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Thousands March in Egyptian Capital Calling for President’s Ouster
#1
Via ZeroHedge. Difficult to say whether this is true:


Quote:Egypt Proactively Preparing For Tunisian-Style Rioting: Airport Intercepts 59 Outbound Gold Shipments Worth Tens Of Millions

Submitted by Tyler Durden on 01/22/2011 14:41 -0500


After a week ago we learned that the central bank of Tunisia had parted with 23% of its gold stash courtesy of now deposed president who fled the country with a 1.5 ton shipment of gold, it appears that Egypt is preparing for a comparable spike in revolutionary activity. Only unlike the now former Tunisian president whose gold sequestering actions were retroactive and thus, quite lucky to succeed, Egypt has taken proactive measures. According to Egypt News, the country's airport has intercepted 59 shipments of gold directed for the Netherlands "worth tens of millions." The gold, as well as an indeterminate amount of foreign currencies, was hidden in pillow cases: uh, cotton may not show up on X-Rays, but gold sure does. We eagerly await to learn how big the decline in the country's official holdings 75.6 tonnes of gold will be after this most recent episode confirming that gold is precisely money. And all this happening despite gold's complete and thorough inedibility.

From News Egypt, google translated from the Arabic:

Quote:Authority announced today the state of emergency to re-examine the expulsion of 59 gold and foreign currencies was on its way out of Egypt on the path of smuggling after the discovery of tearing some pillow cases before they are shipped to the Netherlands.

The workers were shipping on the plane heading to Amsterdam, the Netherlands were surprised to tear bags under the 59 parcels containing large quantities of gold and foreign currencies worth tens of millions were reported to officials.

Committee was formed headed by one official of the Egyptian banks have been re-examine the packages and parcels to make sure that shortages and supervise the shipment on the plane.

http://www.zerohedge.com/article/egypt-p...gold-shipm

If this was Egypt's ruling elites shipping valuables out of the country prior to their own flight to a "safe haven", one would have expected the gold to have made it through customs and not been intercepted.

I'm not sure what this means.
"It means this War was never political at all, the politics was all theatre, all just to keep the people distracted...."
"Proverbs for Paranoids 4: You hide, They seek."
"They are in Love. Fuck the War."

Gravity's Rainbow, Thomas Pynchon

"Ccollanan Pachacamac ricuy auccacunac yahuarniy hichascancuta."
The last words of the last Inka, Tupac Amaru, led to the gallows by men of god & dogs of war
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#2
Agreed Jan. Not sure what this means either. Gold can disappear with out trace or interception through diplomatic cover. Which makes me think this is others lower down the food chain taking their gold or are they trying to take some one else's gold and hence the interception.

59 interceptions....Bet that doesn't happen every day at the airport.
Interesting and worth watching.

And there is that Dutch connection again.....
"The philosophers have only interpreted the world, in various ways. The point, however, is to change it." Karl Marx

"He would, wouldn't he?" Mandy Rice-Davies. When asked in court whether she knew that Lord Astor had denied having sex with her.

“I think it would be a good idea” Ghandi, when asked about Western Civilisation.
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#3
Published on Tuesday, January 25, 2011 by the Associated Press

Thousands March in Egyptian Capital Calling for President's Ouster

by Maggie Michael


CAIROThousands of anti-government protesters, some hurling rocks and climbing atop an armoured police truck, clashed with riot police Tuesday in the centre of Cairo in a Tunisia-inspired demonstration to demand the end of Hosni Mubarak's nearly 30 years in power.


[Image: thousandsmarch_cairo.jpg]Anti-government protesters demonstrate in downtown Cairo, Egypt Tuesday, Jan. 25, 2011. Hundreds of anti-government protesters marched in the Egyptian capital chanting against President Hosni Mubarak and calling for an end to poverty. (AP Photo/Mohammed Abu Zaid)

Police responded with blasts from a water cannon and set upon protesters with batons and acrid clouds of tear gas.
Tuesday's demonstration, the largest Egypt has seen for years, began peacefully, with police showing unusual restraint in what appeared to be a concerted government effort not to provoke a Tunisia-like mass revolt.

As the crowds in downtown Cairo's main Tahrir square continued to build, however, security personnel changed tactics and the protest turned violent.

Demonstrators attacked the police water canon truck, opening the driver's door and ordering the man out of the vehicle. Some hurled rocks and dragged metal barricades. Officers beat back protesters with batons as they tried to break cordons to join the main downtown demonstrators.

To the north, in the Mediterranean port city of Alexandria, thousands of protesters also marched in what was dubbed a "Day of Rage" against Mubarak and calling for an end to the country's grinding poverty.

The protests coincided with a national holiday honouring the country's much-feared police. In another parallel with the Tunisia protests, the calls for rallies went out on Facebook and Twitter, with 90,000 saying they would attend.
The demonstrators in Cairo sang the national anthem and carried banners denouncing Mubarak and widespread fraud in the country's elections. The organizers said the protests were a "day of revolution against torture, poverty, corruption and unemployment."

Mothers carrying babies marched and chanted "Revolution until Victory!" while young men parked their cars on the main street and waved signs reading "OUT!" inspired by the Tunisian protestations of "DEGAGE!" this week. Men were seen spraying graffiti reading "Down with Hosni Mubarak."
"We want to see change just like in Tunisia," said Lamia Rayan, 24, one of the protesters.

