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Report of the President's Commission on the Assassination of President KennedyChapter 8: The Protect

Report of the President's Commission on the Assassination of President
KennedyChapter 8: The Protection of the President....... WHAT PROTECTIONHitler

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Criticism of Secret ServiceSgt. Davis, of the Dallas Police
Department, believed he had prepared stringent security precautions,
in an attempt to prevent demonstrations like those marking the Adlai
Stevenson visit from happening again. The previous month, Stevenson,
the United States Ambassador to the United Nations, was assaulted by
an anti-UN demonstrator. But Winston Lawson of the Secret Service, who
was in charge of the planning, told the Dallas Police not to assign
its usual squad of experienced homicide detectives to follow
immediately behind the President's car. This police protection was
routine for both visiting presidents and for motorcades of other
visiting dignitaries. Police Chief Jesse Curry later testified that
had his men been in place, they might have been able to stop Oswald
before he fired a second shot, because they carried submachine guns
and rifles.[97]

A videoclip readily available shows Curry reasoning: "But just in my mind and by the direction of the blood and brain from the President from one of the shots, it would just seem that it would have to be fired from the front rather than from behind." [1] This is significant, since Lee Harvey Oswald's position during the shooting of President John F. Kennedy is, according to the Warren Commission and many others, to the rear of President Kennedy's limousine.
Curry was later quoted, "We don't have any proof that Oswald fired the rifle, and never did. Nobody's yet been able to put him in that building with a gun in his hand."[2]
Curry died of a heart attack in Dallas on June 22, 1980, and was buried in Grove Hill Memorial Park.

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Report of the President's Commission on the Assassination of President
KennedyChapter 2: The Assassination...the secret service
complete listings..:poke:

Chapter 2: The Assassination
Page 28
THIS CHAPTER describes President Kennedy's trip to Dallas, from its origin through its tragic conclusion. The narrative of these events is based largely on the recollections of the participants, although in many instances documentary or other evidence has also been used by the Commission. Beginning with the advance plans and Secret Service preparations for the trip, this chapter reviews the motorcade through Dallas, the fleeting moments of the assassination, the activities at Parkland Memorial Hospital, and the return of the Presidential party to Washington. An evaluation of the procedures employed to safeguard the President, with recommendations for improving these procedures, appears in Chapter VIII of the report. but not for jfk..

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Vince Palamara

While it is a relatively easy task to point out the Secret Service's
general deficiencies in regard to the tragic events of November 22, 1963
in Dallas, Texas, it has been a more difficult feat to lay bare all of the
specific things that went wrong in regard to security. This has been
achieved primarily through a combination of luck, hard work, and,
perhaps most importantly, dealing with primary sources (documents)
and primary people (the actual former agents themselves). However,
one very significant element has been missing up to now due in no small
part to the constant evolution of my own thinking on the subject: who in
the agency benefited? Who did not? JUST HOW WERE THESE LAPSES IN

After discarding the options of mere innocence, guilt, negligence,
and, more recently, the notion of a "benign" security-stripping test that "
backfired" into the assassination, I have now come to the FIRM conclusion,
based on seven-plus years of heavy, primary research and numerous
interviews, that the Secret Service actions (and inactions) in Texas were
due largely to a significant breakdown in both the chain of command and the
respect of superior authority. In addition, I believe a "malignant" test
of the President's security was involved on/'around November 22, 1963,
with the actual intent to HARM AND/OR EMBARRASS President Kennedy,rather than
merely shaking him into seeing that the Service needed more funds, equipment,
and personnel (benefits which would arise from any attempt to harm JFK,
successful or otherwise). Furthermore, it is now my strong belief, after
shaking off years of equivocation, that several agents HAD to have been
involved in the ACTUAL assassination by getting wind of the impending
threat and letting it happen, not by an unruly mob out to treat Kennedy
like Adlai Stevenson (the byproduct of a "malignant" test), but by a "flurry
of shells", to quote Agent Kellerman in a much different kind of context.

