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Israel's Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Weapons
#1
Israel's Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Weapons


by Stephen Lendman



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[TD="colspan: 2, align: left"]Israel's long known open secret is its formidable nuclear arsenal. Less is known about its chemical and biological weapons (CBW) capability. More on that below.


In 1986, Dimona nuclear technician Mordechai Vanunu revealed documents showing what many long suspected. Israel had been secretly developing, producing and stockpiling nuclear weapons for years.


Experts called his information genuine. They revealed sophisticated technology able to amass a formidable nuclear arsenal. Today it's more potent than ever.


In his 1991 book titled "The Samson Option: Israel's Nuclear Arsenal and America Foreign Policy,"Seymour Hersh discussed its strategy to launch massive nuclear counterattacks in response to serious enough threats.


In his 1997 book titled "Open Secrets: Israeli Nuclear and Foreign Policies," Israel Shahak said Israel won't hesitate using nuclear or other weapons to advance its "hegemony over the entire Middle East."


In 2006, former Prime Minister Ehud Olmert told Germany's Sat. 1 channel:


"Iran, openly, explicitly and publicly, threatens to wipe Israel off the map. Can you say that this is the same level, when they are aspiring to have nuclear weapons, as America, France, Israel and Russia?"


Later he denied what viewers clearly heard him say. Calls for him to step down followed. So did accusations of ineptitude for acknowledging Israeli nuclear weapons publicly.


Israel always stuck to its nuclear ambiguity position. Olmert later backtracked. Damage control didn't assuage criticism. Opposition party members called him irresponsible.


Meretz party member Yossi Beilin said:


"The prime minister's amazing statement regarding nuclear capability indicates a lack of caution bordering on irresponsibility."


Olmert's approval rating plunged. Aides tried frantically to limit damage. His spokesman, Miri Eisin, said his comments didn't mean Israel had or wants nuclear weapons.


Of course, the cat was out of the bag after Mordechai Vanunu revealed it 20 years earlier. Damage control made things worse. Vanunu welcomed Olmert's admission, accidental or otherwise. He hoped he said it intentionally, saying:


"For 20 years, they tried to deny me and my story, but the policy of cheating and lying didn't succeed."


Changes are taking place, he added. He hoped his situation would improve. It didn't. He still chafes under repressive Israeli policies. Practically under house arrest, he's harassed. His fundamental rights are denied. He wants his citizenship revoked and permission to leave, but Israel won't grant either right.


He's a legend in his own time. He only wants to live free. After what Israel put him through for decades, he deserves that much and more.


Israel refuses to discuss its nuclear capability. Others are less reticent. On May 4, Haaretzheadlined "Israel's atomic arsenal could fall victim to a new US nuclear policy," saying:


Visiting Hiroshima last February, escorts "drew (Israeli Defense Secretary Ehud Barak's) attention to a map of the world listing the number of nuclear warheads in the possession of the atomic powers. There is a number next to Israel's name, too: '80.' Barak did not respond."


Most experts believe Israel has hundreds of warheads and sophisticated long-range delivery systems.


"According to a (late 1990s) secret document of the Pentagon's Defense Intelligence Agency....leaked during the period of the George W. Bush administration, Israel had '60 to 80' nuclear warheads in 1999."


The Pentagon updates its data regularly. It keeps close watch on all nuclear powers and suspected ones like North Korea.


Israel never signed the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT). In 1969, Nixon and Prime Minister Golda Meir mutually agreed that Israel's nuclear capability wouldn't harm relations. In 1998, so did Clinton and Netanyahu. In 2009, Obama continued past policy.


Expect change eventually. Israel's belligerency over Iran's peaceful nuclear program may "boomerang" on its military one.


Israel's Chemical and Biological Weapons (CBW)


Israel signed the 1993 Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), but didn't ratify it. It never signed the 1972 Biological Weapons Convention (BWC). Its policy is CBW ambiguity.


