View Full Version : Asclepius, the Wounded Healer

David Guyatt
07-03-2013, 07:25 PM
The power of dreams:

[quote]THE WOUNDED HEALER, PART 1http://www.awakeninthedream.com/wordpress/wp-content/plugins/add-to-any/share_save_171_16.png (http://www.addtoany.com/share_save#url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.awakeninthedream.c om%2Fwordpress%2Fthe-wounded-healer-part-1%2F&title=THE%20WOUNDED%20HEALER%2C%20PART%201&description=)

One of the deeper, underlying archetypal patterns which is being constellated in the human psyche that is playing itself out collectively on the world stage is the archetype of the “wounded healer.” To quote Kerenyi, a colleague of Jung who elucidated this archetype, the wounded healer refers psychologically to the capacity “to be at home in the darkness of suffering and there to find germs of light and recovery with which, as though by enchantment, to bring forth Asclepius, the sunlike healer.” The archetype of the wounded healer reveals to us that it is only by being willing to face, consciously experience and go through our wound do we receive its blessing. To go through our wound is to embrace, assent, and say “yes” to the mysteriously painful new place in ourselves where the wound is leading us. Going through our wound, we can allow ourselves to be re-created by the wound. Our wound is not a static entity, but rather a continually unfolding dynamic process that manifests, reveals and incarnates itself through us, which is to say that our wound is teaching us something about ourselves. Going through our wound means realizing we will never again be the same when we get to the other side of this initiatory process. Going through our wound is a genuine death experience, as our old self “dies” in the process, while a new, more expansive and empowered part of ourselves is potentially born.
Going through and embracing our wound as a part of ourselves is radically different than circumnavigating and going around (avoiding), or getting stuck in and endlessly, obsessively recreating (being taken over by) our wound. The event of our wounding is simultaneously catalyzing a deeper (potential) healing process which requires our active engagement, thus “wedding” us to a deeper level of our being. Jung’s closest colleague, Marie Louise Von Franz, said “the wounded healer IS the archetype of the Self [our wholeness, the God within]Öand is at the bottom of all genuine healing procedures.”
An encounter with something greater than our limited ego, what Jung calls the Self, is always a wounding experience for the ego. This is symbolically represented when the mythic Jacob, after making it to daybreak in his fight with the angel of God (who was clearly the more powerful of the two), becomes wounded on the hip by the angel’s touch. The event of our wounding is initiatory, as our wounding originated in and potentially introduces us to “something greater than ourselves.” At the same time that something greater than ourselves wounds us, something greater than ourselves enters us as a result of our wounding, setting in motion a deeper dynamic of psychic re-organization and potential transformation. In the myth, the angel then changes Jacob’s name to “Israel,” “he who has wrestled with God,” which symbolizes that Jacob’s identity has been changed in the process of his encounter with the numinosum. Our wounding is a “numinous” event, in that its source is transpersonal and archetypal, which is to say that our wound is the very way by which the divine is making contact with us. The origin of both our wounding AND the healing that precipitates out of our wound comes from beyond ourselves, as it is beyond our own personal contrivance. Our wounding activates a deeper, transpersonal process of potential healing and illumination that we could not have initiated by ourselves.
It should be noted that Jacob was wrestling with the angel in the first place because he would have been killed otherwise. The more powerful archetypal forces that wound us and become activated in us through our wounding literally challenge us to the core of our being to connect with, become intimately acquainted with, and step into more empowered aspects of ourselves, or else. Talking about his own personal experience of living out this deeper, archetypal pattern, Jung said “I would wrestle with the dark angel until he dislocated my hip. For he is also the light and the blue sky which he withholds from me.” The dark angel who wounds us is at the same time the Luciferian agent who is the bringer of the light. There is a secret tie between the powers that wound us by seemingly obstructing our true nature and the very true nature that they appear to be obstructing.
Through our wound we become introduced to the realization that we are participating and playing a role in what Jung calls “a divine drama of incarnation,” in which we step out of identifying ourselves in a personal way that is separate from others, and we step into, as if stepping into new clothes that are custom tailored just for us, a “novel” role which requires a more all-embracing and expansive identity. We realize we are all sharing in and playing roles for each other in a deeper, mythic, archetypal process that is revealing itself to us as it acts itself out through us. We find ourselves instruments being moved by a greater, invisible hand, as if something vast, with more volume than our previously imagined selves is incarnating through us. To recognize this is to have a more open-ended and expansive sense of who we think we are, and who we imagine others are in relation to us. The wound is not only a personal experience, but rather, it is a doorway, a hyper-dimensional portal into the transpersonal/archetypal realm, which is a higher order (in terms of freedom) of our being.
The wounded healer only becomes able to heal and help others (which is to simultaneously be healing and helping him/herself again and again in the form of seeming “others”), when instead of being resentful, bitter and feeling victimized by their wound, he or she recognizes their wound as a numinous event, an archetypal moment that seeks to make them participants in a divine, eternal happening.
OUR WOUND IS THE WOUNDJust like a dream, the situation in our outer world is reflecting back to us what is happening deep inside of us. There is a nonlocal correlation between the violence that we see playing out in the outside world and the wound that we feel inside of ourselves. This is a holographic universe in the sense that, just like a hologram, every minute part of the universe – such as ourselves – contains, reflects and expresses the whole. The microcosm and the macrocosm are mirrored reflections of each other, as if they are different dimensional, fractal-like iterations of the same underlying dynamic. What we are suffering from individually within ourselves is the doorway through which we can more deeply relate to and become engaged with the suffering in the outer world in a way that helps alleviate both the suffering in the outer world as well as within ourselves.