If Dallas was the "Superbowl" (a very appropriate analogy), then the
"game" was not merely rigged, it was fixed from the very start by a combi-
nation of inexperienced "third-stringers" and "bench-warmers". These men,
knowingly or unknowingly, let the assassination happen through sheer
incompetence, inexperience, and a desire to usurp the authority presented
by the chain of command, whether those in this command were present in
Texas or "out of the loop" in another part of the country at the crucial
moment or moments. Key elements of this "team" chose to call their OWN
"plays" in Dallas and, just as in the game of football, the consequences
of defeat can wreak havoc on General Management (Treasury officials), the
coaches (the brass), and, ultimately, certain players (the agents
themselves). A look at the consequences of Dallas--the breakdown of the
infrastructure of the Secret Service--is now in order.
C. DOUGLAS DILLON, the Secretary of the Treasury, was responsible
for the overall operations of the Secret Service during the Kennedy
Dillon was certainly "out of the loop" on 11/22/63--he was on a crowded
Cabinet plane bound for Japan via Hawaii with Dean Rusk, Orville Freeman,
and most of the major players, including Press Secretary Pierre Salinger,
whose absence on the Texas trip planning was profound. Agent Bob Lilley
told me that Salinger, who normally made these trips, was "extremely
knowledgable" about proper motorcade planning and security concerns,
as the agency had "worked closely with Pierre on all our advance work"---
except in Dallas [author's interviews with Lilley, 1992-1996]. As William
Manchester accurately reported, even Andy Hatcher, the number two man, was
left behind, ostensibly because he was a Negro, leaving a "third-stringer",
Malcolm Kilduff, to make his first major trip on his own (The Death of a
President, 1988 edition, p.12; author's interviews with Sam Kinney,
1992-1994. Interestingly, a Negro agent, Robert R. Faison, was a
prominent member of the Secret Service on the Texas trip). In Dillon's
place, ASST. SEC. ROBERT A. WALLACE had, among other duties, issued an
"official" denial to the press at 3:33 p.m. that an agent was killed in
Dallas, as the AP, UPI, and all the networks were continually reporting
as fact--at this time, AFI was on its way back to Washington with JFK's
body [NBC video, 3:40 p.m.] Another deputy, ACTING SEC. G. d'ANGELOT
BELIN also "stepped in" in Dillon's absence during crucial parts of 1963
and 1964 [18H810-815; 933-934]; in fact, this man was "confused" by Chief
Rowley as being the General Counsel of the Warren Commission

Fallout? Although Dillon, a member of the "Stop Castro" lobby
in Washington [Destiny Betrayed by Jim DiEugenio, p. 334] and the
primary member of the "Dillon Committee" that whitewashed and
covered-up the agency's performance on November 22 (ironically
formalized on November 22, 1964), a duty he would repeat for another
agency as a member of the Rockefeller Commission with another Belin
(David), he was replaced in January 1965 by UNDERSECRETARY HENRY

CHIEF JAMES J ROWLEY was a close, personal friend of J EDGAR
HOOVER who usually left day-to-day operations up to his top men, except
on important trips (i.e. Germany, June, 1963) [author's interview with
Rowley 9/27/92]. However, although quite aware of both the Chicago
(11/2/63) AND the Florida (11/18/63) threats before Dallas ["The
Third Alternative" by the author, p. 53; HSCA audio tape of Rowley, 9/78],
Rowley was left "out of the loop" back in Washington, D.C., attending a
luncheon on 11/22/63 [Truman Library Oral History, 1988]. Meanwhile,
DEPUTY CHIEF PAUL PATERNI, a member of the OSS during WWII and a
former partner of James Jesus Angleton and Ray Rocca ["Who's Who in the
CIA"], would provide the only significant hands-on participation from the
Chief's office on 11/22/63: he was principally involved in the limousine
inspection at the White House Garage with Floyd Boring whereupon bullet
fragments, skull particles, and vehicle damage was "noted" before the FBI
got their hands on the car [CD8O, p. 3].

Fallout? Rowley took much heat before, during, and after his FBI, WC, and
HSCA appearances, in place of many of his more deserving deputies [see also
The Day Kennedy Was Shot, by Jim Bishop, 1988 edition, p. 558]. He was
ultimately replaced during the Watergate crisis by H. STUART KNIGHT (more
on him later).

