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Thaci - KLA - Kosovo - Albanian organ harvesting crimes and investigations

Radio Netherlands
December 26, 2010

UN covered up organ trafficking report, says Serbia

Serbia asked the international war crimes court for the former Yugoslavia to investigate a former UN chief in Kosovo for covering up a report on organ trafficking, a report said on Sunday.

Serbia's minister for cooperation with the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) wrote to chief prosecutor Serge Brammertz seeking an inquest into Soren Jessen Petersen, the head of the UN's mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) from 2004 to 2006, Blic newspaper reported.

"We are waiting for ICTY to open an inquest into UNMIK officials at the time for contempt of court," minister Rasim Ljajic told the newspaper.

Council of Europe rapporteur Dick Marty published a report earlier this month that linked Kosovo Prime Minister Hashim Thaci to organ trading and organised crime, which Thaci has denied.

UNMIK investigated possible organ trafficking in 2004, but it did not take it further citing lack of evidence.

"At the time, UNMIK said it did not have a report on organ trafficking and had no proof....But in 2008 our war crimes prosecutor obtained 16 pages of this report," Ljajic said.

Marty's report said Thaci headed a Kosovo Liberation Army faction which controlled secret detention centres in Albania, where the human organ trafficking was alleged to have taken place in the aftermath of the 1998-99 war between the guerrillas and Serbian forces.
"The philosophers have only interpreted the world, in various ways. The point, however, is to change it." Karl Marx

"He would, wouldn't he?" Mandy Rice-Davies. When asked in court whether she knew that Lord Astor had denied having sex with her.

“I think it would be a good idea” Ghandi, when asked about Western Civilisation.
The U N's involvement is a travesty of justice imho. I suspect this is going to turn out like NATO connections to important paedophile networks.
The shadow is a moral problem that challenges the whole ego-personality, for no one can become conscious of the shadow without considerable moral effort. To become conscious of it involves recognizing the dark aspects of the personality as present and real. This act is the essential condition for any kind of self-knowledge.
Carl Jung - Aion (1951). CW 9, Part II: P.14
An article generally sympathetic to the Kosovo manufactured narco terror state though it brings up the 'difficulties' for the Swiss special rapporteur from exposing the atrocities. However, such things were foreseeable to many knowing the previous history of the area and the fascist and criminal players involved.


Gulf Times
January 23, 2011

A dark cloud hangs over Kosovo
By Ian Bancroft/Pristina

The serious allegations made against Kosovo's current prime minister and former political leader of the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA), Hashim Thaci, by the Council of Europe's special rapporteur, Dick Marty, have raised profound questions about the role of the international community in Kosovo prior to, during and since the Nato-led bombing campaign in 1999.

In particular, Marty's assertion that the interests of stability were placed before those of justice further undermines the already discredited claim that intervention was based upon humanitarian principles.

By providing de facto impunity from criminal investigation, the international community has further undermined efforts to strengthen the rule of law in Kosovo; the prime motivation for the deployment of EULEX. When it debates Marty's report on January 25, the Council of Europe's parliamentary assembly (PACE) will therefore have a vital opportunity and obligation to provide greater momentum to an in-depth and unhindered investigation into the alleged crimes and their perpetrators.

Having previously led a Council of Europe investigation into extraordinary rendition and alleged CIA secret detention centres in Europe, Marty's latest report, entitled "Inhuman treatment of people and illicit trafficking in human organs in Kosovo", was adopted by PACE's committee on legal affairs and human rights in mid-December.

Aside from the allegations of "disappearances, organ trafficking, corruption and collusion between organised criminal groups and political circles in Kosovo", one of the most damning indictments is Marty's assertion that "the international organisations in place in Kosovo favoured a pragmatic political approach, taking the view that they needed to promote short-term stability at any price, thereby sacrificing some important principles of justice".

The international community's complicity in down-playing and even ignoring suspected crimes by the KLA demonstrates the paucity of their supposed humanitarian concerns, particularly when contrasted with the grand statements of Blair, Kouchner et al.

The Kosovo government's response has revolved around denial and accusations of racism.

Thaci has vowed to publicly reveal the names of those who had co-operated with Marty, threatened to sue the Council of Europe's rapporteur and compared the report to Nazi propaganda; an assertion that caused considerable dismay in Marty's native Switzerland.

The Kosovo Liberation Army's Veterans Association, meanwhile, launched an "aggressive smear campaign" against a respected journalist, Halil Matoshi, who accused certain individuals of wanting to "police a patriotic anarchy'" by labelling people either good' or bad' patriots.

Reporters Without Borders called on the Kosovo government to condemn the remarks, insisting that "the guilty silence must end at once. The entire political class has a duty to respond to these indirect but real threats". Such a climate of fear and intimidation bodes ill for the prospects of justice being served any time soon.

Indeed, another Council of Europe report, entitled "The protection of witnesses as a cornerstone for justice and reconciliation in the Balkans", is set to shed further light on the challenges facing any potential criminal investigation. The report's author, Jean Charles Gardetto, notes a lack of effective witness protection and talks of cases where "many potential witnesses in Kosovo claim to be perceived as traitors if they testify" and "witnesses who are on the point of testifying (are) being assassinated".

Such witness intimidation, as Gardetto notes, makes the role of the international community even more vital in order to ensure that the investigation and prosecution of cases remain free from political and other forms of interference.

By adopting Marty's report on January 25, the Council of Europe's parliamentary assembly can provide additional impetus to an international investigation into, and possible prosecution of, alleged crimes in Kosovo and Albania.

The EU will have a key role to play in conducting and ensuring full co-operation with such an inquiry. Should Albania and Kosovo refuse to co-operate, then the EU should employ the very conditionality that has worked so effectively with respect to ensuring Serbia's full co-operation with the ICTY.

Political pragmatism must no longer be placed before the principles of justice. A failure to credibly investigate all alleged crimes will only further impede the process of reconciliation and the prospects of achieving a sustainable political settlement between Serbia and Kosovo. It will also leave Kosovo tangled up in a web of organised crime and corruption, and devoid of the international recognition that it so desperately seeks. - Global Experts (, a project of the UN Alliance of Civilisations

**** Ian Bancroft is the co-founder and executive director of TransConflict (, an organisation undertaking conflict and post-conflict transformation projects and research throughout the Western Balkans.
"The philosophers have only interpreted the world, in various ways. The point, however, is to change it." Karl Marx

"He would, wouldn't he?" Mandy Rice-Davies. When asked in court whether she knew that Lord Astor had denied having sex with her.

“I think it would be a good idea” Ghandi, when asked about Western Civilisation.

BBC News
January 24, 2011

Report reignites Kosovo organ trafficking claim
By Mark Lowen

Silvana Marinkovic clasps the faded photograph of her husband, Goran; the contours of his face now barely visible.

"He was 26 here," she says. "19 June 1999. The last time I saw him before he was taken."

For over a decade Ms Marinkovic has come twice weekly to a cramped office near the Kosovan capital Pristina.

There, she and other relatives of Kosovan Serbs who disappeared after the war discuss the hunt for their loved ones.

Almost 2,000 ethnic Serbs and Albanians are still missing from the conflict in Kosovo.

"He was kidnapped," she tells me. "It's so hard to think of it. I don't know where he was taken, but I still pray I'll find him alive."

The fate of some lay a few hours' drive away, according to the human rights watchdog, the Council of Europe.

Its rapporteur, the Swiss senator Dick Marty, published a report last month, alleging that members of the ethnic Albanian separatist group, the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA), took prisoners to detention camps in Albania in the months following the war against the Serbs.

'Yellow house'

In a makeshift clinic in the town of Fushe-Kruje, near the Albanian capital, some are said to have been killed and their organs removed to be sold on the international market.

On Tuesday, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe will debate the findings and vote on a resolution based on the draft report.

That could prompt calls for a fresh investigation.

Allegations of organ trafficking from the Kosovan war have been present for some years.

They previously centred on a building nicknamed the "yellow house" near the Albanian town of Burrel, where kidneys of captured Serbs were said to have been removed.

But after successive investigations ended without prosecutions, many believed the case would be dropped.

Now the Marty report has reawakened those claims, focusing for the first time on Fushe-Kruje.

The building mentioned in the report is described, though its exact location not disclosed.

I travelled to a crumbling house near the town that matches the description.

Local media say it could be the building mentioned since Kosovan Albanian refugees lived here during the war.

Hidden up a stony track, the deserted shell is choked by thick brambles. The window frames are empty, doors removed and even the light fittings ripped out. Old shoes and empty bottles are strewn across the rotting floors.

There is nothing to suggest that it housed an operational organ clinic, but then it is totally derelict.
The Marty report claims that witnesses were silenced and paid off by members of the Drenica Group, a faction within the KLA, whose members allegedly carried out the organ trafficking, as well as heroin smuggling and assassinations.

Its leader is named as Hashim Thaci: then the KLA's political chief, now Kosovo's Prime Minister, described by intelligence sources as being "the most dangerous of the KLA's 'criminal bosses'".

Mr Thaci was backed by western powers from the late 1990s, through Nato's bombing campaign to support the KLA and drive the Serbs out of Kosovo.

That support is heavily criticised in the report as fostering a one-sided view of the conflict, with Serbs seen as the aggressors and Kosovan Albanians as the victims.
Just outside Pristina lies a gated cemetery to fallen members of the KLA, with each grave decorated by an Albanian flag.

Across Kosovo, the men are seen as heroes of the liberation struggle, martyrs for the Albanian cause.

But an uncomfortable light has now been shone of the other side of that fight and on what may have happened back in 1999 in the KLA's name.
"The philosophers have only interpreted the world, in various ways. The point, however, is to change it." Karl Marx

"He would, wouldn't he?" Mandy Rice-Davies. When asked in court whether she knew that Lord Astor had denied having sex with her.

