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Thread: Profumo Sex Scandal Link to Astor family?

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    Quote Originally Posted by David Guyatt View Post
    Linda, have you ever come across any notable connections to the British chivalric Order the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem re the Astors/these matters?
    The Astor's are a famous family for their close relationship to the Pilgrim Society (http://www.isgp.eu/organisations/Pilgrims_Society02.htm).
    I don't usually follow organized societies of that sort in my research because they are so secretive. I tend to follow financial ties that can be documented more clearly, and I tend to believe that at the root of all cabals is the desire for financial control and manipulation, even if they do often get off on perverse sexual and occult manipulations.

    I have begun writing about the real story of Colonel House, whose political life began before the death of his father in 1880. House had gone to a couple of backwoods grammar schools in Virginia before transferring to Hopkins Grammar in New Haven, where he hoped to prepare for Yale. He was side-tracked by a blossoming interest in political intrigue when he became friends with a fellow Hopkins "scholar," named Oliver Morton whose father aspired to be U.S. President. As a consequence neither boy made it to Yale, but they both got admitted to Cornell in Ithaca, NY, where Yale Bonesman Andrew Dickson White had been installed as president.
    http://www.cornell.edu/president/history_bio_white.cfm

    The official story is that Col. House--who then was only Eddie or Ed House--got called back to Texas to take care of his father. When his dad died, Eddie did not return to college, but instead soon met his wife in the backwoods of Texas. The story is that he had been needed in Texas to help his brothers organize their vast inheritance; instead, he got married and departed for Europe, where he stayed for at least a year. His first daughter Mona was born in Naples, Italy in 1882.

    So I started thinking that this sneaky little guy must have had other motives and may have used his contacts from college or may have developed other contacts while abroad. What I learned was that he left around the same time that President James A. Garfield was assassinated, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_A...assassination] giving rise to the presidency of Chester Arthur, who wound up replacing every member of Garfield's Cabinet except for Secretary of War Robert Todd Lincoln, Abraham Lincoln's son.

    In 1882, President Chester A. Arthur appointed William Waldorf Astor Minister to Italy, and he lived in Rome until 1885. ("Go and enjoy yourself, my dear boy," the president told Astor.) At this point one can only wonder whether there was a contact made by House while he was in Italy for a year during the same timespan.

    Astor and his family moved to England, a decision that was published throughout all the major newspapers. Although the owner of the Waldorf Hotel built where his home had stood, William Astor visited it only once in his lifetime. In 1897, his cousin, John Jacob Astor IV (1864-1912) built the Astoria Hotel adjoining the Waldorf, and the complex then became known as the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel.

    In 1891 W.W. Astor left his home in NY and moved to England, where he first rented Lansdowne House in London until 1893 when he purchased a country estate at Cliveden-on-Thames in Taplow, Buckinghamshire from Hugh Lupus Grosvenor, 1st Duke of Westminster. In 1899 Astor became a British subject and in 1903 acquired Hever Castle near Edenbridge, Kent about 30 miles south of London. The huge estate, built in 1270 was where Anne Boleyn lived as a child. William Waldorf Astor invested a great deal of time and money to restore the castle, building what is known as the "Tudor Village" and creating a lake and lavish gardens. In 1905 he gave his son William Waldorf Astor II and his new daughter-in-law, the former Nancy Langhorne, the Cliveden estate as a wedding present. In 1911 he purchased the London Sunday Observer. Astor's move to England was influenced by his distrust of the American press. Newspapers famously quoted him as stating "America is not a fit place for a gentleman to live." When he died, his ashes were buried under the marble floor of the chapel at Cliveden. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William...Viscount_Astor

    The heir to Cliveden was William Waldorf II, who grew up in New York City but moved to England when he was 12 and attended Eton College and at New College, Oxford. He later married a divorced woman from Virginia in the U.S. The left-wing journalist Claud Cockburn called the couple and their guests the "Cliveden Set" and claimed they had influence over affairs of state. Waldorf Astor was a friend and supporter of David Lloyd George and during the First World War he served as the Prime Minister's Parliamentary Secretary. From 1919 until 1921 he served in government as Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Health.

    On the death of his father, Waldorf Astor inherited a fortune that included The Observer. In addition, he succeeded as 2nd Viscount Astor and became a member of the House of Lords, and his seat in the House of Commons was forfeited. His wife Nancy became the party's candidate in the subsequent by-election in 1919. It was this period in which Col. House had lost favor with President Wilson, who discovered House was in cahoots with Jan Smuts and others who favored continuation of the British colonial empire which Wilson wished to destroy.

    During the military buildup in Germany in the 1930s, the Astors promoted entente with Germany, seen by some as appeasement of Hitler. Many of their associates felt sympathy for the state of Germany after World War I, feared Communism, and supported the position of the British government. Lord Astor had Anti-Semitic views and in the 1930s he told Thomas Jones that Germany was criticized because, Newspapers are influenced by those firms which advertise so largely in the press and are frequently under Jewish control.[1] However, Lady Astor was critical of the Nazis, mostly on women's rights. Lord Astor's Anti-Semitism was non-violent and he protested to Hitler about treatment of the Jews. In 1940, they urged Neville Chamberlain to resign and supported Churchill as replacement. He also supported war against Germany when it came although both remained uncomfortable with Joseph Stalin as an ally. His son David, who became owner and editor of The Observer in 1948, never forgave Claud Cockburn and his newssheet The Week for attacks on the "Cliveden Set". Although the Astor family donated Cliveden Estate in Buckinghamshire to the National Trust, Lord Astor lived there until his death in 1952 and his wife remained until her death in 1964.

    In fact the dowager was the hostess of parties there at the time of the Profumo scandal in which Stephen Ward was introduced to members of the British government. At that time her husband was dead, and his title had passed to their son, William Waldorf Astor, 3rd Viscount Astor, a British businessman and Conservative Party politician--Bill Astor. He was educated at Eton College and at New College, Oxford. In 1932, he had been appointed to the office of Secretary to the Earl of Lytton, League of Nations Committee of Enquiry in what was then known as Manchuria. That was followed by an appointment as Parliamentary Private Secretary to the First Lord of the Admiralty Samuel Hoare, who was then made Secretary of State for the Home Department in the new cabinet of Neville Chamberlain in 1937.

    In 1952 Astor then took over the family's Cliveden estate in Buckinghamshire, where he and his family continued to live until 1966, when he died at age 58 from a heart attack. During the Profumo Affair Astor was accused of having an affair with Mandy Rice-Davies. In response to being told during one of the trials arising out of the scandal that Astor had denied having an affair with her, Rice-Davies famously replied, "Well he would, wouldn't he?"
    "History records that the Money Changers have used every form of abuse, intrigue, deceit and violent means possible to maintain their control over governments by controlling money and its issuance." --James Madison

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    Quote Originally Posted by David Guyatt View Post
    Charlie and the Chocolate Factory was a spy? Bloody hell! Gor blimey and streuth!
    Do these people have no decency at all... :D
    I just read his Wiki entry. Very surprising.
    Interesting about Charles Marsh though. Another Brit connection to the whole "Bay of Pigs" thing.
    According to Conant, the Brits were determined to ensure that FDR would not select Henry Wallace as his vice president and that he would not choose him to be secretary of state.