SAIC GERALD A. BEHN went against protocol, not by removing
himself from the 11/18/63 Florida trip (manned by Floyd Boring), but by
his absence--- coinciding with his first full vacation---on the Texas
trip (Behn was also in Washington "out of the loop"). Former Chief U. E.
Baughman stated that the SAIC [Behn] or his immediate assistant [Boring]
always accompany the President when he leaves Washington [Secret Service
Chief by Baughman, p.129]; in fact, a prominent member of the press
corps in Dallas, Jerry ter Horst, wrote that Behn, who "traditionally
accompanied" JFK, "would never forgive himself or be forgiven by others"
for missing the Texas trip [The Flying White House, p 214]. Instead, yet
another "third stringer", ASAIC [#3] ROY H. KELLERMAN, was making his
first major trip on his own without either Behn OR Boring [author's
interviews with Sam Kinney, 1992- 1994]!
ASAIC [#2] FLOYD M. BORING, although also back in Washington, was
lN CHARGE OF PLANNING THE TEXAS TRIP [author's interviews with Boring
and Kinney, 1993-1994; Truman Library Oral History, 1988, p. 63; The
Day Kennedy Was Shot", 1988 edition, p. 558]! Boring had given ADVANCE
AGENT WINSTON G. LAWSON the Dallas assignment [4H342] and had been
working prominently with another advance agent, David B. Grant, Lawson's
often forgotten partner of 11/13-11/ 22 [17H601], on Kennedy's (cancelled)
trip to Chicago (11/2) and Florida (11/18) AND Texas (11/21-11/22);
Grant was the sole advance agent on the first two of these three major trips.
In addition, Boring was involved both in the critical checks of the PRS
for potential threats to JFK for Dallas-which yielded NOTHING-and the
important Trade Mart (vs. Women's Building) decision, which ultimately
determined the motorcade route choice(s), the speed of the car(s), and
the security of the (inferior) building selected (4H337; 21H546;
11HSCA516; 2H1 07-108; 11 HSCA5l6; 2H107-108; 11H5CA523; The
Third Alternative, pp 11, 50; "Boring is Interesting", May 1995 Fourth
Decade]. Among other things, not the least of which was Behn's adamant
stance against the Trade Mart, Boring HAD to have known of the prior
(11/2-11/18/63) threats against JFK, as did his afore- mentioned

ADVANCE AGENT DAVID B. GRANT--joined Lawson late on the night of
11/16/63 and was involved in the extremely important meetings (with Betty
Forsling Harris, the DPD, and others) which resulted in the following:a
deleted squad car, the changes in the motorcade's order of vehicles, the
depletion of 18 motorcycles for JFK down to a measley 4 non-flanking
units, and the removal of the press, photographers, Cecil Stoughton, Dr.
Burkley, Godfrey McHugh, and Ted Clifton towards the rear of the
motorcade in defiance of traditional protocol--being close to JFK [The
Third Alternative pp. 18, 49; "Boring is Interesting", May 1995 Fourth
Decade; Deep Politics and the Death Qf JFK by Peter Dale Scott, pp.
277-278; HSCA interview w/Winston Lawson, 1/31/ 78-new documents just
released]. While Lawson, a former Army counter-intelligence agent [4H318]
rode in the lead car, Grant was stationed at the Trade Mart on 11/ 22/63
(1nterestingly, as revealed in the newly- released HSCA/Secret Service
interviews, Lawson stated that Lt Col. George Whitmeyer, who taught Army
intelligence, rode in the pilot car, although he wasn't scheduled to be
in the motorcade in the first place!)
ATSAIC [deputy of the ASAIC's] EMORY P. ROBERTS was in command
of the other 7 agents in the Secret Service follow-up car for all three major
trips in November, 1963: Chicago (11/2-cancelled), Florida (11/18) and
Texas(1 1/21-I 1/22). While the other two ATSAlC's, Stewart G. Stout and
Arthur L. Godfrey, were elsewhere (Stout at the Trade Mart, Godfrey in Austin
at the Commodore-Perry Hotel [author's interviews with Godfrey, both in
1996]), Roberts was in a position to exhibit a lot of power, made
manifest first by his critical positioning of the other seven agents in
the car, especially agents HENRY J. RYBKA (a member of the car on
11/21-11/22 before Dallas [Shift Reports of 11/21-11/22/63 via ARRB;
Sturges film, Carswell AFB; 25H787]) and PRS agent GLENN A. BENNETT, who
was making his very first trip ever [HSCA interview of Bennett, 1976;
author interview of Kinney], riding in this most important of protective
vehicles (Bennett was an administrator--if there were ostensibly, NO
threats found by PRS of Dallas, WHY was Bennett placed here [he needed
reminding by Lawson-17H631]? Could it be that he was (covertly)
actively searching for KNOWN threats and this was covered-up afterwards [see
author's article in the April 1997 "JFK/ Deep Politics Quarterly"]? As for
Rybka, as discovered by this author, he was recalled by Roberts at Love Field
[seeWFAA/ABC video and author's COPA 1995-1996 presentation videos],
although Roberts would later cover this up by "mistakenly" placing Rybka
IN the car via TWO written reports after-the-fact [ 18H739; Shift Report
of 11/22/63 via ARRB]; even Lawson made this same "mistake" in his Final
Survey Report (LBJ Library copy].