There is a transformative and healing effect when we recognize how our individual suffering is a personalized reflection or instantiation of the collective suffering that pervades the entire field of consciousness. Our personal wound is, in condensed and crystallized form, the footprint and signature of the collective wound in which we all share and participate. It is liberating and healing to step out of pathologizing ourselves and re-contextualize our personal conflicts, problems and wounds as part of a wider transpersonal pattern enfolded throughout the global field of human experience. The outer, personalized guise of our wound is the particularized form in which the underlying, eternal mythological motif incarnates itself in linear time and makes itself felt in our personal life. We are like psychic organs who individually “process” the unresolved, unconscious shadow and wound in the collective field. We are each simultaneously reflecting, creating and affected by what is happening in the very universe in which we are embedded and of which we are an expression.
It is important to note that this is not a linear, one-way process, but is circular and reciprocally co-arising. The unconscious in the greater body politic of the seemingly outer world affects us, stimulating a resonant unconscious energy within ourselves, while at the same time, our unconscious is contributing to and being nonlocally expressed by events in the seemingly outer world in a mutually reinforcing feedback loop. The point is that we begin to see the true nature of the situation we are in when we recognize that, just like a dream, there is a synchronistic co-respondence and fundamental inseparability between what is going on within our psyche and what is happening in the seemingly outer world, as if they are mirrored reflex-ions of each other. This recognition of what has always been the case is itself the very expansion of consciousness which is required – make that demanded – for us to be effective transformative, bodhisattvic agents of positive change in our world.
To realize that each one of us is uncannily embodying and acting out in our personal process (with all of our problems, symptoms, relationship conflicts, traumas, etc) what is at the same time playing out in the outside world is to step out of identifying ourselves as isolated, discrete entities who are separate from the universe. Contrary to being “alien” to this universe, we find ourselves intimate expressions of it. It should be noted, however, that the way to this realization is not through by-passing the personal dimension of our experience and artificially identifying with the mythic/archetypal level in a contrived and fabricated way, but rather by entering the mythic/archetypal dimension by fully incarnating, in a full-bodied way, our personal process in our life. The deeper, mythic/archetypal dimension “clothes” itself in our personal process, which is to say that our personal process is the doorway which introduces us to the deeper archetypal dimension of our being.
In this expansion of consciousness, we step out of interpreting our experience personally and reductively, based solely on cause and effect and the past, and step into experiencing the myth-like, time-less dimension of our situation. Interpreting our experience through a personal and reductive lens is an expression of a naÔve, un-initiated, and ego-centered consciousness that knows no psychic center other than its own. Being linear and time-bound, it is a limited viewpoint that can only lead to depression, despair, resignation, disillusionment and meaningless and hopeless suffering, as our soul feels seemingly destroyed in the process.
When we expand our consciousness and interpret our experience transpersonally however, we step out of linear time into synchronic time, a dimension of our being in which the past, our wound, the world and ourselves do not literally, concretely, and objectively exist in and over time in the way we had previously imagined. Realizing the impermanence and fluidity of our situation, we do not have to make our wound “real” and grant it an unwarranted solidity or invest it with an apparently substantial, independent existence. We can awaken to the fact that the situation we find ourselves in is malleable, is fundamentally characterized by open-ended potentiality, and is infinitely and effortlessly creative if we simply allow it to be.
Talking about this moment of recognizing that our wound is THE (archetypal) wound, to quote Jung, is to see that our “suffering is archetypal and collective, it can be taken as a sign that [we are] no longer suffering from [ourselves], but rather from the spirit of the age.” Jung continues that we are suffering from an “impersonal cause, from [our] collective unconscious which [we have] in common with all ” [words in brackets have been changed from singular, masculine to gender neutral]. If we are able to channel and creatively express the spirit of the age from which we are suffering with consciousness, however, we become the “medium” through which the spirit of the age reveals itself to us so as to potentially transform itself, the world around us, as well as ourselves.
As wounded healers, we become transformed when we recognize that our wound is completely personal and uniquely our own, while simultaneously being a universal, impersonal process in which everyone is participating. It is this shared felt sense that deeply connects us with each other. This is the paradox: An experience of our wholeness, what Jung calls the Self, is both personal and archetypal/transpersonal (beyond the personal) at the same time. To experience this contradiction consciously IS itself the expansion of consciousness which initiates a transformation in ourselves, and by extension, the world around us. This is to paradoxically step into being a genuinely autonomous, independent being while at the same time realizing our interconnectedness, interdependence, unity and ultimate inseparability from the world and each other. The energetic expression of this realization is compassion.
