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Thread: Edward Duggan’s THE WAR LOBBY: Iraq and the Pursuit of U.S. Primacy [full text online]

  1. Default Edward Duggan’s THE WAR LOBBY: Iraq and the Pursuit of U.S. Primacy [full text online]

    This 162 pg. thesis is among the most valuable of the online dissertations I’ve stumbled across as of late – another very worthwhile book in miniature. It is extremely well researched (the abstract and chapter headings are below), and I learned quite a bit from it. Note to 9/11 researchers: this document fits perfectly with Peter Dale Scott’s analysis of the Neoconservatives and their pursuit of Continuity of Government (COG) across various administrations, particularly with Duggan’s strong emphasis on the roles of Cheney and Rumsfeld. Reading this enabled me to join a few dots and look at some things in a new light.

    The link to the PDF is immediately below.


    …The invasion of Iraq was a part of a larger project by Vice President Dick Cheney and Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld to reestablish the unconstrained use of U.S. military power after the defeat of Vietnam. The study presents the best evidence against the alternative explanations that the invasion of Iraq was the result of an overreaction to 9/11, the threat of Weapons of Mass Destruction, a plan to spread democracy in the Middle East, a desire to protect Israel or a plan to profit from Iraqi oil. The study also challenges the leading explanation among academics that emphasizes the role of the neoconservatives in the decision to invade. These academics argue that neoconservatives, such as Paul Wolfowitz and Richard Perle, successfully persuaded the American President, George W. Bush, and his Vice President, Dick Cheney, of the necessity to eliminate Saddam Hussein by winning an internal policy battle over realists, such as Secretary of State Colin Powell.

    With their narrow focus on neoconservatives and realists, scholars have largely overlooked a third group of hawkish policy makers, the primacists. This latter group, centered on Secretary of Defense Rumsfeld and Vice President Cheney, had a long standing goal of strengthening the U.S. military and presidential powers in order to pursue U.S. primacy. This goal manifests itself in the invasion of Iraq, a country in the heart of the geopolitically important, oil-rich region of the Persian Gulf.

    …It was the primacists, not the neoconservatives, who persuaded the President to go to war with Iraq. Through historical process tracing, especially through a close look at the careers of the major policy actors involved and their public statements as well as declassified documents, I provide strong evidence that these leaders wanted to pursue regime change in Iraq upon taking office. The invasion of Iraq would extend the War on Terror, providing an opportunity to pursue their long-held policy of strengthening the power of the presidency and transforming the military into a high-tech and well-funded force.


    Questions Asked: Why They Arise
    Arguments Advanced: Answers Offered
    Methods: Piecing Together the Discoveries of the Blind Men and the Elephant
    Plan of the Study


    The Blind Men and the Elephant: Understanding All the Parts of the Agenda for U.S. Primacy
    Sending a Signal with Shock and Awe: Iraq as an Effective, Unilateral Demonstration of American Military Force
    The Economic Invasion of Iraq: Shrinking the U.S. Government while Expanding the Role of Private Businesses in Foreign and Domestic Policy
    Contract Nation: Creation of a Private Army in Iraq and on the Home Front
    A Bush Administration of the Corporations, by the Corporations, and for the Corporations
    Presidential Supremacy over Foreign Policy: Using the War to Strengthen Presidential Power
    A New Way of War in Iraq: Transforming the Military into a Well-Funded, High-Tech Force that Can Act with Devastating Force Anywhere on the
    Globe, with Lower Casualties
    A War for Oil: U.S. Regional Hegemony over the Persian Gulf
    Ensuring Access: An Invasion to Protect the Flow of Oil from the Persian Gulf
    Peak Oil: The Fear of a Permanent Decline in World Oil Production
    Oil for Profits: The Greed of the Oil Companies Drives the U.S. to Open Up Access to Iraq
    Smoking Guns and Mushroom Clouds: Selling Saddam as an Imminent Threat
    Bringing Bush Back into the Equation: Frequent Foreign Policy Victories plus the Perception of Threat Ensures Electoral Success
    Conclusion: A Comprehensive Agenda for U.S. Hegemony