© 2011 Associated Press

More at link below with video and updates.

http://www.commondreams.org/further/2011/01/25-5
"You never change things by fighting the existing reality. To change something, build a new model that makes the existing model obsolete.”
Buckminster Fuller
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#4
I've heard that 2 protesters and 1 police have died. The government there is also attempting to block Twitter.
"The philosophers have only interpreted the world, in various ways. The point, however, is to change it." Karl Marx

"He would, wouldn't he?" Mandy Rice-Davies. When asked in court whether she knew that Lord Astor had denied having sex with her.

“I think it would be a good idea” Ghandi, when asked about Western Civilisation.
Reply
#5
Is this yet another "colour" revolution being perpetrated I wonder?
The shadow is a moral problem that challenges the whole ego-personality, for no one can become conscious of the shadow without considerable moral effort. To become conscious of it involves recognizing the dark aspects of the personality as present and real. This act is the essential condition for any kind of self-knowledge.
Carl Jung - Aion (1951). CW 9, Part II: P.14
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#6
Magda Hassan Wrote:I've heard that 2 protesters and 1 police have died. The government there is also attempting to block Twitter.

The [at least] three deaths are confirmed and Twitter announced their site is not working today in Egypt.

[and while off-topic, it seems an apt time to remind those of us in the English-skreaking Countries]: when they declare Martial Law in our Nations, they'll shut down all types of electronic communications, as well...so be prepared with drums or carrier pigeons or......:noblesteed::panic:
"Let me issue and control a nation's money and I care not who writes the laws. - Mayer Rothschild
"Civil disobedience is not our problem. Our problem is civil obedience! People are obedient in the face of poverty, starvation, stupidity, war, and cruelty. Our problem is that grand thieves are running the country. That's our problem!" - Howard Zinn
"If there is no struggle there is no progress. Power concedes nothing without a demand. It never did and never will" - Frederick Douglass
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#7
From today's Guardian:

The Egyptian dissident Mohamed ElBaradei warned President Hosni Mubarak today that his regime is on its last legs, as tens of thousands of people prepared to take to the streets for a fourth day of anti-government protests.

The Nobel peace prize winner's comments to the Guardian represented his strongest intervention against the country's authoritarian government since he announced his intention to return to Egypt to join the protests. "I'm sending a message to the Guardian and to the world that Egypt is being isolated by a regime on its last legs," he said.

His words marked an escalation of the language he used on arrival in Cairo last night, when he merely urged the Mubarak government to "listen to the people" and not to use violence.

ElBaradei has been criticised by some Egyptians for the late return to his homeland, two days after the protests began hundreds of people have already been arrested and exposed to the brutal tactics of the security services. But ElBaradei was keen to stress his solidarity with the protesters.

"There is of course a risk to my safety today, but it's a risk worth taking when you see your country in such a state you have to take risks," he said. "I will be with the people today."

In an apparent bid to scupper the protests, the Egyptian authorities have cut off almost all access to the internet from inside and outside the country. ElBaradei said the move was proof the government was in "a state of panic".

"Egypt today is in a pre-information age," he said. "The Egyptians are in solitary confinement that's how unstable and uncomfortable the regime is. Being able to communicate is the first of our human rights and it's being taken away from us. I haven't seen this in any other country before."

He said the lack of communications could hamper organisation of the demonstrations, planned to begin after Friday prayers. "I don't know what my hopes are for today," he said. "It would be hard with the communications cut off but I think a lot of people will be turning out." Organisers of the marches dubbed "the Friday of anger and freedom" are defying a government ban on protests issued on Wednesday. They have been using social media to co-ordinate plans, and hope to rally even more than the tens of thousands who turned out on Tuesday in the biggest protests since 1977.

ElBaradei has already criticised the US secretary of state, Hillary Clinton, for describing the Egyptian government as stable and he stepped up his calls for the rest of the world to explicitly condemn Mubarak, who is a close ally of the US.

"The international community must understand we are being denied every human right day by day," he said. "Egypt today is one big prison. If the international community does not speak out it will have a lot of implications. We are fighting for universal values here. If the west is not going to speak out now, then when?"
"Let me issue and control a nation's money and I care not who writes the laws. - Mayer Rothschild
"Civil disobedience is not our problem. Our problem is civil obedience! People are obedient in the face of poverty, starvation, stupidity, war, and cruelty. Our problem is that grand thieves are running the country. That's our problem!" - Howard Zinn
"If there is no struggle there is no progress. Power concedes nothing without a demand. It never did and never will" - Frederick Douglass
Reply
#8
2 Policemen were arrested also for refusing to fire live ammunition at protesters. Hopefully more will also turn to the people.
"The philosophers have only interpreted the world, in various ways. The point, however, is to change it." Karl Marx

"He would, wouldn't he?" Mandy Rice-Davies. When asked in court whether she knew that Lord Astor had denied having sex with her.

“I think it would be a good idea” Ghandi, when asked about Western Civilisation.
Reply
#9
Magda Hassan Wrote:2 Policemen were arrested also for refusing to fire live ammunition at protesters. Hopefully more will also turn to the people.