“I think it would be a good idea” Ghandi, when asked about Western Civilisation.
F 67075 Strasbourg Cedex | e-mail: | Tel: + 33 3 88 41 2000 | Fax: +33 3 88 41 2776
AS/Jur (2010) 46 [provisional version]
12 December 2010
Ajdoc46 2010
Committee on Legal Affairs and Human Rights
Inhuman treatment of people and illicit trafficking in human
organs in Kosovo*1
Rapporteur: Mr Dick Marty, Switzerland, Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
A. Draft resolution
1. The Parliamentary Assembly was extremely concerned to learn of the revelations of the former
Prosecutor at the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), who alleged that serious
crimes had been committed during the conflict in Kosovo, including trafficking in human organs, crimes which
had gone unpunished hitherto and had not been the subject of any serious investigation.
2. In addition, according to the former Prosecutor, these acts had been committed by members of the
"Kosovo Liberation Army" (KLA) militia against Serbian nationals who had remained in Kosovo at the end of
the armed conflict and been taken prisoner.
3. According to the information gathered by the Assembly and to the criminal investigations now under
way, numerous concrete and convergent indications confirm that some Serbians and some Albanian
Kosovars were held prisoner in secret places of detention under KLA control in northern Albania and were
subjected to inhuman and degrading treatment, before ultimately disappearing.
4. Numerous indications seem to confirm that, during the period immediately after the end of the armed
conflict, before international forces had really been able to take control of the region and re-establish a
semblance of law and order, organs were removed from some prisoners at a clinic in Albanian territory, near
Fushë-Krujë, to be taken abroad for transplantation.
5. This criminal activity, which developed with the benefit of the chaos prevailing in the region, at the
initiative of certain KLA militia leaders linked to organised crime, has continued, albeit in other forms, until
today, as demonstrated by an investigation being carried out by the European Union Rule of Law Mission in
Kosovo (EULEX) relating to the Medicus clinic in Pristina.
6. Although some concrete evidence of such trafficking already existed at the beginning of the decade,
the international authorities in charge of the region did not consider it necessary to conduct a detailed
examination of these circumstances, or did so incompletely and superficially.
* All reference to Kosovo, whether to the territory, institutions or population, in this text shall be understood in
full compliance with United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244 and without prejudice to the status of
1 Draft resolution adopted unanimously by the Committee in Paris on 16 December 2010.
AS/Jur (2010) 46
7. Particularly during the first years of their presence in Kosovo, the international organisations
responsible for security and the rule of law (KFOR and UNMIK) had to cope with major structural problems
and serious shortages of staff with the skills to take on the tasks they were entrusted with, all this being
aggravated by rapid and constant staff rotation.
8. The ICTY, which had started to conduct an initial examination on the spot to establish the existence of
traces of possible organ trafficking, dropped the investigation. The elements of proof taken in Rripe, in
Albania, have been destroyed and cannot therefore be used for more detailed analyses. No subsequent
investigation has been carried out into a case nevertheless considered sufficiently serious by the former
ICTY Prosecutor for her to see the need to bring it to public attention through her book.
9. During the decisive phase of the armed conflict, NATO took action in the form of air strikes, while land
operations were conducted by the KLA, de facto allies of the international forces. Following the departure of
the Serbian authorities, the international bodies responsible for security in Kosovo very much relied on the
political forces in power in Kosovo, most of them former KLA leaders.
10. The international organisations in place in Kosovo favoured a pragmatic political approach, taking the
view that they needed to promote short-term stability at any price, thereby sacrificing some important
principles of justice. For a long time little was done to follow-up evidence implicating KLA members in crimes
against the Serbian population and against certain Albanian Kosovars. Immediately after the conflict ended,
in effect, when the KLA had virtually exclusive control on the ground, many scores were settled between
different factions and against those considered, without any kind of trial, to be traitors because they were
suspected of having collaborated with the Serbian authorities previously in place.
11. EULEX, which took over certain functions in the justice sector previously fulfilled by UN structures
(UNMIK) at the end of 2008, inherited a difficult and sensitive situation, particularly in the sphere of
combating serious crime: incomplete records, lost documents, uncollected witness testimony. Consequently,
a large number of crimes may well continue to go unpunished. Little or no detailed investigation has been
carried out into organised crime and its connections with representatives of political institutions, or in respect
of war crimes committed against Serbians and Albanian Kosovars regarded as collaborators or as rivals of
the dominant factions. This last-named subject is still truly taboo in Kosovo today, although everybody talks
about it in private, very cautiously. EULEX seems very recently to have made some progress in this field,
and it is very much to be hoped that political considerations will not impede this commitment.
12. The team of international prosecutors and investigators within EULEX which is responsible for
investigating allegations of inhuman treatment, including those relating to possible organ trafficking, has
made progress, particularly in respect of proving the existence of secret KLA places of detention in northern
Albania where inhuman treatment and even murders are said to have been committed. The investigation
does not, however, benefit from the desirable co-operation from the Albanian authorities.
13. The appalling crimes committed by Serbian forces, which stirred up very strong feelings worldwide,
gave rise to a mood reflected as well in the attitude of certain international agencies, according to which it
was invariably one side that were regarded as the perpetrators of crimes and the other side as the victims,
thus necessarily innocent. The reality is less clear-cut and more complex.
14. The Parliamentary Assembly strongly reaffirms the need for an absolutely uncompromising fight
against impunity for the perpetrators of serious human rights violations, and wishes to point out that the fact
that these were committed in the context of a violent conflict could never justify a decision to refrain from
prosecuting anyone who has committed such acts (see Resolution 1675 (2009)).
15. There cannot and must not be one justice for the winners and another for the losers. Whenever a
conflict has occurred, all criminals must be prosecuted and held responsible for their illegal acts, whichever
side they belonged to and irrespective of the political role they took on.
16. The question which, from the humanitarian viewpoint, remains the most acute and sensitive is that of
missing persons. Of more than 6,000 disappearances on which the International Committee of the Red
Cross (ICRC) has opened files, approximately 1,400 individuals have been found alive and 2,500 corpses
have been found and identified. For the most part, these were Albanian Kosovar victims found in mass
graves in regions under Serbian control and in Kosovo.
17. Co-operation is still clearly insufficient between international agencies on the one hand and the
Kosovar and Albanian authorities on the other on finding out the fate of the missing persons. Whereas
Serbia ultimately co-operated, it has proved far more complicated to carry out excavations on the territory of
AS/Jur (2010) 46
Kosovo, and has been impossible, at least so far, on Albanian territory. Co-operation by the Kosovar
authorities is particularly lacking in respect of the search for the almost 500 persons who officially
disappeared after the end of the conflict.
18. The working group on missing persons, chaired by the ICRC and the EULEX Office on Missing
Persons, needs the full and wholehearted support of the international community in order for the reluctance
on both sides to be overcome. Knowing the truth and enabling victims' families to mourn at last is a vital
precondition for reconciliation between the communities and a peaceful future in this region of the Balkans.
19. The Assembly therefore invites:
19.1 the member states of the European Union and the other contributing states:
19.1.1 to allocate to EULEX the resources that it needs, in terms of logistics and highly skilled staff, to
deal with the extraordinarily complex and important role entrusted to it;
19.1.2 to set EULEX a clear objective and give it political support at the highest level to combat organised
crime uncompromisingly, and to ensure that justice is done, without any considerations of political
19.1.3 to commit all the resources needed to set up effective witness protection programmes;
19.2 EULEX:
19.2.1 to persevere with its investigative work, without taking any account of the offices held by possible
suspects or of the origin of the victims, doing everything to cast light on the criminal disappearances, the
indications of organ trafficking, corruption and the collusion so often complained of between organised
criminal groups and political circles;
19.2.2 to take every measure necessary to ensure effective protection for witnesses and to gain their trust;
19.3 the ICTY to co-operate fully with EULEX, particularly by making available to it the information
and elements of proof in its possession likely to help EULEX to prosecute those responsible for crimes within
its jurisdiction;
19.4 the Serbian authorities:
19.4.1 to make every effort to capture the persons still wanted by the ICTY for war crimes, particularly
General Ratko Mladic and Goran Hadzic, whose impunity continues to constitute a serious obstacle to the
process of reconciliation and is often referred to by the authorities of other countries to justify their lack of
enthusiasm about taking judicial action themselves;
19.4.2 to co-operate closely with EULEX, particularly by passing to it all information which may help to clear
up crimes committed during and after the conflict in Kosovo;
19.4.3 to take the necessary measures to prevent leaks to the press of information about investigations
concerning Kosovo, leaks which are prejudicial to co-operation with other authorities and to the credibility of
the investigative work;
19.5 the Albanian authorities and the Kosovo administration :
19.5.1 to co-operate unreservedly with EULEX and the Serbian authorities in the framework of procedures
intended to find out the truth about crimes committed in Kosovo, irrespective of the known or assumed origin
of the suspects and the victims;
19.5.2 in particular, to take action on the requests for judicial assistance made by EULEX concerning
criminal acts alleged to have occurred in a KLA camp in northern Albania;
19.5.3 to start a serious and independent investigation in order to find out the whole truth about the
allegations, sometimes concrete and specific, of the existence of secret detention centres where inhuman
treatment was purportedly inflicted on prisoners from Kosovo, of Serbian or Albanian origin, during and
immediately after the conflict; the investigation must also be extended to a verification of the equally specific
AS/Jur (2010) 46
allegations about organ trafficking said to have taken place during the same period, some of it on Albanian
19.6 all the Council of Europe member and observer states concerned:
19.6.1 to respond without undue delay to the requests for judicial co-operation addressed to them by
EULEX and by the Serbian authorities in the framework of their current investigations concerning war crimes
and organ trafficking; the delayed response to these requests is incomprehensible and intolerable in view of
the importance and urgency of international co-operation to deal with such serious and dangerous crime
19.6.2 to co-operate with EULEX in its efforts to protect witnesses, especially when the persons concerned
can no longer continue to live in the region and must therefore adopt a new identity and find a new country of
20. The Assembly, aware that trafficking of human organs is now an extremely serious problem
