously it traveled the gut in between.

Peter Lemkin
07-09-2012, 02:03 PM
Who was President of France while he was in the hospital there? It was Jacques Chirac [who was fairly friendly toward Arafat - however, the whole thing was done inside a Military Hospital and may have had others making some or all decisions]. If he was poisoned [as now seems all but sure, it was back in Palestine and not in France [unless he was poisoned again]. French privacy laws have been used to hide what the doctors knew/know and suspected. It would take the current President or a French Court to release the privacy clampdown.

Magda Hassan
07-09-2012, 03:02 PM
Ah, thanks Peter. I know I could have googled. So, he supplied Iraq with their nuclear facilities which Israel promptly bombed before it really got going. Seems a bit of a nuclear hawk. Also wasn't the warmest of relations with Israel when he was in office I see. And he supported the Infitada and Arafat. Mmmm....

Albert Doyle
07-09-2012, 05:11 PM
For instance Haaretz who say the AIDS cause of death should be re-examined:



http://www.haaretz.com/blogs/east-side-story/probe-into-arafat-s-death-could-open-a-bigger-palestinian-can-of-worms.premium-1.449905


.

Peter Lemkin
07-09-2012, 07:26 PM
For instance Haaretz who say the AIDS cause of death should be re-examined:



http://www.haaretz.com/blogs/east-side-story/probe-into-arafat-s-death-could-open-a-bigger-palestinian-can-of-worms.premium-1.449905


.

Yah, along with LHO as the shooter in Dallas and those sort of things.....:mexican:

Peter Lemkin
07-09-2012, 07:59 PM
Doctors in Lausanne, and elsewhere, also ruled out a range of other possible causes for Arafat’s death, based on his original medical file, which Ms. Arafat also provided to Al Jazeera. Their examination ruled out many of the other causes of death that have been rumored over the last eight years.

“There was not liver cirrhosis, apparently no traces of cancer, no leukemia,” said Dr. Patrice Mangin, the head of the Institute of Legal Medicine of Lausanne University. “Concerning HIV, AIDS – there was no sign, and the symptomology was not suggesting these things.”

Dr. Tawfik Shaaban, a Tunisian specialist in HIV and one of the doctors who examined Arafat in his Ramallah compound, confirmed that there were no signs of the disease.

Their conclusions, of course, were based on documentation rather than firsthand examination. Doctors in Lausanne had hoped to study the blood and urine samples taken from Arafat while he was at Percy Military Hospital in France. But when she requested access, the hospital told his widow that those samples had been destroyed.

“I was not satisfied with that answer,” Ms. Arafat said. “Usually a very important person, like Yasser, they would keep traces – maybe they don’t want to be involved in it?”

Several of the doctors who treated Arafat said that they were not allowed to discuss his case – even with Ms. Arafat’s permission – because it was considered a “military secret.” And most of his onetime doctors in Cairo and Tunis refused requests for interviews as well.

With those avenues of inquiry closed, Arafat’s body itself would be the last remaining source of conclusive evidence. Exhuming it would require approval from the Palestinian Authority; shipping bone samples outside of the West Bank would require permission from the Israeli government.

Whatever the outcome, Ms. Arafat said she hopes further tests would “remove a lot of doubt” about her husband’s still-mysterious death.

“We got into this very, very painful conclusion, but at least this removes this great burden on me, on my chest,” she said. “At least I’ve done something to explain to the Palestinian people, to the Arab and Muslim generation all over the world, that it was not a natural death, it was a crime.”

A conclusive finding that Arafat was poisoned with polonium would not, of course, explain who killed him. It is a difficult element to produce, though – it requires a nuclear reactor – and the signature of the polonium in Arafat’s bones could provide some insight about its origin.

Albert Doyle
07-12-2012, 03:10 PM
And the Unspeakable now grabs Arafat's corpse:



http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5g1ple-ADLrr_vMRu6EP5Lyzm4XXw?docId=8b152bbe62d3498da9b15 012fcaf6c56



.

Peter Lemkin
07-12-2012, 03:41 PM
And the Unspeakable now grabs Arafat's corpse:



http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5g1ple-ADLrr_vMRu6EP5Lyzm4XXw?docId=8b152bbe62d3498da9b15 012fcaf6c56



.

My guess is that what this is showing is that a few PA officials may have been complicit in the poisoning/murder or knew and kept silent; thus, do NOT want the truth to come out. I think despite this, it will soon go ahead. Let the chips fall where they may and all those involved in the crime, no matter their provenance face justice. Most don't realize that a careful test of sufficient Polonium-210 would contain a 'signature' unique to a specific reactor...thus targeting the origin, and narrowing down significantly the perpetrators.

Albert Doyle
07-13-2012, 03:29 PM
The propaganda machine is full-on for the powers that be whose main concern is damage control for economic interests. The media is a sordid jungle of truthiness and politically-compromised information. Meanwhile if Arafat was poisoned by polonium they have technology that is sophisticated enough to find unsupported polonium at the right levels to evidence this. Like the Kennedy assassinations Arafat is now under the control of bully forces thinking up propagandistic arguments that will neutralize any effort at finding out the truth. In the end when you are assassinated your corpse becomes an inconvenient object that, if powerful enough (which is why you were assassinated in the first place) becomes something that threatens the status quo interests of those in power. What we are seeing here is the slow transition of Arafat's body from truth litmus strip to radioactive nuisance. Even though the polonium half-lives have cycled to miniscule levels those levels are still easily detectable by current technology. The people writing these filthy media articles know this but prefer to offer the public an intelligence-insulting level of dumbed-down information exactly for the purpose of deception. Have no doubt these forces maximized the benefit of their War On Terror occupation of the Middle East by murdering Arafat like they did other targeted arab leaders. The public is self-deceiving if it doesn't realize it is asking the opinion and taking the word of sneering WMD war criminals as to their complicity in Arafat's obvious poisoning. You're going to see the disinformation trolls pop-up like mushrooms now with their "conspiracy theorist" ridicule. - Do the tests.

Peter Lemkin
07-13-2012, 05:43 PM
Well, in the end those who protest the most and the hardest against any investigation or 'polonium-poisoning conspiracy theories' are very likely the same party - or so very closely affiliated - as those who planned and planted the Polonium...just as with Dallas and 911 et al. Yes, others who simply like the result of the crime - or don't like people knowing truths of black operations in general, could also protest and bleat...but they won't be doing so the hardest.

Peter Lemkin
07-16-2012, 02:02 PM
Palestinian officials hesitant on Arafat autopsy
[like in the children's game - can you find the 20 things seemingly 'wrong' and/or at odds with/contradicting other statements by divergent people and groups in this article?] :dance:
By MOHAMMED DARAGHMEH

RAMALLAH, West Bank (AP) — In an apparent flip-flop, Palestinian investigators looking into Yasser Arafat's death said Thursday they want to review reports from a Swiss lab before deciding whether to exhume the leader's remains.

Earlier this week, a senior West Bank official said a final decision was made to examine Arafat's bones.

That development followed an announcement by Switzerland's Institute of Radiation Physics, which said it found unexplained, elevated traces of a radioactive agent, polonium-210, on clothing and personal items said to have been used by Arafat before his Nov. 11, 2004 death at a French military hospital.

The lab said the results were inconclusive and that Arafat's remains would have to be tested to learn more.

Since Arafat's death, several senior Palestinian officials have alleged that Israel poisoned the Palestinian leader, a charge Israel vehemently denied.

Testing Arafat's bones could offer the last chance to get to the bottom of Palestinian claims that their leader was poisoned, though some experts cautioned it may already be too late for conclusive answers.

Earlier this week, a top Palestinian official, Saeb Erekat, said President Mahmoud Abbas decided to exhume the body and would invite a team from the Swiss lab to come to the West Bank to perform the tests.

In an apparent reversal, members of a Palestinian committee set up to investigate Arafat's death suggested Thursday the final word has not been spoken on whether to dig up the remains.

In an attempt at transparency, the committee also published 116 pages of medical treatment reports chronicling Arafat's final month.

Treatment notes by Arab doctors summoned to his government compound in Ramallah show that he fell ill on Oct. 11, 2004, when he vomited two hours after supper. Doctors suspected at the time that he suffered from viral gastroenteritis.

His condition deteriorated over the next 18 days, as he continued to vomit and complain of diarrhea. He received a transfusion of blood platelets, and on Oct. 29, 2004 was flown to France, where he died nearly two weeks later.

French doctors said he died of a massive stroke and suffered from a blood condition known as disseminated intravascular coagulation, or DIC.

The records were inconclusive about what brought about the DIC, which has numerous possible causes, including infections and liver disease.

Arafat's remains are housed in a mausoleum in Abbas' walled government compound in the West Bank city of Ramallah.

Justice Minister Ali Mohanna, a member of the committee, told a news conference Thursday that Palestinian officials want to review the Swiss lab report on the polonium traces. After such a review, "we will decide what testing we need to do," he said.

Nasser al-Kidwa, a nephew of Arafat and custodian of the late leader's legacy, has contacted the lab in hope of obtaining the full test records, said Mohanna.

He offered no explanation for the apparent U-turn. An autopsy could offend cultural sensibilities of conservative Palestinians, but at the same time the Palestinian leadership is under domestic pressure to do everything necessary to investigate the latest findings.

Arafat's widow, Suha, last week demanded that her husband's grave be reopened. Mrs. Arafat has cooperated closely with the Arab satellite TV channel Al-Jazeera, giving the broadcaster some of her husband's belongings and his medical file. The Swiss lab reports were first published by Al-Jazeera after a nine-month investigation.

On Thursday, one of Arafat's physicians, Dr. Abdullah Bashir, reiterated the claim that Arafat was poisoned, without specifically blaming Israel. Bashir said poison experts contacted by the committee agreed with that assumption, but he did not identify the experts or explain how they reached that conclusion.

Arafat had spent the last three years of his life under Israeli siege at his Ramallah compound, now used by Abbas.

Bashir said the French medical records were incomplete.

"We have sent questions and received answers from the French hospital, and we consider the French report in regards to (possible) poisons to be weak," he said.

Albert Doyle
07-17-2012, 01:05 PM
Why The Delay?


The simple thing to do is exhume Arafat and do the tests.

Magda Hassan
07-17-2012, 01:18 PM
Exactly. The only people who should have any say in it is his next of kin who have already called for his body to be exhumed. The opinions of others are irrelevant. And suspicious if they object.

Albert Doyle
07-17-2012, 03:05 PM
Apparently his idiot sister said he should be left undisturbed. His wife should overrule that but who knows what kind of compromise is being applied to her?


America the honest and forthright rushing forth to see that justice is done and international conventions enforced. (You see what a phony and cowardly state Hillary's "no comment" republic is)

Peter Lemkin
08-18-2012, 06:32 AM
I always find it strange how important murder investigations just 'disappear' from the news...Arafat; the spy in the North Face bag; Kelly;...and one can go on and on and on.....

Magda Hassan
08-18-2012, 07:43 AM
Yes. We've got to keep digging where others want to let the sleeping dogs lie.

Magda Hassan
08-28-2012, 03:27 PM
Report: France To Launch Probe into Yasir Arafat’s DeathAgence France Presse (http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/france-opens-arafat-murder-enquiry-sources-.aspx?pageID=238&nID=28856&NewsCatID=351#.UDzfFVPLZ68.twitter) reports that “French prosecutors have opened a murder inquiry into Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat's 2004 death near Paris.” In late July, Suha Arafat “formally asked for a French investigation into his death,” according to the Associated Press (http://www.haaretz.com/news/middle-east/arafat-s-widow-seeks-french-assassination-probe-into-his-death-1.455033).


A couple of weeks ago, Palestinian officials invited Swiss experts to come and exhume Yasir Arafat’s body and test for traces of polonium (http://challahhuakbar.blogspot.com/2012/08/palestinians-invite-swiss-experts-to.html).


Shortly thereafter, the Swiss experts said that they did not want to be involved if the exhumation and testing results will be used for political purposes. (http://challahhuakbar.blogspot.com/2012/08/swiss-experts-we-wont-test-arafats-body.html)
Last Wednesday, Agence France Presse reported that the “Swiss radiation lab is awaiting a decision from Yasser Arafat's widow (http://challahhuakbar.blogspot.com/2012/08/swiss-lab-we-await-suha-arafats.html) on whether it should conduct tests on the remains of the former Palestinian leader to see if he was poisoned.”


Two days later, Agence France Presse reported that Suha Arafat had given the go ahead, however, a lab spokesman said that they were waiting for "a formal, written letter from the lawyer before travelling to Ramallah.” (http://challahhuakbar.blogspot.com/2012/08/suha-arafat-tells-swiss-lab-to-test.html)

Peter Lemkin
08-28-2012, 04:33 PM
Well, POTENTIALLY good, but I fear it could be a facade for a cover-up.:shutup:

Albert Doyle
08-31-2012, 04:19 AM
To hell with the political consequences. Do the tests!

Peter Lemkin
08-31-2012, 07:07 AM
To hell with the political consequences. Do the tests!
Well, now they say the tests are to be soon.....but I don't see speed the theme here. The longer they wait, the less accurate [more contestable] the tests will be; due to the short half-life of Plutonium. There is still time now....but it is ticking....

Peter Lemkin
11-13-2012, 07:59 AM
Latest [and I mean LATE!] is that Arafat's body will be removed in two weeks for testing for Polonium....what the hell took so long?

Peter Lemkin
11-24-2012, 08:23 PM
His body is to be exhumed on Tuesday and tested a few days after. Results [final ones] could take several weeks. I don't understand what held this up, but the impasse seems to have been broken...at last.

Peter Lemkin
11-27-2012, 09:14 PM
So, it was done today.....but VERY WEIRD and suspicious is that a senior Palestinian Authority person [sorry didn't get his name] said the French and Swiss investigators of the remains for Polonium poisoning may NOT ask anyone questions NOR write up their results...that everything MUST be handled by the PA, who will determine what happens and what is asked or told......hmmmm....could some in the PA have had a hand in the murder? I would have most suspected Israel...but maybe they had some 'allies' in the PA.

Peter Lemkin
02-26-2013, 04:06 PM
28 Feb 2013 First results expected from poison tests on Yasser Arafat’s body......

Phil Dragoo
03-03-2013, 09:26 PM
Peter

Your 52:

“There was not liver cirrhosis, apparently no traces of cancer, no leukemia,” said Dr. Patrice Mangin, the head of the Institute of Legal Medicine of Lausanne University. “Concerning HIV, AIDS – there was no sign, and the symptomology was not suggesting these things.”

Dr. Tawfik Shaaban, a Tunisian specialist in HIV and one of the doctors who examined Arafat in his Ramallah compound, confirmed that there were no signs of the disease.

Their conclusions, of course, were based on documentation rather than firsthand examination. Doctors in Lausanne had hoped to study the blood and urine samples taken from Arafat while he was at Percy Military Hospital in France. But when she requested access, the hospital told his widow that those samples had been destroyed.

“I was not satisfied with that answer,” Ms. Arafat said. “Usually a very important person, like Yasser, they would keep traces – maybe they don’t want to be involved in it?”