In 1993, the US Congress Office of Technology Assessment WMD proliferation assessment included Israel as a nation having undeclared offensive chemical warfare capabilities. In 1998, former Deputy Assistant Defense Secretary Bill Richardson said:


"I have no doubt that Israel has worked on both chemical and biological offensive things for a long time. There's no doubt they've had stuff for years."


Israel tests new weapons in combat. Against Lebanon in 2006 and Gaza during Cast Lead, it used direct energy weapons, chemical and/or biological agents, and others producing injuries and symptoms medical professionals never previously saw.


For example, bodies with dead tissue had no apparent wounds. Corpses were found shrunken. Civilians had heavy lower limb damage requiring amputations. Nonetheless, unstoppable necrosis followed (death of cells and living tissue) followed by death.


Internal wounds had no trace of shrapnel. Corpses were blackened but not burned. Some badly wounded victims didn't bleed. The Palestinian health ministry said Israel used a new type explosive in Gaza. It contained toxins and radioactive materials. They burned and tore victims' bodies from the inside. They also left long term deformations.


A Palestinian doctor accused Israel of using chemical ammunition that burns and injures soft tissue, but can't be traced by X-rays. Severe internal wounds were reported. Unknown gases believed to be nerve agents were used. Those affected lost consciousness for about 24 hours. They experienced high fevers and muscle rigidity. Some needed urgent blood transfusions.


In Gaza, white phosphorous was used. It burns flesh to the bone. Depleted uranium spread radioactive contamination. Close-range explosives caused severe injuries, requiring amputations. Children had legs cut off, abdomens sliced open, or died because nothing could save them.


In June 2011, CounterPunch contributor Saleh El-Naami headlined "Exposing Israel's Most Dangerous Secret," saying:


Only authorized personnel have access to the Israeli Institute for Biological Research (IIBR). Israel calls it "a governmental, applied research institute specializing in the fields of biology, medicinal chemistry and environmental sciences."


Others reveal IIBR is "where Israel develops its biological and chemical weapons and prepares for any eventuality of biological or chemical warfare." Its facility is Israel's "most top-secret military installation...."


Official censorship prohibits anything discussed about it. One exception only occurred after long-term employee Avisha Klein sued "for harassment and emotional abuse."


She was part of a team developing mustard gas protective ointment. During proceedings, more information came out.


IIBR has hundreds of scientists and technicians. Its many departments specialize in chemical and biological weapons research, development and production. One is a poison used for assassinations.


In 1977, Prime Minister Menachem Begin ordered Mossad to eliminate Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine leader Wadie Haddad. He was fond of Belgian chocolates. Mossad coated some with "a slow-acting poison, and had them delivered to Haddad...."


The substance had "undetectable properties." Haddad's health deteriorated. Flown to East Germany for treatment, he was diagnosed with leukemia and died on March 29, 1978. Thirty-two years later, the truth came out. IIBR's poison killed him.


Other assassinations were conducted the same way. IIBR specializes in toxic substances and protective vaccines. Anthrax research got attention. Israel feared enemies might use it.


IIBR works closely with Israeli military and intelligence operations. They list priorities. IIBR works on them.


"For example, information that has come to light during the coverage of Klein's suit reveals that many years ago the Israeli military establishment was concerned that Arab states might use such chemical agents as mustard gas in an potential assault against Israel and, therefore, instructed the institute to develop a chemical substance to minimise the effects of the gas."


Israeli soldiers were used to test vaccines. Some experienced "permanent physical damage." Lawsuits for damages were filed. Victims want recognition as disabled veterans and appropriate compensation. Pressure got IDF officials to announce experiments on Israeli personnel would end.


The Nuremberg Code prohibits medical experiments without human subjects voluntarily consenting. Recruitment must exclude "coercion, fraud, deceit, and (provide) full disclosure of known risks."


Experiments are prohibited "where there is an a priori reason to believe that death or disabling injury will occur." Those permitted must be expected "to yield fruitful results for the good of society, unprocurable by other methods or means of study...."