worldwide, manifestly contravening the most basic standards in terms of human rights and dignity, welcomes
and concurs with the conclusions of the joint study published in 2009 by the Council of Europe and the
United Nations Organisation. It agrees in particular with the conclusion that it is necessary to draft an
international legal instrument, which lays down definitions of human organ, tissue and cell trafficking and lays
out the action that shall be taken in order to prevent such trafficking and to protect its victims, as well as
criminal law measures to prosecute the perpetrators.
AS/Jur (2010) 46
B. Explanatory memorandum by Mr Dick Marty
1. Introductory remarks an overview
2. Introductory commentary on sources
3. Detailed findings of our inquiry
3.1 The overall picture
3.2 KLA factionalism and the nexus with organised crime
3.3 Detention facilities and the inhuman treatment of captives
3.3.1. KLA detentions in wartime First subset of captives: the "prisoners of war" Case study on the nature of the facilities: Cahan Case study on the nature of the facilities: Kukës
3.3.2. Post-conflict detentions carried out by KLA members and affiliates Second subset of captives: the "disappeared" Case study on the nature of the facilities: Rripe Observations on the conditions of detention and transport Third subset of captives: the "victims of organised crime"
Case study on the nature of the facilities: Fushë-Krujë
4. Medicus clinic
5. Reflections on the "glass ceiling of accountability" in Kosovo
6. Some concluding remarks
AS/Jur (2010) 46
1. Introductory remarks an overview
1. In April 2008 Madam Carla Del Ponte, the former Chief Prosecutor before the International Criminal
Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY), published a set of memoirs, co-authored with Chuck Sudetic, on
her experiences within the tribunal. The book initially came out in Italian ("La caccia Io e i criminali di
guerra"), then in translation, notably in French ("La traque, les criminels de guerre et moi"). In the book,
almost ten years after the end of the war in Kosovo, there appeared revelations of trafficking in human
organs taken from Serb prisoners, reportedly carried out by leading commanders of the Kosovo Liberation
Army (KLA). These claims were surprising in several respects and have provoked a host of strong reactions.
They were surprising, in the first place, because they emanated from someone who exercised the highest
official responsibilities, at the very heart of the judicial system tasked with prosecuting the crimes committed
in the course of the conflicts that ravaged the former Yugoslavia. Furthermore, and above all, they were
surprising because they revealed an apparent absence of official follow-up in respect of allegations that were
nevertheless deemed serious enough to warrant inclusion in the memoirs of the former Prosecutor could
hardly have ignored the grave and far-reaching nature of the allegations she had decided to make public.
2. Having before it a motion for a Resolution (doc.11574), which demanded a thorough investigation into
the acts mentioned by Madam Del Ponte and their consequences, in order to ascertain their veracity, deliver
justice to the victims and apprehend the culprits of the crimes, the Committee on Legal Affairs and Human
Rights appointed me as Rapporteur and accordingly instructed me to propose a preliminary draft resolution
and to draw up a report.
3. The extraordinary challenges of this assignment were immediately clear. The acts alleged by a
former prosecutor of international standing, let us remember purportedly took place a decade ago and
were not properly investigated by any of the national and international authorities with jurisdiction over the
territories concerned. All the indications are that efforts to establish the facts of the Kosovo conflict and
punish the attendant war crimes had primarily been concentrated in one direction, based on an implicit
presumption that one side were the victims and the other side the perpetrators. As we shall see, the reality
seems to have been more complex. The structure of Kosovar Albanian society, still very much clanorientated,
and the absence of a true civil society have made it extremely difficult to set up contacts with
local sources. This is compounded by fear, often to the point of genuine terror, which we have observed in
some of our informants immediately upon broaching the subject of our inquiry. Even certain representatives
of international institutions did not conceal their reluctance to grapple with these facts: "The past is the past",
we were told; "we must now look to the future". The Albanian authorities intimated that their territory had not
been affected by the conflict and that they had no reason to open an inquiry. The Serbian authorities did
react, albeit rather belatedly, but so far without having achieved any significant results. For its part the ICTY
carried out an exploratory mission to the site of the notorious "Yellow House", though proceeding in a fairly
superficial way and with a standard of professionalism that prompts some bewilderment. In addition, the
ICTY's mandate was restricted to a clearly defined timeframe and territory: the international tribunal was
enjoined to try those suspected of crimes committed only up to June 1999, marking the end of the Kosovo
conflict, and its jurisdiction does not extend to Albania, except in instances where Albania expressly
authorises investigations to take place on its territory.
4. The acts with which we are presently concerned are alleged to have occurred for the most part from
the summer of 1999 onwards, against a background of great confusion throughout the region. The Serbian
security forces had abandoned Kosovo, and the troops of KFOR (NATO's international Kosovo Stabilisation
Force) were making a rather slow start in establishing themselves; while tens of thousands of Kosovar
Albanian refugees were originally trying to reach Albania and then to return home, with ethnic Serbs in turn
seeking refuge in the territories controlled by the Serbian Army. It was chaos: there was no functioning
administration on the part of the Kosovars, and KFOR took quite some time to gain control of the situation,
evidently not possessing the know-how needed to cope with such extreme situations. The NATO intervention
had essentially taken the form of an aerial campaign, with bombing in Kosovo and in Serbia operations
thought by some to have infringed international law, as they were not authorised by the UN Security Council
while on the ground NATO's de facto ally was the KLA. Thus, during the critical period that is the focus of
our inquiry, the KLA had effective control over an expansive territorial area, encompassing Kosovo as well as
some of the border regions in the north of Albania. KLA control should not be understood as a structured
exercise of power, and it was certainly far from assuming the contours of a state. It was in the course of this
critical period that numerous crimes were committed both against Serbs who had stayed in the region and
against Kosovar Albanians suspected of having been "traitors" or "collaborators", or who fell victim to internal
rivalries within the KLA. These crimes have largely gone unpunished and it is only years later that a rather
diffident start has been made in dealing with them.
AS/Jur (2010) 46
5. During this chaotic phase, the border between Kosovo and Albania effectively ceased to exist. There
was no form of control in effect, and it would hardly have been possible to enforce rules anyway, considering
the heavy flow of refugees towards Albania and their return in similar numbers after the end of the hostilities.
During a field mission on behalf of the Swiss Parliament in 1999, I was able to witness for myself the scale of
this phenomenon; I noted above all the singular solidarity shown by the Albanian population and authorities
in receiving the Kosovar refugees. It was in this context that KLA militia factions moved freely on either side
of the border, which, as pointed out, had by then become little more than a token dividing line. So it is clear
that the KLA held effective control in the region during that critical period, both in Kosovo and in the northern
part of Albania near the border. The international forces co-operated with the KLA as the local authority in
military operations and the restoration of order. It was as a result of this situation that certain crimes
committed by members of the KLA, including some top KLA leaders, were effectively concealed and have
remained unpunished.
6. The crimes committed by the Serb forces have been documented, denounced and, to the extent
possible, tried in courts of law. The frightful nature of these crimes hardly needs to be further illustrated.
These crimes stemmed from a wicked policy ordered by Milosevic over a lengthy period, including at times
when he was simultaneously being accorded full diplomatic honours in the capitals of many democratic
states. These crimes claimed tens of thousands of victims and disrupted a whole region of our continent. In
the Kosovo conflict, the ethnic Albanian population suffered horrendous violence as the result of an insane
ethnic cleansing policy on the part of the dictator then in power in Belgrade. None of these historical events
could be cast in doubt today. However, what emerged in parallel was a climate and a tendency according to
which led to all these events and acts were viewed through a lens that depicted everything as rather too
clear-cut: on one side the Serbs, who were seen as the evil oppressors, and on the other side the Kosovar
Albanians, who were seen as the innocent victims. In the horror and perpetration of crimes there can be no
principle of compensation. The basic essence of justice demands that everyone be treated in the same way.
Moreover, the duty to find the truth and administer justice must be discharged in order for genuine peace to
be restored, and for the different communities to be reconciled and begin living and working together.
7. Yet in the case of Kosovo, the prevailing logic appears to have been rather short-sighted: restore a
semblance of order as quickly as possible, while avoiding anything that might be liable to destabilise a region
still in a state of very fragile equilibrium. The result has been a form of justice that can only be defined as
selective, with impunity attaching to many of the crimes that appear, based on credible indications, to have
been directly or indirectly the work of top KLA leaders. The Western countries that engaged themselves in
Kosovo had refrained from a direct intervention on the ground, preferring recourse to air strikes, and had
thus taken on the KLA as their indispensable ally for ground operations. The international actors chose to
turn a blind eye to the war crimes of the KLA, placing a premium instead on achieving some degree of shortterm
stability. In effect the new Kosovo has been built on the existing structures of the Kosovar Albanian
homeland movement. It follows that the successive international administrations put in place, as well as the
US Government, which is generally regarded as playing an important role in the affairs of the new Kosovo2,
have had to maintain good relations with their de facto allies on the ground, as the latter have become the
new masters of the local political scene. This situation, as we emphasised above, has ultimately foiled the
prospect of our getting to the bottom of the crimes committed, at least in cases where there is every
indication that they were the misdeeds of persons in positions of power or close to those in power. An added
problem is that the resources of the international administration under UNMIK were insufficient, both in
quantity and in quality, for the task of prosecuting the crimes committed in an effective and impartial manner.
The posting of most international staff to UNMIK on limited-term contracts, and the resultant perpetual
rotation, caused a major hindrance to the administration of justice. International officials told us that it had
been impossible to maintain confidentiality of their sources an element considered essential to the success
of a criminal investigation in particular because of their reliance on local interpreters who would often pass
on information to the persons being investigated. As a result, EULEX has had to bring in interpreters from
other countries in order securely to conduct its most sensitive inquiries. The same sources told us that the
approach of the international community could be aptly encapsulated in the notion of "stability and peace at
any cost". Obviously such an approach implied not falling out with the local actors in power.