It will take some time, by word of mouth, as much of electronic communication is down, but my feeling is that when they hear that El Baradei was arrested, there will REALLY be some BIG demonstrations. He is a possible Presidential candidate and famous and respected outside of Egypt. It is only a matter of time now...but my bet is the USA will back the wrong side. While the police are important, the military is more problematic....as they get HUGE amounts of $$$ and training from their Uncle Sammy, who took over after the Nazi's helped after the War.
"Let me issue and control a nation's money and I care not who writes the laws. - Mayer Rothschild
"Civil disobedience is not our problem. Our problem is civil obedience! People are obedient in the face of poverty, starvation, stupidity, war, and cruelty. Our problem is that grand thieves are running the country. That's our problem!" - Howard Zinn
"If there is no struggle there is no progress. Power concedes nothing without a demand. It never did and never will" - Frederick Douglass
Reply
#10
Mohamed Mustafa ElBaradei (Arabic: محمد مصطفى البرادعي‎, transliteration: Muḥammad Muṣṭafa al-Barādaʿī, Egyptian Arabic: [mæˈħæmːæd mosˈtˤɑfɑ (ʔe)lbæˈɾædʕi]; born June 17, 1942) was the Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), an inter-governmental organisation under the auspices of the United Nations from December 1997 to November 2009. An Egyptian,[3] ElBaradei prefers the Latin writing of his name to be spelled ElBaradei rather than hyphenated (El-Baradei). ElBaradei and the IAEA were jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2005.Contents [hide]
1 Family
2 Early career
3 Public career as IAEA Director General
3.1 First term as director general
3.2 Second term as director general
3.3 Third and final term as director general
3.4 Comments on no fourth term
3.5 Role in addressing the nuclear program of Iran
3.5.1 Statements to the media
3.5.2 Reactions to Elbaradei's role in addressing the nuclear program of Iran
3.6 Multinational control of the nuclear fuel cycle
3.7 Technical Cooperation and cancer control
4 Possible presidential candidacy
5 Awards
5.1 2005 Nobel Peace Prize
5.2 Other awards and recognition
6 References
7 External links
7.1 Nomination of ElBaradei

[edit]
Family

ElBaradei was born and raised in Cairo, Egypt. He was one of five children of Mostafa ElBaradei, an attorney who headed the Egyptian Bar Association and often found himself at odds with the regime of Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser. ElBaradei's father was also a supporter of democratic rights in Egypt, supporting a free press and a legal system that was independent.[4] ElBaradei followed in his father's footsteps and earned his law degree at the University of Cairo in 1962.[5]

ElBaradei is married to Aida El-Kachef, an early childhood teacher. Their daughter, Laila, is a lawyer and lives in London.
[edit]
Early career

ElBaradei earned a Bachelor's degree in law from the University of Cairo in 1962, followed by a DEA degree in International Law at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva and a PhD in International Law at the New York University School of Law in 1974.

His diplomatic career began in 1964 in the Egyptian Ministry of External affairs, where he served in the Permanent Missions of Egypt to the United Nations in New York and in Geneva, in charge of political, legal, and arms control issues. From 1974 to 1978, he was a special assistant to the Egyptian Foreign Minister. In 1980, he became a senior fellow in charge of the International Law Program at the United Nations Institute for Training and Research. From 1981 to 1987, he was also an Adjunct Professor of International Law at New York University School of Law.

In 1984, ElBaradei became a senior staff member of the IAEA Secretariat, serving as the Agency's legal adviser (1984 to 1993) and Assistant Director General for External Relations (1993 to 1997).

ElBaradei is a current member of the International Law Association and the American Society of International Law.
[edit]
Public career as IAEA Director General

ElBaradei began serving as Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency on December 1, 1997, succeeding Hans Blix of Sweden.[6][7] He was re-elected for two more four-year terms in 2001 and 2005. His third and last term ended in November 2009. Elbaradei's tenure has been marked by high profile non-proliferation issues including the inspections in Iraq preceding the March 2003 invasion and tensions over the nuclear program of Iran.
[edit]
First term as director general

Meeting with Vladimir Putin in Moscow

After being appointed by the General Conference in 1997, Elbaradei said in his speech that: "for international organisations to enjoy the confidence and support of their members, they have to be responsive to their needs; show concrete achievements; conduct their activities in a cost-effective manner; and respect a process of equitable representation, transparency, and open dialogue."[8]

Just a couple of months before Dr. Elbaradei took office, the Model Additional Protocol was adopted, creating a new environment for IAEA verification by giving it greater authority to look for undeclared nuclear activities. When in office, Elbaradei launched a programme to establish "integrated safeguards" combining the IAEA's comprehensive safeguards agreements with the newly adopted Additional Protocol. In his statement to the General Conference in 1998, he called upon all states to conclude the Additional Protocol saying: "One of the main purposes of the strengthened safeguards system can be better achieved with global adherence. I would therefore urge all States with outstanding safeguards agreements to conclude them and I would also urge all States to accelerate their consideration of the Model Additional Protocol and enter into consultations with the Agency at the earliest possible opportunity. We should work together to ensure that by the year 2000 all States have concluded outstanding safeguards agreements and also the Additional Protocol". Elbaradei repeated this call through his years as the Director General of the IAEA. In November 2009, 93 countries had Additional Protocols in force.[9]

Elbaradei's first term ended in November 2001, just two months after the terrorist attacks of 9/11. These attacks made clear that more needed to be done to protect nuclear material and installations against theft or a terrorist attack. As a consequence, ElBaradei established a nuclear security programme to combat the risk of nuclear terrorism by assisting States in strengthening the physical protection of their nuclear and radioactive material and installations. The Nuclear Security Fund.[10]
[edit]
Second term as director general

One of the major issues during ElBaradei's second term as the Director General of the IAEA was the Agency's inspections in Iraq. ElBaradei disputed the US rationale for the 2003 invasion of Iraq from the time of the 2002 Iraq disarmament crisis, when he, along with Hans Blix, led a team of UN weapons inspectors in Iraq. ElBaradei told the UN Security Council in March 2003 that documents purporting to show that Iraq had tried to acquire uranium from Niger were not authentic.