In 1948, Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion ordered European Jewish scientists recruited who could "either increase the capacity to kill masses or to cure masses; both are important."


Avraham Marcus Klingberg became a chemical and biological weapons (CBW) expert and IIBR deputy director.


Avraham Marcus Klingberg was also recruited. He became the father of Israel's nuclear weapons program in charge of the Israeli Atomic Energy Commission (IAEC). Ben-Gurion was determined to have a nuclear option and other non-conventional weapons to counter numerical Arab advantage.


In his farewell address to the Israeli Armaments Development Authority (RAFAEL), he defended the strategy saying:


"I am confident, based not only on what I heard today, that our science can provide us with the weapons that are needed to deter our enemies from waging war against us."


He and Shimon Peres became leading forces behind Israel's nuclear, biological, and chemicals development program. Strict secrecy was maintained. Staff were forbidden to discuss anything related to their work. Prohibitions remain strict.


Truths eventually leak out. One day much more will be known. Vanunu was harshly punished to deter other whistleblowers. Bradley Manning faces similar treatment. In his case, life in prison may result.


Nonetheless, some who know tell others. Suppressing vital truths everyone needs to know remains hard to do forever. Much is known about Israel's nuclear program. Perhaps CBW disclosures will expose secrets too important to hide.


Stephen Lendman lives in Chicago and can be reached at lendmanstephen@sbcglobal.net.


His new book is titled "How Wall Street Fleeces America: Privatized Banking, Government Collusion and Class War"


http://www.claritypress.com/Lendman.html



Visit his blog site at sjlendman.blogspot.com and listen to cutting-edge discussions with distinguished guests on the Progressive Radio News Hour on the Progressive Radio Network Thursdays at 10AM US Central time and Saturdays and Sundays at noon. All programs are archived for easy listening.


http://www.progressiveradionetwork.com/t...-news-hour
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Stephen Lendman is a frequent contributor to Global Research. Global Research Articles by Stephen Lendman[/TD]
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http://www.globalresearch.ca/index.php?c...&aid=30892 [/TD]
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"Where is the intersection between the world's deep hunger and your deep gladness?"
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#2
Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu Linked to Nuclear Technology Smuggling Ring - FBI Files


by Institute for Research: Middle Eastern Policy

WASHINGTON, July 28, 2012 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The following is being released by the Institute for Research: Middle Eastern Policy -- The FBI partially declassified and released files linking Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to a nuclear technology smuggling ring that targeted the United States. The declassified files are now publicly available online athttp://www.IRmep.org/ila/krytons/06272012_milco_mdr.pdfFBI agents interviewed indicted American smuggler Richard Kelly Smyth on April 16-17, 2002, at the U.S. attorney's office in Los Angeles. The secret interview report details how during trips to Israel Smyth's handler placed him in contact with Benjamin Netanyahu at Heli Trading Company. The FBI report suggests that "Smyth and [Netanyahu] would meet in restaurants in Tel Aviv and in [Netanyahu's] home and/or business. It was not uncommon for [Netanyahu] to ask Smyth for unclassified material."Smyth was indicted in the mid-1980s for smuggling 800 dual use "krytrons" without proper export licenses through a multi-front company network. Smyth fled the U.S. and lived abroad, supported by unknown means, until he was captured by Interpol and returned to the U.S. in 2001. He was convicted in 2002.During the 2002 Smyth counterintelligence debriefing, the FBI learned that the Israeli Ministry of Defense ordered and paid an Israeli company called Heli Trading for krytrons. Heli in turn sourced them from California-based MILCO in a clandestine operation codenamed "Project Pinto." The report reveals how MILCO illegally shipped other prohibited military articles under general Commerce Department export licenses rather than smuggling them out via Israeli diplomatic pouches.Released on the Internet on July 4, 2012, the files have been the subject of reporting in the Israeli press, including Israeli National News, Ma'ariv and The Marker. Some U.S. alternative media also explored the implications of the formerly secret files including Antiwar.com, Tikkun Olam, Mondoweiss and CounterPunch. WBAI radio and the Scott Horton Show have hosted interviews. Although the FBI report has now been sent to the New York Times, Washington Post, all members of Congress and United Nations members, no top-tier establishment news coverage, Congressional or UN investigations have been made public. On Friday, National Public Radio syndicated host Diane Rehm immediately disconnected IRmep Research Director Grant F. Smith when he asked her reporter roundtable to assess the implications of the Netanyahu espionage ring. An audio clip of the brief exchange is available at: http://www.IRmep.org/NPR.mp3IRmep is a private nonprofit that studies how warranted law enforcement and civil action can improve U.S. Middle East policy.