The fact that what is playing out in the world theater is not separate from, but is intimately correlated to, and an expression of what is happening inside of ourselves, is significant in that it is revealing to us that a way of gaining more traction in effectively dealing with the pervasive destructiveness that is happening in the outside world is by becoming intimately acquainted with what it constellates inside of us. The unconscious, mad, violent, destructive, evil, wounded and wounding energies in the outer world nonlocally reflect and activate, trigger and express themselves in similar, resonant processes within ourselves. The dynamic unfolding in the outer world “translates” itself through the organ of our psyche, thereby giving shape and form to our subjective experience of our wound, our world and ourselves.
Our wound introduces and connects us with the transpersonal dimension of our being, whose realization, amazingly enough, initiates the transformation and potential healing of our wound. Simultaneously containing both the pathology and its own medicine, our wound is a higher-dimensional event which has manifested in the flat-land of our third dimensional life. Symbolically encoded in the wound, uniquely tailored to our exact sensibility and aesthetic, is both the seeming “problem” and its own re-solution co-joined in a state of open-ended and boundless, indwelling potentiality.
Our wound is a genuine quantum phenomenon: Will it destroy us or wake us up? Is it a wave or a particle? Answer: it depends upon how we dream it. Our wound is not separate from the psyche that is experiencing it. This means that the way we interpret our wound, the meaning we place on it, and the story we tell ourselves about it, and thereby ourselves, has an actual effect on how our wound, ourselves, and by extension the world manifests in this very moment.
[h=3]OUR WOUND IS INITIATORYThrough our wound we become introduced to the part of ourselves that is not wounded, just like we would never notice the mirror if it were not for its reflections. The reflections are indistinguishable from the mirror while simultaneously “not” being the mirror. Paradoxically, the reflections in the mirror reveal what is not a reflection. Similarly, our wound reveals to us the part of ourselves that is free of our wound. The reflections in the mirror help us recognize the underlying mirror which embraces, contains, and is fundamentally unaffected by whatever it reflects. Our wound doesn’t affect our mirror-like nature, just like a mirage of water in the desert doesn’t make the grains of sand wet. We won’t notice the underlying mirror, however, if we become entranced by, fixated on, absorbed into and identified with the reflections.
The reflections in the mirror are the inseparable, indivisible, unmediated expression of the mirror, as we never have reflections without a mirror, or a mirror without reflections. Similarly, the wound is, in disguised form, a manifestation of the part of us that is not wounded.
Until we became wounded, however, we were unaware of the part of ourselves that is invulnerable to being wounded, as we were unconsciously identical with this part of ourselves, which is to say we were not relating to it as an object of our knowledge, i.e., it wasn’t conscious. From the dreaming point of view – where the inner process of the dreamer plays itself out in the seemingly outer theater of the dream so as to become conscious of itself – the deeper part of ourselves dreamed up our wound so as to make us conscious of the part of ourselves that is transcendent to the wound – i.e., “healed.” The wound itself is the very instrument through which our intrinsic wholeness prior to our wounding becomes consciously realized in time – the present moment – the only “place” where our wholeness can be realized.
To realize this is to have an expansion of consciousness, in which the opposites such as being wounded and not being wounded lose their previous sense of distinctive meaning relative to each other. Of course, on the relative level of reality, being wounded is different than not being wounded. To expand our consciousness, however, is to be introduced to the absolute level of reality, a state which simultaneously includes the relative, and yet embraces and transcends it in a higher synthesis. It is only our conceptual mind which “thinks” of the opposites as being separate. To recognize the relativity, and hence, identity of the opposites is to realize what Jung calls the “Self” (which he described as a union of opposites). One of the deeper meanings of the Buddhist word “nirvana” is to be free from the opposites. In alchemy, the philosophers stone is found and the “gold” (which is none other than an expansion of consciousness) is made when the “greater conjunctio” is accomplished, which is when the opposites are united.
To recognize the union of opposites is to connect with and remember our intrinsic wholeness, which is the ultimate healing, as we become “one piece” with ourselves (and can create “one peace” with one another). This is, “as though by enchantment, to bring forth Asclepius, the sunlike healer,” who symbolizes the healing power and hidden theophany latent in the wound that is invoked by the light of consciousness. When enough of us recognize the healing that our wound is revealing to us, the healing aspect of our wound becomes constellated collectively, writ large on the world stage.
As a wounded healer, we are continually deepening the healing of the disassociation in our world. Healing our internal disassociation from ourselves nonlocally impacts and is correspondingly reflected back by the seemingly outer world, as we re-associate with each other (the powers-that-be’s worst nightmare), remembering who we are with regards to both ourselves and one another. We can co-operatively help each other to step out of a hierarchical universe based on fear, power and separation, and step into our deeper, co-equal identities as wounded healers and spiritual friends who ultimately depend, can count upon, and care about one another. We are interdependent parts of a greater, all-embracing whole and holy being. Realizing our interconnectedness, we can collaboratively put our lucidity together, becoming empowered agents of healing in the world.
It could not be more crystal clear that it is only through an expansion of consciousness that we will be able to transform our world crisis. Maybe all that is needed in this moment is for any one of us to wake up, as all the great enlightened teachers throughout the ages have said that when any one person wakes up and realizes the union of the opposites within their own selves, the entire universe wakes up with them.
From this deeper, more expansive point of view, our wound, instead of obstructing our wholeness, is actually an expression of it, as without our wound we wouldn’t have been introduced to the part of us that is free, healed, whole, liberated and awake. Our true nature can never be obscured, just as the clouds in the sky seemingly obscure the sun, but from the sun’s point of view, it is always radiantly shining, even on the cloudiest of days.[quote]

