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Hillsborough Football Stadium Disaster (15 April 1989) & Verdict (26 April 2016)
#1
Hillsborough inquests: Fans unlawfully killed, jury concludes - 1 hour ago - Liverpool - http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-36138337

Ninety-six football fans who died as a result of a crush in the 1989 Hillsborough disaster were unlawfully killed, the inquests have concluded.
The jury found match commander Ch Supt David Duckenfield was "responsible for manslaughter by gross negligence" due to a breach of his duty of care.
Police errors also added to a dangerous situation at the FA Cup semi-final.
After a 27-year campaign by victims' families, the behaviour of Liverpool fans was exonerated.
The jury found they did not contribute to the danger unfolding at the turnstiles at the Leppings Lane end of Sheffield Wednesday's ground on 15 April 1989.
Nine jurors reached unanimous decisions on all but one of the 14 questions at the inquests into Britain's worst sporting disaster.
The coroner Sir John Goldring said he would accept a majority decision about whether the fans were unlawfully killed - seven jurors agreed they were.

Hillsborough Inquests: What you need to know
Read the inquest questionnaires or download them here

1. Basic facts of the disaster: Do you agree with the following statement: "Ninety-six people died as a result of the disaster at the Hillsborough stadium on 15 April 1989 due to crushing in the central pens of the Leppings Lane terrace, following the admission of a large number of supporters to the stadium through exit gates."
Jury's answer: Yes.
2. Police planning for the semi-final match: Was there any error or omission in police planning or preparation which caused or contributed to the dangerous situation that developed on the day of the match?
Jury's answer: Yes
"We feel there were major omissions in the 1989 operational order".
3. Policing of the match and the situation at the turnstiles: Was there any error or omission in policing on the day of the match which caused or contributed to a dangerous situation developing at the Leppings Lane turnstiles?
Jury's answer: Yes
"The police response to the increasing crowd at Leppings Lane was slow and uncoordinated.
"The road closure and sweep of fans exacerbated the situation. No filter cordons were place in Leppings Lane. No contingency plans were made for the sudden arrival of a large number of fans.
"Attempts to close the perimeter gates were made too late".
4. Policing of the match and the crush on the terrace: Was there any error or omission by commanding officers which caused or contributed to the crush on the terrace?
Jury's answer: Yes
"Commanding officers should have ordered the closing of the central tunnel".
5. The opening of the gates: When the order was given to open the exit gates at the Leppings Lane end of the stadium was there any error or omission by the commanding officers in the control box which caused or contributed to the crush on the terrace?
Jury's answer: Yes
"Commanding officers did not inform officers in the inner concourse prior to the opening of Gate C.
"Commanding officers failed to consider where fans would go.
"Commanding officers failed to order the closure of the central tunnel prior to the opening of Gate C".
6. Unlawful killing: Are you satisfied, so that you are sure, that those who died in the disaster were unlawfully killed? To answer 'yes' to this question, the jurors must be sure of the following:
Firstly, that Ch Supt David Duckenfield owed a duty of care to the 96 who died
Secondly, that he was in breach of that duty of care
Thirdly, that the breach of Mr Duckenfield's duty of care caused the deaths
Finally, the jury must be sure that the breach which caused the deaths amounted to "gross negligence."
Jury's answer: Yes
7. Behaviour of the supporters: Was there any behaviour on the part of the football supporters which caused or contributed to the dangerous situation at the Leppings Lane turnstiles?
Jury's answer: No
8. Defects in Hillsborough stadium: Were there any features of its design, construction and layout which were dangerous or defective and which probably or may have caused or contributed to the disaster?
Jury's answer: Yes
"The design and layout of the crush barriers in P 3 and 4 were not fully compliant with the green guide.
"The removal of barrier 144 and the partial removal of barrier 136 would have exacerbated the waterfall effect of pressure towards the front of the pens.
"The lack of dedicated turnstiles for individual pens meant that capacities could not be monitored.
"There were too few turnstiles for a capacity crowd.
"Signage to the side pens was inadequate".
9. Licensing and oversight of the stadium: Was there any error or omission in the safety certification and oversight of Hillsborough Stadium that caused or contributed to the disaster?
Jury's answer: Yes
"The safety certificate was never amended to reflect changes to the Leppings Lane end of the stadium. Therefore capacity figures were not updated".
10. Conduct of Sheffield Wednesday FC before the day of the match: Was there any error or omission by SWFC and its staff in the management of the stadium and/or preparation for the semi final match on 15 April 1989 which caused or contributed to the dangerous situation which developed on the day of the match?
Jury's answer: Yes
"The club did not approve the plans for dedicated turnstiles for each pen.
"The club did not agree any contingency plans with the police.
"There was inadequate signage and inadequate and misleading information on the tickets".
11. Conduct of Sheffield Wednesday FC on the day of the match: Was there any error or omission by SWFC and its staff on 15 April 1989 which caused or contributed to the dangerous situation that developed at the Leppings Lane turnstiles and in the west terrace?
Jury's answer: No
11a If "no", was there any error or omission by SWFC and its staff on 15 April 1989 which may have caused or contributed to the dangerous situation that developed at the Leppings Lane turnstiles and in the west terrace?
Jury's answer: Yes
"Club officials were aware of a huge number of fans still outside at 14:40. They should have requested a delay in kick off.
12. Conduct of Eastwood and Partners (SWFC engineers): Should they have done more to detect and advise on any unsafe or unsatisfactory features of the stadium which caused or contributed to the disaster?
Jury's answer: Yes
Eastwood and Partners did not make their own calculations when they became consulstants for SWFC, therefore the initial capacity figures and all subsequent calculations were incorrect.
Eastwood and Partners failed to recalculate capacity figures each time changes were made to the terraces.
Eastwood and Partners failed to update the safety certificate after 1986.
13. Emergency response and the role of South Yorkshire Police: After the crush in the West Terrace had begun to develop was there any error or omission by the police which caused or contributed to the loss of lives in the disaster?
Jury's answer: Yes
"The police delayed declaring a major incident so appropriate emergency response was delayed."
14. Emergency response and the role of South Yorkshire Metropolitan Ambulance Service (SYMAS): After the crush in the west terrace had begun to develop, was there any error or omission by the ambulance service SYMAS which caused or contributed to the loss of lives in the disaster?
Jury's answer: Yes
"They failed to ascertain the nature of the problem at Leppings Lane.
"The failure to recognise and call a major incident led to delays in responding to the emergency."


