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Anna Lindh murdered this day 2003
#1

Anna Lindh

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ylva Anna Maria Lindh (19 June 1957 11 September 2003) was a Swedish Social Democratic politician, Chairman of the Social Democratic Youth League 1984-1990, Member of Parliament 1982-1985 and 1998-2003. Ascending to the government as Minister of Environment in 1994, she was elevated to Minister for Foreign Affairs by Prime Minister Göran Persson in 1998 and was widely considered his designated successor as Party Chairman and Prime Minister (none of which had been occupied by a woman), speculations that came to a brutal end upon her assassination on 11 September 2003. Anna Lindh was married to Bo Holmberg, the Governor of Södermanland, her home constituency for over twenty years, with whom she had two sons.[TABLE="class: infobox vcard, width: 1"]
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Anna Lindh[/TR]
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[TD="colspan: 2"][Image: 220px-Anna_Lindh_2003.jpg][/TD]
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[TD="colspan: 2"]Anna Lindh[/TD]
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Minister for Foreign Affairs[/TR]
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[TD="colspan: 2"]In office
7 October 1998 11 September 2003[/TD]
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Preceded by[TD]Lena Hjelm-Wallén[/TD]
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Succeeded by[TD]Laila Freivalds[/TD]
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Constituency[TD]Södermanland county[/TD]
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Personal details[/TR]
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Born[TD]19 June 1957
Enskede, Sweden[/TD]
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Died[TD]11 September 2003 (aged 46)
Stockholm, Sweden[/TD]
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Political party[TD]Social Democratic Party[/TD]
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Spouse(s)[TD]Bo Holmberg (married 1991-2003)[/TD]
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Children[TD]Filip, David[/TD]
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Lindh was born to Staffan and Nancy Lindh in Enskede, a southeastern suburb ofStockholm, but grew up in Grillby, just outside of Enköping. She became involved in politics at age twelve, when she joined the local branch of the Swedish Social Democratic Youth League, protesting against the Vietnam war as one of her top priorities.
Political career

Lindh studied at Uppsala University and graduated as a Candidate of Law (jur. kand.) in 1982. The same year she was elected a Member of Parliament. In 1984 she became the first female president of the Swedish Social Democratic Youth League. Her six years as president were marked by a strong commitment to international affairs, including inNicaragua, Vietnam, South Africa and Palestine, and against the arms race marking the end of the cold war.
Lindh served as a Member of Parliament until 1985, and again from 1998. From 1991 to 1994 she was Commissioner of Culture and Environment and Deputy Mayor of Stockholm. In 1994, following a Social Democratic victory, the new Prime Minister of Sweden Ingvar Carlsson made her Minister for the Environment. One of her resulting legacies is her pioneering work towards European Union legislation on hazardous chemical substances. She also urged for the establishment of a common EU strategy against acidification.
Following the 1998 general election, Göran Persson appointed Lindh to succeed Lena Hjelm-Wallén as Minister for Foreign Affairs in the new Government. Having made influential friends across the world during her time leading the Swedish Social Democratic Youth League, Lindh ardently supported international cooperation, both through the United Nations and in the European Union.
A high point in Lindh's career came during the Swedish Presidency of the European Union during the first half of 2001. She served as Chairman of the Council of the European Union, with responsibility for representing the official foreign policy position of the European Union as a whole. Travelling with the EU foreign and security policy spokesman Javier Solana in Macedonia during the Kosovo/Macedonian crisis, she negotiated an agreement that averted a civil war in the country.
[Image: 220px-Zoran_%C4%90in%C4%91i%C4%87_and_Anna_Lindh.jpg]
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With Prime Minister of Serbia Zoran Đinđić in Stockholm. Anna Lindh was due to meet Đinđić in Belgrade in March 2003 moments before his assassination. She would share his fate six months later, stabbed to death by an assailant of Serbian nationality, although her murder was not considered political.[SUP][citation needed][/SUP]