    This fits in with what Jim Keith revealed about the "Bay of Pigs" thing--the JFK assassination--being planned by British Intelligence in Tryall at Montego Bay in Jamaica. When I came upon a reference to that, it revealed the answer to another question you asked a day or so ago about St. John of Jerusalem. Kris Millegan posted this at his Conspiracy Theory Research List years ago:

    Jim Keith--Mind Control\World Control
    chapter 18
    FUTURE SHOCK
    AND THE JFK HIT
    If any event this century was calculated as a "future shock" programming of the American populace, it must be the assassination of John F. Kennedy. Although a majority of Americans believe that the murder of Kennedy was performed by a conspiracy, there are few who would suggest that it was an act of pure mind control.

    The seminal research suggesting this interpretation of the assassination is that of "William Torbitt," reported to have been the pseudonym for deceased Texas lawyer David Copeland. Copeland was a prosecuting attorney in the early 1950s, later serving as a civil and criminal lawyer. He had been a close supporter of the Lyndon Johnson/Lloyd Bentsen political steamroller in Texas until 1963, when he severed his ties with the group for reasons that will become apparent. In 1970 Copeland wrote Nomenclature of an Assassination Cabal circulated widely in photocopy, detailing information that he had gathered while investigating the murder of President John F. Kennedy. Nomenclature has only recently been brought out in paperback from Adventures Unlimited under the title NASA, Nazis & JFK, 27 years after the fact.

    While revealing much of the information relating to the thesis of the present chapter, Copeland was not aware of certain facts that I believe would have allowed him to see the broader overall picture. According to Copeland,'The killing of President Kennedy was planned and supervised by Division Five of the Federal Bureau of Investigation... Actually, Division Five acted dually with the Defense Intelligence Agency which was acting on behalf of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in the Pentagon." FBI Director and 33rd degree Freemason--the ranking Freemason in Washington, D.C. at the time--J. Edgar Hoover was according to Copeland, one of the conspirators. Vice President Lyndon Johnson was another. Not surprisingly, William Sullivan, former assistant FBI director, has stated that Hoover and Johnson "mistrusted and disliked all three Kennedy brothers. President Johnson and Hoover had mutual fear and hatred for the Kennedys." (I)

    According to Copeland, ''L.M. Bloomfield, a Montreal, Canada lawyer bearing the reputation as a sex deviate, the direct supervisor of all contractual agents with J. Edgar Hoover's Division Five, was the top coordinator for the network planning the execution. A Swiss corporation, Permindex, was used to head five front organizations responsible for furnishing personnel and supervisors to carry out assigned duties."

    Almost buried within the Nomenclature text is information that I consider among the most important revelations. He reports that prior to the assassination, in 1963, there was a top secret meeting at the Tryall Compound in Jamaica of Sir William Stephenson, Britain's top intelligence agent. At the meeting was Major Louis Mortimer Bloomfield of the British Special Operations Executive (SOE), an element of British intelligence allegedly created to infiltrate American intelligence: Colonel Shaw, formerly of the OSS; Ferenc Nagy, who had been a cabinet minister in the pro-Nazi Horthy government of Hungary, and later the prime minister of that country; Georgio Mantello, aka George Mandel, former trade minister for Mussolini; and White Russian emigries Jean de Menil and Paul Raigorodski. Shaw, Nagy, Montello, and Bloomfleld were all officials of Permindex. According to Copeland, the matter discussed at the meeting was the assassination of JFK. [21]

    The Kennedy family themselves were products of "The Conspiracy. During Prohibition "Papa Joe" Kennedy worked with Newark, New Jersey's Reinfeld Syndicate, half of which was owned by the Bronfman bootlegging gang of Canada. After the war, Kennedy was given a British distiller's license personally approved by Winston Churchill, with the Kennedy fortune administered by the the Lazard Brothers, Ltd., Rothschild affiliates and one of Europe's most influential families. As American ambassador to Great Britain, Kennedy attached himself to the pro-Nazi Cliveden set, where Round Tablets and Fabians congregated. Kathleen Kennedy, the sister of John, Edward, and Robert, married the Marquess of Hartington, son and heir to the Duke of Devonshire, the head of worldwide Freemasonry, and of course prominent among the British ruling elite. Harold Macmillan, who became British prime minister during the John Kennedy presidency, was a member of the Duke's family.

    While in Britain Joseph Kennedy was inducted into the Most Venerable Order of St. John of Jerusalem. Joseph and John Kennedy were trained in the Fabian-founded London School of Economics under the personal tutorage of Harold Laski, a Fabian Society controller. John Kennedy apparently crossed the conspiracy, and died because of it. Robert Kennedy's much touted war on the Mafia was in fact mostly a personal vendetta against Jimmy Hoffa, and a targeting of lower level operatives. Men like Meyer Lansky remained untouched.

    But in a number of foolhardy moves Kennedy began to buck the directives of the British, winding down U.S. presence in Southeast Asia, opening up a dtente with the Soviet Union, and putting out feelers for secret talks with Castro. Although Copeland, in Nomenclature, implicates a complex weave of conspirators, including members of the Mafia, the fascist Solidarist movement, the FBI, NASA, and other groups, what he may have missed are what appear to me to be the highest levels of planning. Major Louis Mortimer Bloomfield had been recruited into the SOE in 1938, and while under commission in that organization, had been assigned to the American OSS, then detailed into the counterespionage Division Five of the FBI. At the time of John Kennedy's assassination, Bloomfleld was still an officer in Division Five.

    After the war, Bloomfield had resumed his career as an attorney in Montreal, Canada in the law firm of Phillips, Vinefield, Bloomfield, and Goodman. He was attorney and controller for the Bronfman family fortune who in these latter days affected an air of propriety for those who didn't know their beginnings. The Bronfman family is the owner of Seagrams, the largest liquor company in North America. During prohibition the Bronfmans made their fortune in bootlegging, furnishing the networks of men like Arthur Flegenheimer, a.ka. Dutch Schultz, Amold Rothstein, Meyer Lansky, Benjamin "Bugsy" Siegel, and Charles 'Lucky" Luciano with their British-distilled p'OdUCt. After the repeal of prohibition, the Bronfmans became street- legal, with members of the family being elected into the highest levels of the Most Venerable Order of St. John of Jerusalem and intermarrying with the Rothschilds. [13]

    Bloomfield was also a high-ranking official in the United Nations, providing legal advice to that august body. He found his way into that position by being a representative of the Round Table-established International Executive Board of the International Law Association, an offshoot formed in 1873 and charged with developing a one-world code of law. Bloomfield was also a high-ranking member of the Most Venerable Order of St. John of Jerusalem, and the annual chairman of the Histadrut campaign in Canada, that owns over one-third of the Gross National Product of Israel. Among his many positions, Bloomfield took on the role of consul-general in charge of the Western Hemisphere and Liberia, one of the largest centers in the world for the transfer of black market monies.