In addition, once on Elm Street and after recognizing the first shot
as a RIFLE blast (not a firecracker), Roberts recalled agent John D. Ready,
the closest agent to JFK on the follow-up car, an action which he later
erroneously blamed on the speed and distance between the two cars
[18H734-735; 749-750] and ordered the other agents not to move [author's
interviews with Sam Kinney, 1994]! From this moment on, Roberts totally
usurped ASAIC Kellerman's proper authority in Dallas, and overtook the
reigns of command, especially at Parkland Hospital [see "The Strange
Actions (and Inaction) of Agent Emory Roberts", October 1996 "JFK/DPQ" by
the author). However, Roberts wasn't the only agent to usurp Kellerman's
authority on Elm Street...

Driver William R. Greer, as has been documented many times by
this author [see "47 Witnesses: Delay on Elm Street" Jan/March 1992 Third
Decade for example], turned around in his seat twice to stare at JFK
without speeding up and evacuating the scene, and disobeyed a direct
order from his superior, Roy Kellerman, who was sitting less than two
feet away from him in the front seat of the limousine; this all occurred
before the fatal head shot arrived. For his part, Kellerman proved to be
an inexperienced "third-stringer", not making any attempt to come to the
aid of the wounded President although, like Greer, he also saw JFK hit via
turning around in his seat. Kellerman claimed that JFK said both "Get me
to a hospital" [Sibert & O'Neil interview of Kellerman 11/22/63; 2H73]
and "My God, I've been hit" [2H73] AND made the equally-ludicrous claim
that JFK, with "his left hand in back of him appear [ed] to be reaching
to a point on his right shoulder", an action not seen by any other
witness or photographic artifact associated with 11/22/63!

SAIC OF VP (LBJ) DETAIL, H. STUART KNIGHT was also absent from the
Texas trip, although he was replaced by his deputy in Dallas, ASAIC
RUFUS W. YOUNGBLOOD, on 11/25/63, he was back in Washington on
11/21-11/22/63, inactive ("20 Years in the Secret Service", by
Youngblood, pp. S6-97; author's interviews with Knight 1992-1994 and
Youngblood 1992-1994]. Although "official" history tells us Youngblood
received a medal for his fast actions in Dallas covering LBJ (who wasn't
even a target) after the first shot sounded, Senator Ralph Yarborough,
who sat in the very same car with Youngblood and LBJ, said that this
never happened-not only did Youngblood never even leave the front seat,
the agent and LBJ were listening to a walkie-talkie with the volume set
too low for the Senator to hear what they were picking up ["The
Death of a President", p. 166 - surprisingly, Dave Powers, who rode in the
follow-up car in place of Cecil Stoughton, agreed with Yarborough on this]