8. The EULEX mission, operational since the end of 2008, thus inherited an extremely difficult situation.
Numerous files on war crimes, notably those in which KLA combatants were listed as suspects, were turned
over by UNMIK in a deplorable condition (mislaid evidence and witness statements, long time lapses in
following up on incomplete investigative steps), to the extent that EULEX officials stated their fears in quite
2 The United States of America has an Embassy endowed with impressive resources and a military base, Camp Bondsteel, of a scale
and significance that clearly transcends regional considerations.
AS/Jur (2010) 46
explicit terms during our fact-finding visits that many files would simply have to be abandoned3. Some of our
contacts representing Kosovo's nascent civil society did not hold back in criticising EULEX itself: it had been
widely expected that EULEX would at last go after the "untouchables", whose more than murky past was
common knowledge. Yet these expectations were in vain: there had been many announcements and
promises, but the tangible results remained to be seen. The case of Nazim Bllaca, the "whistle-blower" who
admitted publicly to having carried out murders upon the orders of some of today's high-ranking politicians, is
emblematic. Four days elapsed before the man was arrested and placed under protection. The way in
which EULEX deals with his case will be an important test of how far it is prepared to go in pursuing its
mission to promote justice.
9. One must nevertheless commend the remarkable dedication of many EULEX staff at time of writing
some 1,600 international executives and 1,100 local employees and their determination to confront the
extraordinary challenge handed to them. Their efforts are beginning to yield tangible results, notably with
regard to the cases of the detention camp at Kukës and the Medicus Clinic in Pristina. Yet it is imperative
that EULEX is given more explicit and more resolute support from the highest levels of European politics.
There can be no lingering ambiguity as to the need to pursue all those suspected of crimes, even in cases
where the suspects hold important institutional and political positions. Similarly, EULEX must urgently be
given access to the complete sets of records compiled by international agencies that previously operated in
Kosovo, including KFOR files that have since been returned to the troop-contributing countries4, and files
compiled by the ICTY5. According to the key practitioners working on the ground, there ought to be a
common, unified database comprising the archives of all the international actors, readily accessible to
EULEX investigators. One is left to wonder what might possibly be the reasons put forward for failing to fulfil
such a basic demand.
10. The Kosovo Police (KP), multiethnic in its make-up, is professionally trained, well-equipped and
apparently effective in fighting petty crime or less serious forms of criminality. With over 7,200 uniformed
officers and more than 1,100 support staff, the KP comprises representatives of 13 ethnic groups, including
10% of ethnic Serbs. According to recent surveys, the KP is second only to KFOR among all the institutions
in Kosovo in the high levels of public trust it enjoys. Senior international officials have also confirmed that
the police are "decent", whereas the judges are "problematic" in the sense of being subject to intimidation,
under political influence, or corrupt. Assessments of the police nevertheless varied among the observers
whom we met. The KP still has to prove itself and to win the full confidence of its international partners,
including its counterparts in the EULEX mission. We sensed lingering doubts among internationals as to
whether or not all the leaders of the police force share the necessary political resolve to go after all forms of
crime in the most robust fashion possible; especially where the police are called upon to combat organised
crime, and / or crimes in which highly placed political figures are implicated; and notably in ensuring truly
effective protection of witnesses, a very sensitive and vital tool in the prosecution of the most notorious and
dangerous criminals.
11. Corruption and organised crime constitute a major problem in the region, as several international
studies have shown. The problem is aggravated by the fact that criminality, corruption and politics are so
closely intertwined. The massive presence of international staff does not appear to have made things any
better, and indeed has given rise to some rather perverse anomalies; for example, a driver or a cleaner
working for an international organisation or a foreign Embassy invariably earns appreciably more than a
police officer or a judge, which is bound to upset the scales of societal values.
12. The most pressing priority from a humanitarian perspective is to account for the fate of missing
persons in relation to the Kosovo conflict. The number of disappearances is extremely high when one
considers the modest size of Kosovo's population. Out of a total of 6,005 cases of missing persons opened
by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), some 1,400 persons have been found alive and it
has been possible to discover and identify 2,500 bodies. Most of the deceased victims were identified as
Kosovar Albanians, half of whom were exhumed from mass graves discovered on Serbian territory and the
other half in Kosovo. In addition there are 1,869 missing persons who remain unaccounted for, about two-
3 The "UNMIK legacy" was described to us in the form of a vivid image that scarcely requires further comment, as "300,000 pages in
4 We learned that certain KFOR contributors (for example the United Kingdom) took all their records away with them; and that these
records were subsequently made accessible to EULEX investigators only on the basis of reasoned case-by-case applications, a
complex procedure which considerably slows down the work of justice.
5 At the time of our visit in January 2010, EULEX investigators were not always able to access to the ICTY's files, but the ICTY
Prosecutor is more recently reported to have assured EULEX that access would be granted imminently.
AS/Jur (2010) 46
thirds of whom are Kosovar Albanians. 470 missing persons disappeared after the arrival of KFOR troops
on 12 June 1999, 95 of whom were Kosovar Albanians and 375 non-Albanians, mainly Serbs6.
13. In assessing these disappearances, it is apt to note that many Kosovar Albanian families who lost a
relative after 12 June 1999 reportedly declared an earlier date of disappearance, before this "cut-off date",
out of fear that their loved ones might be deemed to have been "traitors" to the cause, punished by the KLA.
It is significant that Kosovo's law on compensation for the families of "martyrs" expressly excludes persons
who died after the arrival of KFOR. As to the law on compensation for the families of missing persons, which
is still under discussion, the stated position of the Kosovo authorities is that the law should cover only those
disappearances that occurred after 1 January 1999 and before 12 June 1999. This position serves to
demonstrate just how sensitive the matter of the missing Kosovar Albanians remains to the present day.
According to several of our informants, the matter is still considered utterly taboo and continues to form a
serious impediment to the discovery of the truth. The hunt for "traitors" has often overshadowed the bloody
feuding between internal factions of the KLA, and served to cover up the crimes committed by KLA members
and affiliates.
14. The current Office for Missing Persons and Forensics7 has cited great difficulties in working with the
often poor-quality documentation handed down by its predecessors8; it also apparently has trouble
motivating and retaining its staff, who are said to be underpaid considering the qualifications required.
Efforts to determine the fate of missing persons have also suffered from a clear deficit in co-operation
between the various international agencies and the Kosovo authorities, not to mention with the competent
authorities of Albania. While Serbia did co-operate, albeit not without initial misgivings, in efforts to excavate
suspected mass graves in its territory, such investigative steps have proved far more complicated in the
territory of Kosovo9, and up to now have been impossible on the territory of Albania10. The co-operation of
the Kosovo authorities has been especially lacking in relation to the 470 cases of disappearances that
officially occurred after the end of the conflict11. The lack of co-operation by the authorities of Kosovo and
Albania in determining the fate of the missing Serbs, and even Kosovar Albanians thought to have fallen
victim to crimes committed by members of the KLA, raises grave doubts about the current level of political
will to establish the whole truth concerning these events.
15. The Working Group on Missing Persons chaired by the ICRC, in conjunction with the OMPF, needs
the wholehearted support of the international community to overcome the reluctance that exists on all sides.
Such support should be offered not least in the interests of the missing persons' surviving relatives, whose
anguish continues to form a significant obstacle to reconciliation.
16. We have already recalled the manner in which the allegations of organ trafficking were made public,
assumed international dimensions, and prompt PACE to call for the preparation of this report. There was
extensive discussion around the so-called "Yellow House", located in Rripe, near Burrel, in central Albania
to the point where this house appeared to have monopolised the public's attention. However, upon
reflection, the house was merely one element among many in a far larger and more complex episode. It is
true that the whole story seems to have begun with the revelations about the "Yellow House". In February
2004, an exploratory visit to the site was organised jointly by the ICTY and UNMIK, with the participation of a
journalist. This visit cannot in fact be regarded as a proper forensic examination according to all the
technical rules. Participants in the visit whom we interviewed explicitly condemned a certain lack of
professionalism, particularly regarding the taking of samples and the recording of scientific observations.
Nonetheless, the demeanour of some members of the K. family, who inhabit the house, raised a number of
6 The figures quoted here were provided by the Office of Missing Persons and Forensics (OMPF), with regard to cases still unresolved
at the beginning of 2010. The ICRC speaks of about 1000 missing persons after KFOR's arrival, most of them Serbs but also Albanian
Kosovars regarded as "traitors".
7 The Office for Missing Persons and Forensics (OMPF) is currently co-headed by a EULEX official and a Kosovar official; this body was
created, we were told, "to clean up the mess left behind by UNMIK and the ICTY".
8 This difficulty was said to be most acute with regard to cases that arose during the period of "chaos" from June to late October 1999.
KFOR soldiers were evidently unqualified to carry out police work and their crime scene reports were said to be mostly unusable.
9 An example with which we were confronted during our fact-finding visit to Pristina concerned excavations in a mineshaft where some
thirty bodies of deceased Serbs were said to be buried. The local construction companies employed to do the work were threatened by
members of the local community, which caused considerable delay in carrying out the explorations. According to what we have been
told, the prevailing attitude among the Kosovar population is to regard as a "traitor" anyone who provides information regarding mass
graves containing Serb victims.
10 EULEX investigators informed us that the level of co-operation from the Albanian authorities was "nil". The reply, after several
months, to a request for international legal assistance (concerning the camp at Kukës) was that the requested investigations were
"delayed by a natural disaster". Other international officials also confirmed the "strong resistance" of the Kosovar authorities to cooperating
in efforts to solve cases of missing Serbs or alleged Kosovar Albanian "traitors". The consistent refrain of the Albanian
authorities towards Albania never allowed exhumations in its territory. "There was no war here, so there are no graves to look for".
11 There is said to exist some degree of reluctance even within the OMPF concerning the disappearances that occurred after 12 June
AS/Jur (2010) 46
questions, notably about the differing and contradictory explanations they offered, one after the other, as to
the presence of bloodstains (detected by use of Luminol) in the vicinity of a table in the main room. The