Hillsborough cover-up worse than first thought' - Jonathan Brown Friday 12 July 2013 - http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/cri...06527.html

The scale of the alleged police cover-up over the Hillsborough disaster was even more wide-ranging than originally believed, it emerged today.
The Independent Police Complaints Commission said it had uncovered evidence that a further 55 officers had amended their statements following the stadium crush which left 96 Liverpool FC fans dead.
The new discovery is in addition to 164 altered accounts - 116 of which were changed to make them appear more favourable to the police - identified by the Hillsborough Independent Panel last year and which prompted an official public apology by the Prime Minister to the dead fans, their families and the survivors of Britain's worst sporting tragedy.
Among its shocking disclosures, which included the suggestion that 41 of the victims might have survived if they had received adequate medical care on the day of the crush, the panel found evidence that South Yorkshire Police carried out a systematic cover-up to exonerate senior officers and took part in a smear operation to put the blame on fans for being drunk and violent.
In her latest update into the inquiry into the behaviour of South Yorkshire Police, IPCC deputy chair Deborah Glass said investigators would begin interviewing officers later this month. More than 1,000 officers from 20 different forces are expected to feature in the inquiry.
She said the investigating team had been contacted by members of the public identifying potentially significant individuals. It had received 230 pieces of correspondence of which 50 referred to police statements.
"The IPCC knows the people who have contacted us are the tip of the iceberg. Therefore preparations are ongoing for an appeal for witnesses to the disaster and this is expected to be conducted in the autumn," she said.
As well as reviewing the allegations surrounding amendments to statements made by South Yorkshire Police officers who were on duty at the Sheffield Wednesday ground in 1989, the inquiry will examine the role of West Midlands Police which led the original investigation into the disaster.
The probe into the policing of the Hillsborough disaster is the biggest ever undertaken in the history of the IPCC. The police watchdog expects to recruit up to 100 staff to work on the investigation.
A separate team led by former Durham Chief Constable Jon Stoddart is investigating a range of organisations involved in the preparation for the event and what happened on the day.
Fresh inquests into the deaths of the 96 victims are set to begin by March 31 next year in the north west of England. Verdicts of accidental death from the original inquest in March 1991 were quashed last year.
The IPPC said a further two sets of documents not seen by the Hillsborough panel had been located at West Midlands Police headquarters. The force is now carrying out a further trawl of its archives to ensure there are no other records which have yet to come to light. It also emerged that the Home Office had identified a number of other organisations which did not contribute documents to the independent panel and investigators are now seeking to confirm whether they are relevant to the inquiries.
Martin Luther King - "Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere."
Albert Camus - "The only way to deal with an unfree world is to become so absolutely free that your very existence is an act of rebellion".
Douglas MacArthur — "Whoever said the pen is mightier than the sword obviously never encountered automatic weapons."
Albert Camus - "Nothing is more despicable than respect based on fear."
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#2
Hillsboro remains one of the most disgraceful coverups by the police.