    By 1958 Bloomfield had established Permindex, incorporated in Switzerland and purporting to be a trade exposition company, but in fact an international assassination bureau of the Special Operations Executive. All of the participants in the Kennedy plot at the Tryall Compound were officials and investors in Permindex. One of the chief operatives of Permindex was Colonel Clay Shaw of the OSS. Shaw, like Bloomfield, was a homosexual--this mentioned to make the connection to the long term homosexual orientation of many premier operatives at the highest level of the conspiracy. Shaw himself has testified that he was the OSS liaison officer to the headquarters of British Prime Minister Winston Churchill.

    Shaw returned to the U.S. after the war and took over the directorship of the International House/World Trade Center. leaving it to found the International Trade Market in New Orleans. Later, Shaw would become a director of Permindex, and the ITM would become a subsidiary of Centro Mondiale Commerciale, an arm of that assassination bureau. In all probability, all of these companies were fronts for the Special Operations Executive, that had long adhered to a policy of working through commercial fronts.
    At the time of this writing, there are over 50 World Trade Centers around the world, run from the World Trade Center Association of Clay Shaw, and connected by computer and satellite.

    On March 16, 1967, Ferry Raymond Russo testified before a criminal district court panel in New Orleans, that he had been present during a conversation between Claw Shaw, David Ferrie, and a person calling himself "Leon Oswald." Ferrie, an agent of Division Five, talked about the necessity of three shooters and a "triangulation of fire, and that a scapegoat could be used to enable the actual assassins to escape. According to Copeland, in Nomenclature of an Assassination Cabal the person going by the name "Leon Oswald" was in fact William Seymour, an agent for a private detective agency called Double-Chek, reportedly used as a cut-out for Division Five and CIA operations.

    According to Nomenclature, seven riflemen were used to shoot Kennedy, a Mexico-based assassination squad whose Oaxaca-based organization had been put together in 1943 by FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover and SOE Commander Sir William Stephenson.
    ***
    Last edited by Linda Minor; 01-04-2009 at 05:52 PM. Reason: paragraphing and emphasis
    "History records that the Money Changers have used every form of abuse, intrigue, deceit and violent means possible to maintain their control over governments by controlling money and its issuance." --James Madison

  3. #13

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    Catholics inducted into the Most Venerable Order of St John of Jerusalem?

    Back in those days? Heck. It was (is?) a stalwart of C of E. All that Tudor blood spilled to no avail eh...

    Oddly enough Linda, I mentioned the KstJ because of a small privately published book I was sent years ago that suggested that the KstJ were part of the JFK assassination. Curious, I sent brief details of this to John Simmo at the EF and, like you, got zero response. The Australian gentleman who wrote and privately published the book did some very handy research, and being the numpty that I am, I felt he deserved some meagre credit -- or at least an open discussion.

    Oddly there was (maybe still is?) a KstJ office/commanderie in Dallas circa 1963.

    If the Brits were involved in JFK in any way, my guess would be via use of the Knights, so I didn't see the suggestion as that strange.
    The shadow is a moral problem that challenges the whole ego-personality, for no one can become conscious of the shadow without considerable moral effort. To become conscious of it involves recognizing the dark aspects of the personality as present and real. This act is the essential condition for any kind of self-knowledge.
    Carl Jung - Aion (1951). CW 9, Part II: P.14

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    I think Jim Keith may have made a slight error. Not sure of the difference between Most Venerable Order of Knights of St. John of Jerusalem and what Joseph Kennedy was--Sovereign Order of the Hospitallers of St. John of Jerusalem or Knights of Malta, according to this site:http://www.nndb.com/org/433/000053274/


    Dope, Inc. - Part 2: How the Drug Empire Works
    Written by Konstandinos Kalimtgis, David Goldman, Jeffrey Steinberg
    excerpted at http://kennysideshow.blogspot.com/20...5_archive.html and http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/so...al%20Syndicate
    The beginning: the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem
    The elite of the elite in Britain's secret dynastic life is Her Majesty's Most Venerable Order of St. John of Jerusalem the "Christians who are not really Christians." (4) We have already highlighted the Knights' prominence in the centers of the world drug traffic: from the Hongkong and Shanghai Bank to the Canadian Pacific in Vancouver to Barclays Bank in London. Although Queen Victoria reconstituted the Most Venerable Order in the 1880s as the Protestant British branch of the Knights of Malta, our tale properly begins much earlier with the original order of the Knights of St. John, founded in Jerusalem in 1070. The order of St. John inherited what British authors smirkingly call "the wisdom of the East" from the Coptic, Gnostic, and Manichean networks of the Eastern Mediterranean. The Order of St. John thus maintained direct continuity with the ancient Cult of Isis.

    However distant from the familiarity of the American reader, the area we have entered must be viewed the way the families themselves see it. The brooding evil of Walter Scott or Robert Louis Stevenson romances, or their cheap Gothic novel imitations, gives the reader a basis for insight into the inner history of the families, and the need to begin with cobwebbed history in order to get to the bottom of Dope, Incorporated.

    To begin at the beginning: in the 14th century, the Order of St. John's emergence in England was part of a project to annihilate its humanist opposition, the Knights Templar. Total warfare had broken out on the continent. The oligarchists in France and Italy, Philip the Fair and Pope Clement V, slaughtered hundreds of Templars, and burned the Templars' courageous Grand Master, Jacques de Molay, at the stake in 1314.

    A renegade group of Templars under the command of an adventurous thug, King Robert Bruce, grabbed Scotland Europe's least civilized outpost as an "offshore" stronghold, as a form of insurance against their uncertain fortunes on the European continent. King Robert Bruce is not only the spiritual founder of the Scottish Rite of Freemasonry but the direct ancestor, by unbroken lineage, of all the men of evil in England who figure in this report.

    After the death of Jacques du Molay, some Scottish Templars. . . at the instigation of Robert Bruce ranged themselves under the banners of a New Order (The Royal Order of Scotland) instituted by this prince. . . It is there that we must seek the origin of the Scottish masonry. (emphasis added) (5)

    This statement by a leading historian of the Masonic movement is the standard interpretation of the origin of the Scottish rite. ...
    Find footnotes at full version of book: http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/so...c.htm#Contents


    Also see Penny Lernoux, slightly edited excerpt from People of God: The Struggle for World Catholicism
    One of Catholicism's oldest lay orders, the Sovereign Military and Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and Malta, better known as the Knights of Malta, or SMOM, is unique in several ways. Although it has no territory outside its headquarters in a Roman palazzo, it enjoys the status of a sovereign state, maintaining relations with 49 countries and issuing its own passports and stamps. Its 13,000 members include some of the world's most powerful figures, among them heads of state.