    All Volunteer Force: Using the Market to Create a Usable Military
    Ending Vietnam to Make War Safe from Democracy
    Outsourcing Government: Office of Economic Opportunity
    Price Controls: Do No Harm--To the Oil Market
    Rumsfeld as Head of NATO: The Need for Unilateral Action
    The Year of Intelligence: The Need for Presidential Power and Secrecy
    The Vietnam Syndrome: Congressional Constraints on America’s Use of Force
    The Mayaguez Incident: A Presidential Demonstration of American Force
    Cheney and Rumsfeld Seek Presidential Power for Themselves
    The Halloween Day Massacre: Primacists Take Power of the Executive
    Nuclear Shift: Reassessing the Cold War Threat
    More Power to the Leader: Restoring Authority to the Executive Branch
    Cheney Inflates the Threat of the Soviets to Fight the Peace Dividend


    Opening Profile
    9/11: An Opportunity to Invade
    Alternative Hypotheses
    Bush’ s Oedipal Complex
    Revenge on the Man Who Tried to Kill My Daddy
    A Born Again Crusade in the Middle East
    Incompetence Theory
    Regime Building at Home through Force of Arms
    Fighting the Wimp Factor; Lining Up Investors in Oil and Politics
    The Family Business of Oil and Politics
    Learning Attack Politics: The 1988 Presidential Election


    Cheney, Rumsfeld, and Bush: Unilateral Action from the Start
    Shrinking Government, Protecting Oil and Power: Cheney and Bush Push their Agenda
    Rumsfeld Goes to War—Against the Pentagon
    Rumsfeld Tries End Runs around Obstacles
    Help Is on the Way: Cheney and Rumsfeld Try to Start a Cold War with China
    9/11: Opportunity for Permanent War
    Iraq and the Mushroom Cloud: A Well-Practiced Model Inflates the Iraq Threat
    Shock and Awe: Rumsfeld’s Dream of a Demonstration Model Realized
    Shock Therapy: Bremer Imposes a Free Market
    Contracting a Private Army: Rumsfeld Changes the Way America Goes to War
    Bush Goes Soft on Cheney: Bush Fires Rumsfeld in Spite of Cheney’s Opposition
    Thank God for the Decider: Bush Ignores Cheney and Refuses to Bomb Iran, Syria, and Others
    Leaving a Man on the Battlefield: Bush Makes More Decisions


    The Theoretical Implications of My Arguments
    Systemic Level Explanation: The Unconstrained Unipolar Power
    Domestic Level Explanations
    Individual Level Explanations
    My Explanation: The Key Individuals Clear Away the Domestic Constraints
    Mission Accomplished? What Are the Policy Implications of the Invasion of Iraq?
    No More Low Hanging Fruit: A Demonstration of the Democratization of Violence
    Privatizing America’s War-Making and Intelligence
    The Imperial Presidency Confirmed: Barak Obama Fails to Roll Back the Power of the Executive
    A State of Permanently High Military Budgets: The Preservation of the Revolution in Military Affairs
    The Persian Gulf: New Permanent Military Bases
    Threat Inflation: Maintaining the War on Terror
    Electoral Success through War
    Living in Cheney’s World
    Last edited by Anthony Thorne; 11-02-2016 at 03:22 AM.

  2. #2


    I took a quick look at it and it is interesting. I found it odd though that PDS is not listed in the bibliography, though some others familiar with his work were.
    If there is no struggle there is no progress. Power concedes nothing without a demand. It never did and it never will.” - Frederick Douglass
    "Let me issue and control a nation's money and I care not who writes the laws. - Mayer Rothschild
    "Civil disobedience is not our problem. Our problem is civil obedience! People are obedient in the face of poverty, starvation, stupidity, war, and cruelty. Our problem is that grand thieves are running the country. That's our problem!" - Howard Zinn

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