Several of the doctors who treated Arafat said that they were not allowed to discuss his case – even with Ms. Arafat’s permission – because it was considered a “military secret.” And most of his onetime doctors in Cairo and Tunis refused requests for interviews as well.

Your 57:

In an attempt at transparency, the committee also published 116 pages of medical treatment reports chronicling Arafat's final month.

Treatment notes by Arab doctors summoned to his government compound in Ramallah show that he fell ill on Oct. 11, 2004, when he vomited two hours after supper. Doctors suspected at the time that he suffered from viral gastroenteritis.

His condition deteriorated over the next 18 days, as he continued to vomit and complain of diarrhea. He received a transfusion of blood platelets, and on Oct. 29, 2004 was flown to France, where he died nearly two weeks later.

French doctors said he died of a massive stroke and suffered from a blood condition known as disseminated intravascular coagulation, or DIC.

The records were inconclusive about what brought about the DIC, which has numerous possible causes, including infections and liver disease.

Comparing to polonium:

For several days after 1 November, Litvinenko experienced severe diarrhea (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diarrhea) and vomiting. At one point, he could not walk without assistance. As the pain intensified, Litvinenko begged his wife to call an ambulance for assistance.[15] (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poisoning_of_Alexander_Litvinenko#cite_note-Alan_Cowell.2C_The_Terminal_Spy-15) For several weeks, Litvinenko's condition worsened as doctors searched for what caused the illness. Surrounded by friends, Litvinenko began to become physically weak, and spent periods unconscious. A photograph was taken of Litvinenko in his death bed and released to the public. "I want the world to see what they did to me," Litvinenko said.[15] (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poisoning_of_Alexander_Litvinenko#cite_note-Alan_Cowell.2C_The_Terminal_Spy-15)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poisoning_of_Alexander_Litvinenko


(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poisoning_of_Alexander_Litvinenko)
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poisoning_of_Alexander_Litvinenko)Viewing Hamas as offshoot of Muslim Brotherhood the proxy of U.S. using Saudi resources viz. Benghazi, Arafat hit by the same CIA running guns at Benghazi using method associated with KGB.

The delay of eight years is a flashing neon sign.

CSI CIA

Peter Lemkin
03-04-2013, 05:47 AM
Thanks for reminding me and summarizing. His body WAS exhumed November 27th last year....and silence...I believe it was to take until the end of February for the sophisticated toxicological and radiological tests. The samples were given to the French, Swiss and Russian experts. But, if it is a 'military secret'......angryfire A secret is a secret.....

Magda Hassan
10-13-2013, 10:37 PM
The Lancet: Arafat Poisoned With Polonium 210

By China Central Television

Video clip here (http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/article36508.htm)
October 13, 2013 "Information Clearing House (http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/) - A report by a respected British medical journal the Lancet, has supported the possibility that late Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat was poisoned with the radioactive element polonium 210.
The journal published a peer review of last year’s research by Swiss scientists. It backed their work, which found high levels of the highly radioactive element in blood, urine, and saliva stains on Arafat’s clothes and toothbrush.
The Palestinian leader died in 2004 in a French hospital near Paris, after being effectively confined to his West Bank compound for two years.
In November 2012, experts from Switzerland, France and Russia exhumed his remains and took samples to examine for possible poisoning. It was prompted by a documentary aired on Al- Jazeera, that claimed there were traces of polonium in Arafat’s personal belongings.

Magda Hassan
10-13-2013, 10:45 PM
It's behind a pay wall but here is the link for any one who wants to get it.


The Lancet, Volume 382, Issue 9900 (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/issue/vol382no9900/PIIS0140-6736%2813%29X6047-7), Page 1308, 12 October 2013

doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(13)61834-6http://www.thelancet.com/images/clear.gif (http://www.thelancet.com/popup?fileName=cite-using-doi)Cite or Link Using DOI (http://www.thelancet.com/popup?fileName=cite-using-doi)


Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved.
Improving forensic investigation for polonium poisoningPascal Froidevaux (http://www.thelancet.com/search/results?fieldName=Authors&searchTerm=Pascal+Froidevaux) PhD a (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736%2813%2961834-6/fulltext#aff1), Sébastien Baechler (http://www.thelancet.com/search/results?fieldName=Authors&searchTerm=S%C3%A9bastien+Baechler) PhD a (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736%2813%2961834-6/fulltext#aff1), Claude J Bailat (http://www.thelancet.com/search/results?fieldName=Authors&searchTerm=Claude%20J+Bailat) PhD a (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736%2813%2961834-6/fulltext#aff1), Vincent Castella (http://www.thelancet.com/search/results?fieldName=Authors&searchTerm=Vincent+Castella) PhD b (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736%2813%2961834-6/fulltext#aff2), Marc Augsburger (http://www.thelancet.com/search/results?fieldName=Authors&searchTerm=Marc+Augsburger) PhD b (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736%2813%2961834-6/fulltext#aff2), Katarzyna Michaud (http://www.thelancet.com/search/results?fieldName=Authors&searchTerm=Katarzyna+Michaud) MD b (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736%2813%2961834-6/fulltext#aff2), Patrice Mangin (http://www.thelancet.com/search/results?fieldName=Authors&searchTerm=Patrice+Mangin) MD b (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736%2813%2961834-6/fulltext#aff2), Dr François O Bochud (http://www.thelancet.com/search/results?fieldName=Authors&searchTerm=Fran%C3%A7ois%20O+Bochud) PhD a (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736%2813%2961834-6/fulltext#aff1) http://www.thelancet.com/images/article_notepad.gif (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736%2813%2961834-6/fulltext#cor1)http://www.thelancet.com/images/article_email.gif (francois.bochud@chuv.ch)

At the time of publication, the remains of Yasser Arafat have been exhumed and are being investigated for cause of death as a result of the findings of the case reported here.



On Nov 11, 2004, Arafat died at the age of 75 years of an unidentified illness in Percy Hospital, France. He presented with a medical history that began in Ramallah on Oct 12, 2004, with nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and diarrhoea. Shortly after, his general health deteriorated with continuing gastrointestinal symptoms, ...
http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736%2813%2961834-6/fulltext

David Guyatt
10-14-2013, 07:42 AM
The Lancet: Arafat Poisoned With Polonium 210

By China Central Television

Video clip here (http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/article36508.htm)

October 13, 2013 "Information Clearing House (http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/) - A report by a respected British medical journal the Lancet, has supported the possibility that late Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat was poisoned with the radioactive element polonium 210.

The journal published a peer review of last year’s research by Swiss scientists. It backed their work, which found high levels of the highly radioactive element in blood, urine, and saliva stains on Arafat’s clothes and toothbrush.

The Palestinian leader died in 2004 in a French hospital near Paris, after being effectively confined to his West Bank compound for two years.

In November 2012, experts from Switzerland, France and Russia exhumed his remains and took samples to examine for possible poisoning. It was prompted by a documentary aired on Al- Jazeera, that claimed there were traces of polonium in Arafat’s personal belongings.





That has to narrow the perps don't you think?

Peter Lemkin
10-14-2013, 08:48 AM
The Lancet: Arafat Poisoned With Polonium 210

By China Central Television

Video clip here (http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/article36508.htm)

October 13, 2013 "Information Clearing House (http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/) - A report by a respected British medical journal the Lancet, has supported the possibility that late Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat was poisoned with the radioactive element polonium 210.

The journal published a peer review of last year’s research by Swiss scientists. It backed their work, which found high levels of the highly radioactive element in blood, urine, and saliva stains on Arafat’s clothes and toothbrush.

The Palestinian leader died in 2004 in a French hospital near Paris, after being effectively confined to his West Bank compound for two years.

In November 2012, experts from Switzerland, France and Russia exhumed his remains and took samples to examine for possible poisoning. It was prompted by a documentary aired on Al- Jazeera, that claimed there were traces of polonium in Arafat’s personal belongings.





That has to narrow the perps don't you think?

Po-210 is only available from active atomic reactors of the type a few nation states have. It can't be purchased on the open market - maybe in some places via a very deep black market. However, a nation state might have given it to an individual or group to use on him. While this article is welcome, there was to be a public report on the NEW post-exhumation investigation...long ago now...what became of it...was it suppressed?!

Magda Hassan
10-15-2013, 09:35 AM
Yasser Arafat and the Radioactive Cigarette

BY DEBORAH BLUM (http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/author/dblum/)
12.06.12
12:58 PM








Last week, the body of the late Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat was exhumed and tissue samples were taken to be tested for signs of poisoning by the radioactive element polonium-210 (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19492929). As I wrote then, rumors have circulated since Arafat died in 2004 that this was not a natural death, that he was murdered by hostile agents from Israel.
These suspicions were reinforced last summer when preliminary testing of the 75-year-old Arafat’s effects — his clothes, sheets, even his famed black-checked kaffiyeh showed trace evidence of the radioactive element. (Very trace because this is a hyperactive element with a half-life of a mere 138.4 days (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polonium) — a subject I covered in some detail in my post of last week (http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2012/11/yassar-arafat-and-the-mysteries-of-polonium-210/)).
But why would this particular element reinforce such suspicions? Because the most probable source of polonium-210 is from weapons-grade nuclear operations best known to be located in Israel, the United States (where polonium was essential to the World War II Manhattan Project) and Russia. This doesn’t mean that these countries stockpile the element; this makes no sense with such an unstable material. But nuclear facilities provide a place where a concentrated (lethal) amount can be acquired. Most experts believe that this was the source for the polonium-210 used to murder (http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/11/24/AR2006112400410.html) Alexander Litvinenko, a former Russian spy and a dissident, in 2006.
In Litvinenko’s case the radioactive material was slipped into some tea. If the tissue tests from Arafat’s body confirm radiation poisoning, then the supposition would be that deliberately tainted food or drink would be the cause. But as those tests — being conducted in French, Swiss and Russian laboratories — are expected to take several months, it’s worth considering some alternate scenarios. After all, polonium-210 is a naturally occurring element as well as a byproduct of nuclear machinery.
As this World Health Organization fact sheet (http://www.who.int/ionizing_radiation/pub_meet/polonium210/en/) points out, however, naturally occurring levels in soil and rock (mostly in ores also rich in uranium) are basically minuscule. It turns up in wastes from processing materials like uranium, although not in what WHO calls “significant amounts.” Still there are two interesting points in this particular fact sheet. One is that it emphasizes the fact that polonium-210 has to be taken internally to be dangerous. That’s because Po-210 primarily emits alpha particles (or alpha radiation). These are not penetrating particles — they can be blocked by paper, clothes, even our skin.
But if the element enters the body — if it’s swallowed, inhaled, ingested in some way — it becomes deadly. One reason is the high level of radioactivity, the ceaseless spitting of particles that gives polonium-210 such a short half-life. As the WHO also notes, Po-210 is “5,000 times as radioactive as uranium.” Which leads me to the other interesting point in this fact sheet. It was produced in 2006, shortly after the Litvinenko poisoning and it answers a key question about exposure by association:
People who come into contact with a person contaminated by Po-210 will not be exposed to radiation (irradiated) simply by being in the proximity of this person, unless they ingest or inhale bodily fluids of the contaminated person. For the general public, normal hygiene measures (such as thorough washing of hands and washing of fruit/vegetables before consumption) are sufficient.
http://www.wired.com/images_blogs/wiredscience/2012/12/225px-ArafatEconomicForum.jpg (http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2012/12/yassar-arafat-and-the-radioactive-cigarette/225px-arafateconomicforum/)Yassar Arafat, 2001,World Economic Forum

All of this — the low level of natural occurrence, the very targeted efficiency of the poison — tell you that it’s highly unlikely for anyone to accidentally receive a lethal dose (http://www.cnn.com/2012/11/27/health/polonium-arafat-explainer/index.html) of polonium-210.
But it is possible to give yourself a nasty little dose — and that’s by becoming a heavy smoker of cigarettes. There’s a detailed description of some of these risks at the website of Lenntech (http://www.lenntech.com/periodic/elements/po.htm), a company that makes air and water filters. It cites among other things, data from the CDC that “Americans are exposed to more radiation from tobacco smoke than any other source.” It also notes that polonium-210 has been isolated from both the blood and urine of heavy smokers.
Tobacco plants appear to neatly absorb the element from air and soil. In addition, tobacco growers have frequently relied on fertilizers enriched with phosphate by the mineral apatite, which often comes in tandem with radium, (Ra), an element known to decay to polonium-210. U.S. tobacco companies have known this since the 1950s; an industry study (http://www.nytimes.com/2006/12/01/opinion/01proctor.html?_r=0) done in the 1960s showed, for instance, that filters do not remove radioactivity from tobacco smoke. As documents (http://abcnews.go.com/Health/tobacco-companies-hid-evidence-radiation-cigarettes-decades/story?id=14635963#.UMDRZIVJVBk)released through legal settlements showed, tobacco companies managed to conceal this risk from the public until the 1990s.
And risk is definitely the right word here. For a heavy smoker — say one smoking a pack-and-a-half of cigarettes a day — some studies estimate (http://scienceblog.cancerresearchuk.org/2008/08/29/radioactive-polonium-in-cigarette-smoke/) that the radiation exposure is equivalent to 300 chest X-rays a year. There are also scientists who believe that polonium-210 is the primary risk factor for lung cancer in smokers — not to mention low-level radiation sickness. It’s thus not surprising that after the poison was discovered on Arafat’s clothes, questions were raised (http://www.metafilter.com/117527/Unsupported-Polonium) about whether this could be just be evidence of cigarette exposure. After all, the Palestinian leader and many of his colleagues were known to be smokers.
The tobacco theory serves as reminder that sorting out the precise source of polonium-210, eight years after Arafat’s death, is likely to be a complicated task. Does it undermine the deliberate poisoning theory? It should at least remind us that there are alternative explanations. But there’s one other rather complicating point regarding the tobacco effect. The Israelis had a history of withholding cigarettes from Arafat as a form of punishment, as indicated, at least, in this 2002 story (http://lubbockonline.com/stories/092902/wor_LA0557-8.001.shtml). If they’d maintained that, during his last days in their control, it seems unlikely that he would have been blanketed with radioactive smoke.
What does this tell us? That those pending tests still promise to bear some very interesting news. And that — although it’s not news — smoking cigarettes adds nothing good to anyone’s life story.
http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2012/12/yassar-arafat-and-the-radioactive-cigarette/


Arafat and Polonium Poisoning: A Sort-of Update

BY DEBORAH BLUM (http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/author/dblum/)
10.13.13
12:19 PM