ElBaradei described the U.S. invasion of Iraq as "a glaring example of how, in many cases, the use of force exacerbates the problem rather than solving it."[11] ElBaradei further said "we learned from Iraq that an inspection takes time, that we should be patient, that an inspection can, in fact, work,"[12] and that he had "been validated" in concluding that Saddam Hussein had not revived his nuclear weapons program.[13]

In a 2004 op-ed piece on the dangers of nuclear proliferation, in the New York Times (February 12, 2004), ElBaradei stated "We must abandon the unworkable notion that it is morally reprehensible for some countries to pursue weapons of mass destruction, yet morally acceptable for others to rely on them for security - and indeed to continue to refine their capacities and postulate plans for their use."[14] He went on to say "If the world does not change course, we risk self-destruction."
[edit]
Third and final term as director general

The United States initially voiced opposition to his election to a third four-year term in 2005.[15] In a May 2005 interview with the staff of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Lawrence Wilkerson, the chief of staff to former Secretary of State Colin Powell, charged former Undersecretary of State for Arms Control and International Security John Bolton with an underhanded campaign to unseat ElBaradei.[16] "Mr. Bolton overstepped his bounds in his moves and gyrations to try to keep [ElBaradei] from being reappointed as [IAEA] head," Wilkerson said. The Washington Post reported in December 2004 that the Bush administration had intercepted dozens of ElBaradei's phone calls with Iranian diplomats and was scrutinizing them for evidence they could use to force him out.[16] IAEA spokesman Mark Gwozdecky said the agency worked on "the assumption that one or more entities may be listening to our conversations". "It's not how we would prefer to work, but it is the reality. At the end of the day, we have nothing to hide," he said. Iran responded to the Washington Post reports by accusing the United States of violating international law in intercepting the communications.[17]

The United States was the only country to oppose ElBaradei's reappointment and eventually failed to win enough support from other countries to oust ElBaradei. On 9 June 2005, after a meeting between US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and ElBaradei, the United States dropped its objections. Among countries that supported Elbaradei was China, Russia, Germany and France. China praised his leadership and objectivity.[15] and supported him for doing "substantial fruitful work, which has maintained the agency's role and credit in international non-proliferation and promoted the development of peaceful use of nuclear energy. His work has been universally recognized in the international community. China appreciates Mr. El Baradei's work and supports his reelection as the agency's director-general."[18] France, Germany, and some developing countries, have made clear their support for ElBaradei as well.[16] Russia issued a strong statement in favor of re-electing him as soon as possible.

ElBaradei was unanimously re-appointed by the IAEA Board on 13 June 2005.[19]
[edit]
Comments on no fourth term

In 2008, ElBaradei said he would not be seeking a fourth term as director general.[20] ElBaradei said he was "not available for a further term" in office in an IAEA document.[21] In its first five rounds of voting, the IAEA Board of Governors split on a decision of who should next fill the role of Director General. ElBaradei said, "I just hope that the agency has a candidate acceptable to all...north, south, east, west because that is what is needed."[22] After several rounds of voting, on 3 July 2009, Mr. Yukiya Amano, Japanese Ambassador to the International Atomic Energy Agency, was elected as the next IAEA Director General.
[edit]
Role in addressing the nuclear program of Iran
Main article: Nuclear program of Iran

In his last speech to the IAEA Board of Governors in June 2009, ElBaradei stated that "the Agency has been able to continue to verify the non-diversion of declared nuclear material in Iran." He regretted, however, that "Iran has not implemented any of the measures called for by the Security Council and by the Agency's Board of Governors". ElBaradei also said he was encouraged "by the new initiative of the United States to engage the Islamic Republic of Iran in direct dialogue, without preconditions and on the basis of mutual respect" and expressed hope "that Iran will respond to the US initiative with an equal gesture of goodwill and trust-building." This gesture "could include implementing again the Agency's design information requirements and applying the provisions of the additional protocol."

The International Atomic Energy Agency Board of Governors and UN Security Council have commended the ElBaradei for "professional and impartial efforts" to resolve all outstanding issues with Iran.[23][24] The Non-Aligned Movement has also reiterated "its full confidence in the impartiality and professionalism of the Secretariat of the IAEA."[25][26]
[edit]
Statements to the media

In an interview with CNN in May 2007, Dr ElBaradei gave one of his sternest warnings against using military action against Iran, a state signatory to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. Referring to "the extreme people who have extreme views" he said, "you do not want to give additional argument to some of the 'new crazies' who want to say let us go and bomb Iran."[27]

New York Times columnist Roger Cohen interviewed ElBaradei in April 2009. ElBaradei is quoted as saying, "Israel would be utterly crazy to attack Iran." He considers an attack on Iran's nuclear facilities would "turn the region into a ball of fire and put Iran on a crash course for nuclear weapons with the support of the whole Muslim world."[28] ElBaradei believes the nuclear non-proliferation regime has "lost its legitimacy in the eyes of Arab public opinion because of the perceived double-standard" in relation to Israel's nuclear weapons program.[29]

In an interview with French newspaper Le Monde, ElBaradei said "I want to get people away from the idea that Iran will be a threat from tomorrow, and that we are faced right now with the issue of whether Iran should be bombed or allowed to have the bomb. We are not at all in that situation. Iraq is a glaring example of how, in many cases, the use of force exacerbates the problem rather than solving it."[11]