    While it pledges allegiance to the pope, neither he nor the order's grand master in Rome has real control over SMOM's various national associations, some of whose members have been involved in fascist plots and CIA covert wars. And while dedicated to charitable work, such as funding leprosariums and contributing medical supplies to the Third World, it also serves as an old-boys' club for the European aristocracy and the political right in the United States and Latin America.

    SMOM was founded in the 11th century to provide medical aid and military protection for-pilgrims to the holy city of Jerusalem. The order's knights participated in several important crusades, and gifts it received soon gave it control over extensive estates throughout Europe. The wealth of the knights' grand priories greatly increased in the 14th century when they absorbed the estates belonging to the Knights Templar, whom they helped to destroy, and for a time they maintained control of the island of Rhodes.

    Forced from Rhodes by Sultan Muhammad II in the 15th century, they eventually settled on the island of Malta, which gave the order its name. The Knights remained a major military presence in the Mediterranean until 1789, when Napoleon occupied Malta. After a brief sojourn in Russia, the order in 1834 established headquarters in Rome under papal protection.

    By the end of the century, it had become a charitable organization of the aristocracy devoted to the care of the sick and the wounded. It maintained its exclusivity by refusing to accept members from Europe and Latin America who were not of the nobility or heads of state. In recent years the ruling has been relaxed for Latin America, but even as late as the 1940s the order refused to admit Eva Peron as a dame because of her proletarian background.

    An exception was made for the United States because of its rising political, economic and military power, and in 1927 a branch of SMOM was established on the East Coast. Most of the founding members were tycoons of industry and finance who would strongly oppose Roosevelt's New Deal [one, John J. Raskob, the chairman of the board of General Motors, even became involved in a plot to seize the White House].

    They were soon joined by such titans as John Farrell, president of U.S. Steel; Joseph P. Grace, of W.R. Grace & Co.; Joseph Kennedy, a Boston entrepreneur and father of a future president of the United States; and George MacDonald of Pennsylvania, who made a fortune in oil and utilities.
    http://www.mosquitonet.com/~prewett/ncrmay890910.html
    "History records that the Money Changers have used every form of abuse, intrigue, deceit and violent means possible to maintain their control over governments by controlling money and its issuance." --James Madison

  5. #15

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    Okay, gotcha.

    SMOM is a Catholic Order --- a very "spooky" one.
    The shadow is a moral problem that challenges the whole ego-personality, for no one can become conscious of the shadow without considerable moral effort. To become conscious of it involves recognizing the dark aspects of the personality as present and real. This act is the essential condition for any kind of self-knowledge.
    Carl Jung - Aion (1951). CW 9, Part II: P.14

  6. #16

    Default Maria Novotny: From Prague With Love

    Just came across this in my travels today. The article is about 20 years old, Lobster number 2, 1983 by Stephen Dorril. It would be interesting to see what he thinks now.