On Friday, the news network Al Jazeera made an announcement (http://http//www.aljazeera.com/news/europe/2013/10/arafat-poisoning-claim-backed-journal-2013101215735508974.html): the British medical journal, The Lancet, was now supporting the theory that the deceased Palestinian leader, Yasser Arafat, had died of polonium-210 poisoning.
According to the report, independent scientists had reviewed earlier findings by Swiss scientists and: “endorsed their work, which found high levels of the highly radioactive element in blood, urine, and saliva stains on the Palestinian leader’s clothes and toothbrush”.
Wow, I thought. I’d been following (http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2012/07/polonium-210-and-assassinations/) the Arafat poisoning case for more than a year, ever since Al Jazeera itself first published the results of a news agency investigation on the case. After that investigation, led to the exhumation of Arafat’s body, I looked not only at polonium-210′s history (http://http//www.wired.com/wiredscience/2012/11/yassar-arafat-and-the-mysteries-of-polonium-210/) as an assassin’s agent but at other possibilities (http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2012/12/yassar-arafat-and-the-radioactive-cigarette/) for the radioactive traces, such as exposure to cigarette smoke. It had seemed possible but inconclusive to me.
So the fact, that Lancet had published a peer-reviewed endorsement caught my attention. Well, I thought, so much for the other possibilities – now we’re really talking undeniable homicide. But as it turns out, we’re not really having that conversation yet. And part of the problem is that the Lancet article that Al Jazeera is touting is not exactly as described.
In the Al Jazeera piece (http://www.aljazeera.com/news/europe/2013/10/arafat-poisoning-claim-backed-journal-2013101215735508974.html) you’ll find a link (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(13)61834-6/fulltext) to the Lancet paper (paywall). It takes you to an essay titled: “Improving Forensic Investigation for Polonium Poisoning.”
And this essay is written not by a panel of independent experts but by scientists affiliated with the Institute for Radiation Physics in Lausanne, Switzerland. This is the laboratory that did the initial testing on which Al Jazeera based its report on Arafat’s death. And these are the scientists reviewing that work; this essay is far more cautious than the news agency’s analysis would lead you to believe.
It notes that the laboratory analyzed 75 samples, 38 from Arafat’s clothes and belongings and the rest from reference samples, material known to be polonium free. “Several” of the Arafat samples read notably higher than the reference material but not all. The scientists note that Arafat’s illness did not follow some of the classic lines of radiation exposure, such as immune suppression and hair loss. They also acknowledge that this doesn’t rule out radiation poisoning; that not all people respond identically and that other symptoms, such as nausea or fatigue, do fit the pattern.
The scientists also acknowledge that the fact Arafat died in 2004 made it difficult to do precise readings of polonium-210 which is known to decay relatively rapidly (It has a half-life of 138.4 days, which means that what they found was breakdown products of that decay rather than the element itself.) “An autopsy would have been useful in this case,” the researchers say, and they recommend that in the future, when poison might be suspected, tissue and blood samples be taken and preserved for later investigation.
That’s, in fact, the conclusion of the essay. So why would Al Jazeera describe this as all out support for the poisoning theory? The Swiss scientists note that after the exhumation (which apparently they did not recommend) three different teams were assigned to analyze samples from Arafat’s body: “Because of legal procedures, the date of publication of the detailed results of the exhumation analyses is unknown.”
Perhaps this is just keeping a story alive. And, perhaps, a little bit of wishful thinking. And maybe, just maybe, a hint for more solid information to come.

http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2013/10/arafat-and-polonium-poisoning-a-sort-of-update/

Peter Lemkin
11-06-2013, 06:14 PM
Arafat poison findings sent to Palestinians









Official says it will study findings from commission probing former PLO leader's death before releasing statement.
Last Modified: 05 Nov 2013

http://www.aljazeera.com/Media/ver2/Images/toolsFeedback.gif










http://www.aljazeera.com/mritems/Images/2013/10/9/20131098457624734_20.jpgYasser Arafat died nine years ago [Reuters]





A Palestinian official says the commission probing the death of Yasser Arafat has received long-awaited test results from a Swiss laboratory.
Tawfik Tirawi said the report was received Tuesday in Geneva. He said the results will be studied before they are made public.
The longtime Palestinian leader died at a French hospital in 2004, but the cause of death has never been determined. Many Palestinians believe Israel poisoned Arafat, an allegation that Israel denies.
Last year, a Swiss lab discovered traces of polonium-210, a deadly radioactive isotope, on clothes provided by Arafat's widow. More samples were subsequently taken from his remains in the West Bank.
Polonium disintegrates rapidly, and experts have cautioned that too much time may have passed to reach a conclusive result.
A peer-reviewed report was published by the Lancet journal in the UK last month, supporting evidence that suggested he was poisoned with polonium.

Carsten Wiethoff
11-06-2013, 06:33 PM
Al Jazeera writes today that the swiss team found 18 times the normal level of Polonium in Arafat's bones. The widow speaks of proof of a murder.
Israel denies any involvement.
Why am I not surprised?

Peter Lemkin
11-06-2013, 06:35 PM
Its scientific/forensic fact now; but I detect that certain people inside the Palestinian cause (perhaps with others outside of it) are dragging their feet on finding who gave him the Polonium and how......as heads will likely role...there were traitors inside and out. Perhaps an Israeli agent inside of the Palestinian camp...perhaps still there in place. Perhaps a Palestinian camp split at that time.

The report was just released to the Press a few hours ago.

From the Guardian moments ago:
The first forensic tests on samples taken from Yasser Arafat (http://www.theguardian.com/world/yasser-arafat)'s corpse have shown unexpectedly high levels of radioactive polonium-210, suggesting the Palestinian leader could have been poisoned with the rare and lethal substance.
The Swiss scientists who tested Arafat's remains after the exhumation of his body in November 2012 discovered levels of polonium at least 18 times higher than usual in Arafat's ribs, pelvis and in soil that absorbed his bodily fluids.
The Swiss forensic report was handed to representatives of Arafat's widow, Suha Arafat, as well as representatives of the Palestinian Authority on Tuesday. A copy of the report was obtained exclusively by the al-Jazeera TV network, which shared it with the Guardian before publication.
The Swiss report said that even taking into account the eight years since Arafat's death and the quality of specimens taken from bone fragments and tissue scraped from his body and shroud, the results "moderately support the proposition that the death was the consequence of poisoning with polonium-210".
Suha Arafat said the evidence in the report suggested that her then healthy 75-year-old husband, who died in 2004 four weeks after he first fell ill following a meal, was almost certainly murdered by poisoning. She told al-Jazeera: "This is the crime of the century."
Speaking to the Guardian after receiving the report, she said she would press for answers on who was responsible. "It's shocking … I remember how Yasser was shrinking at the hospital, how in his eyes there were a lot of questions. Death is a fate in life, it is everybody's fate, but when it's poison it's terrible. We are mourning him again now."
With Zahwa, 18, her daughter by Arafat, she said she suspected a "conspiracy to get rid of him", adding: "My daughter and I have to know who did it. We will not stop in our quest to find out. I hope the Palestinian Authority goes further on it, searching every single aspect of it. It is of course a political crime." She said: "This is separate from the peace process or talks. Any judicial investigation is separate from the peace process."
David Barclay, a British forensic scientist who had studied the report, told al-Jazeera: "The report contains strong evidence, in my view conclusive evidence, that there's at least 18 times the level of polonium in Arafat's exhumed body than there should be."
He said the report represented "a smoking gun". Barclay said: "It's what killed him. Now we need to find out who was holding the gun at that time," adding: "I would point to him being given a fatal dose. I don't think there's any doubt at all."
The Israeli government, however, dismissed the report. "The Swiss findings are not conclusive," said Yigal Palmor, a foreign ministry spokesman.
"Even if they did find traces of polonium that could indicate poisoning, there's no evidence of how that poisoning occurred. Before the Palestinian Authority jumps to conclusions, there are many questions still to be answered.
"Israel is not involved in any way. There's no way the Palestinians can stick this on us. It's unreasonable and unsupported by facts. We will see yet another round of accusations, but there's no proof."
Dov Weissglass, a former aide to Ariel Sharon, the Israeli prime minister at the time of Arafat's death, also denied Israeli involvement. "To the best of my knowledge, we had no hand in this," he said, adding that neither the prime minister nor the Israeli security services had played any part in the Palestinian leader's demise.
"By the end of 2004, we had no interest in harming him. By then, Arafat was marginalised, his control over Palestinian life was minimal. So there was no logic, no reason."
Danny Rubinstein, a journalist and author of a book about Arafat, had a different memory of events. In the weeks and months before Arafat's death, he said, people in Sharon's inner circle talked constantly about how to get rid of him. "For me, it was very clear from the beginning. Every day this was the topic – should we expel him, or kill him, or bomb the Muqata [Arafat's HQ]. It was obvious to me that they would find a way."
Palmor said that among the scientists who tested Arafat's remains only the French team were independent. The Swiss were commissioned by Suha Arafat, and the Russians by the Palestinian Authority, he said. "These results should be taken with a few grains of salt. This story is still as mysterious as it was on day one."
Tawfik Tirawi, head of the Palestinian committee investigating Arafat's death, did not respond to a request from comment. But a senior Palestinian leader, Hanan Ashrawi, said: "This report confirms the suspicions that we've had all along. We know Arafat was killed, now we know how. And we know who had the means, the opportunity and the motive. Justice must now take its course."
Arafat died in a French military hospital on 11 November 2004,. He had been transferred there from his headquarters in the West Bank after his health deteriorated over weeks, beginning with severe nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and diarrhoea around four hours after eating dinner on 12 October. French doctors have said he died of a massive stroke and had suffered from a blood condition known as disseminated intravascular coagulation, or DIC. But the records were inconclusive about what brought about the DIC. No autopsy was carried out.
Allegations that Arafat may have been poisoned emerged immediately after his death and the claim was raised again by al-Jazeera TV last summer (http://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/whatkilledarafat/), following a nine-month investigation culminating in the filmWhat Killed Arafat? (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KBT7o0piZ8E)
Al-Jazeera said it was given access to a duffel bag of Arafat's personal effects by his widow, which it passed to a Swiss institute. Swiss toxicological tests (http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/oct/15/yasser-arafat-traces-polonium-210) on those samples including hair from a hat, saliva from a toothbrush, urine droplets on underpants and blood on a hospital hat found that the belongings had elevated traces of polonium-210, the lethal substance used to kill the Russian dissident Alexander Litvinenko.
The Swiss institute said Arafat's bones would have to be tested to get a clearer answer, warning that polonium decayed fast and an autopsy needed to be done quickly. In August last year, French prosecutors opened a murder inquiry (http://www.theguardian.com/world/2012/aug/28/france-yasser-arafat-death-murder) into Arafat's death. In November, Arafat's corpse was exhumed from its mausoleum in Ramallah (http://www.theguardian.com/world/2012/nov/27/yasser-arafat-exhumed-reburied-night) in the presence of three international teams of scientists: the Swiss team, a French team that was part of the Paris judicial investigation and a Russian team.
The Swiss team's report states that they carried out toxicological tests on Arafat's "almost skeletonised body along with residues from his shroud". The samples, including fragments of bones taken from his left ribs and pelvis as well as remnants of tissue from the abdominal cavity and grave soil, showed "unexpectedly high" activity of polonium-210.
Suha Arafat's lawyer, Saad Djebbar, told the Guardian the Swiss report was "evidence that there was a crime committed". He said he had handed the Swiss report to French investigators, whose inquiry is ongoing. French scientists conducted their own tests as part of the legal investigation but have not published findings as the inquiry continues.
Arafat's daughter, Zahwa, a student of international relations in Malta, told the Guardian: "I want to find out who did it and their motive for doing it." She said she trusted the French investigation to shed light on that.

Carsten Wiethoff
11-06-2013, 06:47 PM
The complete swiss report is here:

www.aljazeera.com/investigations/killing-arafat/swiss-forensic-report-arafat-death-201311671255163780.html

David Guyatt
11-07-2013, 08:54 AM
Many years ago I remember reading quite a lot about Arafat's corruption and his dirty business deals with Israeli businessmen, amongst others.

By many ac count he was completely corrupt and, if that was the case, then who killed him is less obvious. Perhaps.




Arafat's Swiss Bank Accountby Issam Abu Issa
Middle East Quarterly
Fall 2004, pp. 15-23