family patriarch stated originally that farm animals had been slaughtered and cut up there. Another
explanation given was that one of the women in the household had given birth to one of her children in the
same place.
17. Neither the ICTY nor UNMIK, nor indeed the Albanian Public Prosecutor's Office, followed up this visit
by conducting any more thorough inquiries. The Albanian investigator who took part in this site visit
moreover hastened to assert publicly that no leads of any kind had been found. The physical samples
collected at the scene were subsequently destroyed by the ICTY, after being photographed, as the current
Chief Prosecutor of the ICTY confirmed to me in a letter12. We must permit ourselves to express
astonishment that such a step was taken.
18. Nor did the team of the Special Prosecutor for War Crimes in Belgrade come up with very concrete
results in this matter, notwithstanding their considerable efforts. The media whirlwind that surrounded the
inquiry certainly did nothing to enhance its effectiveness. We thank the special prosecutor for his cooperation
and readiness to assist.
19. The teams of international prosecutors and investigators in the EULEX mission charged with
investigating the allegations of inhuman treatment, including those relating to possible instances of organ
trafficking, have made some progress, notably towards proving the existence of secret KLA detention
facilities in northern Albania, where murders are also alleged to have been committed. However, EULEX's
inquiries have so far been hampered by a lack of co-operation on the part of the Albanian authorities, who
have failed to respond to the specific, detailed requests for judicial assistance submitted to them. At the time
of writing, EULEX has still not had access to the complete set of records compiled by the ICTY in this area of
20. A further investigation, also carried out by EULEX, into the case of the Medicus Clinic in Pristina, has
been made similarly difficult by the delays on the part of the authorities of several Council of Europe member
and observer countries in responding to EULEX requests for international legal assistance13. Considering the
gravity of the acts alleged trafficking in human organs, no less such delays are incomprehensible and
unconscionable. It should be recalled that the initial investigation had led to several arrests of suspects in
November 2008. Arrest warrants have since been issued in respect of other suspects currently at large14.
This investigation serves as further proof of the existence in the region of criminal structures and networks, in
which medical practitioners are also implicated, operating in the region as part of an international traffic in
human organs, notwithstanding the presence of international forces. We believe that there are sufficiently
serious and substantial indications to demonstrate that that this form of trafficking long pre-dates the
Medicus case, and that certain KLA leaders and affiliates have been implicated in it previously. Certainly the
indications are too strong to countenance any failure, at long last, to conduct a serious, independent and
thorough inquiry.
21. We have learned at first hand how difficult it is to reconstruct events in Kosovo during the troubled and
chaotic period of 1999-2000. With the exception of a few EULEX investigators, there has been and remains
a lack of resolve to ascertain the truth of what happened during that period, and assign responsibilities
accordingly. The raft of evidence that exists against certain top KLA leaders appears largely to account for
this reluctance. There were witnesses to the events who were eliminated, and others too terrified by the
mere fact of being questioned on these events. Such witnesses have no confidence whatsoever in the
protective measures that they might be granted. We ourselves had to take meticulous precautions in respect
of certain interlocutors to assure them of the strictest anonymity. We nevertheless found them trustworthy
and were able to establish that their statements were confirmed by objectively verifiable facts. Our aim was
not, however, to conduct a criminal investigation. But we can claim to have gathered compelling enough
evidence to demand forcefully that the international bodies and the states concerned finally take every step
to ensure that the truth is ascertained and the culprits clearly identified and called to account for their acts.
The signs of collusion between the criminal class and high political and institutional office bearers are too
numerous and too serious to be ignored. It is a fundamental right of Kosovo's citizens to know the truth, the
12 Serge Brammertz, ICTY Chief Prosecutor, in a letter to me dated 17 December 2009. In an interview I had with Madam Carla Del
Ponte in 2009, the former Chief Prosecutor assured me that the materials in question should be stored in the ICTY's archives and that
their destruction was simply inconceivable.
13 Such requests were made in March 2009 to the following countries: Belarus, Canada, Israel, Germany, Moldova, Poland, Russian
Federation, and Turkey. At the time of writing, only Canada was said to have provided a satisfactory response.
14 See the EULEX press release of 15 October 2010:; and the report by Nebi
Qena (AP), 12 November 2010:
AS/Jur (2010) 46
whole truth, and also an indispensable condition for reconciliation between the communities and the
country's prosperous future.
22. Before going into further detail regarding our investigations, I should like to express my appreciation to
all those who helped me in carrying out this difficult and delicate assignment. First and foremost I thank the
Committee Secretariat, assisted by an outside expert, as well as the authorities of the states we visited, and
the able, courageous investigative journalists who shared certain information with us. I also owe special
gratitude to the persons who have trusted in our professionalism, not least in our earnest duty to protect their
identities so as not to place them in any danger.
2. Introductory commentary on sources
23. In the course of our inquiry, we have obtained testimonial and documentary accounts from several
dozen primary sources, notably including: combatants and affiliates of various armed factions that
participated in the hostilities in Kosovo; direct victims of violent crimes committed in Kosovo and the
surrounding territories; family members of missing or deceased persons; current and former representatives
of international justice institutions with jurisdiction over the events in Kosovo [primarily the United Nations
Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK), the European Union Rule of Law Mission (EULEX), and the International
Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY)]; representatives of national justice systems, including
prosecutors with jurisdiction over events related to Kosovo [Office of the War Crimes Prosecutor in Belgrade;
Office of the General Prosecutor in Tirana; prosecutors, police officers and state security officials in Pristina
and in three surrounding states]; humanitarian agencies [including the International Committee of the Red
Cross (ICRC) and the International Commission on Missing Persons (ICMP)]; and various members of civil
society and human rights monitoring bodies who have investigated and reported on events related to Kosovo
in the material period [including the Humanitarian Law Centre].
24. Naturally we have tried wherever possible to take these testimonies directly ourselves, either through
on-the-record meetings or through confidential interviews, in the course of visiting Pristina, Tirana, Belgrade
and other parts of the Balkan region. However, for a variety of reasons including their "disappearance", for
security reasons, their relocation overseas, and the constraints of our official programme of meetings while
on mission in the region some of the sources who provided these testimonies have not been available to
meet with us in person.
25. Moreover, we have faced the same obstacles to obtaining truthful testimony about the alleged crimes
of Kosovar Albanians as have other investigative bodies throughout the past decade. The entrenched sense
of loyalty to one's clansmen, and the concept of honour that was perhaps best captured in expert reporting to
the ICTY in its deliberations in the case of Limaj et al.,15 rendered most ethnic Albanian witnesses
unreachable for us. Having seen two prominent prosecutions undertaken by the ICTY leading to the deaths
of so many witnesses, and ultimately a failure to deliver justice16, a Parliamentary Assembly Rapporteur with
only paltry resources in comparison was hardly likely to overturn the odds of such witnesses speaking to us
26. Numerous persons who have worked for many years in Kosovo, and who have become among the
most respected commentators on justice in the region, counseled us that organized criminal networks of
Albanians ("the Albanian mafia") in Albania itself, in neighbouring territories including Kosovo and the former
Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia', and in the Diaspora, were probably more difficult to penetrate than the
Cosa Nostra; even low-level operatives would rather take a jail term of decades, or a conviction for contempt,
than turn in their clansmen.
27. Thus, out of necessity and only where appropriate, we have relied on audio and video recordings of
interviews with key sources conducted by others. In such instances we have undertaken every possible step
to establish the identity, authenticity and credibility of the sources for ourselves; we have compared their
testimonies with information from separate, independent sources of which they could have had no
knowledge; and we have gained first-hand insights from the interviewers into the circumstances and
conditions in which the interviews were conducted.
15 See Expert Report quoted in the Limaj judgement.
16 Carla del Ponte herself said of the Limaj trial that "the impunity that feeds upon fear was allowed to prevail": see del Ponte and
Sudetic, The Hunt, Chapter 11: Confronting Kosovo, at page 26.
AS/Jur (2010) 46
28. The interviewers who conducted these interviews include representatives of law enforcement
authorities in several different countries, academic researchers, and investigative journalists of recognised
repute and credibility. We have always insisted on corroboration of testimony.
3. Detailed findings of our inquiry
3.1 The overall picture
29. The overall picture that emerges from our inquiry differs dramatically in several respects from the
conventional portrayal of the Kosovo conflict. Indeed, while there was certainly an intensely fought battle for
the destiny of the territory of Kosovo, there were very few instances in which opposing armed factions
confronted one another on any kind of military frontlines.
30. The abhorrent abuses of the Serb military and police structures in trying to subjugate and ultimately to
expel the ethnic Albanian population of Kosovo are well known and documented.
31. The evidence we have uncovered is perhaps most significant in that it often contradicts the muchtouted
image of the Kosovo Liberation Army, or KLA, as a guerrilla army that fought valiantly to defend the
right of its people to inhabit the territory of Kosovo.
32. While there were undoubtedly numerous brave soldiers who were willing to go to the warfront, in the
face of considerable adversity, and if necessary die for the cause of an independent Kosovar Albanian
motherland, these fighters were not necessarily in the majority.
33. From the testimony we have managed to amass, the policy and strategy of some KLA leaders were
much more complex than a simple agenda to overpower their Serb oppressors.
34. On the one hand, the KLA leadership coveted recognition and support from foreign partners including,
notably, the United States Government. Towards this end the KLA's internationally well-connected
"spokesmen" had to fulfil certain promises to their partners and sponsors, and / or adhere to particular terms
of engagement that were the de facto conditions of their receiving support from overseas.
35. On the other hand, though, a number of the senior commanders of the KLA have reportedly not failed
to profit from the war, including by securing material and personal benefits for themselves. They wanted to
secure access to resources for themselves and their family / clan members, notably through positions of
power in political office, or in lucrative industries such as petroleum, construction and real estate. They
wanted to avenge what they perceived as historical injustices perpetrated against the Albanian population in
the former Yugoslavia. And many of them were seemingly bent on profiteering to the maximum of their