I wonder if anyone has yet figured out if the secret handshake brigade came together over this, because it sure smells of that to me.
The shadow is a moral problem that challenges the whole ego-personality, for no one can become conscious of the shadow without considerable moral effort. To become conscious of it involves recognizing the dark aspects of the personality as present and real. This act is the essential condition for any kind of self-knowledge.
Carl Jung - Aion (1951). CW 9, Part II: P.14
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#3
David Guyatt Wrote:Hillsboro remains one of the most disgraceful coverups by the police.

I wonder if anyone has yet figured out if the secret handshake brigade came together over this, because it sure smells of that to me.

My Godfather, recently deceased, a Mason, knew that something was happening to me (I'd got back in touch with him after a long break, around the time this was starting), I could tell from the way his letters suddenly changed about a year later, and he'd seemed to drop something in to help me - "A4e", but this isn't a game I play. High regional civil service - at least, so I believe.

Helluva fella, greatly missed. Once saw the Gneisenau on the high sea; "What did you do?", "Scarper".
Martin Luther King - "Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere."
Albert Camus - "The only way to deal with an unfree world is to become so absolutely free that your very existence is an act of rebellion".
Douglas MacArthur — "Whoever said the pen is mightier than the sword obviously never encountered automatic weapons."
Albert Camus - "Nothing is more despicable than respect based on fear."
Reply
#4
Seems Special Branch were enroled to spread the love - todays i-'paper, 27Ap'16

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Martin Luther King - "Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere."
Albert Camus - "The only way to deal with an unfree world is to become so absolutely free that your very existence is an act of rebellion".
Douglas MacArthur — "Whoever said the pen is mightier than the sword obviously never encountered automatic weapons."
Albert Camus - "Nothing is more despicable than respect based on fear."
Reply
#5
Police face questions over the influence of the Freemasons after it emerged match commander and his boss were both members

  • Match commander David Duckenfield and former boss Brian Mole members of same lodge
  • Duckenfield was promoted despite not being 'best man for job'
  • South Yorkshire Police colleagues said to have been furious over decision
  • Year after disaster Duckenfield became a 'worshipful master' of local lodge
By Martin Robinson, Uk Chief Reporter For Mailonline
Published: 00:35 EST, 27 April 2016 | Updated: 15:00 EST, 27 April 2016
[URL="http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3559607/Police-face-questions-influence-Freemasons-emerged-match-commander-boss-members.html#comments"] 129
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[/URL]
[Image: 338D782F00000578-3559607-Powerful_force_...656046.jpg]+2


Powerful force: Hillsborough match commander David Duckenfield, pictured a month after the disaster, was a Freemason and promoted into a job he couldn't do properly, much to the anger of colleagues

South Yorkshire Police today face questions over whether powerful 'secret society' the Freemasons held sway over the force at the time of Hillsborough.
Families of victims say that officers who were Masons were promoted into powerful positions despite being ill-equipped, including match commander David Duckenfield.
Duckenfield told the fresh inquests he had been a Freemason since 1975 and became head of his local lodge - a worshipful master - the year after the 1989 disaster.
The match commander, 46 in 1989, was handed control of F Division, which included policing games at Hillsborough, just three weeks before the tragedy.
He was forced to admit at the inquests that he had no experience of policing football, did not know Hillsborough and 'wasn't the best man for the job'.
At the time there was fury among colleagues who believed it was his freemasons membership that was behind his promotion.
When asked during the inquest of was influenced by his membership of the so-called 'secret society', but added: 'I would hope not.'
His predecessor Brian Mole, now dead, had also been a member of the same lodge, jurors were told.
The Independent Police Complaints Commission (IPCC), as part of its overall investigation into alleged criminality and misconduct, has examined concerns from the Hillsborough families over Freemason membership.
The United Grand Lodge of England has provided information including historical attendance records of meetings.
t