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Yasir Arafat and the Palestinian Authority are known internationally for the violence between Israelis and Palestinians. As ruinous as that violence has been, another cancer permeates Arafat's administration; its name is corruption. From firsthand experience, I understand just how deep it is. Here is what I know.
From Optimism to DismayOn July 1, 1994, the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) chairman, Yasir Arafat, arrived triumphant in the Gaza Strip, watched by millions on television across the world. I was already in Ramallah, having traveled there from my family's exile in Qatar in the weeks after Arafat, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, and President Bill Clinton had signed the Oslo accords in September 1993. Between 1994 and 1996, I and fellow Palestinian businessmen and intellectuals spent many days brainstorming to see what contributions we could make to a Palestinian state. My family was originally from Haifa, and I hoped to witness an Israeli withdrawal of forces and the birth of a democratic Palestinian state. It was a time of optimism among Palestinians. I gathered with friends and business partners around the television in Ramallah and watched Arafat's arrival in the Gaza Strip.
In 1996, I founded the Palestine International Bank (PIB). Thousands of Palestinians in the Palestinian Authority (PA) and the diaspora supported me financially or morally. My investors and I hoped to build a thriving economy in the newly autonomous PA areas. The PIB was truly Palestinian. Headquartered in Ramallah, it used mostly Palestinian capital, although it did receive support from other Arabs. All its reserves were kept inside Palestinian areas, and our shares traded actively on the Palestinian stock exchange. From nothing, we expanded our customer base to more than 15,500. Among those licensed by the newly established Palestine Monetary Authority (PMA), we were the largest bank in the Palestinian territories.
I first met Arafat in April 1995 while trying to secure a banking license for the PIB. This meeting at his Gaza office, though brief, was cordial and encouraging. I thought things would go smoothly. But, as the PIB grew more popular, Arafat's inner circle and, specifically, Muhammad Rashid, a PA official, also known as Khalid Salam and often described as an economic advisor to Arafat and manager of a small percentage of PIB stocks, made it difficult for us to branch out and move forward.[1] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn1) The PA, which strictly controls Palestinian media, launched a negative media blitz against us in a bid to suppress our growth. The systematic effort to undermine PIB came after I refused to cede power to Muhammad Rashid.[2] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn2)
Over the course of fifteen meetings, I became better acquainted with Arafat and grew increasingly concerned with his leadership style. Arafat and top PA officials did not respect the rule of law; many were corrupt. Arafat believed neither in separation of powers nor in checks and balances. His animosity toward accountability thwarted efforts to establish a responsible leadership. By 1996, Palestinians in the PA were saying they had traded one occupation for two, the one by Israel and the one by Arafat and his cronies.
Rather than use donor funds for their intended purposes, Arafat regularly diverted money to his own accounts. It is amazing that some U.S. officials still see the Palestinian Authority as a partner even after U.S. congressional records revealed authenticated PLO papers signed by Arafat in which he instructed his staff to divert donors' money to projects benefiting himself, his family, and his associates.[3] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn3)
How did Arafat's inner circle benefit? In 1994, he instructed the Palestinian Authority official in charge of finances, Muhammad Nashashibi, to fund secretly—to the tune of $50,000 per month—a Jerusalem publicity center for Raymonda Tawil, Arafat's mother-in-law, and Ibrahim Qar'in, an associate of Arafat's family.[4] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn4) He also ordered the investment in the computer companies of 'Ali and Mazzan Sha'ath, sons of Nabil Sha'ath, the PA's key negotiator in talks with Israel. Amin Haddad, Arafat's designated governor of the Palestine Monetary Authority, established several import-export companies acting as the front man for Arafat. The Palestinian Economic Council for Development and Reconstruction financed these activities.[5] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn5) Thus, an organization meant to channel funds from donor countries like France and Germany became a mechanism by which to enrich Arafat.
Arafat's men flagrantly displayed corruption. Arriving penniless in Gaza and the West Bank from exile in Tunisia, many PLO members amassed wealth, built villas in Gaza, Ramallah, Amman, and other places, and sent their children to the best schools in the United Kingdom and the United States. Hisham Makki, former head of the Palestine Broadcasting Services, assassinated in January 2001, earned a monthly salary of $1,500 but became a millionaire within a few years. Immediately after his assassination, Arafat froze Makki's personal bank accounts, estimated at $17 million. Makki was alleged to have taken bribes and sold government-owned equipment. However, it was rumored that he had a dispute with another PA official over the sharing of profits gained on illegal business transactions. His assailants, believed to be members of the Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades, a shady group affiliated with Fatah, have never been caught.[6] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn6)
Palestinians complained. The corruption of Arafat and the Palestinian Authority were blatant, but it appeared as if their status quo policies caused Israel and the United States to turn a blind eye. Diplomats downplayed flagrant corruption. In August 2001, Israel seized close to a half million documents from Palestinian offices in Jerusalem and elsewhere. Subsequent State Department reports on Palestinian governance and terrorism made little use or even mention of these documents.[7] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn7) European and U.S. policymakers assumed Arafat's critics to be against the Oslo accord. That may have been the case with members of Hamas and Palestinian Islamic Jihad, but it was not the case among more liberal-minded Palestinians and investors like me.
Arafat's corruption reached its peak in 1999 via the monster of "twelve security forces that nobody could control,"[8] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn8) in addition to the disorganized Tanzim (Fatah's militia). He played these services off each other, never allowing a subordinate to gain power. Between 1995 and 2000, Arafat's thugs beat up at least eleven elected members of the 88-member Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC) because they voiced views in private and in public that were opposed to Arafat's on how the PA is run. The victims included PLC Human Rights Committee head Qaddoura Fares, Azmi ash-Shoaibi, Abdul Jawad Saleh, Hatem Abdul Kader, among others. Arafat wanted to terrorize and silence his critics. Indeed, one of his favorite slogans was Dimuqratiyat al-Banadiq (Democracy of the Guns). Arafat believes true power lies in force, whether directed against Israelis or against his own people.
How popular is Arafat among Palestinians? At times of crisis, television crews show cheering Palestinians demonstrating and greeting their leader outside his Ramallah headquarters. In better days, Palestinian television regularly broadcasts pro-Arafat rallies across the West Bank and Gaza Strip. But rallies aren't always what they seem. PA funds are used to buy loyalty and drum up support.[9] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn9) The PA hires crowds, stages promotional media campaigns, and distributes Arafat's pictures in the streets and alleys of the Palestinian territories. Rather than build a viable state, Arafat sought only to amass wealth and power. I myself heard his entourage and close associates refer to him as al-Arrab, meaning "the Godfather."
At the end of 1997, when the PA Auditor's Office released its end of the year financial report, $326 million—43 percent of the annual budget—was "missing."[10] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn10) Only 57 percent of the budget was accounted for, spent on security forces (35 percent), office of the president (12.5 percent), and public allocation (9.5 percent). A special committee appointed by the PLC conducted an investigation and released a report accusing the PA of financial mismanagement. The findings of this panel exposed many official misgivings and abuses such as the use of government money for personal purposes by ministers Nabil Sha'ath, Talal Sidr, and Yasir Abd Rabboh; excessive expenditure on rent, salaries, and cost of travel in various ministries; receipt of bribes by ministry officials in the Ministry of Civil Affairs; illegal and unreported collection of taxes by the Ministry of Postal Services; granting illegal customs exemptions on cars, furniture, and material donations entering the PA, etc. It concluded that anyone involved in corruption should be taken to court, regardless of his position as minister, undersecretary, or director-general. The report demanded the ouster of at least two ministers: civil affairs minister Jamil at-Tarifi, and planning and international cooperation minister Nabil Sha'ath.[11] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn11)
The PLC voted 51-1 in favor of dissolving Arafat's appointed 18-member limited self-rule cabinet. Sixteen ministers gave letters to Arafat signaling readiness to resign if asked. But Arafat confirmed the corrupt ministers in their positions rather than firing them. Additionally, PLC member Haider Abdel Shafi resigned due to "frustration with the performance of the PLC and with the executive's total lack of concern for its recommendations," and added, "The PLC is a marginal body and not a true parliament."[12] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn12)
Even as the PLC committee was conducting its investigation, Arafat appointed Tayeb Abd al-Rahim, general secretary of the Presidential Office, to make a detailed inquiry into acts of corruption. His report remains secret.
In practice the reports were meaningless. Since Arafat does not honor rule of law, decisions by auditors or the Palestinian Legislative Council fall by the wayside. Corruption continues. More than six years after the report's issuance, Tarifi remains in the cabinet. Rather than face charges, Sha'ath has won promotion.
In another case, Salam Fayyad, the official in charge of finance, again said in August 2003 that there were many "irregularities" in the work of the Petroleum Authority, which has been siphoning money to secret bank accounts for years.[13] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn13) When Nablus legislator Mu'awyah al-Masri asked for details and figures about the revenues from oil products, Fayyad shocked the lawmakers by declaring, "Unfortunately, the documents related to the revenues from oil products—or how the money was used—can't be found. They have disappeared from the ministry."[14] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn14)
The bank accounts of Harbi Sarsour, head of the Petroleum Authority, were frozen by the PA pending investigation into the scandal. But an initial investigation by Fayyad's office and the PLC showed that much of the oil profits had been deposited into a bank account under Arafat's name.[15] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn15)
For sheer scale, few allegations match up to a deal allegedly struck between Muhammad Rashid, one of Arafat's economic advisors, and the late Yossi Ginosar, a former Israeli security officer. Ginosar's company, ARC, helped open Swiss bank accounts and deposit funds into them derived from both PA-financed companies and Israeli tax rebates to the Palestinian Authority.[16] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn16) Over a period of five years, approximately US$900 million was diverted to these accounts.[17] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn17)
In early 2002, the Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research conducted a poll in which they surveyed 1,320 Palestinians. Eighty-five percent believed that there was corruption in PA institutions; only 16 percent gave a positive evaluation to democracy under the Palestinian Authority. Eighty-four percent expressed support for fundamental reforms in the PA.[18] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn18)
Arafat Robs the Palestine International BankOn November 28, 1999, I became a victim of Arafat's abuse of power and flagrant disregard for the law. That's when, in direct breach of the law, Arafat issued a decree dissolving the Palestine International Bank's board of directors. The state-controlled Palestine Monetary Authority took over the bank, and with Arafat's blessing and written approval,[19] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn19) formed a new supervisory board of directors, including at least one convicted and Interpol-wanted felon. The unlawful takeover was a confiscation of my own, my shareholders', and my clients' private assets for Arafat's personal use. At the date of seizure, PIB total assets amounted to $105 million. Since the takeover, they have neither called for a shareholders' meeting nor disclosed the bank's balance sheet.
The PLC investigated the seizure of the bank after I lodged a complaint in 2000 about the PIB's unlawful takeover. The PMA governor then threatened the bank's auditing firm, Talal Abu Ghazaleh International (TAGI), for revealing facts and figures that implicated the Palestinian leadership. The PMA governor took punitive measures against them but was unanimously condemned by the PLC.[20] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn20) Meanwhile, the PMA altered, hid, or destroyed bank records in their campaign to demonstrate malfeasance on my part retroactively. They supplied false information to the PricewaterhouseCoopers (PWC) group leading to a faulty audit. PWC seems to have taken for granted the accuracy of material that PMA governor Amin Haddad supplied, but he both provided some fraudulent documents and omitted others. The Qatari government, which has remained interested in the case because of my Qatari citizenship, rejected the PWC Report.[21] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn21)
As they seized the bank, Arafat's security services harassed me. I fled to the Qatari mission in Gaza. Arafat's staff confiscated my private belongings, including my car, which Arafat took for himself.[22] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn22) My brother Issa accompanied a Qatari Foreign Ministry delegation to Gaza in order to resolve the stalemate. But, upon his arrival, Palestinian police acting on orders from Arafat arrested him. The PA said they would trade his freedom for mine. Only after the State of Qatar threatened Arafat with financial sanctions and severing of diplomatic ties did the PA give us free passage to leave Gaza for Qatar.
In recent months, there has been some movement on my case. After months of investigation and deliberation, the Palestinian Legislative Council ruled all decisions taken by the PMA on the matter of PIB to be illegal, and hence subsequent actions to be illegitimate.[23] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn23) Chiefly because of his mismanagement of the PIB case and citing corruption, in May 2004, the PLC fired Amin Haddad from his position in the Palestinian Monetary Authority.[24] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn24) Hassan Khreisheh, Palestinian deputy parliament speaker, said, "This is part of the parliament's war against corruption in the PA."[25] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn25) He pointed out that Haddad had been pocketing unauthorized bonuses and profiting illegally from his management of the PIB. In spite of this, Arafat continues to back Haddad. As Khreisheh says, "Arafat resists any change, but pressure is building against him."[26] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn26) Arafat's support for Haddad is magnified in his August 5, 2004 letter to the PLC Reform Committee. He stated, "Firing the governor of the PMA would serve our enemies."[27] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn27) By "enemies," he was referring to, among others, myself and the deputy prime minister of Qatar, Sheikh Hamad bin Jassim bin Jabor ath-Thani, whom he mentioned more than three times before several PLC members.
The PLC also indicted Arafat's relative, Jarrar al-Kudwa, who headed the General Monitoring Board that functions as the PA's Controller's Office, for corruption and misleading the investigation into the seizure of the PIB.[28] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn28)
On June 18, 2004, the evening after the Jordanian daily Ad-Dustur published the Khreisheh interview cited above, Arafat ordered his Special Security Apparatus to arrest one of my sympathizers in Ramallah. Thus does Arafat continue to use the Palestinian security forces to harass and intimidate anyone who questions his pocketbook. It is no surprise then that he issued clear instructions to PA officials not to discuss openly the PIB issue. To him, the matter is an extremely important issue.[29] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn29)
I have very little faith in the Palestinian judicial system, which is fully under Arafat's thumb. The PA disregards many court decisions unless they serve Arafat's purposes. Chief Justice Zuhair as-Sourani usually acts on Arafat's orders.[30] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn30) Arafat and Sourani handpicked Judge Talaat Taweel in order to pass the civil judgment against me in absentia. Taweel has been implicated in criminal cases.[31] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn31) Likewise, the PLC's Human Rights Committee condemned Sourani's illegal actions. Earlier, while an attorney general, Sourani issued an arrest warrant against me but failed to produce any legal basis before the PLC; he merely acted on Arafat's verbal instruction.[32] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn32) Arafat subsequently promoted him to chief justice.
The continuing decay of the judicial system prompted the Union of Palestinian Lawyers to launch a short boycott of the Palestinian court system on June 28, 2004.[33] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn33) Union leader Hatem Abbas remains a vocal critical of judicial corruption. On September 26, 2004, he sent a strongly worded letter regarding Sourani's malpractice.
And just recently, the PLC decided to suspend all sessions from September 7 to October 7, 2004, in an attempt to pressure Arafat to accelerate the approval of a reform package that he publicly adopted on August 18, 2004, and in protest against the Palestinian cabinet for not implementing the decisions and bills approved by the PLC.[34] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn34) The PLC wants to stress that the council's decisions have to be taken seriously.
The Cement ScandalAbuse of power among Arafat's associates and Palestinian ministers is not the exception but rather the rule, as shown by the cement scandal: PA officials were accused of selling cement to Israel for use in constructing the West Bank wall and for Israeli construction in the disputed territories, then pocketing the money.
On February 11, 2004, Israel's Channel 10 television reported that the Al-Quds Cement Factory supplied the cement for these purposes. Television footage showed cement mixers leaving company headquarters and driving to Maale Adumim, an Israeli settlement a few kilometers away. The family of Prime Minister Ahmad Qureia co-owns the Al-Quds company. When confronted by the allegations at a June 2004 press conference in Rome, Qureia denied personal involvement.[35] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn35)
On June 9, 2004, the PLC held a debate in which some legislators accused Maher Masri, who held the Palestinian Authority's economy portfolio, of negligence and fraud. Council members called for an investigation on "corruption and tax evasion" charges.[36] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn36) Despite the charges, the debate itself was stilted. Palestinian security ejected PLC deputy and anti-corruption campaigner Jawad Saleh from the debate after the PLC speaker prevented nine deputies who had conducted the investigation from participating in the debate.[37] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn37)
The scandal reportedly started with an Israeli-German businessman named Zeev Blenski. Blenski sought to import 120,000 tons of Egyptian concrete but, the Egyptian firms, under pressure from Egypt's anti-Israel lobby, refused to provide it. Blenski then turned to the Tarifi Ready Mix Cement Company, owned by Civil Affairs Minister Jamil Tarifi and his brother Jamal and two other Palestinian cement companies, Intisar Barakeh Company for General Trade and the Yusef Barakeh Company for General Trade.[38] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn38)
Tarifi got Masri to sign an import permit. In fact, "senior PA officials had received bribes to issue import licenses to several importers and businessmen working on behalf of Israelis."[39] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn39) The permits directed the cement to be used to rebuild homes in the Rafah refugee camp, which had been razed by Israeli troops.[40] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn40) Instead, Blenski sold the cement to build parts of the separation fence, as well as new houses in Jewish communities in the West Bank and Gaza.[41] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn41)
The PLC report concluded that the cement scandal went against PA objectives by indirectly contributing to the separation barrier but also by undermining the Palestinian treasury through the failure to collect tax on the imported cement. Lastly, because the Palestinians still operate under annual cement importation quotas, PA officials' greed undercut the Palestinian construction sector.[42] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn42) The PLC passed the report to the district attorney, but no action has yet been taken. Few Palestinians expect that action will be taken.
Surprise in New YorkPressure for reform is waning, and Palestinian democrats are caught in the middle. On February 13, 2004, I arrived at JFK International Airport in New York on my way to testify about PA corruption before the U.S. House Financial Services Committee. It was not my first trip to Washington; I have been there a half dozen times and have never faced any difficulties. My most recent visit had been a year before when I addressed both the Hudson Institute and The Foundation for the Defense of Democracy on democracy and Palestinian reform.[43] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn43)
But, this trip was different. Instead of breezing through customs as I had in the past, agents from the Department of Homeland Security's Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement kept me in custody for seventeen hours. At some point, I was cuffed at the wrists and ankles and repeatedly interrogated by agents who accused me of laundering $6 million from the PIB on behalf of the Palestinian Islamic Jihad. They let me go, but I now cannot gain entry to the United States. While dozens of academics signed petitions in support of a visa for Tariq Ramadan, the grandson of the founder of the Muslim Brotherhood, my case generated only silence in American universities.[44] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn44)
Why the change? PA officials passed the charge to the State Department, which forwarded the information uncritically to Homeland Security.[45] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn45) This is ironic since the PIB leadership installed after my ouster was implicated in money laundering for Saddam Hussein.[46] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn46) The U.S. embassy in Doha has sought to rectify the matter, and I was allowed to reapply for a new visa; the case is still pending. But splashed across the Arabic press, the message was clear: Foggy Bottom supports Arafat and will turn a blind eye toward the concerns of dissidents.[47] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn47) It is counterproductive for Washington to indulge Arafat to the extent that they pull the rug out from anyone trying to make a change. Recent chaos in Gaza reinforces that Washington should not put all its eggs in one basket. But, how can Palestinian administration improve if the U.S. government allows Arafat to use its bureaucracy to do his dirty work? Accountability is key.
ConclusionFor four years, there has been violence and unmasked hostility between Israeli and Palestinians. Palestinian security forces and Israeli soldiers, who once jointly patrolled the streets of West Bank and Gaza towns, now fight each other. The conflict has taken a heavy toll on human life and on resources, both among Palestinians and Israelis. Israeli authorities and Palestinian organizations estimate the total dead at almost 4,000 and the wounded at more than 32,000.[48] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn48) The ailing Palestinian economy has declined 25 percent in 2003[49] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn49) while Israel has lost billions of dollars due to recession in the tourism sector and declining investor confidence. When I see cars blown apart by missiles, buses and cafes on the streets of Jerusalem and Tel Aviv destroyed, as well as destruction and death in Gaza and the West Bank, or pictures of grieving mothers and daughters, it is hard to believe that it has been only eleven years since the world celebrated the promise of the Oslo accords. I have problems with Israeli policies in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, but Arafat's leadership for too long has used Israel as an excuse for failure to clean our own house.
Arafat's failed leadership is one factor responsible for the evolution of Palestinian extremism and fundamentalism, as well as a culture of death and despair among the Palestinians. While Clinton feted Arafat at the White House as a peace partner, many of us who worked with or lived under Arafat disagreed, seeing him instead as a man exclusively concerned with power, money, and personal gratification. He heads a dictatorial regime staffed by gangsters.[50] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn50)I and increasing numbers of Palestinians also blame U.S. and Israeli officials who, in the wake of the Oslo accords, calculated that a Palestinian dictatorship would make a better negotiating partner than a Palestinian democracy.[51] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftn51)They were very wrong. When growing pressure in the Palestinian territories forced Arafat to find a scapegoat for his political failure, mismanagement, and economic plunder, he turned his guns toward the Israelis.
Reform and Arafat are like oil and water. Arafat instigates violence to deflect blame for his own corruption. No amount of dialogue or diplomatic dinners will change this fact.
On the positive side, there are still persons who can move the peace-building process ahead. Many Palestinians seek change and welcome democratization and good governance. The Palestinians have the wealth, talent, and skills to carry out major functions for the needed transformation. Young economic leaders could spearhead the process since economic growth and development are fruits of peace. The Palestinian private sector and civil society organizations can be mobilized and empowered in order to foster the democratization process.
With the right support, the Palestinians are capable of leading a real transformation towards a democratic state, one characterized by a separation of powers, the rule of law, a free market economy, and a strong civil society.
America should not be discouraged by what is going on in the Middle East today. Signs of freedom and reform abound. But, Washington must look forward and not revert to the formulas of the past. Palestinians want not only to be freed from Israeli control but also, as importantly, to end the occupation by Arafat and his cronies.