Part 2 (http://www.awakeninthedream.com/wordpress/the-wounded-healer-part-2/)

The Practice of Dream Healinghttp://www.jungatlanta.com/articles/spring02-dream-healing.pdf

David Guyatt
07-04-2013, 09:04 AM

the transformative power of dreams (http://psychcentral.com/lib/2009/the-transformative-power-of-dreams/)by gary seeman, ph.d

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given the power of dreams to reveal ourselves to ourselves, why do relatively few take advantage of this opportunity? Early societies had symbolic and mystical explanations for every life experience, including dreams. In a postmodern, global culture, many of us have not been taught a way to understand dreams.
understanding the language of dreamsyour dreams deliver a rich soup of information every day. How can you remember them?
how to remember your dreams

ask yourself to dream about something you want help with before going to sleep (http://psychcentral.com/disorders/sleep/).
record dreams before they fade using a notepad or tape recorder.
take what you get, even a dream fragment.
don’t overdo alcohol or other sedatives before bedtime—they can disrupt sleep and make it harder to remember dreams.
get enough sleep to help you better recall your dreams.
be patient. You may not remember your dreams right away.
don’t lose a lot of sleep trying to remember every dream.
types of dreamsthere are very different types of dreams. Mostly, we experience dreams as a composite of familiar experiences. Those experiences may flow into each other more suddenly or abruptly than in waking life. These ordinary dreams usually do contain significant meaning worth exploring.
Other kinds of dreams may shake you up or even challenge your model of reality. The most commonly recognized categories of dreams are as follows (a single dream may fit more than one of these categories):

