• Brazil supports Argentina in dispute over Malvinas


    As solidarity grows among South American nations - Three articles:

    Translations of articles from Clarín of Buenos Aires for January 4 and January 8 and from Folha of São Paulo for January 11.
    Related article from the British Daily Telegraph is here, related article on this site is here, related article from Sartma of the disputed islands is here.][/COLOR][/LEFT]
    Foreign office hardens position on Malvinas
    Says English military maneuvers hinder cooperation

    From Clarín]
    By Natasha Niebieskikwiat

    Every January 3, on the occasion of another anniversary of the British occupation of the Malvinas, which began in 1833, making this anniversary number 178, successive Argentine governments have customarily unleashed, with more or less acrimony, their claim of sovereignty over the islands. In the one unleashed yesterday, the Foreign Office declared that unilateral actions by the United Kingdom regarding natural resources, like the exploitation of petroleum, or military exercises on the archipelago, are an “unbridgeable obstacle” to the continuation and the development of “bilateral cooperation” under the “provisional understandings” signed by London and Buenos Aires, which are currently being completely disregarded.

    The communiqué does not mention the dates of the bilateral agreements but the two capitals signed them in the mid ‘90s, after the restoration of diplomatic relations. So the statement released yesterday by the Foreign Office is relevant in that it substantiates breaches of the past few years that have led to this paralysis in relations with Great Britain over the malvinización of relations.

    Paralysis to the extent that the Argentine embassy in London has had no leadership since August, 2008, and the appointment of José Nun to fill the position was withdrawn by Argentina as a form of protest.
    Under the administrations of Tony Blair and Carlos Menem, treaties on fishing were signed — still in effect but obsolete because Argentina no longer takes part in meetings of the Comisión de Pesca del Atlántico Sur [South Atlantic Fisheries Commission] — and on petroleum. The latter was in fact repealed by the Kirchner administration, which also strengthened control over ships at sea. And concerning the policy on air traffic, a national prohibition against charter flights to the islands is still in effect. In yesterday’s statement the Foreign Office complained about the “reluctance of the United Kingdom to broach the question of sovereignty,” as claimed by Argentina, and recalled the declarations of support for that claim in various regional forums, both multinational and by individual countries.

    The Foreign Office affirmed as well that the British position contradicts Resolution 31/49 of the United Nations General Assembly, which requires both parties to abstain from making decisions that introduce unilateral modifications in the situation as long as the islands are undergoing the process called for in the the pertinent resolutions.

    “Argentina considers incomprehensible the British refusal to take up the fundamental question required for finding a peaceful and definitive solution to the controversy over sovereignty, in accord with the mandate of the international community,” the statement concludes, in the same vein as an interchange that is repeated year after year.
    Brazil excludes British war ship from port of Rio de Janeiro
    [From Clarín]
    By Natasha Niebieskikwiat

    In a gesture clearly in response to Argentine requests, the Brazilian government has prohibited entry into the port of Rio de Janeiro of a British navy ship sailing from the Malvinas. Clarín was able to confirm as much from high diplomatic sources. In Buenos Aires, authorities showed complete satisfaction with the measure but avoided making public statements that might embarrass Brasilia at a time when preparations are underway for a visit by Dilma Rousseff on January 31 for her first meeting as president with Cristina Kirchner.

    This paper has learned that the ship in question is the HMS Clyde, which is engaged in maritime patrols in the area of the archipelago, which is controlled by the British. Although the government of Chile has permitted it to dock on its coast, the Brazilians refused this time when London requested permission to enter Rio…
    When questioned by this newspaper, sources in the British embassy in Argentina indicated that the United Kingdom has no doubts about its sovereignty over the “Falkland Islands” but declared, “The British government respects the right of the Brazilian government to make this decision (the exclusion of the Clyde). The British government maintains a close relation with Brazil and the treaty for cooperation in defense signed in September is a good indication of the strength or those ties.”

    This is the first time that a concrete incident involving Brazil and a ship from the islands has taken place. In Uruguay, British war ships have been banned twice from docking at the port of Montevideo in solidarity with the Argentine claim. And the Spanish fishing industry in 2010 charged that one of its ships with cargo from the Malvinas had to change course to the open sea because it could not dock at the eastern capital [Rio de Janeiro]. Meanwhile, it is well known that the Argentine navy goes to great lengths to enforce presidential decree number 256 of February, 2010, which requires special permission from the government for any ship to operate in the country’s waters, and thus in the Malvinas, as required by the constitution.

    On the other hand, it was learned that in what is considered in the Malvinas a “serious” and “troubling” blow to the economy of the islands, container transport by the South American Atlantic Services LTD (SAAS) from the Malvinas to Rio Grande, in Brazil, its crucial South American link on the way to international markets, will be suspended as of June. Yesterday, one of the directors of the company, Hamish Wylie, denounced to the press of the islands that he was convinced that this was due to pressure on its members to prevent the archipelago’s fishing industry “from being developed in the future”…
    British government says Brazil denied entry of ship
    [From Folha]

    The United Kingdom on Tuesday confirmed that Brazil excluded a ship of the Royal Navy from its territorial waters while it was en route to the Malvinas Islands, a measure that the London press described as “a provocation” for the United Kingdom.

    “We can confirm that the ship had planned a routine stop in the Rio [de Janeiro] port at the beginning of January,” a spokesperson for the British foreign office stated.

    “But Brazil did not give diplomatic authorization,” he stressed, saying as well that the government of his country respects the Brazilian decision since the United Kingdom and Brazil maintain close ties.

    According to the diplomat, the treaty for cooperation in defense between the United Kingdom and Brazil signed in September of last year “is a good example of our solid relations.”

    The British press, however, commented that the Brazilian attitude is “an indication” of the new administration of President Dilma Rousseff, who, according to them, supports Argentina in its [claim of] sovereignty over the Malvinas Islands.

    “Despite continuing tension with Argentina over the Malvinas Islands, the Royal Navy has until now nurtured cordial relations with their Brazilian colleagues,” the English newspaper The Daily Telegraph wrote today…
    In 1982, the two countries waged a war over rule of [the islands] and, although the United Kingdom won, the Argentine government still claims rights over the islands.

    Comments 1 Comment
    1. Magda Hassan's Avatar
      Magda Hassan -
      Interesting. And I wonder how France will stand on this since the plan is for the UK and France to share their big boats for economic reasons and the UK wants to go down there for a show down again with the Argentinians.