Issam Abu Issa, former chairman of the Palestine International Bank, currently resides in Qatar. He is founder of the Palestinian National Coalition for Democracy and Independence, a Palestinian democratic reform movement.
[1] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref1) Interview with Palestinian deputy speaker, Ad-Dustur (Amman), June 17, 2004.
[2] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref2) Lamis Andoni, "Palestine Banking Trouble," Middle East International, Jan. 28, 2000, p. 10.
[3] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref3) "Scandalous PLO Letters Authenticated by Congressional Task Force," Manfred and Anne Lehmann Foundation (New York), at http://www.manfredlehmann.com/sieg429.html.
[4] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref4) Ibid.
[5] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref5) Ibid.
[6] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref6) Khaled Abu Toameh, "Corrupt Palestinian Officials Said Fleeing in Fear for Their Lives," The Israel Report, Jan./Feb. 2001, at http://www.christianactionforisrael.org/isreport.
[7] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref7) Matthew Levitt, "PLOCCA 2002: Empty Words," The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, Peacewatch #384, May 24, 2002, at http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/watch/Peacewatch/peacewatch2002/384.htm.
[8] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref8) Mahmoud Abbas, ex-Palestinian prime minister, quoted in Newsweek, June 21, 2004.
[9] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref9) Nathan Vardi, "Auditing Arafat," Forbes.com, Mar. 17, 2003, at http://www.forbes.com/global/2003/0317/014.html.
[10] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref10) The Washington Post, Dec. 2, 1998.
[11] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref11) PLC Special Committee Report (The Corruption Report,) May 1997, at http://www.jmcc.org/politics/pna/plc/plccorup.htm; Stacey Lakind and Yigal Carmon, "The PA Economy," The Middle East Media Research Institute (MEMRI), Inquiry and Analysis Series, no. 11, Jan. 8, 1999, at http://www.memri.org/bin/opener.cgi?Page=archives&ID=IA1199.
[12] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref12) Arjan El Fassed, "Cement and Corruption," The Electronic Intifada, June 11, 2004, at http://electronicintifada.net/v2/article2813.shtml.
[13] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref13) Khaled Abu Aker, "Where Has All the Oil Money Gone?" Arabic Media Internet Network, Aug. 11, 2003, at http://www.amin.org (http://www.amin.org/).
[14] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref14) The Jerusalem Post, Dec. 3, 2003.
[15] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref15) Ibid.
[16] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref16) Ma'ariv (Tel Aviv), Dec. 2, 2002, Mar. 7, 2004.
[17] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref17) Press briefing, International Monetary Fund, Dubai, UAE, Sept. 20, 2003, at http://www.imf.org/external/np/tr/2003/tr030920.htm.
[18] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref18) The Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research, Public Opinion Poll #5, Aug. 18-21, 2002, at http://www.pcpsr.org/survey/polls/2002/p5a.html.
[19] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref19) Appointment letter signed by Arafat, May 24, 2003, Palestinian Court of First Instance.
[20] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref20) PLC decision, no. 626/1/8, Oct. 25, 2003.
[21] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref21) Letter, signed by Muhammad Jeham al-Kuwari, then-director of the Office of the Foreign Minister of Qatar, to the late Yassin Shareef, Palestinian ambassador to the state, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Qatar, Aug. 30, 2000, athttp://www.palestine77.net/kuwari.pdf.
[22] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref22) Focus Magazine (Munich), Dec. 16, 2002, p. 208.
[23] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref23) PLC decision, no. 642/1/8, Dec. 30, 2003.
[24] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref24) Associated Press, May 5, 2004.
[25] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref25) Ibid.
[26] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref26) Newsweek International, Aug. 30, 2004.
[27] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref27) "Report of the Special Reform Committee," PLC, Aug. 25, 2004, p. 6.
[28] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref28) The Jerusalem Post, Jan. 18, 2004.
[29] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref29) Tahseen Al Miqati, Palestinian ambassador to Qatar, quoted in Forbes (Arabic edition), May 2004, p. 88.
[30] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref30) "Position Paper —Re: The Case of Palestine International Bank," Jan. 23, 2004, co-signed by four Palestine-based NGOs: the Mandela Institute for Human Rights, Al-Haq, Al-Quds Human Rights Center, Al-Dustour, athttp://www.palestine77.net/ngoenglish.doc.
[31] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref31) Ad-Dustur, June 17, 2004.
[32] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref32) "Report of the Human Rights Committee," PLC, Dec. 2, 2003, p. 34.
[33] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref33) Al-Quds (Jerusalem), June 27, 2004.
[34] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref34) Palestine Media Center, Sept. 2, 2004, at http://www.palestine-pmc.com/details.asp?cat=1&id=1422.
[35] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref35) Arjan El Fassed, "Cement and Corruption," The Electronic Intifada, June 11, 2004, at http://electronicintifada.net/v2/article2813.shtml.
[36] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref36) Rouhi Fatouh, PLC speaker, quoted in The Jerusalem Times, June 18, 2004.
[37] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref37) The Jerusalem Post, June 21, 2004.
[38] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref38) The Jewish Tribune (Toronto), June 17, 2004.
[39] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref39) The Jerusalem Post, June 10, 2004.
[40] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref40) The Jewish Week (New York), June 25, 2004.
[41] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref41) Israel National News, June 13, 2004, at http://www.israelnn.com/news.php3?id=63989.
[42] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref42) The Jerusalem Times, June 17, 2004.
[43] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref43) Feb. 6, 2003.
[44] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref44) "Tariq Ramadan: American and European Scholars Respond," Campus-Watch.org, Sept. 23, 2004.
[45] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref45) Amber Pawlik, "Exporting Freedom," May 9, 2004, at http://www.mensnewsdaily.com/archive/p/pawlik/2004/pawlik050904.htm.
[46] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref46) The Peninsula (Doha), Apr. 13, 2003.
[47] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref47) "A Critic of Arafat Is Turned away at the U.S. Border—Reformer Detained at Kennedy Was Headed to Meet Congress," The New York Sun, Feb. 17, 2004; "Standing up to Arafat," The Fox News, Feb. 23, 2004; Adam Daifallah, "Arabs Who Believe in Democracy," The New York Sun, Feb. 23, 2004; "New York Authorities Detain PIB Chairman for 17 Hours at JFK Airport," Ar-Raya (Doha), Feb. 19, 2004; "Story of the Detention of PIB Chairman at the JFK Airport on Allegations of Financing Hamas and Jihad," Al-Hayat (London), Feb. 16, 2004.
[48] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref48) Casualty updates from Palestinian Red Crescent Society, at http://www.palestinercs.org/crisistables/table_of_figures.htm, and Magen David Adom of Israel, at http://www.magendavidadom.org/casualtyitem.asp?Update=41.
[49] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref49) Palestine Investment Promotion Agency, at http://www.pipa.gov.ps/economic_indicators.asp.
[50] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref50) Rafiq an-Natsheh, former PLC speaker, quoted in Asharq (Doha), July 20, 2004.
[51] (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account#_ftnref51) Natan Sharansky, "From Helsinki to Oslo," Journal of International Security Affairs, Summer 2001, at http://www.jinsa.org/articles/articles.html/function/view/categoryid/1383/documentid/1690/history/3,2359,947,1383,1690; "Yasser Arafat: An Asset or a Burden. A Confidential Israeli Document," summarized by Mohammed Salah al-Attar, Nida Younis, trans., Ma'ariv, July 6, 2001, athttp://www.aljazeerah.info/News%20archives/2004%20News%20archives/Jan/13n/Yasser%20Arafat%20an%20asset%20or%20a%20burden,%20 a%20confidential%20Israeli%20document%20By%20Moham med%20Salah%20Al-Attar%20and%20Nida%20Younis.htm.




From the Middle East Quarterly (http://www.meforum.org/645/arafats-swiss-bank-account).

Magda Hassan
11-07-2013, 10:38 AM
Yes, it by no means an open and shut case it was Israel as being directly responsible for the poisoning. However, it certainly benefits some Israelis. But his death also benefits some Palestinians and Arabs. And of course some others close and corrupt near to Arafat can be used by Israel either wittingly or unwittingly.

Peter Lemkin
11-07-2013, 10:52 AM
Yes, it by no means an open and shut case it was Israel as being directly responsible for the poisoning. However, it certainly benefits some Israelis. But his death also benefits some Palestinians and Arabs. And of course some others close and corrupt near to Arafat can be used by Israel either wittingly or unwittingly.

It will take a very excellent team of detectives and cooperation [which will NOT be forthcoming from IDF who controlled all access in/out of the compound Arafat was in when he was poisoned] in order to find who likely did it. It takes only a very small amount of Po-210 [which would not be noticed by anyone without an alpha-detecting scintillation counter and it could easily be shielded in lead until the last few moments]. It was likely introduced in food, drink, toothpaste or medicine and the person giving that to Arafat very well may not have know of its presence...or they could have. As the IDF, Israel in general and some parts of the PLO don't care to 'explore' who done it...it will be a long and hard slog which might not turn up a suspect...but who knows. Somehow, I suspect the USA also has reasons to not help, possibly to actually thwart such an investigation.......

Magda Hassan
11-09-2013, 01:42 AM
Evidence does not prove Arafat poisoning - Russian reportUpdated: 10:58, Friday, 08 November 2013



A Russian report quoted by Palestinian investigators has found insufficient evidence to support the theory that Yasser Arafat died in 2004 by polonium poisoning.
Samples were extracted from Arafat's corpse last November by Swiss, French and Russian experts after an al-Jazeera documentary revealed unusually high amounts of the deadly Polonium isotope on his clothes.
"The outcome of the comprehensive report on the levels of Polonium-210 and the development of his illness does not give sufficient evidence to support the decision that Polonium-210 caused acute radiation syndrome leading to death," said Dr Abdullah Bashir, quoting the conclusions of the Russian report.
But Dr Bashir said that both the Swiss and Russian reports found "large amounts" of the radioactive isotope in his remains.
The Russian findings were significantly more cautious than Swiss conclusions, published this week, which said that its tests "moderately support the proposition that the death was the consequence of poisoning with Polonium-210".
Arafat, a guerrilla leader who became the first Palestinian president, contracted a sudden and mysterious illness while surrounded by Israeli tanks in his compound in Ramallah.
Palestinians have long blamed Israel for his death, a charge it denies, but a local investigation committee has made little tangible progress in explaining the case.
Israel and the Palestinians resumed peace talks in July to try to resolve their long conflict and live side-by-side in two sovereign states.
Separately, Palestinians have said Israel is the "only suspect" in the death.
"We say that Israel is the prime and only suspect in the case of Yasser Arafat's assassination, and we will continue to carry out a thorough investigation to find out and confirm all the details and all elements of the case," Palestinian inquiry chief Tawfiq Tirawi said.
http://www.rte.ie/news/2013/1108/485425-evidence-does-not-prove-arafat-poisoning-russia/

Magda Hassan
11-09-2013, 01:51 AM
Yasser Arafat: a farce in RamallahThe Palestinian Authority has for years ducked the awkward questions about Arafat's death. Don't rely on it to find the truth








Clayton Swisher (http://www.theguardian.com/profile/clayton-swisher)

The Guardian (http://www.guardian.co.uk/theguardian), Saturday 9 November 2013 05.18 AEST


Palestinian security officers and mourners gather around the grave of the Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat after the funeral at his compound in the West Bank town of Ramallah. on 12 November 2004. Photograph: Muhammed Muheisen/AP