    __________________________________________________ __
    Maria Novotny: From Prague With
    Love
    Stephen Dorril
    In February this year, unnoticed by the press, a funeral took place in a quiet Sussex
    village. In attendance were some famous names from London society of the fifties and
    sixties, and two men in regulation dark suits from an undisclosed department of the
    Security Services. They had been contacts for the deceased, Maria Novotny, who
    made headlines in the sixties through her 'relationship' with President John Kennedy,
    and her involvement in the Profumo affair.
    Novotny's own accounts of the two episodes have tended to be dismissed, and
    reasonably so, as they appeared in the sensationalist press. (1) But one man, Michael
    Eddowes, took her very seriously indeed, claiming to have spent over $100,000 of his
    own money following up leads generated by her story. To Eddowes, Novotny was the
    link to a Soviet plot to discredit Western leaders:
    "I had discovered that the group in London who had destroyed Profumo
    had sent a young woman, Maria Novotny, to destroy the character of
    President Kennedy. She was the cousin of President Novotny of
    Czechoslovakia. This is fact." (2)
    When Eddowes expanded his theory to include the assassination of Kennedy, it took
    on a distinctly bizarre look.
    Eddowes' book, November 22nd: How They Killed Kennedy (3) suggested that Lee
    Harvey Oswald had been replaced by a look-a-like KGB agent when he went to the
    Soviet Union. (4) Following this to its logical conclusion, Eddowes reportedly spent
    over $10,000 in October 1981 on legal fees and exhumation costs involved in reopening
    Oswald's grave. (5) He arranged for a new autopsy with the consent of Marina
    Porter (Oswald) to see if the grave contained Oswald or a double. (6) Inevitably such
    ideas have meant that Eddowes has been portrayed as an 'assassination loony'. But he
    had at one time been a respected solicitor; obtained a Royal Pardon for Timothy Evans
    who was mistakenly hanged for the Christie murders; and wrote a best-selling book on
    the case, A Man On Your Conscience.
    Was Eddowes just muddying the water with disinformation on the assassination, or
    had he really uncovered evidence to confirm his theories? Strangely, although central
    to his theory on the assassination, Novotny is only briefly mentioned in the
    introduction to his book. One would have thought that everything that could be said on
    the Prufumo affair had been told, but new evidence, primarily from Nigel West (7) and
    Novotny herself, undermines the conclusions of the Denning Report. It also provides
    background to, and some justification for Eddowes' line of enquiry; even though in the
    end we can dismiss the Eddowes' claims because he misunderstood the role of Stephen
    Ward.
    This article is also an account of Maria Novotny's own life, which confirms at least a
    part of the articles in the sensationalist press. (8) There are no tidy ends to this account
    and if it is largely speculative - so be it; for the true story of the Profumo affair has yet
    to be revealed. I take it that readers have a basic knowledge of the Profumo affair and
    can read between the lines for themselves.
    Maria Novotny knew little of her own background: it wasn't until this year that her
    husband learned her real name. Maria Stella Novotny was born on the 9th of May
    1941 in Prague. Her father was brother to the President of Czechoslovakia, and they
    lived in the Royal palace until she was 6 years old, when the Soviet Union moved in.
    Because the President supported the Communists, this family tie would explain why
    Eddowes thought she had been chosen to destroy Kennedy. But what Eddowes didn't
    know was that Maria's father was actively anti-Communist. Although opposed to each
    other politically, the brothers remained friends, the President warning Maria's father
    that the Soviets were liable to arrest him, and advising him to leave the country.
    Instead, he joined the underground, making arrangements for Maria to leave the
    country with the family agent, called Rutter.
    They escaped in a railway truck hiding under some corn, crossing the border into
    Austria. Unfortunately they ended up in the Soviet sector where they were put in a
    displaced persons camp.
    In 1948 Maria was released, apparently through the efforts of a Mrs Capes, who had
    known her father when he was in England, studying at university. How this was
    achieved is not known, but Maria was brought to England where she lived as the
    daughter of Mrs Capes. When she became a teenager she went into modelling and was
    determined to make it into a successful career.
    When only 18 she met Horace 'Hod' Dibden (9), then aged 57, at the Black Sheep
    Club (10) in Piccadilly, which he helped run. An expert on English antiques and
    furniture, he had many friends on the London scene, including Stephen Ward, who he
    had known since the war; and, interestingly, Michael Eddowes, who had given up his
    solicitor's practice and become the owner of a chain of restaurants. Hod and Eddowes
    had known each other for twenty years.
    Hod and Maria were married in January 1960. The marriage was conditional on her
    being allowed to carry on her own life. She appears to have been a highly intelligent,
    very beautiful young girl, determined to get on in the world, hoping to use Hod's
    contacts and money to climb the social ladder. In her personal account she claims to
    have been a virgin at the time, and, in reality, rather turned off by sexual relations. To
    her, sex was a 'game' designed to shock other people: she took her pleasure watching
    the reactions of people to situations she had organised. After the honeymoon they were
    regulars on the night club scene. One particular party in February 1960, given by an
    American millionaire, Huntingdon Hartford, was a turning point.
    Among the guests were Stephen Ward and a more 'sinister' man, Harry Alan Towers,
    who claimed to be a film producer and owner of a modelling agency. Maria and
    Towers didn't meet at the party, but Towers must have recognised her: four days later
    a letter arrived suggesting a meeting at Claridges to discuss some possible modelling
    work. The letter was actually signed by Tower's mother, Margaret, who Novotny
    claims had an extraordinary influence over him, and from whom he took his
    instructions. At the meeting Towers was brisk to the point of rudeness. He told her that
    he could make her a top television model doing commercials in America. Although
    she didn't like Towers, she found it difficult to turn down the contract, which offered
    upwards of $50,000 a year.
    Over the next days the contract was sorted out and Maria was introduced to some of
    Towers' friends, one of whom tried to have sex with her in Paris. Towers, over the
    next year, made no sexual advances towards Maria but didn't mind pushing his friends
    on her. She signed to Towers' modelling agency and he gave her a large deposit. The
    day she left for New York Stephen Ward went to a dinner party with her at which he
    made some sketches of her. Maria claimed that Ward and Towers knew each other. To
    Eddowes this provided a link between the Kennedy and Profumo episodes. Hod also
    thought that Ward and Towers knew each other at this time.
    Towers flew ahead a few days earlier and met Maria at what became Kennedy Airport.
    Almost immediately they were arguing with each other, and Maria became doubly
    suspicious of him when he told her to sign a hotel register as Maria Novotny. Up til
    then she had been known as Maria Chapman, Hod's family name. Towers insisted that
    while she was in America she should use Novotny. What else, she thought, did Towers
    know of her background?
    At first her modelling career went well and they went to the usual round of parties. But
    it seems that modelling offers were the result of her sleeping with television producers.
    After two weeks Towers arranged a lunch for her with Peter Lawford, the brother-inlaw
    of President John Kennedy. Towers claimed that it would do her modelling career
    good if she got to know Kennedy. Maria didn't see the connection at the time; it was
    only later that she realised that Towers had engineered the meeting for other purposes.
    On reflection, it spelt blackmail to Maria and Eddowes.
    Unknown to her at the time she was scheduled to be the replacement for Simone
    McQueen, a TV weather forecaster, who had just finished with Kennedy. Lawford
    took her to parties and she briefly met Kennedy at one and arranged to meet him
    again. They were more intimate at a party where the singer, Vic Damone, was the
    host. She was introduced to Kennedy and almost immediately shown into a bedroom
    where she went to bed with him. They weren't gone very long before there was a
    commotion in the main room. Damone's Asian girlfriend had made an unsuccessful
    suicide attempt and had been found in the bathroom with her wrists slashed. The
    apartment quickly emptied, Kennedy disappearing with a bodyguard and his
    associates.