On October 4, 2009, the Xinhua News Agency reported that "At a joint press conference with Iran's Atomic Energy Organization chief Ali Akbar Salehi in Tehran, ElBaradei brought Israel under spotlight and said that the Tel Aviv regime has refused to allow inspections into its nuclear installations for 30 years, the report said.
'Israel is the number one threat to the Middle East given the nuclear arms it possesses,' ElBaradei was quoted as saying."[30]

In an interview published on July 12, 2010 in the German magazine Der Spiegel, ElBaradei said "I do not believe that the Iranians are actually producing nuclear weapons. [...] in general, the danger of a nuclear-armed Iran is overestimated, some even play it up intentionally.[31]
[edit]
Reactions to Elbaradei's role in addressing the nuclear program of Iran

Former U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice has indirectly criticized ElBaradei for, in her perception, "muddying the message" to Iran and has also said "the IAEA is not in the business of diplomacy. The IAEA is a technical agency that has a board of governors of which the United States is a member." In response to Rice's comments, a senior official from the agency said "the IAEA is only doing now what the U.N. Security Council asked us to do."[32] ElBaradei notes that Rice said "from the U.S. perspective, I served with distinction",[33] and Rice has further said she appreciated his "stewardship of the nonproliferation regime".[34]

Former Prime Minister and current President of Israel Shimon Peres has said, "there are holes in the (IAEA) apparatus for deterring a culture of nuclear weapons, as in the case with Iran, but the agency certainly has done much in the prevention of nuclear weapons from reaching dangerous hands."[35] In a different reaction, former Israeli Deputy Prime Minister Shaul Mofaz has called for ElBaradei to be impeached.[36]

In September 2007, French Foreign Minister Bernard Kouchner, has warned the potential dangers of a nuclear Iran. He stated: "We have to prepare for the worst, and the worst is war."[37] In response to Kouchner, ElBaredei characterized talk of attacking Iran as "hype", and dismissed the notion of a possible attack on Iran. He referred to the war in Iraq, where "70,000 innocent civilians have lost their lives on the suspicion that a country has nuclear weapons."[38] He further added "I do not believe at this stage that we are facing a clear and present danger that requires we go beyond diplomacy."[39]

Iran points out that ElBaradei has highlighted the lack of evidence to prove Iran is after a nuclear bomb[40][41] and that ElBaradei says Iran is meeting its obligations to allow inspectors into its nuclear sites. Iran further says that the IAEA chief has consistently verified non-diversion in Iran's nuclear program and has said that his investigations show no military aspect in Iran's program.[42][43] According to the Tehran Times political desk, ElBaradei has reaffirmed in December 2008 that Iran's nuclear activities are "legal".[44][45]

Dr. Kaveh L Afrasiabi, author of After Khomeini: New Directions in Iran's Foreign Policy, said ElBaradei has been downplaying Iran's cooperation for some time, raising the ire of Tehran. Afrasiabi further says ElBaradei has given himself "the license to speculate on the timeline when Iran could convert its peaceful nuclear work into weaponization" which is irresponsible and inconsistent with his statements on other states.[46]

ElBaradei and Colin Powell

The Non-Aligned Movement has also reiterated "its full confidence in the impartiality and professionalism of the Secretariat of the IAEA." "NAM recognizes the IAEA as the sole competent authority for verification and expresses its full confidence in the professionalism and impartiality of the IAEA. In this regard, NAM strongly believes that all issues on safeguards and verification, including those of Iran, should be resolved only by the agency, within its framework, and be based on technical and legal grounds," the Non-Alignment movement said in another statement.[25][47]
[edit]
Multinational control of the nuclear fuel cycle

In an op-ed he wrote for The Economist in 2003, Mohamed Elbaradei outlined his idea for the future of the nuclear fuel cycle. His suggestion was to "limit the processing of weapon-usable material in civilian nuclear programmes, as well as the production of new material by agreeing to restrict these operations exclusively to facilities under multinational control." Also, "nuclear-energy systems should be deployed that, by design, avoid the use of materials that may be applied directly to making nuclear weapons". He concluded by saying that "considerable advantages would be gained from international co-operation in these stages of the nuclear fuel cycle. These initiatives would not simply add more non-proliferation controls, to limit access to weapon-usable nuclear material; they would also provide access to the benefits of nuclear technology for more people in more countries."[48]

Non-nuclear weapon states have been reluctant to embrace these proposals because of a perception that the commercial or strategic interests of nuclear weapon states motivated the proposals, a perception that the proposals produce a dependency on a limited number of nuclear fuel suppliers, and a concern that the proposal restricts their unalienable right to nuclear energy for peaceful purposes.[49]
[edit]
Technical Cooperation and cancer control

Mohamed ElBaradei's work does not only concentrate on nuclear verification. Another very important aspect is development through nuclear technology. In 2004, ElBaradei initiated a comprehensive global initiative to fight cancer known as the Programme of Action for Cancer Therapy (PACT). In one of his statements Elbaradei said: "A silent crisis in cancer treatment persists in developing countries and is intensifying every year. At least 50 to 60 per cent of cancer victims can benefit from radiotherapy, but most developing countries do not have enough radiotherapy machines or sufficient numbers of specialized doctors and other health professionals." In the first year of operation, PACT undertook to build cancer treatment capacity in seven member states, using the IAEA's share of the 2005 Nobel Peace Prize award.[50]

In his speech to the 2008 General Conference, ElBaradei said that "development activities remain central to our work. Our resources have long been insufficient to keep pace with requests for support, and we have increasingly made use of partnerships with other organizations, regional collaborations and country to country support. I again emphasise that technical cooperation is not a bargaining chip, part of a political 'balance' between the development and safeguards activities of the Agency."[51]
[edit]
Possible presidential candidacy
Main articles: Egyptian presidential election, 2011, National Association for Change, Mohamed ElBaradei presidential campaign, 2011, and People's campaign to support ElBaradei

ElBaradei's name has been circulated by opposition groups since 2009 as a possible candidate to succeed President Hosni Mubarak in Egypt's highest executive position.[52][53][54]

ElBaradei did not make any clear statements regarding his intentions to run for the office, however he has demanded that certain conditions have to be met to ensure fair elections accompanied by changes to the constitution that will allow more freedom for independent candidates before he would actually consider running for presidency. Several opposition groups and parties have endorsed him, considering him a neutral figure who could transition the country to greater democracy.