At a packed conference in Ramallah today, the retired general Tawfik Tirawi, once head of the Palestinian Authority's feared West Bank intelligence, squarely pointed the finger at Israel for the assassination of Yasser Arafat (http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/nov/08/israel-killed-arafat-claims-palestinian-official-polonium). There are lots of reasons to suspect Israeli responsibility. The former Israeli prime minister Ariel Sharon was vocal over the years in admitting he had tried but failed to kill Arafat (http://www.theguardian.com/world/2002/feb/01/israelandthepalestinians.lebanon). Israel had famously botched its 1997 attempt to poison the political leader of Hamas, Khaled Meshaal (http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-20636413). It appears logical for the PA – under Israeli military siege in the Muqata when Arafat suddenly became violently ill on 12 October 2004 – to claim Israel alone is to blame.
But there are many other possibilities that Tirawi prefers to ignore. He himself was with Arafat during the siege; he was wanted by Israel, the CIA was shunning him, and he was accused of orchestrating suicide attacks against Israelis. That he was in close proximity when Arafat fell ill makes him at best a witness. For him to lead the investigation now is almost as farcical as the PA's entire approach to date.
For the outside world Arafat was a very cold case until al-Jazeera broadcast its documentary What Killed Arafat? (http://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/whatkilledarafat/2012/07/20127413371805105.html) in July 2012. The PA had formed a committee to examine his death immediately after his passing. But it had several changes in leadership, and did little more than rail against Israel, pursuing nothing by way of forensics. Correspondence obtained by al-Jazeera shows that the doctor in charge of the PA cold case review, Abdullah Bashir, wrote a single letter to French authorities – Arafat died in a French military hospital – in 2009 asking for further information. The French stated that all their files had already been released to Suha Arafat, the widow, and Nasser Kidwa, the nephew.
That was it. No one had bothered to ask Suha the elemental question: did she have any materials that might yield forensic clues? That was the first question scientists had for me when I approached them at the Lausanne University Centre for Legal Medicine. When I asked Suha, she told me about a green gym bag she kept all these years. Arafat had taken it with him to France in his dying days. She was sceptical the Swiss would find anything, but once polonium was detected (http://www.aljazeera.com/investigations/killing-arafat/myth-buster-killing-arafat-20131028194036387835.html), she became unrelenting in her demands to go to the very end.
The exhumation of Arafat was not supposed to happen. The PA did not like the fact that Suha sought French jurisdiction. It preferred the UN security council, a curious choice given that it has almost never passed a resolution that benefits Palestinians. The PA also demanded the Arab League investigate, which again amounted to little more than platitudes.
But when the French government formally demanded access to Arafat's body, it faced a conundrum it had sought to avoid for years. It was the PA that refused to push for an autopsy that most likely would have resolved this mystery years earlier. In a taped interview Nasser Kidwa told me: "I would think this would have meant the end of the peace process, as it stood at that time … because the Palestinian people would have seen a great crime, the crime of the killing of their leader."
Instead, the PA chose to use the case as a political weapon in its quest for negotiations with Israel. This also helped it avoid a painful, if not self-evident question: was one of its own involved? Sure, the Israelis controlled the perimeter. But as food, water and medicines were allowed in, a microscopic amount of lethal Polonium 210 would not have been hard to get inside. At a very minimum, his closest aides and bodyguards failed to prevent someone from introducing polonium into Arafat's system, whether by ingestion, injection, or inhalation. Could one of his aides have delivered the dose, with Israeli technical support?
This is why the idea of Arafat's closest associates conducting their own investigation is inappropriate. For the time being, the proper investigators are the French authorities. Three investigating magistrates will now have the opportunity to review the Swiss testimony and incorporate their own forensic conclusions into the body of evidence. While in Ramallah last November, the French were refused permission by the PA to question its officials without submitting questions in writing. If the PA is serious about finding the truth of who killed their iconic leader, it must afford the French unfettered access.
If not, the "who killed Arafat" question will remain unresolved, and little more than a convenient political tool.
http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/nov/08/yasser-arafat-farce-ramallah-ducked-questions

Magda Hassan
11-09-2013, 07:35 AM
I've been thinking about Arafat's death, the timing and what was happening. He had not always been wanted dead by Israel. I remember some long ago conversations with Israeli friends who during their IDF days told of finding Arafat and some of his people in hiding. It was a surprise to them, they were not looking for him, or at least they weren't told they were, but the higher ups told them not to do anything. This happened on another occasion as well. Something about Tunisia, though what the IDF was doing in Tunisia I don't know. So it seems Israel knew where he was and was content to leave him there. Protected possibly. Then he gets really sick suddenly in mid October 2004. So what was happening around then? Why the need to absolutely and definitively throw Arafat away? What was he stopping? Was he really not corrupt enough despite his overseas bank account above that he could not be bought? Or maybe the price too high? From an US/Israeli/Palestinian and Arab POV qui bono and qui bono at this time and not another time? And why the need for an unexplainable death. He had been interred for years until this recent doco by Al Jazeera. And would have remained so if it were not for his widow and AJ journalist. I remember there was the creation and rise of Hamas as a wedge to divide the Palestinians and weaken Fatah though I can't recall the year that came to be.

Peter Lemkin
11-09-2013, 08:07 AM
Evidence does not prove Arafat poisoning - Russian report

Updated: 10:58, Friday, 08 November 2013



A Russian report quoted by Palestinian investigators has found insufficient evidence to support the theory that Yasser Arafat died in 2004 by polonium poisoning.
Samples were extracted from Arafat's corpse last November by Swiss, French and Russian experts after an al-Jazeera documentary revealed unusually high amounts of the deadly Polonium isotope on his clothes.
"The outcome of the comprehensive report on the levels of Polonium-210 and the development of his illness does not give sufficient evidence to support the decision that Polonium-210 caused acute radiation syndrome leading to death," said Dr Abdullah Bashir, quoting the conclusions of the Russian report.
But Dr Bashir said that both the Swiss and Russian reports found "large amounts" of the radioactive isotope in his remains.
The Russian findings were significantly more cautious than Swiss conclusions, published this week, which said that its tests "moderately support the proposition that the death was the consequence of poisoning with Polonium-210".
Arafat, a guerrilla leader who became the first Palestinian president, contracted a sudden and mysterious illness while surrounded by Israeli tanks in his compound in Ramallah.
Palestinians have long blamed Israel for his death, a charge it denies, but a local investigation committee has made little tangible progress in explaining the case.
Israel and the Palestinians resumed peace talks in July to try to resolve their long conflict and live side-by-side in two sovereign states.
Separately, Palestinians have said Israel is the "only suspect" in the death.
"We say that Israel is the prime and only suspect in the case of Yasser Arafat's assassination, and we will continue to carry out a thorough investigation to find out and confirm all the details and all elements of the case," Palestinian inquiry chief Tawfiq Tirawi said.
http://www.rte.ie/news/2013/1108/485425-evidence-does-not-prove-arafat-poisoning-russia/

There is something totally suspicious about the Russian report, IMO. They got samples from the same tissues as the Swiss team, yet come up with LESS Polonium in Arafat's body than would be expected in any and all humans on Earth. I don't know the reason, but it might well be related to the fact that over 90% of all Po-210 is produced in Russia and Russia ordered the murder of at least one person they were 'unhappy with' using Po-210 two years after Arafat's death.

Peter Lemkin
11-09-2013, 08:12 AM
I've been thinking about Arafat's death, the timing and what was happening. He had not always been wanted dead by Israel. I remember some long ago conversations with Israeli friends who during their IDF days told of finding Arafat and some of his people in hiding. It was a surprise to them, they were not looking for him, or at least they weren't told they were, but the higher ups told them not to do anything. This happened on another occasion as well. Something about Tunisia, though what the IDF was doing in Tunisia I don't know. So it seems Israel knew where he was and was content to leave him there. Protected possibly. Then he gets really sick suddenly in mid October 2004. So what was happening around then? Why the need to absolutely and definitively throw Arafat away? What was he stopping? Was he really not corrupt enough despite his overseas bank account above that he could not be bought? Or maybe the price too high? From an US/Israeli/Palestinian and Arab POV qui bono and qui bono at this time and not another time? And why the need for an unexplainable death. He had been interred for years until this recent doco by Al Jazeera. And would have remained so if it were not for his widow and AJ journalist. I remember there was the creation and rise of Hamas as a wedge to divide the Palestinians and weaken Fatah though I can't recall the year that came to be.

Building a rather basic timeline just before and during Arafat's illness might enlighten. But then, it could have been related to an event or 'deal' or event or partnership that has not yet become public. Good forensic work might [and might not] be able to use standard detective work to point to the guilty persons or grouping. Perhaps this will be a mini-Dallas and evolve into multiple competing theories - with the real villains encouraging all the alternative ones. I wouldn't expect anything one can sink one's teeth into anytime soon. Not always, but usually it is the peacemakers who get killed. Warfare, endless warfare, serves many - for power and money....as well as geopolitical aims.

Magda Hassan
11-09-2013, 08:20 AM
They could have blown him up in a car bomb like they did to many others. Or shot like the Lebanese PM. A targeted missile on his residence or car. His compound could have been one of hundreds of 'collateral damage' in some sort of Operation Cast Iron by another name. But they chose polonium so he would die slowly and possibly untracably unitl now.

David Guyatt
11-09-2013, 08:38 AM
They could have blown him up in a car bomb like they did to many others. Or shot like the Lebanese PM. A targeted missile on his residence or car. His compound could have been one of hundreds of 'collateral damage' in some sort of Operation Cast Lead by another name. But they chose polonium so he would die slowly and possibly untracably unitl now.

Yep, Israel has never been worried about showing how their wrath strikes, and it just doesn't sound like they dunnit because of that. But the Russian polonium connection discussed by Peter above is really interesting and, for me anyway, might further suggest the corruption angle -- so many Jewish money 'n' power connections between Israel and Russia exist.

Magda Hassan
11-09-2013, 08:47 AM
Perhaps this will be a mini-Dallas and evolve into multiple competing theories - with the real villains encouraging all the alternative ones.
Interestingly the journalist does mention JFK in passing (http://blogs.aljazeera.com/blog/middle-east/revisiting-arafats-last-days). His role as a former State Department operator before becoming a journalist is also intriguing. And his interest in pushing for the whole examination of Arafat's death, forensic testing, etc. Maybe he has his role/s to play as well.

Magda Hassan
11-09-2013, 09:03 AM
They could have blown him up in a car bomb like they did to many others. Or shot like the Lebanese PM. A targeted missile on his residence or car. His compound could have been one of hundreds of 'collateral damage' in some sort of Operation Cast Lead by another name. But they chose polonium so he would die slowly and possibly untracably unitl now.

Yep, Israel has never been worried about showing how their wrath strikes, and it just doesn't sound like they dunnit because of that. But the Russian polonium connection discussed by Peter above is really interesting and, for me anyway, might further suggest the corruption angle -- so many Jewish money 'n' power connections between Israel and Russia exist.

Going back to the polonium poisoning revelations in AJ Israel felt it necessary to wheel out the gay/AIDS propaganda against Arafat. Interesting.


After polonium revelation, Israel’s PR hacks revive lies that Arafat was gay and died of AIDSSubmitted by Ali Abunimah on Wed, 07/04/2012 - 18:33
3245138801_e9740d3bcc_o.jpg (http://cdn1.electronicintifada.net/sites/electronicintifada.net/files/3245138801_e9740d3bcc_o.jpg)http://cdn1.electronicintifada.net/sites/electronicintifada.net/files/styles/large/public/3245138801_e9740d3bcc_o.jpg?itok=nFt8CCZCYasser Arafat’s tombstone in Ramallah. (Tristam Sparks (http://electronicintifada.net/people/tristam-sparks) / Flickr (http://electronicintifada.net/people/flickr))


While Israel markets itself as the most gay-friendly country in the world, its PR hacks are busy reviving homophobic rumors that Arafat was a gay “sexual deviant” who died of AIDS due to his promiscuity.
On Tuesday, Aljazeera broke a bombshell story (http://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/whatkilledarafat/) that the clothes Arafat wore as he died of a sudden and mysterious illness in 2004, contained strong traces of the lethal radioactive element polonium (http://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/whatkilledarafat/2012/07/20127395543834689.html), raising the possibility that he may have been poisoned.
Arafat fell ill on 12 October 2004 at his Ramallah headquarters where he was besieged by Israeli forces and died in a French military hospital in Paris on 11 November 2004.
Following Aljazeera’s revelations, Arafat’s widow, Suha Arafat, has called for her late husband’s body to be exhumed so that further tests could be carried out.
Genealogy of a lie: Arafat “died of AIDS”Following the Aljazeera report, Lenny Ben-David, former Deputy Chief of Mission at the Israeli Embassy in Washington and current public relations consultant to the Israeli government (http://www.linkedin.com/pub/lenny-bendavid/48/261/798), posted a lurid article at The Times of Israel (http://blogs.timesofisrael.com/for-the-palestinians-sake-its-time-to-kill-off-arafat/) reviving rumors that Arafat died of AIDS and blaming his “sexual proclivities”:

Yasser Arafat was a murderous, genocidal, diabolical, duplicitous sexual deviant who died at the age of 75. He was despised by Arab and Israeli alike.
Ben-David dismisses the possibility that Arafat was poisoned and asserts:

Less romantic and mythical, however, is the more likely cause of Arafat’s death – AIDS.
Arafat’s sexual proclivities have been an open secret for years. The former head of Rumanian intelligence, Lt. Gen. Ion Mihai Pacepa, disclosed in his book “Red Horizons,” that one of his officers reported, “the ‘Fedayee’ [Arafat’s code name] is in his bedroom making love to his bodyguard. The one I knew was his latest lover. He’s playing tiger again. The officer monitoring his microphones connected me live with the bedroom, and the squawling almost broke my eardrums. Arafat was roaring like a tiger, and his lover yelping like a hyena.”
In addition to this “evidence,” Ben-David cites another piece of “proof” that has circulated widely on Zionist websites:

After Arafat’s death, his personal physician admitted in a TV interview that his patient died of AIDS.
Both of these pieces of “evidence” are junk.
Notably, Ben-David’s article has been tweeted and amplified by influential former AIPAC (http://electronicintifada.net/tags/aipac)operative Josh Block.
Embedded rich on Twitter (https://twitter.com/joshblockdc/status/220530602435297280)
Old story of #Arafat (https://twitter.com/search/%23Arafat) being poisoned is back again, but more likely the vile terrorist died of #AIDS (https://twitter.com/search/%23AIDS) blogs.timesofisrael.com/for-the-palest… (http://t.co/h8kouLOh)
— Josh Block (@JoshBlockDC) July 4, 2012 (https://twitter.com/JoshBlockDC/status/220530602435297280)

Fabrications as source of Arafat rumorThe account from Ion Pacepa a former Romanian intelligence official – which appears to be the original source of the rumors about Arafat’s sexuality – was described by Scott Long recently (http://paper-bird.net/2012/06/13/the-rape-of-the-jock-a-jad-manhood-and-iran-180/) as a collection of “fabrications”:

Putative insults directed at the sexualities of US enemies in the region are legion. There was, and is, for instance, a longstanding rumor that Yasser Arafat was gay and died of AIDS, spread by neoconservatives with glee. Unlike most rumors, it’s possible to pinpoint this one’s source with some precision. Ion Pacepa, chief of foreign intelligence in Ceauşescu’s Romania, defected to the US in 1978, and later composed his memoir, Red Horizons, while under CIA protection. In it, he claimed that secret microphones caught Arafat making love to his male bodyguard while visiting Bucharest. The book is full of wild stories, and this particular propaganda gem had a two-birds usefulness for the US: it impugned not only Arafat for screwing a man, but Ceauşescu (notoriously puritanical) for tolerating it. The CIA called his book ”an important and unique contribution to the United States,” and it should be read as such, along with other important and unique fabrications such as the histories of Pat Tillman and Jessica Lynch.
Ashraf al-Kurdi interview: dubious and distortedBen-David, and numerous other Zionist publications, have circulated this video of Ashraf al-Kurdi, purporting to state in Arabic that Arafat had died of AIDS. Not only is the clip mistranslated and apparently misleadingly edited, but Kurdi is actually on record saying the opposite.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZCoW7Sagti8
palestinian arafat died of H.I.V (AIDS), DR al-kurdi. أبو عمار (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZCoW7Sagti8)

This is what the subtitles claim Kurdi said:

I asked to talk with one of the French doctors, I wanted to hear from them about his condition, but they didn’t answer me. When the president Yasser Arafat died, they sent me an e-mail, or a notification which according to it the president Arafat is hospitalized at their place and that from the blood tests it turns out that he suffers from Aids virus.
The video then cuts to an Israeli TV studio, where a commentator identified as Zvi Yehezkeli (https://twitter.com/urihoresh/status/220206684583378944) asserts that Kurdi had “admitted” that Arafat died of AIDS.
This is what Kurdi actually says:

The French doctors.. despite the fact that I spoke, that I asked to see any of them, or to hear from any of them, did not answer me. When President Yasser Arafat died, they sent me an email or an electronic letter, that Arafat had entered their hospital and after a blood test they found that he has the AIDS microbe.
The (mis)translation appears to suggest that Kurdi said Arafat “suffered from the Aids virus” – not so subtely suggesting he had the illness called AIDS. Kurdi never used the word “suffered” – he claimed only that Arafat “has the AIDS microbe” or virus based on a blood test. As everyone knows, having the HIV virus that causes AIDS, is not the same thing as “suffering from” AIDS.
But there’s more. The video clip cuts Kurdi off in mid-sentence. We were unable to find a longer clip, however a 2005 Los Angeles Times article (http://articles.latimes.com/2005/sep/09/world/fg-arafat9) about an investigation into the causes of Arafat’s death carried out jointly by The New York Times and Haaretz based on Arafat’s medical records they said they had obtained states the following:

The Haaretz report, based on excerpts from a book by two Israeli journalists who obtained the records, cited experts who found evidence both for and against theories that Arafat was poisoned or had AIDS. The journalists, Avi Isacharoff and Amos Harel, said infection was also a possible cause.
Their account quoted Arafat’s personal physician, Ashraf Kurdi, as saying that he knew French doctors had found evidence of acquired immune deficiency syndrome, though the medical report makes no mention of AIDS or of any tests having been performed to detect it. Specialists found it strange the records did not mention an AIDS test, given the suspicions.
Kurdi said he believed Arafat was injected with the human immunodeficiency virus, which causes AIDS, to disguise the effects of poisoning, according to the account in Haaretz. Kurdi, who was not with Arafat in Paris, did not say why he believed French doctors had discovered evidence of AIDS.
In other words, Kurdi, who is being presented as “confirming” Arafat died of AIDS, is actually on record saying he believes Arafat was poisoned even though he was not anywhere near Arafat when he died. Was the video clip cut and translated in order to distort Kurdi’s words?
But what is also strange is that Kurdi claims he received a written notification by email from French doctors. Where is this email, if it exists?
Arafat did not have HIV and did not die of AIDSarafat_hiv_result_1.jpeg (http://cdn1.electronicintifada.net/sites/electronicintifada.net/files/arafat_hiv_result_1.jpeg)http://cdn1.electronicintifada.net/sites/electronicintifada.net/files/styles/large/public/arafat_hiv_result_1.jpeg?itok=4cpRWMt6Copies of Yasser Arafat’s medical reports indicate multiple HIV tests that all returned negative results. (Al Jazeera English (http://electronicintifada.net/people/al-jazeera-english))


In the 50-minute Aljazeera documentary (http://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/whatkilledarafat/2012/07/20127383653774794.html), reporter Clayton Swisher observes that “the most stubborn myth” surrounding Arafat “is that he died of AIDS.”
But as Dr. David Barclay (http://www4.rgu.ac.uk/rgunews/headlines/page.cfm?pge=42637), the forensic expert whom Aljazeera commissioned to examine Arafat’s medical records states, “He didn’t have AIDS. They did two HIV tests, both of which were negative.”
arafat_hiv_result_2.jpeg (http://cdn1.electronicintifada.net/sites/electronicintifada.net/files/arafat_hiv_result_2.jpeg)http://cdn1.electronicintifada.net/sites/electronicintifada.net/files/styles/large/public/arafat_hiv_result_2.jpeg?itok=MCT8fOZzDr. Tawfik bin Shabaan, a Tunisian specialist of internal medicine. (Al Jazeera English (http://electronicintifada.net/people/al-jazeera-english))


“These French tests,” Swisher states, “confirm the results of Dr. Tawfik bin Shaaban who was part of the Tunisian team treating Arafat in Ramallah.”
“It is my speciality… HIV, It is my speciality,” bin Shaaban tells Aljazeera, “There is absolutely no way he had HIV.”
The lab results showing Arafat’s negative HIV test were published by Aljazeera (http://transparency.aljazeera.net/en/projects/whatkilledarafat/201271184425444511.html). As Aljazeera explained, the French doctors used pseudonyms Frederic Martipon and Etienne Louvet in order to maintain secrecy regarding Arafat’s condition.
Zionists continue to spread the lieWhile some dismiss the evidence presented by Aljazeera as mere conspiracy theory, some Zionist propagandists continue to spread lies about Arafat based on no evidence at all.
Ronny Naftaniel, for example, head of the Dutch Zionist organization CIDI (http://electronicintifada.net/tags/cidi), tweeted (https://twitter.com/RonnyNaftaniel/status/220567458984103937) “it is said that there’s a Romanian video showing Arafat having sex with his bodyguards. So cause of death was indeed Aids?” (Thanks to @Mariamkea for translation (https://twitter.com/mariamekea/status/220571082250399744)).
Embedded rich on Twitter (https://twitter.com/RonnyNaftaniel/status/220567458984103937)
RonenBergman in Yediot: er zou een Roemense video bestaan die toont dat Arafat sex had met zijn lijfwachten. Aids dus toch doodsoorzaak?
— Ronny Naftaniel (@RonnyNaftaniel) July 4, 2012 (https://twitter.com/RonnyNaftaniel/status/220567458984103937)

Naftaniel was citing an article in Ynet by Ronen Bergman (http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4251360,00.html) that recycles and embellishes the noncredible claims from the Romanian memoir. In Bergman’s version, the microphones become video cameras:

Ion Mihai Pacepa, the Romanian communist security chief who defected to the United States, claimed that his men shot a video of Arafat’s room while he was the guest of Romanian ruler Ceausescu. In the images, Arafat was supposedly documented having sex with his bodyguards. Ariel Sharon told some of his close associates that Israel secured this videotape and considered the option of posting it on the Internet in order to shame Arafat.
Pacepa’s book (http://books.google.com/books?id=zQ7LSucBylAC&lpg=PP1&pg=PA36#v=onepage&q&f=false) makes no mention of “videos” or “images” and that’s understandable given that the events supposedly took place in the early 1970s.
Using homophobia to “shame” Arafat and ArabsWhat’s notable here is the reference to “shame.” As Seymour Hersh (cited by Long (http://paper-bird.net/2012/06/13/the-rape-of-the-jock-a-jad-manhood-and-iran-180/)) observed, the homophobic and orientalist-racist premise of the ‘Arafat was gay’ rumors is that Arab and Muslim men are particularly prone to sexual shaming, and that this alleged vulnerability can be used as a weapon against them, as it was used by American torturers at Abu Ghraib prison:

The notion that Arabs are particularly vulnerable to sexual humiliation became a talking point among pro-war Washington conservatives in the months before the March, 2003, invasion of Iraq. … [Patai’s] book includes a twenty-five-page chapter on Arabs and sex, depicting sex as a taboo vested with shame and repression. “The segregation of the sexes, the veiling of the women … and all the other minute rules that govern and restrict contact between men and women, have the effect of making sex a prime mental preoccupation in the Arab world,” Patai wrote. … The Patai book, an academic told me, was “the bible of the neocons on Arab behavior.” In their discussions, he said, two themes emerged—”one, that Arabs only understand force and, two, that the biggest weakness of Arabs is shame and humiliation.”
“Outing Arafat”Why should Arafat’s sexuality be of interest to propagandists loyal to an Israeli “state” that is going to great pains to present itself as a haven of gay rights amid an ocean of intolerance and to attract gay tourists and their money to Tel Aviv?
According to former Israeli diplomat and current Israeli PR hack Lenny Ben-David, all these gay tourists are nothing more than “sexual deviants.”
The lurid stories and lies about Arafat’s sexual relationships aim to provoke homphobic reactions and marshal this homophobia to produce hostility and revulsion at Arafat, and to delegitimize him in the eyes of an Arab audience that is presumed to always be disgusted by such behavior.






These Israeli reactions belie Israel’s “pink” marketing and expose the homphobia that exists at the heart of so much of its propaganda.
http://electronicintifada.net/blogs/ali-abunimah/after-polonium-revelation-israels-pr-hacks-revive-lies-arafat-was-gay-and-died

Magda Hassan
11-09-2013, 09:06 AM
Not sure of the source.

Maybe Israel outsources? Or Palestinians outsource?

NEW EVIDENCE SUGGESTS KREMLIN POISONED ARAFAT

Former Soviet-bloc spy chief published theory before Swiss report

Published: 1 day agohttp://www.wnd.com/files/2013/11/arafat-340x161.jpg

BBC video at this link (http://www.wnd.com/2013/11/new-evidence-suggests-kremlin-poisoned-arafat/)
Does the newly publicized Swiss report of evidence Yasser Arafat was poisoned by radioactive polonium-210 indicate the Palestinian leader was killed by Russia’s intelligence agency, the heir of the Soviet Union’s KGB?
A little more than four months before the news this week that tests on Arafat’s body in a Swiss investigation showed “unexpected high activity” of polonium, a book co-authored by former Romanian spy chief Lt. Gen. Ion Mihai Pacepa was published documenting Arafat’s training by the communist Soviet Union and pointing out that the only other known case of polonium-210 poisoning was the death of former KGB officer Alexander Litvinenko in 2006.
After BBC News reported Wednesday the results of the Swiss forensic report obtained by the Middle East news agency al-Jazeera, Pacepa noted to WND that the British experts who investigated the assassination of Litvinenko found that the use of polonium-210 made Russia the most likely culprit.
The amount of polonium-210 used in the Litvinenko poisoning could come only from state-regulated nuclear reactors, and 97 percent of the world’s legal plutonium is produced in Russia.
Pacepa’s book “Disinformation,” (http://superstore.wnd.com/books/Disinformation-Former-Spy-Chief-Reveals-Hardcover) co-authored with historian and law professor Ronald Rychlak, and the companion feature-length film documentary of the same name (http://superstore.wnd.com/video/Disinformation-The-Secret-Strategy-To-Destroy-The-West-DVD) show that the Nobel Peace Prize-winning Palestinian leader, Arafat, was actually a creation of the KGB.
Pacepa documents that Arafat – a committed Marxist who became the father of modern terrorism – was born in Egypt, not Jerusalem, revealing the KGB destroyed Arafat’s original birth documents and created new ones.
Get “Disinformation: Former Spy Chief Reveals Secret Strategies for Undermining Freedom, Attacking Religion, and Promoting Terrorism” at WND’s Superstore (http://superstore.wnd.com/books/Disinformation-Former-Spy-Chief-Reveals-Hardcover)
Arafat’s successor as president of the Palestinian Authority, Mahmoud Abbas, was educated in Moscow at a KGB-run school.
Pacepa, former head of Romania’s foreign intelligence and top adviser to dictator Nicolae Ceausescu, points out that it was the poisoned Russian spy Litvenenko who revealed that al-Qaida leader Ayman al-Zawahiri was trained by the KGB.
Arafat’s official medical records say he died Nov. 11, 2004, at age 75 from a stroke resulting from a blood disorder. He had been flown to a French military hospital in Paris.
The report by experts at the Vaudois University Hospital Centre in Lausanne, Switzerland, who exhumed Arafat’s body in November 2012, does not claim to be conclusive. The experts said the “unexpected high activity” of polonium found in specimens taken from Arafat’s ribs, pelvis and soil that absorbed his bodily fluids “moderately” supported the poisoning theory.
Israel also has dismissed the Swiss investigation as “more soap opera than science.”
BBC News noted many Palestinians have long believed that Israel poisoned Arafat while Israel has consistently denied any involvement.
There also have been allegations that he had AIDS or cancer.
The BBC said the findings of Palestinian, French and Russian teams that also analyzed samples have yet to be published by the Palestinian Authority
The Swiss report notes a lack of adequate biological specimens, and it cautions that the eight years between death and the investigation render detection subject to uncertainties.
Kremlin got rid of Arafat?
In their book, published June 25, Pacepa and Rychlak presented the theory that the Kremlin killed Arafat before the results of samples taken of Arafat’s bones were known. At that time, traces of polonium-210 had been found on Arafat’s personal effects.
“At the time of this writing, no one knows if Polonium-210 will be found in the samples of Arafat’s bones taken from his exhumed body. Nevertheless, there is solid ground for postulating that the KGB/FSB may have gotten tired of Arafat and decided to get rid of him,” they write in “Disinformation.”
The authors note that Arafat fell violently ill in October 2004 at his compound while, similarly, Litvinenko suddenly fell ill and was hospitalized Nov. 1, 2006.
Litvinenko’s illness was later attributed to poisoning with polonium-210, Pacepa and Rychlak write, a highly toxic isotope known to be used by the former Soviet Union as neutron trigger, or initiator, for nuclear weapons.
The BBC report this week noted a Russian Interfax news agency report quoting Vladimir Uiba, head of the Russian Federal Medico-Biological Agency. Uiba reportedly said Arafat “could not have been poisoned with polonium” and the test carried out by Russian experts “found no traces of this substance.”
The Russian federal agency, however, later denied that Uiba had made any official statement on the findings.
The BBC cited Prof. Paddy Regan, an expert in radiation detection and measurement at the University of Surrey in the U.K., who said the Swiss scientists have made “a pretty strong statement.”
“They are saying the hypothesis that Arafat was poisoned with polonium-210 is valid and has not been disproven by the data. However they cannot say definitively that he was murdered,” he said.
Arafat’s widow, Suha, had objected to a post-mortem at the time of the Palestinian leader’s death, but she asked the Palestinian Authority to allow the exhumation last year “to reveal the truth.”
She said the Swiss results revealed “a real crime, a political assassination.”
“This has confirmed all our doubts. It is scientifically proved that he didn’t die a natural death, and we have scientific proof that this man was killed,” she said, according to BBC News.
Reuters said Arafat’s wife didn’t name any suspects and acknowledged her husband had many enemies.
Yigal Palmor of Israel’s foreign ministry argued the investigations had been commissioned by “interested parties,” Arafat’s widow and the Palestinian Authority, who had “never bothered” to look for some key data.
“The other huge hole in the theory is the absence of all access to the French hospital where Arafat died and to Arafat’s medical files,” Palmor said, according to BBC News.
“How can the cause of death be determined without the opinion of the doctors or the results of the medical tests they ran on the patient?
“Israel doesn’t feel concerned in the least.”
Reagan’s ‘bible’
After a crisis of conscience, Pacepa defected to the United States in 1978 and became a critical asset to American intelligence services. He was debriefed by the FBI and others for many years.
Pacepa, who still lives in the U.S. under a CIA-protective identity due to active assassination threats against his life, was credited by the CIA as the only person in the Western world who single-handedly demolished an entire enemy espionage service – the one he himself managed.
When he was naturalized as an American citizen in 1988, the CIA credited Pacepa with making “an important and unique contribution to the United States of which you can be justly proud.”