potential while they had operational control of certain lawless territories (e.g. in parts of southern and western
Kosovo), and leverage especially in terms of financial resources with which to negotiate footholds for
themselves in other territories (e.g. in Albania).
36. The reality is that the most significant operational activities undertaken by members of the KLA prior
to, during, and in the immediate aftermath of the conflict took place on the territory of Albania, where the
Serb security forces were never deployed.
3.2 KLA factionalism and the nexus with organised crime
37. For more than two years after its initial emergence in 1996, the KLA was regarded as a marginal,
loosely organised insurgency, whose attacks on the Yugoslav state were held by Western observers to
amount to acts of "terrorism".
38. Our sources close to the KLA, along with the testimonies of captured KLA members gathered by Serb
police, confirm that the main locations at which KLA recruits congregated and trained were in northern
39. It is well established that weapons and ammunition were smuggled into parts of Kosovo, often on
horseback, through clandestine, mountainous routes from northern Albania. Serb police attributed these
events to criminal raids on the part of bandits who wanted to carry out terrorist acts against Serbian security
AS/Jur (2010) 46
forces. The Albanian Kosovars and Albanian citizens who were involved in the smuggling operations
presented them as heroic acts of resistance in the face of Serb oppression.
40. The domestic strengthening of the KLA, in terms of its fighting capability as well as its credibility
among the Kosovo Albanian population, seemed to play out, especially in the course of 1998, along the
same trajectory as the escalating brutality of the Serb military and police clampdown.
41. Yet only in the second half of 1998, through explicit endorsements from Western powers, founded on
strong lobbying from the United States, did the KLA secure its pre-eminence in international perception as
the vanguard of the Kosovar Albanian liberation struggle.
42. This perceived pre-eminence was the KLA's most valuable, indispensable asset. It spurred the
wealthiest donors in the Albanian Diaspora to channel significant funds to the KLA. It bestowed individual
KLA representatives with an enhanced authority to speak and act on behalf of the Kosovar Albanians as a
whole. And it cast the KLA's leading personalities as the most likely powerbrokers in the Kosovo that would
emerge from the war.
43. Indeed, the perception of KLA pre-eminence largely created by the Americans was a self-fulfilling
prophecy, the bedrock upon which the KLA achieved actual ascendancy over other Kosovar Albanian
constituencies with designs on power, such as Ibrahim Rugova's Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK) and
Bujar Bukoshi's "Government-in-exile".
44. According to our insider sources, the KLA fought just as hard, and devoted arguably more of its
resources and political capital, to maintain its advantage over its ethnic Albanian rival factions as it did to
carry out co-ordinated military actions against the Serbs.
45. At the same time it should be restated, for emphasis, that the KLA was not a single, unitary combatant
faction in the manner of a conventional Army. There was no formally appointed overall leader, or
"commander-in-chief", whose authority was universally recognised by the other commanders and whose
orders were met with compliance among all the rank and file.
46. Rather, as the struggle over Kosovo's future governance evolved, and a full-blown conflict
approached, the KLA was divided by a deep-rooted internal factionalism.
47. Important sources of division included divergent political ambitions, as well as disparate notions of the
acceptable parameters of violent resistance, on the part of the KLA's most prominent personalities and
leadership contenders.
48. Thus there emerged in 1998 and 1999, and particularly in the wake of the death of the KLA's
celebrated peasant commander Adem Jashari17, several different KLA "splinter groups".
49. Each of these splinter groups was led by one of the KLA's self-proclaimed founder members. Each
group comprised a loyal core of recruits and supporters, often drawn from among a few closely affiliated
clans or families, and / or concentrated in an identifiable geographical territory of Kosovo. Each group
identified their own leader as the brightest hope to lead the KLA's fight against the Serbs, and by extension,
to achieve self-determination for the Kosovar Albanian people, whilst co-operating with the other KLA
commanders on the basis of expediency.
50. Evidently it is the composition and leadership of these KLA "splinter groups", along with the
pre-existing popularity of the LDK, which carried over beyond the liberation struggle and have essentially
shaped the post-conflict political landscape of Kosovo18.
51. Incumbency of the highest executive offices in Kosovo has been shared among former leading KLA
commanders for the last decade, and most political campaigns have been contested on the basis of the
17 The KLA had grown domestically throughout most of the 1990s by rallying the support of volunteer fighters men of all ages in their
respective villages to coalesce around leaders like Adem Jashari and form small armed units, or "brigades" across the territory of
Kosovo. Many of the recruits to this "homeland KLA", effectively a peasant army, undertook guerrilla warfare training at camps in
northern Albania, and smuggled arms into Kosovo with which to undertake acts of violent resistance. Our inquiry received more than a
dozen testimonies of ethnic Albanian males who had taken part in this campaign of "resistance". With the killing of Jashari and scores
of his family members and associates in a clampdown by Serb security forces in1998, this initial incarnation of the KLA was effectively
ended, and has gravitated into folklore as a romantic notion of Kosovar liberation, with Jashari as its martyr.
18 The main rival political parties in recent election cycles have included the Democratic Party of Kosovo (Partia Demokratike e Kosovës,
or PDK), and the Alliance for the Future of Kosovo (Aleanca për Ardhmërinë e Kosovës, or AAK), both of which are led by commanders
of former KLA "splinter groups" and count large number of former KLA operatives among their members.
AS/Jur (2010) 46
candidates' respective contributions to the liberation struggle, as well as the extent to which they are seen as
being able to promote the interests of the Kosovar Albanian people on an ongoing basis against known and
unknown adversaries.
52. The various KLA "splinter groups" I refer to have been found to have developed and maintained their
own intelligence structures, among other forms of self-preservation. Through whatever means available to
them, and clearly on the fringes of the legal and regulatory systems, the keenest purveyors of this de facto
form of continued KLA warfare have conducted surveillance of, and often sought to sabotage, the activities
of their opponents and those who might jeopardise their political or business interests.19
53. Furthermore we found20 that the structures of KLA units had been shaped, to a significant degree,
according to the hierarchies, allegiances and codes of honour that prevail among the ethnic Albanian clans,
or extended families, and which form a de facto set of laws, known as the Kanun, in the regions of Kosovo
from which their commanders originated.
54. Based on analytical information we received from several international monitoring missions,
corroborated by our own sources in European law enforcement agencies and among former KLA fighters,
we found that the main KLA units and their respective zones of operational command corresponded in an
almost perfect mirror image to the structures that controlled the various forms of organised crime in the
territories in which the KLA was active.
55. Put simply, establishing which circle of KLA commanders and affiliates was in charge of a particular
region where the KLA operated in Kosovo, and indeed in certain parts of the Republic of Albania, was the
key to understanding who was running the bulk of the particular trafficking or smuggling activity that
flourished there.
56. Most pertinent to our research, we found that a small but inestimably powerful group of KLA
personalities apparently wrested control of most of the illicit criminal enterprises in which Kosovar Albanians
were involved in the Republic of Albania, beginning at the latest in 1998.
57. This group of prominent KLA personalities styled itself as the "Drenica Group", evoking connections
with the Drenica Valley in Kosovo21, a traditional heartland of ethnic Albanian resistance to Serb oppression
under Milosevic, and the birthplace of the KLA.
58. We found that the "Drenica Group" had as its chief or, to use the terminology of organised crime
networks, its "boss" the renowned political operator and perhaps most internationally recognised
personality of the KLA, Hashim Thaqi22.
59. Thaqi can be seen to have spearheaded the KLA's rise to pre-eminence in the lead-up to the
Rambouillet negotiations, both on the ground in Kosovo, and overseas. He also did much to foment the
bitter internal factionalism that characterised the KLA throughout 1998 and 1999.
60. On the one hand, Thaqi undoubtedly owed his personal elevation to having secured political and
diplomatic endorsement23 from the United States and other Western powers, as the preferred domestic
partner in their foreign policy project in Kosovo. This form of political support bestowed upon Thaqi, not least
in his own mind, a sense of being "untouchable" and an unparalleled viability as Kosovo's post-war leader-inwaiting.
61. On the other hand, according to well-substantiated intelligence reports that we have examined
thoroughly and corroborated through interviews in the course of our inquiry, Thaqi's "Drenica Group" built a
formidable power base in the organised criminal enterprises that were flourishing in Kosovo and Albania at
the time.
19 We have noted the remarkable confessions of a man named Nazim Bllaca, who came forward last year and testified as to the use of
these intelligence structures in targeted killings and different forms of racketeering; Bllaca's depiction of this secret underworld is one we
recognise from our own research.
20 In this regard our findings correspond with those of international representatives of military and intelligence monitoring missions
from NATO's Kosovo Stabilisation Force (KFOR), to the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), to the United
States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) in reports published at various points over the last fifteen years.
21 In Kosovo itself, the area of influence of the Drenica Group and its affiliates went on to extend far beyond that particular locale,
however: they exercised firm control over criminal cartels active in municipalities including, but not limited to, Istok, Srbica, Skenderaj,
Klina, Prizren and Pristina.
22 See Le Monde 11 December 2010.
23 Thaqi was, for example, named as head delegate of the Kosovar Albanians to the Rambouillet Summit.
AS/Jur (2010) 46
62. In this regard, Thaqi reportedly operated with support and complicity not only from Albania's formal
governance structures, including the Socialist Government in power at the time, but also from Albania's
secret services, and from the formidable Albanian mafia.
63. Many KLA commanders remained on Albanian territory, some even operating out of the Albanian
capital Tirana, throughout the ensuing hostilities and beyond.
64. During the period of the NATO aerial bombardment, which lasted several weeks, perhaps the principal
shift in the balance of power in Kosovo occurred as a result of the influx of foreigners into the region, in both
overt and implicit support of the KLA cause. Unable to gain access directly to the territory of Kosovo, most of
this foreign support was channelled through Albania.
65. In tacit acknowledgement of the safe harbour afforded to them by the sympathetic Albanian
authorities, but also because it was more practical and more convenient for them to continue operating on
the terrain with which they were familiar, several of the KLA's key commanders allegedly established
protection rackets in the areas where their own clansmen were prevalent in Albania, or where they could find
common cause with established organised criminals involved in such activities as human trafficking, sale of
stolen motor vehicles, and the sex trade.
66. Notably, in confidential reports spanning more than a decade, agencies dedicated to combating drug
smuggling in at least five countries have named