http://www.globalresearch.ca/index.php?c...&aid=32107
"Where is the intersection between the world's deep hunger and your deep gladness?"
Reply
#3
I can't remember, but did Israel sign on to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Pact, as Iran did?

Adele
Reply
#4
No. They can't sign on to it because they don't admit having them. Once they admit having them all US aid has to stop. So everyone pretends that they don't see the elephant in the room because it suits both parties at the moment. And one reason they hated Mordechai Vanunu so much.
"The philosophers have only interpreted the world, in various ways. The point, however, is to change it." Karl Marx

"He would, wouldn't he?" Mandy Rice-Davies. When asked in court whether she knew that Lord Astor had denied having sex with her.

“I think it would be a good idea” Ghandi, when asked about Western Civilisation.
Reply
#5
http://www.debka.com/

An Iran war is now inevitable according to debka.

Apparently, Iran is guilty of fortifying its nuclear facilities against bombardment--how the fuck dare they?

Also on the charge sheet is Iran's transparent attempt to raise uranium enrichment levels, develop dirty bombs and send terrorists to blow up Israeli tourists abroad. Of course four Iranian scientists have been murdered in the last two years, but the media doesn't often mention that.

The final garbling sentence says it all: These dangerous developments are generating the current an eve-of-war climate.

I'm okay with Israel destroying the world but poor grammar is unforgivable.
Reply
#6
Mark Stapleton Wrote:http://www.debka.com/

An Iran war is now inevitable according to debka.

Apparently, Iran is guilty of fortifying its nuclear facilities against bombardment--how the fuck dare they?

Also on the charge sheet is Iran's transparent attempt to raise uranium enrichment levels, develop dirty bombs and send terrorists to blow up Israeli tourists abroad. Of course four Iranian scientists have been murdered in the last two years, but the media doesn't often mention that.

The final garbling sentence says it all: These dangerous developments are generating the current an eve-of-war climate.

I'm okay with Israel destroying the world but poor grammar is unforgivable.
Interesting. I still think it is more sabre rattling myself. Israel missed that bus some time ago if they were going to do it at all. But there is plenty going on in the area. And things can change unexpectedly. And Israel is insane in many ways but not all of them. And it would be insanity to attack. Would it be permitted? Would there be intervention? Removal of Bibi? And replaced by whom?


I do note, and I can't find it just now as I'm off to sleep now, but there were some very unusual money signals today. Supposedly similar to that just before 911.
"The philosophers have only interpreted the world, in various ways. The point, however, is to change it." Karl Marx

"He would, wouldn't he?" Mandy Rice-Davies. When asked in court whether she knew that Lord Astor had denied having sex with her.

“I think it would be a good idea” Ghandi, when asked about Western Civilisation.
Reply
#7
They can always catch the next bus. They write the bus timetable. Israel has its poodle client state at its disposal, as well as its own impressive war machine.
Reply
#8
Magda Hassan Wrote:... I do note, and I can't find it just now as I'm off to sleep now, but there were some very unusual money signals today. Supposedly similar to that just before 911.

Was it this?