President Ronald Reagan reportedly referred to Pacepa’s first book, “Red Horizons,” as “my bible for dealing with dictators.” (http://www.wnd.com/2013/06/reagans-cure-for-disinformation/)

http://www.wnd.com/2013/11/new-evidence-suggests-kremlin-poisoned-arafat/

Magda Hassan
11-09-2013, 09:13 AM
Then there is this from 2004 six months before Arafat died.


Sharon Says His Pledge Not to Harm Arafat No Longer Holds
By ELISSA GOOTMAN
Published: April 24, 2004
Prime Minister Ariel Sharon said Friday that he no longer considered himself bound by his pledge not to harm Yasir Arafat, his most explicit statement yet that he might take action against the Palestinian leader.
Mr. Sharon acceded three years ago to President Bush's request not to physically harm Mr. Arafat. But in an interview on Israel's Channel 2 television on Friday night, Mr. Sharon said he told Mr. Bush during their White House meeting last week that ''this commitment of mine no longer exists.''
When asked if that meant physically harming Mr. Arafat, Mr. Sharon replied, ''I do not think this matter can be made any clearer.'' The Israeli leader did not say how Mr. Bush responded.
The contention that Israel was free of any commitment not to kill Mr. Arafat was rejected by Secretary of State Colin L. Powell on Friday.

''The president made it clear that he would oppose any such attempts against Mr. Arafat, and the president firmly believes that he has a commitment from Prime Minister Sharon that no such attempt will be made,'' Mr. Powell said on the ABC News program ''Nightline.''
http://www.nytimes.com/2004/04/24/world/sharon-says-his-pledge-not-to-harm-arafat-no-longer-holds.html

Magda Hassan
11-12-2013, 04:17 AM
Worth the watch.
It will be interesting to see what France does with this since it is now in their jurisdiction. Looks conclusive that he was murdered by polonium 201 Russian test not worth considering by the looks of it.
Russia and Palestinian leadership have something to answer for as well. The US and Israel are keeping Palestine out of the International Criminal Court so it cannot be heard there.

Poor Palestinians. Nobody helps them. Even their own leaders.



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qr2DULWPzAs
n the latest film from Al Jazeera’s Investigation’s unit, Palestinian officials admit that they had suspected poisoning as the cause of Arafat’s sudden illness in 2004, contrary to their public statements.


Senior Palestinian negotiator Saeb Erekat tells Al Jazeera that he called the US Consul General in Jerusalem and pleaded with him, “Please, President Arafat’s health is deteriorating. We suspect he was poisoned. So please, if you can contact the Israelis and get us the antidote, we will appreciate it.”
The film follows the exhumation of the Palestinian leader’s body from its resting place in Ramallah to Switzerland, where scientists found at least 18 times the normal levels of radioactive polonium in his remains. The report (http://www.aljazeera.com/investigations/killing-arafat/Swiss-forensic-report-Arafat-death-201311671255163780.html), was released last week.
Killing Arafat also shows how Al Jazeera’s Investigation’s team was placed under tight surveillance by Palestinian Authority security forces during the production of the documentary.
The widow's take
In the documentary, Yasser Arafat’s widow, Suha Arafat, calls on the Palestinian Authority to halt peace talks with Israel.
Speaking immediately after hearing the results of the Swiss report, she says, “I think the Palestinian Authority has to go till the end to know the truth about it. And I think they have to stop any kind of negotiations with Israel until they know what’s going on.”
Earlier in the film, Nasser Qudwa, Arafat’s nephew and former Palestinian Authority foreign minister, is asked why an autopsy was not performed on Arafat upon his death in 2004.
“If this had happened, I would think that it would have meant the end of the peace process as it stood at that time,”he tells Al Jazeera, “because the Palestinian people would have seen with their own eyes a huge betrayal and a big crime committed against them, a crime of killing their own leader.”


International Criminal Court
Palestinian officials have said on several occasions that they will take the case of Yasser Arafat’s suspicious death to the International Criminal Court.
Immediately after the exhumation on November 27, 2012, the head of the Palestinian committee investigating his death, Tawfik Tirawi, repeated that claim. “All the existing investigations are looking for evidence, in order to take whoever is behind this assassination to the International Criminal Court.”
But in April this year, the Palestinian Authority agreed to halt its application to join the ICC. It was a concession to Israel, negotiated in Washington, DC, during a meeting between the Arab League and US diplomats.
The move was intended to help Israel and the Palestinians resume peace talks. But it also means that any attempt to bring the case of Yasser Arafat’s poisoning to the Hague remains possible only in the distant future.
'A heavy day'
The documentary also features exclusive footage of the night of the exhumation and testimony from the only man allowed to touch Yasser Arafat’s body during the procedure.
Dr Saber Al Aloul, a Palestinian pathologist, extracted 60 samples from the Palestinian’s leader’s remains. “It was a very difficult and heavy day for all of us,” he said.
“The moment I touched the body of Yasser Arafat, I remembered his forehead. I was at medical school when I met him for the first time. I kissed him on his forehead.”
The pathologist, whose training was funded in part by the Arafat’s Palestinian Liberation Organisation (PLO), talks of his pride in being able “to deliver the truth to him, our leader, symbol and father, and also to the Palestinian people and to the world.”
“I felt honoured to be involved in this process,” he told Al Jazeera.

Russian results questions
The documentary also reveals the results of a Russian scientific study, performed in parallel to the Swiss research, which yielded inconclusive results.
In the film, a source tells Al Jazeera the scientists in Moscow received specific instructions from the Russian Foreign Ministry on how to carry out the study.
“It seemed suspicious to them that they were being asked to fill out a specific table and answer specific questions from the Foreign Ministry. Namely, to conduct an inferior study,” the source said.
Professor David Barclay, a leading forensic scientist, said the Russian results were “meaningless”. The Russians measured just four of 20 samples received, two from the skull and two from “extremity bones”.
Professor Barclay described the choice of samples for testing as “very odd” and says, “the levels they've got appear to be 10 or 20 times less than you'd expect just from anybody else in the world.”
Viewing this video from your mobile? Click here (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qr2DULWPzAs)

http://www.aljazeera.com/investigations/killing-arafat/killing-arafat-full-story-2013116125955541864.html

Peter Lemkin
11-12-2013, 06:06 AM
My, what a tangled web has been woven. Russia, which produces 97% of the World's Po-210 and has used it at least once before to murder someone they wanted 'gone', purposely flubbed their exam of the autopsy materials given them! They tested only a small % of them [on orders from someone 'high up'] and found an unbelievable LESS Po-210 than is considered 'background'. Simply an impossible finding - and IMO making Russia look like a candidate as guilty party or co-conspirator. Israel is the 'natural' to look to for culpability for many reasons...and they are wheeling out the disinformation machinery about Arafat, in general - making them look more suspicious, as well. Then there were/are those in the PA who were always in opposition to an exhumation and testing [why?!]; now they are opposed to any commission of inquiry as to who did it [why?!] - and they look like they might have something to hide. There could be others too. The French are a little suspect of a cover-up as they threw away many materials and records of the doctors who treated him at the time of his illness and death [why?!] - a very strange, even suspect thing, in the case of a head of state dying so strangely. Untangling this one and finding the real culprits will take a Sherlock Holmes. Everyone looks guilty to some extent. As Magda said, poor Palestinians, they seem to have no friends and are just being played for pawns in a larger game on the Grand Chessboard........

Po-210 is a really frightening poison - for EVEN IF one knows that they have been poisoned with it, there is NO KNOWN antidote or cure - no way to remove it from the body [and it only takes about the amount the size of a period done with a ball point pen]. If you have it in you - you will die painfully and soon. Period.

David Guyatt
11-12-2013, 07:24 AM
Everyone looks guilty to some extent.

Perhaps they all are guilty to some extent. Looks to me like a man who's time had come - if this many enemies are lining up to lie about him.

Magda Hassan
11-12-2013, 07:32 AM
I think there is a part 3 coming from Al Jazeera which will take this further.

Plus the journalist behind all story this is ex (sic) State department which may mean nothing or may mean many things.

Well all of those heads of state need to take note how little polonium it takes and how easily concealed it is and have another look at their nearest and dearest. And the waiter. And the hotel cleaner. And the body guard. I could be them too. Just.like.that. It opens the way for it to happen to all if it is done to one. Arafat was not powerful a man after all. Or was he?

Abbas is such a pliant Israeli quisling and he seems fine about the investigation. Clearly the Russians less so and some of the Palestinians are very queasy for various possible reasons. Israel knows everyone will think of them first, but they aren't owning this one while they have others. And it may well be them alone or in partnership. But with whom? The Russians? A Russian? A Russian/Israeli? An Israeli American with Israeli Russian connections? Some one with access to polonium. Suha wants to know what happened to her husband and expose the murderer who ever that is. But she can't be unaware of the politics involved in the cover up.

Magda Hassan
11-12-2013, 07:34 AM
Everyone looks guilty to some extent.

Perhaps they all are guilty to some extent. Looks to me like a man who's time had come - if this many enemies are lining up to lie about him.
Everyone is guilty. They have all shafted the Palestinians for decades. No one has called out the elephant in the room. Looks like Arafat's death has to be covered up to stop noticing that elephant.

Peter Lemkin
11-12-2013, 07:40 AM
I think there is a part 3 coming from Al Jazeera which will take this further.

Plus the journalist behind all story this is ex (sic) State department which may mean nothing or may mean many things.

Well all of those heads of state need to take note how little polonium it takes and how easily concealed it is and have another look at their nearest and dearest. And the waiter. And the hotel cleaner. And the body guard. I could be them too. Just.like.that. It opens the way for it to happen to all if it is done to one. Arafat was not powerful a man after all. Or was he?

Abbas is such a pliant Israeli quisling and he seems fine about the investigation. Clearly the Russians less so and some of the Palestinians are very queasy for various possible reasons. Israel knows everyone will think of them first, but they aren't owning this one while they have others. And it may well be them alone or in partnership. But with whom? The Russians? A Russian? A Russian/Israeli? An Israeli American with Israeli Russian connections? Some one with access to polonium. Suha wants to know what happened to her husband and expose the murderer who ever that is. But she can't be unaware of the politics involved in the cover up.

This would be hard to solve using standard detective/forensic work IF everyone was cooperating. Almost none of the major players are cooperating! Short of someone in the know breaking ranks and whistleblowing, I don't see how anyone will develop leads other than ones [many!] that are highly speculative, and almost impossible to establish. The French as far as any legal process are keeping their silence - one is not even sure if they plan to do anything. I can't imagine Israel was not involved or didn't know. They controlled every person and every item that went in and out from the besieged Arafat Compound, at the end. They must have a very good idea - if not know - but they won't cooperate at all. IMO, at the time of his death, Arafat had lost most of his power and his death changed little vis-a-vis the PA.

Magda Hassan
11-12-2013, 07:51 AM
IMO, at the time of his death, Arafat had lost most of his power and his death changed little vis-a-vis the PA.
Yes, he was on the nose with most of the Arab leaders. Not one lifted finger to help him in the siege. Now they would rather spend all their money and energy killing other Arabs like Assad and Qaddafi instead of go 'boo' to Israel.

Magda Hassan
11-12-2013, 08:15 AM
Clashes in Jerusalem as Israeli forces shut down Arafat event

Published yesterday (updated) 12/11/2013 09:50



JERUSALEM (Ma’an) -- Israeli forces and intelligence officers stormed a sports club in the Silwan neighborhood of Jerusalem and dispersed Palestinians who were commemorating the ninth anniversary of late president Yasser Arafat's death.

Witnesses told Ma’an that large numbers of Israeli officers stormed the club and forced commemorators to leave immediately. The forces presented an order signed by the Israeli minister of interior banning the commemoration.

“After I was notified that on Nov. 11, 2013, the Palestinian Authority was sponsoring a celebration at Silwan club commemorating Yasser Arafat’s anniversary, without a license or a written permission, I hereby ban the activity in the club or any other location in Jerusalem,” the order read.

Fatah's secretary-general in Jerusalem Omar Shalabi denounced the ban and highlighted that Israeli soldiers handed summons to Maamoon Abbasi, Anas Abbasi, Muhammad Abu Swayy and Ghadyan Qemary.

Clashes broke near the club between Israeli forces and young Palestinian men. The Israelis fired stun grenades at the commemorators and as a result a motorcyclist, who was driving nearby, was injured by shrapnel.

Israel police spokesman Micky Rosenfeld told Ma'an that police officers responding to a "banned event" in Silwan came under attack from Palestinian rock-throwers.

He said Israeli forces responded using stun grenades but denied anyone was injured.

Jerusalem activists launched balloons shaped as Palestinian flags as well as photos of Arafat.
http://www.maannews.net/eng/ViewDetails.aspx?ID=646413

Magda Hassan
11-12-2013, 09:10 AM
Ask yourself what the US or international reaction would be to a Palestinian being definitively linked to the murder of an Israeli PM?

Albert Doyle
11-14-2013, 11:51 PM
Obviously connected to the War On Terror Regime Change campaign being conducted in the Middle East since Bush's reign of terror.

Albert Doyle
08-06-2014, 07:47 PM
Litvinenko and Arafat prove Polonium is an excellent covert assassination method since you can prove it and it makes no difference.


Arafat's intel murder slips quietly into the murky pool of the memory hole...

Peter Lemkin
08-07-2014, 01:45 AM
Don't forget that the 'machine' which does the assassinations in the USA came up with a Palestinian mind controlled patsy [Sirhan Sirhan], thinking that would 'fly'......