Lindh criticised the 2003 invasion of Iraq, commenting that "a war being fought without support in the statutes of the United Nations is a major failure", but praised the fall of the regime of Saddam Hussein. She also advocated greater respect for international law and human rights in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, criticising Ariel Sharon's government inIsrael, but also condemning Palestinian suicide bombings as "atrocities". In a speech on 30 January 2003, she called on Israel to "end the occupation, give up settlements, and agree on a pragmatic solution to Jerusalem" and on the Palestinians to "do everything in their power to stop the terrorist acts, and take legal measures against those responsible" and to "produce reform, for security, but also for democracy and human rights".
Lindh was generally seen as prime candidate to succeed Göran Persson as Chairman of the Social Democratic Party and Prime Minister of Sweden, which posts had not been held by a woman at the time. In the final weeks of her life, she was intensely involved in the pro-euro campaign preceding the Swedish referendum on the euro, held on 14 September 2003, three days after her death. As one of the most popular pro-euro politicians, she was used as a front person by the campaign, and so her face was on billboards all over Sweden the day she was murdered.
In April 2004, Lindh was posthumously awarded the 'Statesman of the Year Award' by theEastWest Institute,[SUP][1][/SUP] a transatlantic think tank that organizes an annual Security Conference in Brussels.[SUP][2][/SUP] The meeting room number 50.4 on the fifth floor of the Justus Lipsius European Council building in Brussels was named Anna Lindh in her honour.

Murder

[Image: 170px-Lindh_killer_image1.jpg]
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CCTV image of the convicted killer, Mijailo Mijailović

Anna Lindh died on the early morning of 11 September 2003, following a knife attack in Stockholm on the afternoon of September 10. Just after 4 p.m., she was attacked while shopping in the ladies' department at the Nordiska Kompaniet department store in central Stockholm. She was stabbed in the chest, stomach and arms. At the time of the attack, Lindh was not protected by bodyguardsfrom the Swedish Security Service, a controversial predicament similar to that of Prime Minister Olof Palme in 1986, the second murder of a government member in Sweden's modern history.
Following the assault she was rushed to the Karolinska Hospital where she underwent surgery for over nine hours, receiving blood transfusions continuously during the surgery. She reportedly suffered serious internal bleeding, her liver was seriously damaged, and her medical situation remained grave, although at first she appeared to have improved following surgery. One hour after concluding the initial nine-hour surgery, complications forced resumption of surgery. At 5:29 a.m. she was pronounced dead. Following a private briefing of her relatives and the interior of the government, juxtaposed by news coverage stating that she was alive and that the situation was "grave" but "stable", the announcement of her passing made headlines over Europe hours later.

Criminal investigation

[Image: 170px-Anna_Lindh_memorial.jpg]
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Anna Lindh memorial in Stockholm, marking the spot where Lindh's last speech was held