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.pdf   Kosovo report trafficking.pdf (Size: 387.12 KB / Downloads: 2)
"The philosophers have only interpreted the world, in various ways. The point, however, is to change it." Karl Marx

"He would, wouldn't he?" Mandy Rice-Davies. When asked in court whether she knew that Lord Astor had denied having sex with her.

“I think it would be a good idea” Ghandi, when asked about Western Civilisation.
Magda - excellent work.

The KLA was a NATO and US intelligence-sponsored terror, crime and smuggling operation.

The state of Kosovo is a NATO and US intelligence-sponsored terror, crime and smuggling operation.

Kosovo is a wholly owned deep black state in the heart of continental Europe.

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.jpg   Holbrooke KLA.jpg (Size: 23.94 KB / Downloads: 2)
.jpg   Thachi Albright.jpg (Size: 16.12 KB / Downloads: 2)
.jpg   Thachi Kouchner Mike Jackson Ceku Wesley Clark.jpg (Size: 34.78 KB / Downloads: 2)
"It means this War was never political at all, the politics was all theatre, all just to keep the people distracted...."
"Proverbs for Paranoids 4: You hide, They seek."
"They are in Love. Fuck the War."

Gravity's Rainbow, Thomas Pynchon

"Ccollanan Pachacamac ricuy auccacunac yahuarniy hichascancuta."
The last words of the last Inka, Tupac Amaru, led to the gallows by men of god & dogs of war
Exactly who was Madellaine Allbright I wonder?

Born Jewish but raised Catholic, but then converted to Eposcopalian when she married in 1959 - a church that styles itself as "Protestant yet Catholic".

Might she be a Dame of SMOM, for example, joining others like Rupert Murdoch and Tony Blair, Ronald Reagan, Frank Carlucci, Allen Dulles, Oliver North, G W H Bush, Rudy Giuliani to name a few who have been named as SMOM members in one website.

And might they, in turn, have been members of Opus Dei?

Might she have worn a cilice:

[Image: 28659.jpg]
The shadow is a moral problem that challenges the whole ego-personality, for no one can become conscious of the shadow without considerable moral effort. To become conscious of it involves recognizing the dark aspects of the personality as present and real. This act is the essential condition for any kind of self-knowledge.
Carl Jung - Aion (1951). CW 9, Part II: P.14
Thursday, January 27, 2011

Dirty Work in the Balkans: NATO's KLA Frankenstein

The U.S. and German-installed leadership of Kosovo finds itself under siege after the Council of Europe voted Tuesday to endorse a report charging senior members of the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) of controlling a brisk trade in human organs, sex slaves and narcotics.

Coming on the heels of a retrial later this year of KLA commander and former Prime Minister, Ramush Haradinaj, by the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) in The Hague, an enormous can of worms is about to burst open.

Last month, Antifascist Calling reported that Hashim Thaçi, the current Prime Minister of the breakaway Serb province, and other members of the self-styled Drenica Group, were accused by Council of Europe investigators of running a virtual mafia state.

According to Swiss parliamentarian Dick Marty, the Council's Special Rapporteur for Human Rights, Thaçi, Dr. Shaip Muja, and other leading members of the government directed--and profited from--an international criminal enterprise whose tentacles spread across Europe into Israel, Turkey and South Africa.

For his part, Thaçi has repudiated the allegations and has threatened to sue Marty for libel. Sali Berisha, Albania's current Prime Minister and Thaçi's close ally, dismissed the investigation as a "completely racist and defamatory report," according to The New York Times.

That's rather rich coming from a politician who held office during the systematic looting of Albania's impoverished people during the "economic liberalization" of the 1990s.

At the time, Berisha's Democratic Party government urged Albanians to invest in dodgy pyramid funds, massive Ponzi schemes that were little more than fronts for drug money laundering and arms trafficking.

More than a decade ago, Global Research analyst Michel Chossudovsky documented how the largest fund, "VEFA Holdings had been set up by the Guegue 'families' of Northern Albania with the support of Western banking interests," even though the fund "was under investigation in Italy in 1997 for its ties to the Mafia which allegedly used VEFA to launder large amounts of dirty money."

By 1997, two-thirds of the Albanian population who believed fairy tales of capitalist prosperity spun by their kleptocratic leaders and the IMF, lost some $1.2 billion to the well-connected fraudsters. When the full extent of the crisis reached critical mass, it sparked an armed revolt that was only suppressed after the UN Security Council deployed some 7,000 NATO troops that occupied the country; more than 2,000 people were killed.

Today the Berisha regime, like their junior partners in Pristina, face a new legitimacy crisis.

As the World Socialist Web Site reported, mass protests broke out in Tirana last week, with more than 20,000 demonstrators taking to the streets, after a nationally broadcast report showed a Deputy Prime Minister from Berisha's party "in secretly taped talks, openly negotiating the level of bribes to back the construction of a new hydroelectric power station."

As is the wont of gangster states everywhere, "police responded with extreme violence against the demonstrators; three people died and dozens were injured."

While the charges against Thaçi and his confederates are shocking, evidence that these horrific crimes have been known for years, and suppressed, both by the United Nations Interim Administration in Kosovo (UNMIK) and by top American and German officials--the political mandarins pulling Balkan strings--lend weight to suspicions that a protective wall was built around their protégés; facts borne out by subsequent NATO investigations, also suppressed.

Leaked Military Intelligence Reports

On Monday, a series of NATO reports were leaked to The Guardian. Military intelligence officials, according to investigative journalist Paul Lewis, identified Kosovo Prime Minister Hashim Thaçi as one of the "'biggest fish' in organised crime in his country."

Marked "Secret" by NATO spooks, Lewis disclosed that the 2004 reports also "indicate that the US and other western powers backing Kosovo's government have had extensive knowledge of its criminal connections for several years."

According to The Guardian, the files, tagged "'USA KFOR' ... provide detailed information about organised criminal networks in Kosovo based on reports by western intelligence agencies and informants," and also "identify another senior ruling politician in Kosovo as having links to the Albanian mafia, stating that he exerts considerable control over Thaçi, a former guerrilla leader."

As noted above, with the Council of Europe demanding a formal investigation into charges that Thaçi's criminal enterprise presided over a grisly traffic in human organs and exerted "violent control" over the heroin trade, it appears that the American and German-backed narco statelet is in for a very rough ride.

In the NATO reports, The Guardian revealed that Thaçi "is identified as one of a triumvirate of 'biggest fish' in organised criminal circles."

"So too," Lewis writes, "is Xhavit Haliti, a former head of logistics for the KLA who is now a close ally of the prime minister and a senior parliamentarian in his ruling PDK party."

The reports suggest "that behind his role as a prominent politician, Haliti is also a senior organised criminal who carries a Czech 9mm pistol and holds considerable sway over the prime minister."

Described as "'the power behind Hashim Thaçi', one report states that Haliti has strong ties with the Albanian mafia and Kosovo's secret service, known as KShiK."

The former KLA logistics specialist, according to The Guardian, suggest that Haliti "'more or less ran' a fund for the Kosovo war in the late 1990s, profiting from the fund personally before the money dried up. 'As a result, Haliti turned to organised crime on a grand scale,' the reports state'."

Such information was long known in Western intelligence and political circles, especially amongst secret state agencies such as the American CIA, DEA and FBI, Germany's Bundesnachrichtendienst, or BND, Britain's MI6 and Italy's military-intelligence service, SISMI, as Marty disclosed last month.

In 1994 for example, The New York Times reported that the Observatoire Géopolitique des Drogues released a report documenting that "Albanian groups in Macedonia and Kosovo Province in Serbia are trading heroin for large quantities of weapons for use in a brewing conflict in Kosovo."

According to the Times, "Albanian traffickers were supplied with heroin and weapons by mafia-like groups in Georgia and Armenia. The Albanians then pay for the supplies by reselling the heroin in the West."

A year later, Jane's Intelligence Review reported that "if left unchecked ... Albanian narco-terrorism could lead to a Colombian syndrome in the southern Balkans, or the emergence of a situation in which the Albanian mafia becomes powerful enough to control one or more states in the region."

Following NATO's 1999 bombing campaign that completed the sought-after break-up of Yugoslavia, that situation came to pass; Kosovo has since metastasized into a key link in the international narcotics supply chain.

NATO spooks averred that Haliti is "highly involved in prostitution, weapons and drugs smuggling" and that he serves as Thaçi's chief "political and financial adviser," and, according to the documents, he is arguably "the real boss" in the relationship.

Like Haradinaj, Haliti "is linked to the alleged intimidation of political opponents in Kosovo and two suspected murders dating back to the late 1990s, when KLA infighting is said to have resulted in numerous killings," Lewis reports.