    The incident was hushed up. The quick departure may have had something to do with
    the fact that, according to Maria, one of J. Edgar Hoover' s men was known to attend
    these parties. Word would have quickly reached Hoover who would have no doubt
    added it to his files on the Kennedy brothers.
    Maria continued to see Kennedy and his brother, Robert, though I doubt that there is
    much truth in the published accounts of her relationship with Robert. Her own account
    rarely mentions him - or, for that matter, the sensational claims of her involvement
    with UN officials. The latter appears to have involved Towers' other girls.
    At the end of the year Hod arrived in New York to buy antiques. At this time Maria
    had had enough of Towers. Her modelling career was nowhere in sight. She decided to
    leave Towers and move into Hod's apartment near the UN building. Towers was
    extremely angry and determined to make her stay in his flat. But as he was commuting
    between London and New York at this time, he had little real control over her. She
    moved in with Hod.
    During this period when Towers would later be accused of running a vice-ring at the
    UN building, he was in constant touch with his mother - and one other person, Leslie
    Chateris.
    This was presumably an innocent relationship since Towers said he wanted to buy the
    TV rights to The Saint. But Towers did get Maria to take a package to Chateris in Los
    Angeles. To Maria, Tower's business seemed to have little to do with television or
    films.
    Shortly after the disagreement Maria returned to his luxurious Manhattan apartment to
    pick up the rest of her clothes. Towers was surprisingly good-natured, apologising for
    his previous loss of temper, saying he would make it up to her. That night he said she
    could use his apartment for a night with a boyfriend. When he arrived they went into a
    bedroom, at which point he tried to persuade her to accept $100 for sexual relations.
    Eventually, after some persuasion, she accepted. He then showed her his badge and
    told her she was under arrest. He left the room fetching in other officers who were
    lining the corridor.
    Searching the apartment they found Towers hiding, shaking under some suitcases in a
    lobby. Maria was taken to a police station and interrogated for four hours, going
    through three different agencies. Finally she was released on bail.
    At her apartment the next day plain clothed policemen interviewed her and at FBI
    headquarters she was shown pictures of many girls and asked if she knew them. It was
    clear that the FBI wanted Towers. Several charges were to be made against him and
    they wanted her to testify against him. But before they could, Towers escaped from
    America after bail, reputedly a very large sum, had been put up.
    Towers was accused of running a vice-ring involving UN officials. Hod and Maria
    were shown immigration files on Towers which, according to Hod, showed Towers'
    links with Eastern Europe. When Eddowes went to New York he met John Malone,
    head of the New York FBI, and they apparently had three two hour interviews.
    Eddowes was shown FBI, Immigration, and, possibly, CIA files on Towers and
    Novotny. These proved to Eddowes satisfaction that Towers was working for the
    Soviets; that Novotny had been used to get close to Kennedy for possible blackmail -
    probably because of her Czech background. (For some reason Novotny believed that
    photos existed of her love making sessions taken from hidden cameras in the UN
    building.)
    It was reported that on leaving America Towers went to Prague, Moscow, and Peking,
    stopping for a time in southern Ireland before residing in Canada. (11) Novotny was
    held as a material witness and charged with being a wayward minor. According to
    Hod, it was rumoured at the time that Kennedy himself had intervened to stop the
    charges.
    By now Novotny was determined to leave America: Towers was hardly likely to
    return. She had in her own words, become a political pawn, with the State police, FBI
    and Immigration officials claiming jurisdiction over her. She escaped by buying a
    boarding ticket for the Queen Mary and staying on board when it sailed. Rather
    implausibly an officer let her stay on board without saying anything when she told him
    she had lost her passport. A rumour reached the papers that the CIA had helped her
    escape. Hod met her off the boat in England having flown ahead.
    One of the first people she met in London, around April 1961, was Stephen Ward, who
    invited her to a reception at the Soviet Embassy. Ward pestered her daily to meet the
    Soviet diplomat Eugene Ivanov, but she refused. She had had enough problems in
    New York, and a solicitor friend (possibly Eddowes) warned her not to get involved
    with political figures. Hod went in her place to the Embassy reception (with Gilbert
    Harding) where he met Ivanov. Ward didn't give up though. After Ivanov he switched
    to Profumo, introducing Maria as 'the girl who made an impact on the Kennedy clan'.
    Unknown to her, he was also playing up her relationship with the Czech President.
    These attempts to link Novotny to Profumo and Ivanov (which she later saw as
    deliberate) took place before the famous Keeler meeting, suggesting at the very least,
    that the Denning report (12) was less than adequate.
    She was eventually tricked into seeing Ivanov at a party at Cliveden. Ward introduced
    her to a surprise guest and quickly left the room. The guest was Ivanov. What came
    next was a shock because Ivanov knew details of her background and told her he could
    arrange for her to visit Czechoslovakia to see relatives. He painted a rosy picture of
    life in the country and of the Communist Party. She declined his offers and after some
    further efforts at persuasion she left the room to join the others. She learned later that
    he was particularly interested in her experiences in America.
    Behind the sexual affairs and personal intrigues of Ward, Profumo and Ivanov were
    the British Security Services; and further back, and probably not apparent to the
    participants, was the wider intelligence battle between East and West. It is worth going
    into some detail on this area as it provides clues to Novotny's true position.(13)
    In April 1961 the West's most important Soviet spy, Oleg Penkovsky, arrived in
    London on a Trade Mission, staying until May 6th. The material he gave to MI6 and
    CIA representatives was to prove vital to resolving the Cuban missile crisis: Kennedy
    would base his final decisions on the Penkovsky material. (14) During this particular
    visit he was debriefed at an all-night session during which he provided details on the
    KGB and GRU men at the Soviet Embassy in London. Amongst them was Ivanov
    whom he had known as a student. It is also worth noting that he had told MI6 that
    there was a traitor in the top ranks of MI5. Although no MI5 men took part in the
    debriefings of Penkovsky, they did play a leading role in the Profumo/Ivanov episode
    based on details he provided.
    Ivanov's cover for his intelligence role was that of Naval Attache. But he was no runof-
    the-mill intelligence officer. His father-in-law was Alexander Gorkin, Chairman of
    the Soviet Supreme Court. It is also believed that Ivanov played a prominent role in
    Nasser's coup in Egypt. According to Nigel West (15) he had been identified by 'D'
    branch as an intelligence officer when he first arrived in London on the 27th March
    1960. Penkovsky described him as a man who liked women and a good party,
    suggesting that he might be a profitable target. So the watchers began trailing him.
    Here West's revisionist account starts to break down. It seems incredible that Ivanov
    was able to meet so many celebrities without MI5 keeping some tabs on him if they
    knew he was a spy. It is claimed that in June 1961 Ivanov led them to a house at 17
    Wimpole Mews. By checking the electoral roll they found it was the home of Stephen
    Ward, who they contacted on June 8th. But that is virtually impossible because Ward
    didn't move into the flat until June 1st (16), which would have given him no time to be
    put on the register. Also according to MI5, on West's account, Ward was unknown to
    Registry. But Lee Tracey (17) an MI6 contract employee working at the Daily Mirror
    on organised vice, has revealed that he was assigned by MI6 to compile a profile on
    Stephen Ward six years before the scandal broke. Nothing ever appeared in the paper
    but a full report went to MI6 who hoped that some juicy target might be sexually
    compromised inside the Ward circle. (Which suggests either MI5 and MI6 didn't
    exchange material or someone is lying - or both.) MI5 made some discreet enquiries of
    Ward which revealed that he had many important people as friends, including the third
    Viscount Astor, who was known to MI5. Novotny has said that she saw reports which
    showed that Bill Astor was controlling Ward, and that her meeting at Cliveden with
    Ivanov had been arranged by Astor.
    In one of those intriguing coincidences, Astor played a role in Ivanov's attempts to