This has enabled investigators to assess whether there may be some correlation with individuals involved in decision-making around Hillsborough, according to the IPCC.
The hearings in Warrington also heard evidence from a police constable who said he had heard 'a substantial meeting' of senior officers, including allegedly Mr Duckenfield, took place in the days after the disaster.
The officer said it was rumoured that most of the officers were Masons and it was said they were trying to blame Superintendent Roger Marshall for asking for the exit gate at Leppings Lane to be opened.
[Image: 338C078700000578-3559607-image-m-99_1461681164776.jpg]+2


http://www.dailymail.co.uk/embed/video/1286368.html









Coroner Sir John Goldring later warned the jury that there was 'not a shred of evidence' that such a meeting ever took place or that all of those named were Freemasons. He advised them to put the 'gossip and hearsay' to one side.
Giving evidence, Mr Duckenfield said he was unaware if his boss, Chief Constable Peter Wright, was also a Freemason.
He said: 'I can't say whether he was or he wasn't. What I am saying is within my knowledge in the whole of the Sheffield/Yorkshire area, and in my lodge, he certainly wasn't a Freemason, and it wasn't customary in those days, because a situation had arisen where it was unfashionable, or some people thought unacceptable, to be a Freemason in a senior police position.'
Freemasonry is one of the world's oldest and largest non-religious, non-political, fraternal and charitable organisations, according to the United Grand Lodge of England's website.
It adds that 'it teaches self-knowledge through participation in a progression of ceremonies' and 'is a society of men concerned with moral and spiritual values'.
David Duckenfield, who is believed to be in Portugal, said Liverpool supporters had smashed through a closed gate before kick-off, causing the crush, when in fact he had ordered it to be left open to ease congestion.
It was only 26 years later, having retired on a gold-plated police pension, that he was forced to admit this was the 'direct cause' of the tragedy and that he had lied to save his own skin.
Today the inquest found that his decision had caused or contributed to their deaths - and also meant that they were all unlawfully killed.
In 2000 the families of the dead brought a private manslaughter prosecution against Duckenfield, but a jury failed to reach a verdict. The Crown Prosecution Service could again choose to prosecute him after today's verdicts.
Today, as the damning verdicts were read out, the match commander was not at the hearing and neighbours said the retired golf fan was last seen at home on the edge of the New Forest over the weekend.
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-...l#comments
"The philosophers have only interpreted the world, in various ways. The point, however, is to change it." Karl Marx

"He would, wouldn't he?" Mandy Rice-Davies. When asked in court whether she knew that Lord Astor had denied having sex with her.

“I think it would be a good idea” Ghandi, when asked about Western Civilisation.
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#6
I believe that there is a judgement in place preventing Duckenfield from serving any jail time unless it is overturned by the judge who presided over the civil case. (Just going from memory here.)
“The most difficult subjects can be explained to the most slow-witted man if he has not formed any idea of them already; but the simplest thing cannot be made clear to the most intelligent man if he is firmly persuaded that he knows already, without a shadow of doubt, what is laid before him.”
― Leo Tolstoy,
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#7
The classic - Call to free up masons - http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/352109.stm -
Wednesday, May 26, 1999 Published at 08:22 GMT 09:22 UK
(Little evidence of masonic links to Birmingham Six case)
Police forces in England and Wales have been accused of being too slow in setting up registers for staff to declare if they are freemasons.
The government says people working in the criminal justice system should state in voluntary registers whether they are masons.
But the Commons Home Affairs Committee has said it is disappointed at the number who've complied.
The chairman of the committee said that legislation may be needed to require members of the criminal justice system to reveal if they are freemasons.
(Audio file d/l) - The BBC's Jon Silverman: "41% of Crown Prosecution Service staff failed to respond when asked about masonic membership"
When asked by the BBC if new laws were needed on disclosure chairman Chris Mullin, said: "They'll have to be if anything is going to change." [etc.]

Presumably this got kicked into the long grass. I'd presume the 'Feathermen', in whatever form they're in, are Masons. An ex- of mine, her ex-, needed a quickie lung x-ray/full check-up for a skuba diving thingy, got straight-in at the GP's - dodgy handshakes all 'round - no weeks-long waiting for the boyos.

Something I should've added t'other day, from the same scanned 'paper above - an interesting few items in it, 'phone tapping, which I'd not heard any suggestion of before (last paragraph); naturally leads-on to the presumption of SDS 'infiltration' into the Hillborough Justice camp; the brown shirts're swinging from imaginary chandeliers - talk about "reds under the sodding bed"..