In 2008, Haradinaj and Idriz Balaj were acquitted by the U.S.-sponsored ICTY "victors tribunal" of charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity. Lahi Brahimaj, Haradinaj's uncle, was sentenced to six years' imprisonment for the torture of two people at KLA headquarters.

A retrial was ordered last summer after evidence emerged that Haradinaj, long-suspected of running a parallel organized crime ring to Thaçi's that also trafficked arms, drugs and sexual slaves across Europe, a fact long-known--and similarly suppressed--by the mafia state's closest allies, Germany and the United States, may have intimidated witnesses who had agreed to testify against his faction of the KLA leadership.

A former nightclub bouncer who morphed into a "freedom fighter" during the 1990s, Haradinaj has been accused by prosecutors of crimes committed between March and September 1998 in the Dukagjin area of western Kosovo.

According to The Guardian, "Haradinaj was a commander of the KLA in Dukagjin, Balaj was the commander of the Black Eagles unit within the KLA, and Brahimaj a KLA member stationed in the force's headquarters in the town of Jablanica."

The appeals court ruled that "in the context of the serious witness intimidation that formed the context of the trial, it was clear that the trial chamber seriously erred in failing to take adequate measures to secure the testimony of certain witnesses."

The indictment charges that the KLA "persecuted and abducted civilians thought to be collaborating with Serbian forces in the Dukagjin area and that Haradinaj, Balaj, and Brahimaj were responsible for abduction, murder, torture and ethnic cleansing of Serbs, Roma and fellow Albanians through a joint criminal enterprise, including the murder of 39 people whose bodies were retrieved from a lake," The Guardian disclosed.

But in a case that demonstrates the cosy relations amongst KLA leaders and their Western puppetmasters despite, or possibly because of their links to organized crime, German Foreign Policy revealed that "high ranking UN officials helped intimidate witnesses due to testify in The Hague against Haradinaj."

This charge was echoed by Special Rapporteur Dick Marty. He told Center for Investigative Reporting journalists Michael Montgomery and Altin Raxhimi, who broke the Kosovo organ trafficking story two years ago, that his investigation "could be hindered by witness safety and other security concerns."

"If, as a witness, you do not have complete assurance that your statements will be kept confidential, and that as a witness you are truly protected, clearly you won't talk to these institutions," Marty said.

Such problems are compounded when the leading lights overseeing Kosovo's administration, Germany and the United States, have every reason to scuttle any credible investigation into the crimes of their clients, particularly when a serious probe would reveal their own complicity.

Eyes Wide Shut

The Haradinaj cover-up is just the tip of the proverbial iceberg.

According to German Foreign Policy, "the structures of organized crime in Kosovo, in which Haradinaj is said to play an important role, extend all the way to Germany. It is being reported that German government authorities prevented investigations of Kosovo Albanians residing in Germany."

Investigative journalist Boris Kanzleiter told the left-leaning online magazine that the UN administration in Kosovo (UNMIK) and its newest iteration, the European Rule of Law Mission in Kosovo (EULEX) "maintains very close ties to Haradinaj."

The former head of UNMIK, Sören Jessen-Petersen, referred to him as a "close partner and friend." Kanzleiter said that "Jessen-Petersen's successor, the German diplomat, Joachim Ruecker, also has a close relationship to him."

Kanzleiter told the journal, "accusations were made that high-ranking UNMIK functionaries were directly involved in the intimidation of witnesses."

These reports should be taken seriously, especially in light of allegations that even before Haradinaj's first trial, a witness against the former Prime Minister was killed in what was then described as "an unsolved auto accident."

"Back in 2002," German Foreign Policy reported, "three witnesses and two investigating officials were assassinated in the context of the trial against Haradinaj's clan."

Similar to the modus operandi of Thaçi's enterprise, the newsmagazine reported that the BND had concluded that Haradinaj's "network of [drugs and arms] smugglers were operating 'throughout the Balkans', extending 'into Greece, Italy, Switzerland and all the way to Germany'."

Not that any of this mattered to Germany or the United States. German Foreign Policy also reported that despite overwhelming evidence of KLA links to the global drugs trade, political circles in Berlin vetoed official investigations into KLA narcotics trafficking.

In 2005 "the State Offices of Criminal Investigation of Bavaria and Lower Saxony tried to convince the Federal Office of Criminal Investigation to open a centralized investigation concerning the known [Kosovo-Albanian] clans and individuals in Germany" because "many criminal culprits from the entourage of the KLA have settled in Germany."

The author noted "this demand was refused." Indeed, "even though the Austrian Federal Office of Investigation and the Italian police strongly insisted that their German colleagues finally initiate these investigations, the rejection ... according to a confidential source in the Austrian Federal Office of Criminal Investigation, came straight from the Interior Ministry in Berlin."

As we have since learned, Haliti and other top KLA officials have also been linked to organized crime in Marty's report. The human rights Rapporteur accused Haliti, like Haradinaj, of having ordered "assassinations, detentions, beatings and interrogations" of those who ran afoul of Thaçi's underworld associates.

In 2009, German Foreign Policy reported yet another "new scandal" threatened to upset the apple cart. "A former agent of the Kosovo intelligence service explained that a close associate of Kosovo's incumbent Prime Minister, Hashim Thaçi, had commissioned the assassinations of political opponents."

"The newest mafia scandal involving Pristina's secessionist regime was set in motion by the former secret agent Nazim Bllaca," the magazine disclosed.

According to the publication, "Bllaca alleges that he had been in the employ of the secret service, SHIK, since the end of the war waged against Yugoslavia in 1999 by NATO and the troops of Kosovo's terrorist UCK [KLA] militia."

The former secret state agent claimed "he had personally committed 17 crimes in the course of his SHIK activities, including extortion, assassination, assaults, torture and serving as a contract killer."

Marty told the Center for Investigative Reporting that "Bllaca's experience did not bode well for other insiders who are considering cooperating with the authorities." EULEX officials only placed Bllaca under protective custody a week after he went public with his allegations, in what could only be described as an open-ended invitation for an assassin's bullet.

Despite such revelations, diplomatic cables unearthed by WikiLeaks show that the U.S. Embassy views their Frankenstein creations in an entirely favorable light.

A Cablegate file dated 02-17-10, "Kosovo Celebrates Second Anniversary with Successes and Challenges," 10PRISTINA84, informs us that "two years have seen political stability that has allowed the country to create legitimate new institutions," but that the narco state "must use its string of economic reforms and privatizations as a springboard to motivate private-sector growth."

Such as auctioning-off the Trepca mining complex at fire-sale prices. As The New York Times reported back in 1998, the Trepca mines are "the most valuable piece of real estate in the Balkans, worth at least $5 billion."

Summing up the reasons for NATO's war, one mine director told Times' reporter Chris Hedges: "The war in Kosovo is about the mines, nothing else. This is Serbia's Kuwait--the heart of Kosovo. We export to France, Switzerland, Greece, Sweden, the Czech Republic, Russia and Belgium.

"We export to a firm in New York, but I would prefer not to name it. And in addition to all this Kosovo has 17 billion tons of coal reserves. Naturally, the Albanians want all this for themselves."

Judging by the flood of heroin reaching European and North American "markets," one can only conclude that if fleets of armored Mercedes and BMWs prowling Pristina streets are a growth metric then by all means, America and Germany's "nation building" enterprise has been a real achievement!

In light of reports of widespread criminality that would make a Wall Street hedge fund manager blush, we're told by the U.S. Embassy that the Thaçi government "must prioritize the rule of law and the fight against corruption."

Laying it on thick, despite damning intelligence reports by their own secret services, the Embassy avers that "Kosovo's independence has been a success story." Indeed, "the international community and the Kosovars, themselves, can feel good about the positive steps that have occurred over the past two years."

That is, if one closes one's eyes when stepping over the corpses.
Posted by Antifascist at 4:26 PM
"Where is the intersection between the world's deep hunger and your deep gladness?"
Quote:we're told by the U.S. Embassy that the Thaçi government "must prioritize the rule of law and the fight against corruption."

Quote:Laying it on thick, despite damning intelligence reports by their own secret services, the Embassy avers that "Kosovo's independence has been a success story." Indeed, "the international community and the Kosovars, themselves, can feel good about the positive steps that have occurred over the past two years."

That is, if one closes one's eyes when stepping over the corpses.
"The philosophers have only interpreted the world, in various ways. The point, however, is to change it." Karl Marx

"He would, wouldn't he?" Mandy Rice-Davies. When asked in court whether she knew that Lord Astor had denied having sex with her.

“I think it would be a good idea” Ghandi, when asked about Western Civilisation.

February 5, 2011

Daily: Marty requests answers from EULEX

BELGRADE: Council of Europe Rapporteur Dick Marty has requested answers regarding preliminary investigation into organ trafficking from EULEX, daily Politika writes.

"EULEX has a legal basis for the investigation, it is party based on the old and partly on new laws in Kosovo. A EULEX investigator was in Albania and he was told there that they would cooperate in the investigation," daily's source said.

EULEX Spokeswoman Irina Gudeljević stressed that EULEX had already investigated the alleged crimes outside Kosovo.

"An indictment has been confirmed for possible abuse of persons who were kept in KLA (Kosovo Liberation Army) facilities in northern Albania during conflict from 1998 until 1999 which was investigated and raised by EULEX prosecutors. Sabit Geci and Riza Alija are awaiting trial for alleged crimes committed in KLA facilities in Kukes and Cahan," she told the daily.

Ministry for Kosovo State Secretary Oliver Ivanović claims that EULEX cannot conduct the investigation in Albania and says that Geci and Alija are investigated for crimes that were committed in Kosovo.
"The philosophers have only interpreted the world, in various ways. The point, however, is to change it." Karl Marx

"He would, wouldn't he?" Mandy Rice-Davies. When asked in court whether she knew that Lord Astor had denied having sex with her.

“I think it would be a good idea” Ghandi, when asked about Western Civilisation.

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