View Full Version : Brazil’s Ex-President Kubitschek Killed by US-Backed Regime

Magda Hassan
12-13-2013, 11:47 PM
Speaking of Brazil and terminator seeds...
Political Assassination: Brazil’s Ex-President Kubitschek Killed by US-Backed Regime By Bill Van Auken (http://www.globalresearch.ca/author/bill-van-auken)
Global Research, December 13, 2013
World Socialist Web Site (http://www.wsws.org)

A commission investigating the August 1976 death of Juscelino Kubitschek has concluded that the ex-Brazilian president (1956-1961) was the victim of a plot hatched by the US-backed military dictatorship.
In a report made public on Tuesday, the Sao Paulo truth commission presented extensive evidence that Kubitschek was the victim of a political assassination that was covered up and made to look like an automobile accident.
“We have no doubt that Juscelino Kubitschek was victim of a conspiracy and a political crime,” Gilberto Natalin, a Sao Paulo city councilman and president of the commission, told the Brazilian media.
Kubitschek, who was credited the transfer of the country’s capital from Rio de Janeiro to the futuristic Brasilia in the country’s central-west highlands, was apparently targeted by the US-backed dictatorship for fear that he would challenge its rule following his return from exile. The 73-year-old ex-president’s death immediately followed the restoration of his political rights, making him eligible to run for office in the indirect elections staged under the military regime.
The new revelations have contributed to growing demands in Brazil for the abrogation of the amnesty law that was imposed in 1979, in the waning days of the junta. The statute, which has been kept in place by successive governments, including those of the Workers Party (PT), allowed the return of political exiles, while granting absolute impunity to members of the security forces involved in extra-judicial executions, disappearances and torture during the two decades of military dictatorship.
While the present government of President Dilma Rousseff set up a national truth commission—to which the Sao Paulo report on Kubitschek will be submitted—it has made no move to charge anyone for the crimes of the dictatorship.
The probe into Kubitschek’s death has proceeded parallel to another investigation into the demise—less than four months later—of Joao Goulart, the Brazilian president overthrown by the military in 1964, after he had proposed nationalization of oil infrastructure along with other economic reforms and resumed diplomatic relations with Cuba and Soviet bloc countries.
The CIA laid the groundwork for the coup, carrying out psychological warfare operations against the Goulart government and funneling money into right-wing groups and anti-communist unions through such fronts as the Agency for International Development and the AFL-CIO-affiliated American Institute for Free Labor Development. Then-Colonel Vernon Walters, the US military attaché in Brazil who went on to become deputy CIA chief, oversaw the coup, coordinating operations between Washington and the Brazilian generals.
The December 1976 death of Goulart, in exile in Argentina, was attributed at the time to a heart attack. His family was allowed to bring his body back for burial in Brazil only on the military dictatorship’s condition that no autopsy be performed.
A Uruguayan secret policeman imprisoned for criminal activity in Brazil, Mario Neira Barreiro, came forward in 2006 to testify that he had been part of a plot to introduce poison into the ousted president’s heart medication.
Goulart’s body was exhumed last month and subjected to extensive tests by an international team of forensic pathologists. No conclusive results are expected in the case until next May.
There are also strong suspicions that the sudden death in 1977 of Carlos Lacerda, the former governor of the state of Guanabara, attributed at the time to a health crisis, was a medical assassination. Kubitschek, Goulart and Lacerda at the time were the leaders of the three principal proscribed bourgeois parties in Brazil and had negotiated to form a “Broad Front” to campaign for a return to civilian rule.