: http://www.businessinsider.com/doug-kass...z22X3jFaVq
"Where is the intersection between the world's deep hunger and your deep gladness?"
Reply
#9
No it wasn't that link and doesn't look like the same information. It was in a graph form . I'll see if I can find it.
"The philosophers have only interpreted the world, in various ways. The point, however, is to change it." Karl Marx

"He would, wouldn't he?" Mandy Rice-Davies. When asked in court whether she knew that Lord Astor had denied having sex with her.

“I think it would be a good idea” Ghandi, when asked about Western Civilisation.
Reply
#10
Files show how US agreed to Israel's nuclear program
[Image: dimona.jpg]

The files that were made public by the Interagency Security Classification Appeals Panel (ISCAP) shows how American delegates agreed to Israel's refusal to sign the Non-Proliferation Treaty.

World Bulletin / News Desk
Declassified documents from 45 years ago have revealed how cabinet secretaries and senior advisers to the then US president Richard Nixon withdrew from a plan to block Israeli nuclearization ahead of a meeting with then Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir at the White House in September 1969.
The files, that were made public by the Interagency Security Classification Appeals Panel (ISCAP), not only shows how American delegates agreed to Israel's refusal to sign the Non-Proliferation Treaty, but also how they came to terms with allowing Israel to refuse an American inspection of the Dimona nuclear facility and a deal which would have seen the delivery of strategic ground-to-ground Jericho missiles to Israel in exchange for their signing of the treaty.
Although the details of Nixon's meeting with Meir remain classified, the declassified files state that officials had on the eve of the talks advised Nixon to show restraint with regard to the Israeli nuclear program, and to abandon efforts to get Israel to cease acquiring 500-kilometer-range missiles with one-ton warheads developed in the Marcel Dassault factory in France, if it could reach an agreement with Israel on these points, the daily Haaretz reported.
A document written by senior officials in the Nixon administration in a working group led by National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger discusses the Israeli "NSSM 40"nuclear weapons program in which Nixon directed Kissinger to put together a panel of experts, headed by Assistant Secretary of State Joseph Sisco, who would submit their intelligence reports on Israel's progress toward nuclear arms and to present policy alternatives.
Sisco's assistant, Rodger Davies wrote regarding Israel's nuclear progress that the determination to safeguard the Jewish people "makes it probable that Israel would desire to maintain the ultimate weapon at hand should its security again be seriously threatened."
"Israel wants nuclear weapons, for two reasons: First, to deter the Arabs from striking Israel; and second, if deterrence fails and Israel were about to be overrun, to destroy the Arabs in a nuclear Armageddon," the files stated.
According to Haaretz, Sisco and his advisers worried that a threat to cut off arms supplies "could build military and psychological pressures within Israel to move rapidly to the very sophisticated weaponry we are trying to avoid."
The documents also stated fears that the nuclearization of Israel could also prompt Arab neighbors to also develop their own nuclear weapons via private contracts with scientists and engineers in Europe or even hit Israel's Dimona facilities with a kamikaze' strike.
However, Davies concluded that the lesser evil would be to agree for Israel to "retain its technical option'" to produce nuclear weapons, saying "If the Israelis show a disposition to meet us on the nuclear issue but are adamant on the Jericho missiles, we can drop back to a position of insisting on non-deployment of missiles and an undertaking by the Israelis to keep any further production secret."

Quote:

Newly declassified documents reveal how U.S. agreed to Israel's nuclear program

Documents reveal contacts between Washington and Jerusalem in late 1960s, when some Americans believed the nuclear option would not deter Arab leaders but would trigger an atom bomb race.

By Amir Oren [Image: comment.png] 15

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The Obama administration this week declassified papers, after 45 years of top-secret status, documenting contacts between Jerusalem and Washington over American agreement to the existence of an Israeli nuclear option. The Interagency Security Classification Appeals Panel (ISCAP), which is in...
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"The philosophers have only interpreted the world, in various ways. The point, however, is to change it." Karl Marx

"He would, wouldn't he?" Mandy Rice-Davies. When asked in court whether she knew that Lord Astor had denied having sex with her.

“I think it would be a good idea” Ghandi, when asked about Western Civilisation.
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