On 24 February 2010, ElBaradei met with several opposition leaders and notable intellectuals at his home in Cairo. The meeting was concluded with an announcement for the formation of a new non-party-political movement called "National Association for Change". The movement aims for general reforms in the political scene and mainly article 76 of the Egyptian constitution, which places restrictions on true free presidential elections, especially when it comes to independent candidates. The banned political group the Muslim Brotherhood were represented by one of their key figures who attended the meeting, however their stand in accepting a non-member of their group as a candidate is yet unclear. It is also unknown whether Amr Moussa, the head of the Arab League who met with ElBaradei a day earlier, will be part of the new movement.[55]

While speaking at the Harvard Kennedy School of Government on 27 April 2010, ElBaradei joked that he was "looking for a job" and is seeking to be an "agent of change and an advocate for democracy" within Egyptian politics. He also made clear that his wife is not very enthusiastic about any potential run.[56]

On January 27 2011, Mohamed ElBaradei returned to Egypt amid ongoing turmoil, with the biggest mass protests in 30 years. ElBaradei declared himself ready to lead a transitional government if that was the will of the nation, saying that: "If [people] want me to lead the transition, I will not let them down".[57] He was subsequently arrested.
[edit]
Awards

During his tenure as director general of the International Atomic Energy Agency, Dr. ElBaradei has been recognized with many awards for his efforts to ensure that nuclear energy is used for peaceful purposes.
[edit]
2005 Nobel Peace Prize

On October 7, 2005, ElBaradei and the IAEA itself were announced as joint recipients of the Nobel Peace Prize for their "efforts to prevent nuclear energy from being used for military purposes and to ensure that nuclear energy, for peaceful purposes, is used in the safest possible way". ElBaradei donated all his winnings to building orphanages in his home city of Cairo. The IAEA's winnings are being spent on training scientists from developing countries to use nuclear techniques in combating cancer and malnutrition. ElBaradei is the fourth ethnic Egyptian to receive the Nobel Prize, following Ahmed Zewail (1999 in Chemistry), Anwar Sadat (1978 in Peace) and Naguib Mahfouz (1988 in Literature).

In his Nobel Speech, ElBaradei said that the changing landscape of nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament may be defined by the emergence of an extensive black market in nuclear material and equipment, the proliferation of nuclear weapons and sensitive nuclear technology, and the stagnation in nuclear disarmament. To combat proliferation, ElBaradei has suggested keeping nuclear and radiological material out of the hands of extremist groups, tightening control over the operations for producing the nuclear material that could be used in weapons, and accelerating disarmament efforts.[58] Dr. ElBaradei also stated that only 1% of the money spent on developing new weapons would be enough to feed the entire world and that, if we hope to escape self-destruction, then nuclear weapons should have no place in our collective conscience, and no role in our security. Nobel Lecture.

United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan said he was delighted that the 2005 Nobel Peace Prize had been awarded to the UN nuclear watchdog and its head ElBaradei. "The secretary-general congratulates him and the entire staff of the agency, past and present, on their contributions to global peace," a spokesman for Annan said.[59]
[edit]
Other awards and recognition

ElBaradei in the 45th Munich Security Conference 2009

ElBaradei has received many awards for his work as director of the International Atomic Energy Agency. Some of these awards include:
The Franklin D. Roosevelt Four Freedoms Award (2006)[60]
The James Park Morton Interfaith Award[61]
The Golden Plate award from the American Academy of Achievement[61]
The Jit Trainor award from Georgetown University for distinction in the conduct of diplomacy[62]
The Human Security award from the Muslim Public Affairs Council[63]
The Prix de la Fondation award from the Crans Montana Forum[64]
The El Athir award, Algeria's highest national distinction[65]
The Golden Dove of Peace prize from the President of Italy[66]
Honorary Patron of Trinity's University Philosophical Society (2006), following in the foot steps of previous Nobel Peace Prize Winners Desmond Tutu and John Hume[67]
Greatest Nile Collar, the highest Egyptian civilian decoration, awarded by the Government of Egypt[66]
Award for Distinguished Contribution to the Peaceful Worldwide Use of Nuclear Technology, awarded by The World Nuclear Association in September 2007[68]
The Mostar 2007 international peace award of the Mostar Center for Peace and Multiethnic Cooperation[69]
The 2008 "Peacebuilding Award" of the EastWest Institute[70][71]
The International Seville NODO Prize for Peace, Security and Inter-Cultural Dialogue[72]
The 2008 Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament and Development[73]
The 2009 Delta Prize for Global Understanding, sponsored by the University of Georgia and Delta Airlines[74]
The XIV International Grupo Compostela-Xunta de Galicia Prize