Among the 90 items of evidence cited in the truth commission’s report on the death of Kubitschek was testimony by a bus driver, who said that he had been bribed and threatened to say that his vehicle had collided with the ex-president’s car, sending it careening into an oncoming truck. He told the commission that Kubitschek’s vehicle had passed the bus on the right and kept on going into the opposite lanes without ever coming into contact with the bus. This account was substantiated by an examination of the two vehicles as well as testimony by passengers on the bus.
Another witness, a truck driver who had been on the road with Kubitschek’s car, recounted that immediately before the crash he had seen its driver slumped between the steering wheel and the car door, clearly unconscious and no longer in control of the vehicle.
Bullet wounds to the head of Kubitschek’s driver were never recorded in the initial police investigation. In testimony to the commission, however, a criminal pathologist who examined the driver’s body during a 1996 investigation said that there was a hole in the skull consistent with a bullet wound and there were also vestiges of metal. Police in charge of the investigation prohibited the pathologist from taking photos of the skull and issued a report claiming that the metal was from coffin nails.
The commission’s report also links the killing of Kubitschek to that of Orlando Letelier, Chile’s former foreign minister in the government of Salvador Allende before its overthrow in a CIA-orchestrated coup. Letelier was assassinated with a car bomb, which also claimed the life of his American colleague Ronni Karpen Moffitt, as they were riding past Washington, DC’s Embassy Row in September 1976.
Organizing the conspiracy to murder Letelier—as well as the murders of several other prominent opponents of the dictatorship of General Augusto Pinochet—was Michael Townley, a double agent for the CIA and the DINA, the Chilean secret police. While convicted in 1978 of conspiracy to commit murder in relation to Letelier’s killing, Townley was given a suspended sentence for testifying against the anti-Castro Cuban thugs he recruited for the assassination. He was freed under the witness protection program.
The Brazilian panel’s report cites a 1975 letter from the then-chief of the Chilean secret police, DINA, Col. Manuel Contreras Sepulveda, to his Brazilian counterpart, Gen. Joao Baptista Figuierdo, expressing fear that figures like Kubitschek and Letelier could be politically strengthened given the anticipated election of a Democratic administration in Washington the following year, and this “would seriously influence the stability of the Southern Cone.” Contreras proposed that the Chilean and Brazilian dictatorships coordinate actions against their political opponents.
It is well-established that Letelier’s killing was carried out as part of Operation Condor, in which the dictatorships in Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, Brazil, Bolivia, and Paraguay—Ecuador and Peru would join later—agreed to conduct joint action to hunt down and murder left-wing activists and opponents of military rule throughout Latin America and across the globe.
Between them, these US-backed regimes murdered and “disappeared” tens of thousands of workers, students, peasants and intellectuals and imprisoned and tortured many tens of thousands more.
The US government provided crucial support for Operation Condor, including communications infrastructure based in the Panama Canal Zone, as well as the political backing of US officials, chief among them former Secretary of State Henry Kissinger.
Goulart was reportedly number four on a list of intended victims drawn up for Operation Condor. The ex-president’s assassination was given the codename Operation Scorpion; its logistics were reportedly worked out by the chiefs of Uruguayan military intelligence with, according to a number of accounts, the participation of the then-CIA chief of station in Montevideo, Frederick LaTrash.
Others who played a role in these bloody operations include George H.W. Bush, who was at time director of the Central Intelligence Agency, and Donald Rumsfeld, who was secretary of defense.
Goulart’s son, Joao Vicente, who has led the campaign for an investigation into his father’s death, has demanded that Brazilian prosecutors subpoena former US officials and intelligence agents with knowledge of the operation and demand documents from the US State Department that deal with these crimes.