    intervene in the Cuban Missile Crisis. On the Thursday evening of the Cuba week,
    Astor suggested Ivanov should meet 'Boofy' Gore, the Earl of Arran. At the time it
    seemed to be an eccentric choice for behind - the - scenes diplomacy. But in reality it
    was spot on. For besides having easy access to Lord Home, then the Foreign
    Secretary, he was the first cousin of Sir David Ormsby-Gore the British Ambassador
    to America. Gore was a close friend of Kennedy - so intimately tied up in the decision
    making around the missile crisis (assuring Kennedy of the value of the Penkovsky
    material) that he was invited to the President's nuclear shelter if things went bad. (18)
    It was the Missile Crisis that persuaded Eddowes that Khrushchev was behind the
    assassination of JFK.
    It is possible that MI5 have said they used the electoral register to trace Ward to
    protect the real source. It is said that Ward was introduced to Ivanov by (Sir) Colin
    Coote, editor of the Daily Telegraph, in January 1961. There are conflicting stories
    about the origins of this meeting, but it has something to do with Ward doing sketches
    of Soviet diplomats. He did sketches of many famous people though he was only an
    average artist. (19) Coote had contacts in the Soviet Embassy and, interestingly, he
    was a golfing friend of the Director of MI5, Sir Roger Hollis. (20) Coote arranged a
    meeting at the Garrick Club. Accompanying Ward to this lunch was David Floyd, the
    Telegraph's correspondent on Soviet Affairs. Floyd was on the books of the IRD. (2I)
    IRD, run by the Foreign Office, was a Cold War propaganda outfit which had a close
    relationship with MI6; and, especially with section IX which dealt with the Soviet
    Union. Was the meeting set up by the intelligence services or did Floyd supply a
    report to section IX?
    Officially Ward was employed by MI5 on June 8th 1961 to help in the entrapment of
    Ivanov, hopefully to compromise him with the help of his girls. Ward's friends didn't
    know this. On the contrary many, including Hod and Maria, believed that he could be
    working for the Soviets. Hod was astonished when told of Ward's real role. He still
    believes Ward was murdered to keep him quiet. "It wasn't in his character to commit
    suicide."
    In London Hod and Maria set up dinner parties (22) at which many famous people
    attended. About half of these parties appear to have included sexual games afterwards.
    Ward was a frequent guest but as far as is known he never actually had sexual
    relations with the girls. It was at one of these dinner parties that the famous Ministerin-
    the-mask incident occurred; though in reality it was very different to the accounts of
    Keeler and Rice-Davies. (They, incidentally, never met Novotny.) Hod had met Keeler
    one night when Profumo picked her up at Ward's flat. According to Hod, Mandy Rice-
    Davies learned of the mask incident from Ward when he returned to their flat that
    night. Maria says:
    "I lied to Lord Denning, but not about a politician. My lies were to
    protect someone from ruin and a criminal charge. A Member of
    Parliament was present, William Rees-Davies, MP for Thanet, but he was
    not in the disguise."
    On December 14th 1962 Christine Keeler ran into an old friend - Michael Eddowes -
    and, according to him, the whole story of her involvement with Profumo and Ivanov
    came out. This included Ivanov's request that Keeler ask Profumo when the allies were
    going to let West Germany have nuclear warheads. Eddowes says he made out a 6-
    page report which eventually reached the Security Services. Nothing came of it
    because MI5 believed that Profumo had told the Prime Minister of this twin
    relationship, while Profumo assumed MI5 had told him. It wasn't until Eddowes wrote
    to Macmillan on June 13th that the affair was finally exposed. On Friday June 14th he
    released the full text of the letter to the Evening Standard and the media scramble
    began. Ward had been trying to get Novotny to meet Ivanov up until his departure. He
    left shortly after the Edgecombe shooting incident at Wimpole Mews. But what
    happened to Ivanov I haven't discovered. Officially he was recalled to Moscow,
    although Mandy Rice-Davies (who is not reliable) recounts a different tale. In 1977
    two men interviewed her about the Profumo Affair in Israel, where she lived for a
    time. At first they claimed to be journalists from Time magazine; then private
    investigators. Eventually one of them said " I was with the CIA for 25 years. I spent a
    lot of time in London - I was involved in the George Raft affair at the Colony Club."
    When she mentioned Ivanov he said "We took him...we... the CIA. We couldn't let
    him go. We didn't know what he had and what he didn't have and we didn't want to
    take any chances. Let's say he was an involuntary defector." (23)
    It would be around this time that Eddowes started to put together the Novotny
    connection, eventually going to New York at the invitation of the Journal - American,
    to follow up leads. The one piece of information which he said he was after, could be
    details of the background of Harry Towers, which were given to him by 'contacts'.
    Eddowes did attempt to write a book with Maria Novotny on this whole affair and in
    the late sixties they were three quarters of the way through it when strange things
    started to happen. Eddowes rang Hod one day from his house telling him that two men
    had broken into his flat, beating him badly, leaving him bleeding on his bed. They
    warned him to stay away from the subject. The day before Maria had narrowly
    escaped a serious accident in her car when the steering failed. Bolts in the steering
    column had been cut. Eddowes, by this time an old man, was scared and burned the
    manuscript, and would pursue the matter no further. This would explain the brevity of
    the Novotny sections in his books on the Kennedy assassination.
    Maria doesn't appear to have changed her lifestyle very much in the later sixties. She
    did try to become a novelist, writing many books. But only one, a Harold Robbins type
    version of her own life, got published. She also had a regular column in the magazine
    Club International for a time, exploiting incidents from her own life.
    It was whilst researching a book, apparently on brothels, around 1970, that she came
    into contact with British Intelligence. At a brothel she found that it was a set-up, with
    two-way mirrors and hidden microphones, used by the Security Services to
    compromise clients. She was invited to help them with similar work and seems to have
    been employed as a high-class companion/whore to people of interest to the services.
    Particular cases involved compromising the head of a Caribbean island which the
    Foreign Office hoped to stop going independent. It did little good: it went independent
    the following year. Cameras had been hidden in a bedroom at Brown's Hotel when he
    came across for a diplomatic meeting.
    In 1978 (24) she was involved in the break-up of a massive fraud. She had been put
    onto the activities of Taylor and Ash by Billy Hill, the former London underworld
    boss, who thought there was the making of another Kray-type gang, whose brutality
    went against the old-time ideals. She was asked to become involved with Taylor, and
    was friendly with him for two years. In court Taylor claimed:
    "I have been set up by Henrietta Chapman, also known as Maria
    Novotny, who is working for British intelligence."
    The judge told him to sit down and stop being silly. Novotny was outside, waiting to
    give evidence against him, but following this outburst was advised not to, since she
    might be used again. A few days later on his way home from court, Taylor collapsed at
    Waterloo Station. He died later in hospital. Officially a heart attack, it has been
    suggested by some that he was killed with a poisoned umbrella.
    Following this case she was asked by the Chief Constable of Kent to help with
    enquiries into corruption in Scotland Yard. She became very friendly with top
    detectives and reported direct to the Chief Constable. It is known that she made visits
    to Southern Ireland and Ulster, apparently involved in intelligence operations. She also
    arranged parties in Europe for Common Market MPs and diplomats. Whether this or
    many of the other episodes were actually done on behalf of British Intelligence is not
    known. (25)
    Maria Stella Novotny died on the 20th February 1983. She had had a heavy cold
    during the day and ate little. Taking some food later she died choking on a milk
    pudding. Shortly after her death her house was burgled and all her files and large dayto-
    day diaries from the early sixties to the seventies were stolen. Recently Hod claims
    to have given her address books to the members of an undisclosed Secret Service
    department.
    Unfortunately I have been unable to track down Eddowes - if he is still alive. One can
    see now from where he received his basic ideas. A Czech girl with supposed
    Communist background, used by a group of men also with alleged Communist links