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.jpg   i-paperWed27Ap2016Hillsborough.JPG (Size: 285.58 KB / Downloads: 22)
Martin Luther King - "Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere."
Albert Camus - "The only way to deal with an unfree world is to become so absolutely free that your very existence is an act of rebellion".
Douglas MacArthur — "Whoever said the pen is mightier than the sword obviously never encountered automatic weapons."
Albert Camus - "Nothing is more despicable than respect based on fear."
Reply
#8
R.K. Locke Wrote:I believe that there is a judgement in place preventing Duckenfield from serving any jail time unless it is overturned by the judge who presided over the civil case. (Just going from memory here.)

Assuming the presiding judge wasn't a brother....
The shadow is a moral problem that challenges the whole ego-personality, for no one can become conscious of the shadow without considerable moral effort. To become conscious of it involves recognizing the dark aspects of the personality as present and real. This act is the essential condition for any kind of self-knowledge.
Carl Jung - Aion (1951). CW 9, Part II: P.14
Reply
#9
Acting South Yorkshire police chief steps down over conduct questions
Spotlight falls on Dawn Copley, as South Yorkshire police force is left without a chief constable for second time after Hillsborough verdict - http://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2016/...er-conduct
David Conn and agencies Thursday 28 April 2016 20.56 BST


The acting chief constable of South Yorkshire police, who on Wednesday replaced David Crompton following the Hillsborough inquest findings, has stepped down after it emerged her conduct at a previous force was being investigated.


South Yorkshire police force has been left without a chief constable for the second time in less than 48 hours after the Hillsborough inquest findings, as it emerged that its deputy chief constable Dawn Copley was appointed despite having declared that she was being investigated over her conduct with her previous force, Greater Manchester police (GMP). [after having been accused of "corrupt practice", with others, by a whistleblower at GMP, according to BBC txt yesterday].


...


Victims' families outraged after South Yorkshire Police officers told they 'did a good job' at Hillsborough
The message: 'You did a good job - we all did' - was mistakenly made public by a group for retired officers - http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/hom...04571.html
Lizzie Dearden @lizziedearden Thursday 28 April 2016


South Yorkshire Police officers who served in the 1980s have been told they "did a good job" in the wake of the Hillsborough inquests' damning verdicts.


The statement provoked outrage from families of those killed and their supporters, who said the "praise" was insensitive and undeserved for the bulk of police involved in the disaster.


A message from the South Yorkshire National Association of Retired Police Officers (Narpo), which has since been removed, acknowledged that "mistakes were made" but said they should be proud of the way the miners' dispute [see: Orgeave Truth and Justice Campaign - ] and Yorkshire Ripper cases were handled.


...


Channel4 news tweet -
alex thomson ‏@alextomo Apr 28
Operation Resolve [Operation Resolve is the criminal investigation into the deaths of 96 people at the Hillsborough Stadium, Sheffield, 15/04/1989] - 74 SYP [South Yorks Police] officers who were at Hillsborough have refused to co-operate with the criminal investigation so far.

...

Hillsborough disaster: Former Sun editor Kelvin MacKenzie 'duped'
27 April 2016 Last updated at 12:26 BST
The former editor of The Sun, Kelvin MacKenzie, has told the BBC's Richard Lister he was "completely duped" over the facts about the Hillsborough disaster. - http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-36146639

[Interesting one, KM's saying that he thought that infamous info of fans picking the pockets of the dead & dying & pissing on corpses/coppers was from a respectable agency. Looks kinda flustered to me.]
[Image: Hillsborough_disaster_Sun.jpg]

Martin Luther King - "Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere."
Albert Camus - "The only way to deal with an unfree world is to become so absolutely free that your very existence is an act of rebellion".
Douglas MacArthur — "Whoever said the pen is mightier than the sword obviously never encountered automatic weapons."
Albert Camus - "Nothing is more despicable than respect based on fear."
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#10
I feel these are directly speaking for me:

[Image: attachment.php?attachmentid=8337&stc=1][Image: attachment.php?attachmentid=8338&stc=1][Image: attachment.php?attachmentid=8339&stc=1]
especially that last by the most excellent Owen Jones.


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Martin Luther King - "Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere."
Albert Camus - "The only way to deal with an unfree world is to become so absolutely free that your very existence is an act of rebellion".
Douglas MacArthur — "Whoever said the pen is mightier than the sword obviously never encountered automatic weapons."
Albert Camus - "Nothing is more despicable than respect based on fear."
Reply


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