Peter Lemkin
12-14-2013, 05:15 AM
Add another to the very long list. If anyone would like what I consider the best enumeration of the US-led assassinations and government overthrows, political dirty-tricks and coups etc., I would strongly suggest Bill Blum's great work Killing Hope (http://williamblum.org/books/killing-hope/). Brazil is covered in Chapter 27. Blum had to leave out some 'minor' or 'stay behind' operations....but covers all the major ones! It is a horrible [and ONGOING] history, and one NOT taught in high schools, nor in most any University History course! The Dirty-Deeds of the Empire will not be televised! The Table of Contents is below:

Table of Contents to Killing Hope by William Blum

Introduction (http://williamblum.org/chapters/killing-hope/introduction)
Chapter 1: China - 1945 to 1960s: Was Mao Tse-tung just paranoid?
Chapter 2: Italy - 1947-1948: Free elections, Hollywood style (http://williamblum.org/chapters/killing-hope/italy)
Chapter 3: Greece - 1947 to early 1950s: From cradle of democracy to client state
Chapter 4: The Philippines - 1940s and 1950s: America’s oldest colony
Chapter 5: Korea - 1945-1953: Was it all that it appeared to be?
Chapter 6: Albania - 1949-1953: The proper English spy
Chapter 7: Eastern Europe - 1948-1956: Operation Splinter Factor
Chapter 8: Germany - 1950s: Everything from juvenile delinquency to terrorism
Chapter 9: Iran - 1953: Making it safe for the King of Kings
Chapter 10: Guatemala - 1953-1954: While the world watched
Chapter 11: Costa Rica - Mid-1950s: Trying to topple an ally - Part 1
Chapter 12: Syria - 1956-1957: Purchasing a new government
Chapter 13: Middle East - 1957-1958: The Eisenhower Doctrine claims another backyard for America
Chapter 14: Indonesia - 1957-1958: War and pornography (http://williamblum.org/chapters/killing-hope/indonesia)
Chapter 15: Western Europe - 1950s and 1960s: Fronts within fronts within fronts
Chapter 16: British Guiana - 1953-1964: The CIA’s international labor mafia
Chapter 17: Soviet Union - Late 1940s to 1960s: From spy planes to book publishing
Chapter 18: Italy - 1950s to 1970s: Supporting the Cardinal’s orphans and techno-fascism
Chapter 19: Vietnam - 1950-1973: The Hearts and Minds Circus
Chapter 20: Cambodia - 1955-1973: Prince Sihanouk walks the high-wire of neutralism
Chapter 21: Laos - 1957-1973: L’Armée Clandestine
Chapter 22: Haiti - 1959-1963: The Marines land, again
Chapter 23: Guatemala - 1960: One good coup deserves another
Chapter 24: France/Algeria - 1960s: L’état, c’est la CIA
Chapter 25: Ecuador - 1960-1963: A text book of dirty tricks (http://williamblum.org/chapters/killing-hope/ecuador)
Chapter 26: The Congo - 1960-1964: The assassination of Patrice Lumumba
Chapter 27: Brazil - 1961-1964: Introducing the marvelous new world of death squads
Chapter 28: Peru - 1960-1965: Fort Bragg moves to the jungle
Chapter 29: Dominican Republic - 1960-1966: Saving democracy from communism by getting rid of democracy
Chapter 30: Cuba - 1959 to 1980s: The unforgivable revolution (http://williamblum.org/chapters/killing-hope/cuba)
Chapter 31: Indonesia - 1965: Liquidating President Sukarno ..: and 500,000 others; East Timor - 1975: And 200,000 more
Chapter 32: Ghana - 1966: Kwame Nkrumah steps out of line
Chapter 33: Uruguay - 1964-1970: Torture—as American as apple pie (http://williamblum.org/chapters/killing-hope/uruguay)
Chapter 34: Chile - 1964-1973: A hammer and sickle stamped on your child’s forehead
Chapter 35: Greece - 1964-1974: “Fuck your Parliament and your Constitution,” said the President of the United States
Chapter 36: Bolivia - 1964-1975: Tracking down Che Guevara in the land of coup d’etat
Chapter 37: Guatemala - 1962 to 1980s: A less publicized “final solution” (http://williamblum.org/chapters/killing-hope/guatemala)
Chapter 38: Costa Rica - 1970-1971: Trying to topple an ally—Part 2
Chapter 39: Iraq - 1972-1975: Covert action should not be confused with missionary work
Chapter 40: Australia - 1973-1975: Another free election bites the dust
Chapter 41: Angola - 1975 to 1980s: The Great Powers Poker Game (http://williamblum.org/chapters/killing-hope/angola)
Chapter 42: Zaire - 1975-1978: Mobutu and the CIA, a marriage made in heaven
Chapter 43: Jamaica - 1976-1980: Kissinger’s ultimatum
Chapter 44: Seychelles - 1979-1981: Yet another area of great strategic importance
Chapter 45: Grenada - 1979-1984: Lying—one of the few growth industries in Washington
Chapter 46: Morocco - 1983: A video nasty
Chapter 47: Suriname - 1982-1984: Once again, the Cuban bogeyman
Chapter 48: Libya - 1981-1989: Ronald Reagan meets his match
Chapter 49: Nicaragua - 1981-1990: Destabilization in slow motion
Chapter 50: Panama - 1969-1991: Double-crossing our drug supplier
Chapter 51: Bulgaria 1990/Albania 1991: Teaching communists what democracy is all about (http://williamblum.org/chapters/killing-hope/bulgaria-albania)
Chapter 52: Iraq - 1990-1991: Desert Holocaust (http://williamblum.org/chapters/killing-hope/iraq)
Chapter 53: Afghanistan - 1979-1992: America’s Jihad (http://williamblum.org/chapters/killing-hope/afghanistan)
Chapter 54: El Salvador - 1980-1994: Human rights, Washington style
Chapter 55: Haiti - 1986-1994: Who will rid me of this turbulent priest? (http://williamblum.org/chapters/killing-hope/haiti)
Chapter 56: The American Empire - 1992 to present
Appendix I: This is How the Money Goes Round
Appendix II: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798-1945
Appendix III: U.S. Government Assassination Plots (http://williamblum.org/chapters/killing-hope/us-government-assassination-plots)