Fallout concerning Behn, Boring, Kellerman, Roberts, Lawson, Grant,
Knight, and Youngblood? Behn was demoted -with Knight- on January 1965
to a non-protective function known as "Special Investigations", which dealt
in a tedious area of fraud. Who were these two replaced by? Rufus Youngblood,
who became Kellerman's equal on 11/22/63 and Behn's equal soon after, while
becoming Knight's superior immediately. While Lawson was tabbed as the "one
and only first ever-advance agent ever to lose a President" by an emotional
Lawson himself ["Inside the Secret Service" video 1995; see also Manchester,
p. 312], his long-forgotten partner,David Grant,went on to become an advance
man during the Nixon years and lived in near-total anonymity from the events
of Dallas until this author "(re)discovered" him for the research community-
Roberts became the Records Sec. to LBJ [interview with Kinney 1994], sharing
important duties with another Roberts, Mrs. Juanita Roberts, Johnson's Chief
Private Secretary (Manchester, p. 403; Bishop, pp. 430, 528]. To date, this
author has been unable to confirm if this was Emory's wife, nor have I been
able to confirm if Roberts, who died unexpectedly in the late 1960's, was the
same agent who took his own life in Washington with his own weapon (the agent
showed signs he was beginning to buckle), according to agents Marty Venker
and Chuck Rochner ("Confessions of an Ex-Secret Service Agent" by George
Rush and Marty Venker, pp. 216-217]. Emory Roberts was the SECOND agent
to die after Dallas. Who was the first? Fellow ATSAIC Stewart G. Stout-Stout
died immediately after Dallas, cause unknown to date-Agents Kinney and Boring
would NOT tell me how he died during my interviews with them! In fact, Boring
expressed much doubt that Stout was EVEN IN DALLAS, which he unquestionably
was [2HKellerman; see also 18H665-702 and SS Shift reports via ARRB].
Interestingly, on another November day when a President was in the midst of
an assassination attempt (Truman), not only was Floyd Boring temporarily in
charge of the detail, but Stout was with him, as well, performing the very
same duties: armed and ready, safely away inside a building (Blair House and
the Trade Mart, respectively)!

What about Boring? He was PROMOTED to Inspector right after
Dallas, a highly coveted position of power and prestige (author's interviews
with Jerry Behn (9/27/92) and Floyd Boring 1993-1994]! And, while
Behn, Kellerman, Rowley, and Lawson were subjected to public and media
scrutiny of a negative sort, coupled with testifying to either the FBI, the
WC, the HSCA, or all of the above, significantly, those who I feel strongly
were "out of the loop" on purpose--Boring, Grant, and Roberts--testified
to NO ONE associated with any of the official investigations! Although the
HSCA did have Boring's and Grant's addresses, they were apparently not
contacted (as borne out by the footnotes or lack of them- in the HSCA's
Report and accompanying volumes). Roberts was interviewed by Manchester,
and I strongly suspect that he was the source for the erroneous quote,
attributed to Boring, that JFK had told the agents to get off the rear of the
limousine in Florida on 11/18/63 (Boring denied that this was true AND
that he was ever contacted by Manchester, and he is joined by notable
colleagues Kinney, Godfrey, Lilly, Behn and many others as denouncing
the whole mythology of JFK "desiring" to do away with the agents on/near
the rear of the limousine, the motorcycles, the bubbletop, etc, [see
"Boring is Interesting" and the 1995-1996 COPA videos for more on
this issue] As noted in my previous work, it is this "JFK-as-Scapegoat"
theme, adopted by Roberts, Boring, Grant, and perhaps even Lawson,
that, along with the impossible lack of PRS subjects for Dallas, greatly
contributed, along with this breakdown of infrastructure, to what
occurred on 1 1/22/63).

To summarize: while Dillon was "out of the loop" (and out of the
country with Salinger et. al.), and while Chief Rowley and SAIC Behn
were inactive in D.C., Boring was pulling the strings for Dallas via D.C.,
whereupon his deputies, Advance agent Grant and ATSAIC Emory Roberts,
upstaged, commandeered, and, ultimately usurped the authority of "third
-stringers" Roy Kellerman and Asst. Press Sec. Mac Kilduff (essentially
a non-player), not to mention Roberts' fellow ATSAIC's Godfrey and Stout
AND Grant's "hapless" partner, advance agent Lawson. In addition, Young-
blood took Knight's place both in Dallas and AFTER Dallas, and Greer joined
in his comrades Roberts and Boring in usurping Kellerman 's authority.

This, I believe, is the key to what ultimately transpired on
November 22, 1963-mixing in JFK's fraudulent security "desires"
with a healthy dose of infrastructure breakdown spelled a deadly potion
for the planing and implementation of security concerns-and agent
behavior-in Dallas.

Maybe there is a REASON a healthy majority of the agents went
for unauthorized drinks on the eve of the murder after all...

--------------- end ------------------------- Boring's interesting testimony to the ARRB The interview begins with Boring exclaiming "I didn't have anything to do
with it, and I don't know anything." Let's replay that again: "I didn't have
anything to do with it"---what, the assassination or the Texas trip?

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photo of secret service and cars...from president wilson to ike's era..thanks to vince palamara..

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