The murderer was able to escape after the crime. According to eyewitness accounts, his actions appeared deliberate and systematic. A phone number was set up for anyone who might know anything about the crime, and a massive manhunt was launched in Sweden, centred on Stockholm. After two days an image of a man, believed to be the murderer, was released by the police. This image was taken by a camera on a floor above the scene of the murder. A few items, pieces of clothing and a knife, believed to be connected with the murder were found outside the department store, in the vicinity of a Stockholm Metro station. At the scene of the crime the police were able to secure a handprint, also believed to be connected to the killer. Images from the department store's surveillance system, showing the suspect, were published on 13 and 14 September.
A man was apprehended on 16 September and was detained as a suspect to the murder onjustifiable grounds, the lowest degree of suspicion but was cleared of all charges and released. On 24 September the police announced that a new suspect, Mijailo Mijailović, born in Sweden to Serbparents, had been apprehended and arrested at the higher level of suspicion, probable cause. On 25 September it was announced that the DNA-profile of Mijailović matches that of hairs found on a baseball cap which had been left at or near the scene of the crime. He also resembles the man filmed in the store where Lindh was attacked.
After previously having denied all involvement, on 6 January 2004, Mijailović admitted to the crime and gave a full account of the events of 10 September, in an extra session of police questioning requested by Peter Althin, Mijailović's counsel. He was found guilty in a trial (held 14-17 January), and following psychiatric evaluation he was sentenced to life imprisonment on 23 March. However, on 8 July an appeals court overturned Mijailović's sentence after tests had concluded that he was suffering from a mental illness at the time of the killing. He was then transferred from prison to a closed psychiatric ward. Prosecutors re-appealed to the Supreme Court of Sweden, which re-instated the sentence of life imprisonment on 2 December of that year. Mijailović legally renounced his Swedish citizenship and expressed his willingness to be transferred to Serbia, but unsuccessfully so far, given the nature of the crime. Anna Lindh was the second prominent Swedish politician to be murdered in recent decades. Prime Minister Olof Palme was shot and killed in 1986 by a still unidentified assailant (Christer Pettersson was convicted, but successfully appealed the verdict and was released).
Despite Lindh's popular image and the time of the assassination, the murder was not deemed an act of partisan political gain, although news coverage revealed Mijailović was captured on image listening to Liberal People's Party leader Lars Leijonborg wearing similar attire to that during the course of murder. Mijailović admitted he found the speech "entertaining", but denied claims it had influenced his actions.[SUP][3][/SUP]

Reaction

[Image: 220px-Anna_Lindhs_gravsten_%28gabbe%29.jpg]
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Anna Lindh's gravestone at Katarina kyrka in Stockholm. Her husband, Bo Holmberg was interred next to her when he died in 2010.

Anna Lindh was an outspoken campaigner for Sweden to join the euro in the referendumheld on 14 September. Following the attack, all euro-campaign events, for both the yes and no camps, were immediately cancelled. Television campaign commercials were withdrawn from broadcasting, in fact, all channels in Sweden stopped commercials airing between the evening on the 10th and the whole 11th while helping the public-service channels of SVT to report news. TV3 merged broadcasting with ZTV and TV8 airing "Efterlyst" (a program similar to America's Most Wanted), where the people could send information directly to the police that could help trace the murderer. All campaign advertising on billboards was to be removed, advertising in printed media cancelled etc. The murder was widely interpreted as an assassination of the free and open society that is a hallmark for Sweden and that this was a time for unity rather than political campaigning.
Following a meeting, held 12 September at midday, with Prime Minister Göran Persson and the leaders of the other political parties in the Riksdag, the decision was taken not to let the murder affect the schedule of the referendum. Information and resources on the issues of the referendum were to be fully available but no political campaigning or debate was to take place. The party leaders unanimously pledged support for holding the ballot as planned and to respect and abide by the outcome. Despite speculations that the sympathy for Lindh could influence the voting, the euro was rejected in the referendum.
Following Lindh's death, the junior minister in the Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Jan O. Karlsson, was made acting Minister for Foreign Affairs. In October of that year, Laila Freivalds was appointed as the successor to Anna Lindh's Cabinet post.
A number of commemorative gatherings were held for Lindh throughout Sweden and worldwide through the Church of Sweden Abroad, on 12-13 September. One gathering was held in the centre of Stockholm where tens of thousands gathered to grieve Anna Lindh. A more formal commemorative gathering was held at Stockholm City Hall on 19 September. Speakers at this gathering were H.M. KingCarl XVI Gustaf, Prime Minister Göran Persson, Chris Patten, Margot Wallström, European Commissioners, and the Swedish-speaking George Papandreou, Foreign Minister of Greece. U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell could not participate because storms prevented his plane from taking off, but he sent his condolences. The burial ceremony was held privately on 20 September, at the Church of Ersta in Stockholm. Lindh's grave is in the cemetery of the nearby Katarina Kyrka. Many thousands of roses and candles were placed both at Rosenbad (the government building) and outside NK, where she was murdered. Abroad, hundreds of thousands of flowers and candles were left at Swedish embassies and consulates by mourners.
The Anna Lindh Professor of Practice of Global Leadership and Public Policy position at the Kennedy School of Government atHarvard University was established in memory of her. The current occupant of the chair is the human rights advocate Samantha Power.[SUP][4][/SUP]
The library at the Swedish National Defence College (Försvarshögskolan) is named The Anna Lindh Library in her memory.