ElBaradei has also received honorary doctoral degrees from: the University of Dublin, Trinity College; New York University; the University of Maryland; the American University in Cairo; the Free Mediterranean University (LUM) in Bari, Italy; Soka University of Japan; Tsinghua University of Beijing; the Polytechnic University of Bucharest; the Universidad Politecnica de Madrid; Konkuk University in Seoul; the University of Florence; the University of Buenos Aires; the National University of Cuyo in Argentina; Amherst College and Cairo University.[75]
[edit]
References
^ "Outgoing IAEA Chief Leaves Complex Legacy". The New York Times. 2009-12-01. Retrieved 2009-12-01.[dead link]

ElBaradei, who describes himself as having a Muslim background, sometimes cites his favorite Christian prayer when speaking of his role on the world stage.
^ "MPAC Honors Dr. Mohamed ElBaradei, Director General of IAEA, for Bolstering Human Security". Muslim Public Affairs Council. 2006-10-31. Retrieved 2009-12-01.[dead link]
^ Encyclopedia Britannica
^ Notable Biographies: Mohamed ElBaradei
^ Academy of Achievement: Mohamed ElBaradei (Biography)
^ IAEA Board Reappoints Director General Mohamed ElBaradei
^ IAEA: IAEA Board Meeting on Director General Appointment
^ ElBaradei, Mohamed (1997-09-29). "Strengthened Safeguards System: Status of Additional Protocols". IAEA. Retrieved 2009-12-01.
^ "Strengthened Safeguards System: Status of Additional Protocols". IAEA. 2009-11-26. Retrieved 2009-12-01.
^ ElBaradei, Mohamed (2005-09-23). "Nuclear Security - Measures to Protect Against Nuclear Terrorism". IAEA. Retrieved 2009-12-01.
^ a b Boyle, Jon (October 22, 2007). "Iran seen to need 3-8 yrs to produce bomb". Reuters. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
^ CNN: Iraq war wasn't justified, U.N. weapons experts say
^ Washington Post: U.N. Nuclear Agency Chief Urges Iran to Suspend Activities
^ ElBaradei, Mohamed (2004-12-02). "Saving Ourselves from Self Destruction". IAEA. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
^ a b Voice of America: IAEA Postpones Decision on ElBaradei's Third Term
^ a b c Arms Control Today: ElBaradei Set to Win Third Term
^ BBC: ElBaradei 'has nothing to hide'
^ Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Liu Jianchao's Press Conference on 16 December 2004
^ "US agrees to back UN nuclear head". BBC News. 9 June 2005. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
^ International Herald Tribune: IAEA chief ElBaradei will not seek fourth term
^ Voice of America: IAEA Chief ElBaradei Will Not Seek Another Term
^ Reuters: 5-Vote impasse reopens race to head UN atom watchdog
^ International Atomic Energy Agency: Implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement in the Islamic Republic of Iran (2006-14)
^ International Atomic Energy Agency: UN Security Council: Resolution 1747 (2007)
^ a b XinhuaNet: Non-aligned nations voice support deal between IAEA, Iran
^ Singapore Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Report Of The IAEA Director-General to the Board of Governors GOV/2008/15
^ "Transcript of Interview with IAEA Director General Mohamed ElBaradei". CNN Late Edition with Wolf Blitzer. 28 October 2007. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
^ http://www.nytimes.com/2009/04/13/opinio...ef=opinion Realpolitik for Iran
^ Reuters: Israel seen undermining disarmament ElBaradei
^ http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2009-1...181647.htm
^ Der Spiegel: Interview with Mohamed ElBaradei, 12 July 2010. Accessed 15 July 2010.
^ Rice: ElBaradei "muddying the message" and Agency "not in the business of diplomacy"
^ Arms Control Association: "Tackling the Nuclear Dilemma: An Interview With IAEA Director-General Mohamed ElBaradei"
^ U.S. State Department: Remarks With International Atomic Energy Agency Director General Mohamed ElBaradei After Meeting
^ Jerusalem Post: IAEA, ElBaradei share Nobel Peace Prize
^ "Israel minister: Sack ElBaradei". BBC News. 8 November 2007. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/6997935.stm France warning of war with Iran
^ IAEA boss warns against Iran attack UK Press Google, accessed September 22, 2007.
^ ElBaradei concerned over Iran row, BBC News, Sep. 17, 2007
^ PressTV: ElBaradei: Iran not after bomb
^ Atlantic Free Press: Threats of War Against Iran Continue to Escalate
^ PressTV: Soltaniyeh: Nothing new in ElBaradei's report
^ France24: ElBaradei: 'No evidence Iran is making nuclear weapons'
^ Tehran Times: ElBaradei says Iran's nuclear program is legal: report
^ Mehr News: ElBaradei says Iran's nuclear program is legal: report
^ Asia Times: IAEA 'mismanagement' raises Tehran's ire
^ South African Government: Notes following briefing by Deputy Minister Aziz Pahad on current international issues, Union Building, Pretoria - Iran
^ ElBaradei, Mohamed (2003-10-16). "Towards a Safer World". The Economist. Retrieved 2009-12-01.
^ American Society of International Law: The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons: Taking Stock after the May 2008 Preparatory Committee Meeting
^ "IAEA Nobel Peace Prize Cancer and Nutrition Fund". IAEA. May 2006. Retrieved 2009-12-01.
^ ElBaradei, Mohamed (2008-09-29). "IAEA At a Crossroads (Abridged Version)". IAEA. Retrieved 2009-12-01.
^ "Egyptian opposition wants ElBaradei to run for president". Tehran Times. October 8, 2009.
^ "El Baradei to run for president of Egypt?". Daily Times. October 7, 2009.
^ "Arab League chief refuses to rule out Egypt presidential bid". Earth Times. October 20, 2009.
^ ElBaradei to form 'national association for change'
^ http://www.iop.harvard.edu/Multimedia-Ce...rtunities2
^ http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2011...government
^ The Nobel Foundation: Mohamed ElBaradei, The Nobel Peace Prize 2005
^ Peoples Daily: Int'l community hails IAEA, ElBaradei's winning of Nobel Peace Prize
^ Franklin D. Roosevelt Four Freedoms Award Laureates since 1982
^ a b Yale University: ElBaradei Will Speak at Yale
^ Carnegie Endowment for International Peace: ElBaradei Remarks at Georgetown University
^ MPAC: Dr. Mohamed Elbaradei to be Presented with MPAC's Human Security Award
^ Arrivée de Graça Machel au Comité d'attribution du Prix Mo Ibrahim
^ American Nuclear Society: 2008 American Nuclear Society National Student Conference
^ a b Amherst: Amherst College To Honor Atomic Agency Head, Princeton President and Five Others at Commencement May 25
^ University Philosophical Society: Honorary Patrons
^ World Nuclear University: Inaugural Ceremony of the World Nuclear University - Part Two
^ Center za mir: "Centar za mir - Mostar"
^ ZERO NUCLEAR'S FOUR STATESMEN, ELBARADEI TO BE HONORED
^ Richard Erdman and the EastWest Institute: Statesman of the Year Award
^ Entrega del IV Premio Sevilla-Nodo
^ Indian Express: ElBaradei chosen for Indira Gandhi Peace Prize
^ University of Georgia: 2009 Delta Prize Recipient
^ IAEA: Biography of Dr. Mohamed ElBaradei
[edit]
External links Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Mohamed ElBaradei
Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Mohamed ElBaradei
Wikinews has news related to:
Mohamed ElBaradei