lucid dreams and out-of-body experiences
“big” dreams

guiding dreams can outline the core issue a person is struggling with and provide extensive guidance on how to proceed with treatment. Other guiding dreams may offer meaningful perspectives from an inner healer or teacher.
repetitive dreams suggest that the unrealized dream material has not been understood or the dreamer can’t or won’t respond to it.
archetypal dreams contain universal forms (archetypes). For example, an image of a golden sphere can represent wholeness and completion of long internal work.
nightmares are sufficiently frightening that they awaken the dreamer to a situation unaddressed in conscious life. The dreamer usually recalls nightmare (http://psychcentral.com/disorders/sx48.htm) contents. This is different from “sleep terrors” where someone may awaken in a terrified state but be unable to record the dream contents. The difference may be physiological, since sleep terrors are produced during a deeper state of sleep.
in a lucid dream, the dreamer is aware of dreaming and is able to make conscious choices within the dream. Lucid dreams may correspond with a heightened ability to maintain consciousness in relaxed states, something found in people who advance in meditation practice or consciously pursue dreamwork.in addition to being awake within a lucid dream, some people report an experience of leaving their bodies during the dream state. Dr. Stephen laberge favors the view that these out-of-body experiences (obes) are a product of the imagination. He has conducted research that supports his belief. Dr. Charles tart is another respected researcher whose experiments support his belief that people can partially separate from their physical bodies and even report objective perceptions obtained during obes.
paranormal dreams are those said to contain information one might not otherwise know through the physical senses. (you don’t need to believe in psychic abilities to benefit from the imagery produced by the sleeping mind.) it’s not unusual, for instance, for people to dream that someone has died and find out that later that this was true, even though it was unexpected and they hadn’t been told. Such dreams may be more common with highly-charged emotional events.
“big” dreams contain visions or information beyond one’s daily, personal concerns. These are relatively rare and may be more common to people of intellectual, visionary or spiritual stature. An example of such a dream is that of c. G. Jung before one of the great world wars of the 20th century, in which he saw europe floating in an ocean of blood.
working with dreams in therapy
it was nothing, really. Just people and things i see every day. — a frequent client statement.
at the start of therapy, i encourage clients to bring any dream material they remember. Discussion of dream contents stimulates the imaginations of therapist and client and evokes creative thinking about healing.
People often report unpleasant dreams early in therapy, which can discourage them from wanting to do dreamwork. They may have had similar or repetitive unpleasant dreams for years. Jung discovered that as people go progressively deeper in exploring unconscious contents, the layer they encounter on the surface is shadow material—those aspects of themselves they reject or ignore. For instance, a dreamer may be chased by a gang of threatening people in a dark street. When faced, the gang members may represent insights or attitudes that have been pressing for consciousness but have been resisted by the dreamer. Pushing such contents below awareness tends to add to their power and threatening nature.
You’ve probably seen books about dream interpretation or symbolism. These can be helpful, but if followed rigidly can miss the point entirely. For example, saying that a body of water in a dream represents the unconscious will be off base if you miss the dreamer’s personal memories of a lake where she spent her teenage summers. Associations to that lake are more likely to be meaningful than the “cookbook” interpretation alone.
Dream details lead to associations that may bring emotions to the surface or stimulate important memories. If you see a familiar person in your dream, i may ask you about him. Is he someone you once knew? A current friend? What do you think of him? Are there things about him you find admirable, peculiar or irritating? You may dream about people you know because they portray an attitude you’re bringing to your current life situation. In this sense, that person in your dream is a part of you being presented in dream language.
The skilled interpretation of dreams can assist therapeutic work by delving into the multiple layers of meaning found in a dream. Although some of that meaning may be inaccessible to conscious realization at this time, the meanings on the surface may be apparent enough to promote growth.
dream interpretationthe layers of meaning in dreams offer a sense of the richness of dream experience for self-realization. These layers begin on the surface with material that is closest to consciousness. Emotions or thoughts that haven’t been given enough attention may be at this near-surface level. Even at this level, dreams offer us a chance to change a one-sided attitude.
At this layer one may already see transference material. Transference is the dreamer’s attachment to the therapist and reflects both healthy and distorted attachments to other important figures who influenced formation of the dreamer’s psychological self. When a therapist interprets transference material with tact and sensitivity, this can help the dreamer realize attachment conflicts in the here-and-now of the therapy experience and promote healing.
A phenomenon that is close to the surface and connected with a layer below it is what freud described as wish fulfillment. Here, a person may dream of loving interaction with an estranged spouse, for instance.
The next deepest layer reveals aspects of the dreamer’s personal unconscious. There are many technical terms to describe functioning at this layer. For simplicity’s sake, consider interactions between your urges and your conscience. Or consider the difficulty of making an important decision about a relationship, where you’re torn between two alternatives. Touching upon such situations may bring forgotten memories to the surface and offer opportunities for healing.
Consider a boy, for instance, who had a harsh, authoritarian father. The boy vowed never to be like his father, deciding instead to be the model of calm fairness when differing with others. In situations that closely resemble the drama with his father, the father complex is unconsciously triggered into action. Thus, confrontation with a submissive and ineffectual employee or a harsh, authoritarian boss can induce the boy, now man, to replay conflicts of dominance or submission. Each pole represents an extreme, and one identifies with either pole when the trigger is activated. When activation is intense, it is linked to age-old instincts.
The connection between complexes and archetypes is one way that the personal unconscious links to the objective psyche. The objective psyche where archetypes reside is more than a mere repository of ancient stories, or myths. Many believe that it is a larger, living intelligence. Others find such evidence in transpersonal experiences, such as paranormal perceptions or visions during dreams, and in synchronicities, paranormal perceptions, and visions while awake.
Many in western technological culture reject the possibility of paranormal or psychic perception because accepting such a possibility seems to contradict scientific models of cause and effect. However, scientific theories, such as that of quantum physics, do allow for interactions of objects at a distance and independent of time. There is an extensive body of research that demonstrates with substantial statistical significance that paranormal abilities are real (see radin, 1997).
Jung wrote of a female client who dreamed she was given a golden scarab. As she was telling him this dream, a beetle closely resembling a golden scarab knocked at the window. Jung opened the window, caught the beetle and presented it to the client. This meaningful coincidence shook up her rigid reality construct and helped start her healing process. He writes that the dream also had archetypal roots directly related to the synchronicity:

any essential change of attitude signifies a psychic renewal which is usually accompanied by symbols of rebirth in the patient’s dreams and fantasies. The ancient egyptian book of what is in the netherworld describes how the dead sun-god changes himself at the tenth station into khepri, the scarab, and then, at the twelfth station, mounts the barge which carries the rejuvenated sun-god into the morning sky.

jung, c. G. (1954). The practical use of dream analysis. In r. F. C. Hull (trans.), the practice of psychotherapy (http://psychcentral.com/psychotherapy/): Essays on the psychology of the transference and other subjects (2nd ed., paragraph 343). Princeton, nj: Princeton university press.
freud, s. (1950). the interpretation of dreams. a. A. Brill, trans. New york: Random house. (original work published 1900)
this helpful tip comes from the website of the lucidity institute (http://www.lucidity.com/), which is a treasure trove of information about dreams and lucid dreams. Their extensive article on how to remember your dreams can be found at this link (http://www.lucidity.com/nl11.dreamrecall.html).
knowledgeable readers may have seen other dream categories or definitions of types of dreams. My purpose in this article is to give a brief and readable overview. I invite you to e-mail me (drgary@drgaryseeman.com)with any comments or suggestions of additional material for this introduction to dreamwork. You don’t have to believe in paranormal or psi abilities to benefit from dreamwork.
jung, c. G. dream analysis: Notes of the seminar given in 1928 – 1930 by c. G. Jung. (w. Mcguire, ed., p. 205). Princeton, nj: Princeton university press.
this differentiation is cited athttp://www.emedicinehealth.com/articles/42677-1.asp(retrieved february 13, 2005) where sleep terrors are said to occur during nrem (nonrapid eye movement) sleep and nightmares occur during rem sleep.
from proceedings of the society for psychical research, vol. 26, 1913. Cited at http://lucidity.com/vaneeden.html, retrieved january 29, 2005.
for benefits of lucid dreaming, see the lucidity institute’s faq page (http://www.lucidity.com/luciddreamingfaq2.html).
dr. Laberge has written online about obes as an imagined perception. Dr. Tart has posted online about his view and experiments about obes, which were previously found athttp://www.paradigm-sys.com/display/ctt_articles1.cfm. As of august 15, 2005, that website address is no longer functioning.
hall, james a. (1983). jungian dream interpretation: A handbook of theory and practice. toronto, canada: Inner city books.
jung, c. G. (1960). A review of the complex theory. In r. F. C. Hull (trans.), the structure and dynamics of the psyche (pp. 92-104). New york: Pantheon books. (original work published 1948)
jung, c. G. (1960). Synchronicity: An acausal connecting principle. In r. F. C. Hull (trans.), the structure and dynamics of the psyche (pp. 417-531). New york: Pantheon books. (original work published 1952). Paragraphs 843 and 845.

David Guyatt
07-04-2013, 09:15 AM
Techniques of Dream Incubation. (http://www.henryreed.com/incubation.pdf)