Miscellaneous

[Image: 220px-Anna_Lindh_memorial_stone_Budapest.jpg]
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Memorial stone in Budapest, Hungarywith the inscription: "Resignation is our biggest enemy"
  • The Euro-Mediterranean Foundation for the Dialogue between Cultures, set up by theEuropean Union and partner countries in the Southern Mediterranean region was named after her: the Anna Lindh Foundation. The Foundation aims to bring people and organisations from the two sides of the Mediterranean Sea closer together, and to reduce gaps between them.[SUP][5][/SUP]
  • The translation of the memorial: "Minister for Foreign Affairs Anna Lindh held her last speech at the stairway outside Medborgarhuset [House of the citizens] the 9th of September 2003"

See also

References

"The philosophers have only interpreted the world, in various ways. The point, however, is to change it." Karl Marx

"He would, wouldn't he?" Mandy Rice-Davies. When asked in court whether she knew that Lord Astor had denied having sex with her.

“I think it would be a good idea” Ghandi, when asked about Western Civilisation.
Reply
#2
There are connnections here to Palme and Breivik...mind control is also likely....

Anna Lindh killer 'faked mental illness to get a less severe sentence'

Mijailo Mijailovic, who stabbed the Swedish politician to death in 2003, claims he lied to doctors that he heard voices in his head



reddit this
Associated Press
guardian.co.uk, Monday 29 August 2011 17.50 BST
Article history

Anna Lindh's killer, Mijailo Mijailovic, in a Stockholm court in 2004. Photograph: Henrik Montgomery/AP

The man who killed the Swedish foreign minister Anna Lindh in 2003 has told a newspaper that he faked mental illness during his trial in an attempt to get a less severe sentence.

Mijailo Mijailovic was quoted by the Swedish daily newspaper Expressen as saying his knife attack on Lindh in a Stockholm department store was motivated by a hatred of politicians, whom he blamed for his own failings in life.

His earlier claim that voices in his head had encouraged him to stab Lindh was a ploy to receive psychiatric care instead of a prison sentence, the 32-year-old told the Swedish newspaper.

"I was rambling to get psychiatric care. Everything was made up. I didn't hear voices," he was quoted as saying. "The more you ramble, the more the doctors listen to you. But there are doctors who are difficult to fool, and there are those who are easy to fool."

Mijailovic stabbed Lindh one of Sweden's most popular politicians at the time inside the Stockholm department store NK in September 2003. She died a day later.

An appeals court sentenced Mijailovic to psychiatric care but the Swedish supreme court later overturned the ruling and gave him life in prison.

In the interview, Mijailovic said that only days before Lindh's murder he had considered attacking Lars Leijonborg, then leader of Sweden's Liberal party, during a rally.

"I believed politicians were the root of all evil," he told Expressen. "Afterwards, I realised that it was weak to blame one's own problems on politicians."

Mijailovic also said he had taken the sedative Flunitrazepam, or Rohypnol, before the killing.
"Let me issue and control a nation's money and I care not who writes the laws. - Mayer Rothschild
"Civil disobedience is not our problem. Our problem is civil obedience! People are obedient in the face of poverty, starvation, stupidity, war, and cruelty. Our problem is that grand thieves are running the country. That's our problem!" - Howard Zinn
"If there is no struggle there is no progress. Power concedes nothing without a demand. It never did and never will" - Frederick Douglass
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