Annotated Bibliography for Mohamed ElBaradei at the Alsos Digital Library for Nuclear Issues
Biography, news, statements, interviews, multimedia and awards at IAEA
Mohamed ElBaradei at the Internet Movie Database
Mohamed ElBaradei on Charlie Rose
Appearances on C-SPAN
Mohamed ElBaradei collected news and commentary at The New York Times
Works by or about Mohamed ElBaradei in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
Nobel Peace Prize Lecture, video and transcript
The 2005 Nobel Peace Prize, photoessay by Scott London
What Price, Peace?, Mohamed ElBaradei (LL.M '71, J.S.D. '74), NYU Law School, Autumn 2006
Paul C. Warnke Lecture on International Security: A World Free of Nuclear Weapons: Illusion or Possibility, Council on Foreign Relations, November 4, 2009
Posts about Mohamed ElBaradei at uFollow
Full transcript of BBC's interview with Dr ElBaradei - May 2007 CASMII
Washington intercepts ElBaradei phone calls for information to displace him, Washington Post, December 11, 2004
[edit]
Nomination of ElBaradei
ElBaradei: I will run for the presidential elections if it is free and fair
ElBaradei Campaign Starts with a banner (Working together so ElBaradei can be our President)
Wide reactions on ElBaradei's declaration of his candidacy for the presidency
A facebook group dedicated to Nominate Mohamed ElBaradei to the presidency of Egypt in 2011
ElBaradei set conditions to run for Egypt's presidential election
ElBaradei: I joined the opposition in rejecting the inheritance of the Egyptian Presidency, demanding reforms from Mubarak and a new constitution
Did ElBaradei become the youth candidate in the presidential election?
The Egyptian government Campaign against ElBaradei Following his announcement of his intention to run for president
Mufid Shehab (Minister of Legal Affairs): If ElBaradei Considering the presidency of Egypt he is mistaken
Dr. ElBaradei dialogue with Al-Arabiya
ElBaradei In a comprehensive interview with (Al-Shorouk) (1-3): I call on Mubarak to form a committee to draft a new constitution
ElBaradei In a comprehensive interview with (Al-Shorouk) (2-3): The Egyptian people deserve better life than the one they are living
ElBaradei In a comprehensive interview with (Al-Shorouk) (3-3): In Egypt, People are living below the level of the average human life
Wide reactions from ElBaradei's interview with (Al-Shorouk)
ElBaradei's interview with (Al-Shorouk) renew the debate over his personalty and his program
The debate over ElBaradei's interview with (Al-Shorouk) continues
(Al-Shorouk) Readers open hot files with ElBaradei
(Al-Shorouk) Readers open hot files with ElBaradei (2)
Dr. Said Sadiq (Professor of political sociology at the American University): ElBaradei is Modest and civilized .. And the opportunity of him winning is enhanced day after day
(Isaac) calls for a public reception to ElBaradei
(Health Minister) Hatem el-Gabali: ElBaradei is not fit to be president...Gamal is the fittest for the job if his father refuses to run for President
A seminar on sectarian tensions: ElBaradei gave a kiss of life
ElBaradei in Cairo on the first of February
"Let me issue and control a nation's money and I care not who writes the laws. - Mayer Rothschild
"Civil disobedience is not our problem. Our problem is civil obedience! People are obedient in the face of poverty, starvation, stupidity, war, and cruelty. Our problem is that grand thieves are running the country. That's our problem!" - Howard Zinn
"If there is no struggle there is no progress. Power concedes nothing without a demand. It never did and never will" - Frederick Douglass
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