    (Towers and Ward), controlled by a Soviet intelligence agent (Ivanov), who claimed to
    have direct access to Khrushchev. All this was linked in his mind through the Cuban
    Missile Crisis, to the assassination of JFK. Where the evidence for that link is no one
    knows. Obviously, though, it falls down with the recent revelation that Ward worked
    for British Intelligence. But that raises a whole load of other questions.....
    Notes
    1. News of The World (1961), Saturday Titbits (1972), The Globe (US) 1980. She
    has written a book - Kings Road (1977) - which deals with this period but it is a
    highly fictionalised account.
    2. Radio Interview: Chicago WGN 1977
    3. Known in the USA as The Oswald File (NY 1978). He has also personally
    published Khrushchev Killed Kennedy (1975). Does anyone have a copy?
    4. Although it would be stretching the evidence to suggest Oswald had been
    replaced by a double, there are some strange aspects to his trip to the Soviet
    Union. His height, recorded on various official documents, varies quite
    considerably, and there are marked differences between photos of Oswald in
    the USSR and in the USA. (See The Many Faces of Lee Harvey Oswald - Jack
    White US 1979)
    5. A large section of articles dealing with the exhumation are in The Continuing
    Enquiry Vol. V1 No 3 October 1981.
    6. The new autopsy appeared to answer all the doubts that it was Oswald in the
    grave. But, incredibly, this has now come into question. The skull shows no
    signs of the original 1963 autopsy. Switched heads? It's all getting too crazy!
    7. MI5 1945-72: A Matter of Trust Chapter 6. West's books are badly written.
    New material comes in small doses - basically to tease whilst the real 'game' is
    a continuing battle of sources, occasionally played over the dead body of Roger
    Hollis. It's a battle of the right wings. Chapman Pincher (Their Trade is
    Treachery NEL 1982), against aspiring Tory, Rupert Allason. ('West'). There
    are political and ideological motives to 'West's' books contrary to what some
    journalists believe. Notice how his books are so well received by the media
    whilst better and more important books - Verrier/Bloch and Fitzgerald/Faligot -
    suffer something like an unofficial D Notice. Is there any truth to the rumour
    that the recently arrested 'mole' in MI5 is one of 'West's' sources?
    8. This account is taken from interviews with her husband and access to her own
    hand-written journal, letters etc.
    9. There was nothing unusual in this relationship for Hod. In the late 1940s he
    had taken the 16 year old Patsy Morgan, daughter of a Coventry grocer, and
    given her the Pygmalion treatment. Rather the same approach as Stephen
    Ward. (See The Evil Firm: The Rise and Fall of the Brothers Kray - Brian
    McConnell, London 1969, p34)
    10.Hod had helped to run Esmeralda's Barn, a night-club in Knightsbridge.
    Originally he designed it for society girl Esmeralda. In another bizarre incident
    on the night of its opening, she was found dead, accidentally gassed, on her bed
    with her lesbian lover. Patsy Morgan-Dibden was the main attraction of the
    club, so when she ran away from Hod to Europe, he gave it up. Protection for
    the club was provided by Billy Hill who ran the London underworld with his
    rival, Jack Spot. Hod returned to the business in the late 1950s with the Black
    Sheep Club. Esmeralda's Barn was eventually owned by the Kray twins who
    purchased it on the advice of Peter Rachman. (The Profession of Violence,
    John Pearson, London 1973). A good introduction to this whole
    Ward/Rachman/Criminal underworld nexus is Rachman, Shirley Green,
    London 1981. The media created 'Rachmanism' - a device designed to ease
    attention away from the real crooks, and a godsend to Labour's election hopes
    at the time.
    11.Towers decided to return to the States in 1980 to face charges of bail jumping
    and contempt of court. As part of the deal, an address book which reportedly
    contains the names of every politician for whom he allegedly procured call
    girls will forever remain sealed away. Mary De Bourgon, Assistant D.A.: "It
    will never be opened in a court of law." (The Globe (US) December 9th 1980).
    Novotny was friendly with other politicians and lawyers.
    "Their names didn't mean all that much then but now many of
    them are big shots, in very high places."
    Obviously association with one of Towers' girls would have people worried,
    especially so when she adds:
    "I kept a diary of all my appointments in the UN building ...I
    understand the diary is now in the hands of the CIA."
    12.Lord Denning's Report (HMSO 1963). Novotny was interviewed by Denning
    but she says the report was already written. He refused to accept her
    allegations, seemingly turned off by the details of the sexual games.
    13.Kennedy's other 'relationships' certainly weren't ordinary and could explain
    why Novotny's could be important. In 1964, a year after the assassination,
    Mary Meyer [Pinchot], an intimate friend of JFK'S was mysteriously shot to
    death. Shortly after, her personal diaries were taken from her home by James
    Angleton (at the time head of CIA's Counter Intelligence Branch), a friend of
    the Meyer family. Angleton destroyed the diary, and though involved in the
    CIA's investigation of the assassination, has refused to comment: on the Meyer
    episode. (See Washington Post February 23rd 1976. Coincidence or
    Conspiracy Bernard Fensterwald (US 1977)
    Judith Exner had been introduced to JFK by friend Frank Sinatra, and had an
    affair with him through 1961 and '62. She also knew Sam Giancana and John
    Roselli intimately, both of whom were involved in the CIA/Mafia plots against
    Castro. (And both of whom were murdered just before going to testify before
    the House Select Committee on Assassinations.) It has been suggested that
    Giancana used his close friend Sinatra to place a girl near the President,
    perhaps to blackmail him.
    In another strange twist, Robert Maheu, Howard Hughes' man, who had also
    been involved in the CIA/Mafia plots, had been involved in a highly
    questionable CIA operation. "Taxpayers monies were spent to provide Heads
    of State with female companions and to pay people with questionable
    reputations to make pornographic movies for blackmail (against Heads of
    State)."
    See final Report of the House Select Committee on Intelligence: Village Voice
    Feb l6th 1976 page 72.
    On Exner see My Story Judith Exner (NY 1977).
    And, of course, there was Marilyn Monroe, who Novotny claimed to have met
    a few times when MM was having an affair with both Kennedy brothers. It has
    been claimed that she died in mysterious circumstances and had knowledge of
    Mafia and Teamster affairs, contained (again) in diaries. See: Who Killed
    Marilyn, and Did The Kennedy's Know, Tony Sciacca (NY 1976): Marilyn
    Monroe S. Periglio (Seville, 1982): and, for this whole Maheu/Mafia/
    CIA/Kennedy's/Monroe mess, best of all is Jim Hougan's Spooks (London
    1979).
    14.Through The Looking Glass Anthony Verrier (London 1983) Chapter 6.
    15.West, ibid page 17: also How MI5 Sacrificed Stephen Ward (Sunday Times
    28/11/82)
    16.Scandal '63: A Study of The Profumo Affair Clive Irving et al (London 1963) p
    13
    17.Secrets That Won't Be Told, Duncan Campbell (New Statesman 20th February
    1981)
    18.Verrier ibid.
    19.Ward told Hod that he picked up girls in coffee bars, doing quick sketches of
    them to introduce himself. Ward said this was how he met Keeler in a cafe in
    Staines, Middlesex, and that he (Ward) was instrumental in obtaining a job for
    her at Murray's Club, contrary to published stories.
    20.West ibid p145
    21.See The Ministry of Truth, in Leveller No 64 (1981) and British Intelligence
    and Covert Action Bloch/Fitzgerald (London 1983) p 91.
    22.Among those attending the Novotny parties were Walter Flack, Charles Clore's
    partner; Bill Astor; Sir William Emirs Williams, the Secretary General of the
    Arts Council; Sheila Scott; Nicholas Egon; Lord Asquith; Bobby Moore;
    Eustace Chesser; Douglas Fairbanks Jnr; Felix Topolski; Simon Harcourt-
    Smith; Lord Belper and many others.
    23.Mandy Mandy Rice-Davies with Sheila Flack (London, 1980) p123. She
    reveals that she knew next to nothing - though perhaps others thought she did.
    She claims that she was refused a visa to the USA, and when in 1974 she tried
    to see her (she claims CIA) files they had disappeared (pl21). She claims she
    was interviewed by MI6 at Century House - unusually, since it is usually left to
    Special Branch to sort out security cases.
    24.Times 1978: April 4/5/25; May 6/12/26; June 10/14/17/23
    25.Times May 6th 1978
    "I think it would be a good idea." Mahatma Gandhi, when asked what he thought of Western civilization.

    The philosophers have only interpreted the world, in various ways; the point is to change it.
    Karl Marx.

    "Well, he would, wouldn't he?" Mandy Rice-Davies, 1963, replied Ms Rice Davies when the prosecuting counsel pointed out that Lord Astor denied an affair or having even met her.

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